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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 11, 2016 10:00pm-11:01pm EST

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diplomatic break through. >> we have agreed to implement a nation wade cessation of hostilities, to begin in a target of one week's time a promise to halt the violence in syria, why it's not called a ceasefire. >> n.a.t.o. will help counter human trafficking, and criminal
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networks. >> n.a.t.o. orders warships into the agean sea to crack down on networks smuggling refugees. >> holocaust trial. >> it's about justice, a cart faces 170,000 counts of accessory to murder. and cosmic breakthrough. >> we have detected gravitational waves, we did it. scientists detect space time ripples that ian stain predicted 100 years ago. i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera's news. we begin with breaking war. this evening in munich,
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secretary of state john kerry joined russian foreign minister sergey lavrov to announce a cessation of hostilities, they are hoping it can be implemented within a week. in the meantime the syrian opposition continues to lose ground in aleppo due to an offensive succeeding because of air strikes. n.a.t.o. is getting involved in the crisis, deploying ships to the agean sea. for more on syria and the cessation of hostilities, here is al jazeera's diplomatic editor jaiment bay. >> it was interesting that stefan de-mistura was told by syrians, we don't want meetings about meetings, we want action. had they come up with action, we don't know. it will be debated. they came up with on the two
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main areas, a decision to create a task force. they say that will meet soon, it will take place in geneva, and there'll be action on getting humanitarian plies to the hard to reach ears the second task force is to deal with the issue of a ceasefire. they are talking about a cessation of hostilities, when the russian prirns discussed the same thing he said we are setting up a task force which will come up with it within a week. slightly different language, will they stop the violence or come up with a plan and regime to stop the violence in a week. it's clear behind the scenes
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that this has been active day. i spoke to the secretary general of the united nations. he said it was a long day, we have made some progress and moved forward. >> james bays in munich. >> inside syria, the big story is the ongoing government offensive in aleppo. zeina khodr says the opposition lost more ground, and not only to bashar al-assad's forces. >> the syrian opposition lost more ground in the northern province of aleppo. the military airbase was not recaptured by government troops and the allies, it was taken by the y.p.g. and its allies. the y.p.g. has been taking advantage of the offensive to expand areas under its control in aleppo. y.p.g. militia from the start of the revolution has been working
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for its own interests. creating an autonomous area it never recognised it but used it to create its own state. it is now close to the main border held trosing with turkey. it increased concern in turkey, trg the group and political wing a terrorist organization. >> pyd is the unstoppable winner, stretching to the west. it's not logical for turkey to carry out the operation while i.s.i.l. has a presence. it will draw protection from the u.s. and russia. snoost the y.p.g. and its ally are part of the collision against i.s.i.l. turkey accepts the groups as allies, but president obama made it clear that this policy will not change.
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npg also enjoys good relations with russians. >> officially, they are not allies, they have not turned their guns on each other. it's not clear if there's coordination against the opposition in aleppo. what is clear is that the government and the y.p.g. is heading to the border crossing with turkey. border towns receives tens of thousands of syrians displaced. turkey argues that the refugees could remain in a zone along the bored e and could serve interests by acting as a buffer, stopping the expansion and keeping the regime away from its doorstep. n.a.t.o. is responding to the refugee crisis, by sending a multinational group of warships.
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general jeremy -- germany, greece and turkey requested them. >> reporter: in spite of winter storms and daegz seas, refugees and migrants attempt the crossing. this group was rescued on tuesday. 1500 a day are making the crossing. turkey has taken in 2 million refugees, and now wants help. the turkish president. >> in the border town we put them in a bus and turn them back, once or twice, then we open the doors and tell them have a good journey. >> n.a.t.o. defence ministers
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have been meeting in brussels. the proposal to send ships to the eastern agean seemed to take n.a.t.o. by surprise. nonetheless the ships are being sent. >> that's righties will work out the details as soon as possible. and allies will be looking to reinforce this mission. this is not about stopping or pushing back refugee boats. n.a.t.o. will contribute critical information and surveillance to counter human trafficking and criminal networks. >> it will not be plain sailing, the group will arrive in the agean, with the mission worked out. >> the greeks will have to stay within their own territorial waters, and will need the coast guard to act effectively on
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intelligence provided to it. one thing the mission is not, is an intercept and rescue operation. refugees saved by n.a.t.o. vessels will be returned to turkey, and turkey expressed a willingness to have them back. c.i.a. director john prenan says i.s.i.l. has the facility to make small aims of gas. >> there are reports that i.s.i.s. has access to chemical precursor ammunitions they can use. several say it has used gas in iraq, including iraqi soldiers in september 2014. a number of fighters were killed that month while filling rockets with chemicals. >> joining us from washington is former brigadier mark kimmitt, who served as assistant
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secretary of defense. good to see you. let's start with the unexpected headline, what would be the first pause in hostilities in syria since the war began. will we see a ceasefire? >> everyone hopes we see a ceasefire, or a succession of hostilities, some is not there. >> there's no motivation for the sides, except the power sides, for the fighting to stop. particularly on the bashar al-assad regime side. they are making progress. why should they stop fighting. there's not going to be monitors on the ground to see if the tease fire is holding, and there's no enforcement. i think this is pretty much more hope than capability, but we can continue to hope. >> a concern is a ceasefire would freeze in place the gains
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by the syrian forces supported by russians, hezbollah and iranians that you refer to. i am sure you remember awe the intensity of the attacks were increased. do you think we'll see something like that here. >> i don't see a reason why the government couldn't see the ceasefire, they think the country belongs to them. and will want to make sure they get as much grounds on as possible. i.s.i.l. and al nusra were not involved in the talks. ash carter announced a remind fined plan to fight i.s.i.l., is progress made on that front? >> i don't think so. in fact, i think what the secretary of defense was talking was beyond syria and iraq.
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everyone sees i.s.i.l. met asities ice into countries such a labia and is capable of attacks themselves or throughout the world. if they come up with a plan it's helpful. i'll have to paid for the effects of the plan. let's talk about the kurds. they took control from the military base, away from other levels. if that is an indication. if you see settlement in syria, that the kurds may demand their own country. if they talk to the kurds, they will say they are not part of a group. so it will be interesting to see if after they take their ground
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at the cess session of hostilities. a. whether they reach out and say they want to join with you. at this point there's a lot of pressure. >> they are confirming that i.s.i.l. can crews weapons and put them on the artillery slels. it's alarming if i.s.i.l. exploits them and uses them elsewhere. >> i don't want to downplay the terrorist effect of weapons, as a battlefield weapons, most discardeds use. it's not a very effective tools, more terror. we saw massimilano allegri
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weapons in the past. it's nornt to recognise that this is not meant for a military gain, simply to induce terror. >> what about n.a.t.o. sending trips to the agean sea. there's confusion about what the mission is. it's important to understand what it isn't. it's not a nation to save refugees. it's a capability to reinforce the existing operation that is short for intelligence. this is more a support mission so they look towards the intelligence necessary to go
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after the smugglers and human traffickers. general mark kim et. good to have your insight. >> we are learning information about the female bombers attacking a camp on tuesday. one of three bombers had cold feet. took off and fled. she confessed to officials and gave details of other planned attacks, and tried to convince two others not to go through with the bomb plat. 58 were killed. all three were captive by boko haram iran celebrates the resolution that took down the shaw. how hassan rouhani says his country overcame u.s. propaganda. the battle between drug cartels leads to a prison riot that left dozens dead.
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iran celebrated the anniversary of the 1979 resolution that ousted the shah. demonstrators chanted anti-american slogans and carried banners attacking the u.s. and israel. president hassan rouhani spoke at a rally in tehran. >> the world public opinion accepted that public opinion lunched by zionism, public
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argoians and the u.s. is a lie. we thwarted the irana fobian project and made the world realise that the iranian nation is reasonable and seeks peace and armony alongside other nations. >> they also defended the nuclear deal. saying the plan protects the right to nuclear power, and strengthened the standing around the world. >> as part of the incontext segment crealy takes a -- courtney rioli looks at the revolution. >> in 1971 this monarch through a celebration to celebrate the 2,500th anniversary, and gave himself the title of shah and shah, emperor of king of kings. he replaced calendar.
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leaders saw him as corrupt and a pocket of the west. never forgot the coup backed by the c.i.a., overthrowing the democratically elected prime minister, giving the shah soul power, making him an ally. anti-shaw demonstrations broke out in major cities across iran. alienating student, lect ute. the poor revolted against the elite. and the western supporters. by the end of the 1978. the shah's regime collapsed. the ayatollah khamenei called for the overthrow of the shah and coordinate the revolution from exile. he made a triumphant return. he flue from his home in exile in paris and was greeted by supporters. when the shah entered the u.s. for cancer treatment militants in iran responded by storming the u.s. embassy, and taking the
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staff hostage. with ayatollah khamenei's approval they demands his return to iran to face trial. the u.s. refused. hostages were hold for 445 dies. they were released moments after the shah died and moments after ronald reagan was inaugurated. >> the former head of iran sods national scholar, ambassador, it's good to see you. here we are. 37 years after the resolution. do most iranians think they are better off? >> i believe this is not religious hypocrisy, but a
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religious hit okay rahsy, prepared in the counter governing system. every high level decision make or is elected by the people. at the same time, since 1979, iran insisted on religious values, i would say that the new government system after the revolution in 1979 in iran is a religious democracy, which has been maintained for 37 years. dissidents have been stifled, and there has been crackdowns against protests in the regimes. protests - you have had thousands of protests in iran. the only process was it was a little bit with violence.
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it was during the second term of president. it was the only election disputed domestically. 37 elections in iran never was any dispute on within two weeks elections. the assembly which is responsibility for the leaders. >> the president has tweeted today that it's a key vote. the two elections are key votes. do you think the moderates will be able to consolidate power in the aftermath of the nuclear deal. whether they'd be able to have majority or not. every iranian election has been completely unpredictable. and you cannot predict the election. what i can for certain predict
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is the fact that we have experience during the last 37 years, that always the two fractions they have had big role governing the system. >> in the celebrations we saw chants of death to america. the u.s. sailors captured and released by iran were ridiculed. obama was criticized. has anti-american sentiment not waned despite the deal on the improved relations? >> look, we have anti-iranian sentiment in the u.s. despite the nuclear deal, and have antinuclear notion in iran despite the nuclear deal. the nuclear deal was not for a comprehensive approach between iran and the u.s., it was to resolve the number one or one of
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the biggest international crisis which was the iranian nuclear issue through diplomacy, and preventing a third war in the middle east, wit the diplomacy worked. therefore we can say the nuclear deal has hoped to bring down the tension between iran and the u.s., however, the main hostility both in washington and in tehran continues, continues unless if you are going to have a grand bargain between iran and the u.s. >> do you think that could happen. i don't believe it's going to happen soon. but the current step by step progress decreasing the tensions between iran and the u.s. is the right way to move forward. >> ambassador, a pleasure to have you with us. >> thank you. >> north korea accuses south korea of dangerous declaration of war. coming up, the further escalation of tensions out of
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the north's nuclear programme, and the industrial complex the countries run together. >> a former auschwitz man stands charge on being an accessory to 170,000 murders.
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. >> welcome back to al jazeera america i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of
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international news, a former president of chad ends his war crimes trial with an act of defines. a look at the stories making headlines across the u.s. in the american minute. the stand off at a wildlife reserve in oregon has ended. the four remaining members surrendered to the federal bureau of investigation. it was a protest against government's land use policies. officials have stopped a methane gas leak that has been ongoing for three months. they hope to permanently seal the well in the next few days. thousands of families in the los angeles area has been affected the grand jury is hearing evidence in the death of eric garner, who died after being put in a headlock. the justice department opened a still rights investigation after a new york jury declined to
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indict the officer. >> there's more fall out by the rocket launch. south korea cut off the water and power display to the industrial complex, the move coming hours after north korea ordered the military to take over the sites. >> reporter: on the southern side of the korean border, the concrete consequences of the north korean rocket launch. vehicles heading south, the joint venture that south korea declared indefinitely closed as of wednesday. >> i feel horrible. if it stops operating companies like ours have to close. >> we jokingly said it may have to shut down. i was surprised to see it happening. >> reporter: as the vehicles come through, it's clear this will not be a quick process.
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there's 124 companies inside the complex getting the equipment and finished goods out. it will take a while. launch of a long range rocked. coming a month after it carried out a nuclear test. pyongyang celebrated the launch on thursday. the process guided according to the commentary, by the nation's
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young leader. there are mounting reports that kim jong un had other pressing matters on his mind. an official quoted as saying the north korean chief of staff was executed for corruption and abuse of power. it can't be corroborated and such reports have proved false in the past. it does coincide with a high level meeting, and the fact that ri has been missing from post-launch celebrations. a bad thursday on the stock markets is followed by another bad day and issue, fuelling drops - a global economic slowdown. japan's nikkei is down 5% in early trading. hong kong's hang seng is down. china's two knhangs are down. analysts are pointing fingers at
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falling oil prices and central banks charting negative interests. oil rebounded on new lows, after a minister said the cartel was cutting back on production. 49 people are dead after a riot in mexico. happening a day before pope francis is set to visit for the first time. adam raney reports. >> reporter: the fire and riot began after midnight thursday. dozens were killed before authorities took back control. it is the largest prison in the northern state, and it's known for being overcrowded. rescue workers evacuated victims, some with burns. the government spoke to the press. >> we ruled out that there were gaol breaks or escape attempts. a security perimeter was set up
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around the prisons. >> family members gathered outside the prison. several hours after authorities took control, family members were waiting for answers. >> i don't know. help us. the woman director, with all due report, come out and confront us. give us the names, that is it. where is she. >> in recent years. deadly riots are common. pope francis is set to rise, he's planning to visit a prison in the northern borders, that used to be controlled by joint drug cartels. >> president obama last met with israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu three months ago. when the two leaders went it was all about mending fences. the next may be about money, according to the u.s. ambassador to israel. the president and the prime minister may complete a deal on
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defense raid. israel receives $3 billion a year, and it's not clear how much israel would get. >> a u.n.'s human rights investigator has been accused of using excessive force against palestinons. investigators are to look at how long prisoners are held in long scale custody. israel appointed a new head of the domestic spy agency. israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu said shinbet would safeguard israel's security. the deputy will be in charge. >> samuel cats is a middle east security expert, the author of ghost warriors, inside the wore on suicide terrorism. >> good to see you. >> your book remind me of the operation wrath of god that
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israel conducted in the munich olympic massacre. the ghost warriors were those that fought against the second intifada in the first few years of the century. >> it is the border guard undercover unit. men who were trying to masquerade as palestinians to infiltrate the areas and apprehend and engage them in combat operations. they use a multitude of strikes, language skills, cultural keys, anything that they can to infiltrate areas that are off limit to large-scale forces, or special operation units that don't know how to interact, listen or speak the language. >> and the second intifada was deadly, more than 1,000 israelis killed. 5,000 palestinians, more than in both gasesa wars.
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the second interforwarder began for for arafat. it was incredibly deadly. the israelis held back initially. it was in june 2001 in tel aviv where 20 were killed. 9/11 happened. then all of a sudden arafat's ploy backfired on him. it was either you are with us or against us. and the image of him being a terrorist stuck, and hamas and the islamic jihad took over the conflict. >> this is a diverse group, the border guards. the undercover groups are made up of native born israelis. and israel's minorities. >> to have the language skills to infiltrate the troops. >> the jews, bedouins.
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individuals that thrived in the security services were able to use the expertise, the language heard at home. >> in this recent violence that some said is a third intifada, and others argued that it's not, are the individuals used. >> the individuals in the unit. there's three, used to be in gaza, now is in southern israel. they were working after the innive arta. >> what do you say to the human rights groups who accuse them of being hit men. >> that they are wrong. the reasons are simply. first of all, it's a risky endeavouror to risk the lives of people you invested an amount of money and training to kill someone when you can launch a missile from far away. if you are apprehended, you
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speak, you give up intelligence of other networks. >> they promote israelis interests. do they have am effect on peace in the region? >> by keeping the body count down and limiting the bloodshed, they enable the politicians to speak. no one is talking. >> the ability is to think about piece, as unrealistic as it seems now, it's on the shoulders of individuals. is there anything that the united states can learn? >> absolutely. the ability to defeat a terrorist army is not dependent on shock and awe or boots on the ground. these undercover units are
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psychological warfare tools. they make the terrorists feel unsafe. in terms of the west's war against nil, the use of native language speaksers is desperately needed. arabic should be one of the tools that special forces have in the west. it's essential to understand how the people think, understand the language, religion, and what motivates them, and to sues it for their benefit. to compromise the safety zone. to undermine efforts in the west samuel, the author of ghost warriors. inside the undercover wore. >> nearly 71 years after world war ii ended. more former guards are put on trial. the first of four prosecution
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are under way in germany. many survivors are looking for truth and justice. >> in his youth. ryan was an ss guard. on thursday. the past caught up with him. he was accused of being an accessory of the murders of 170,000 people. auschwitz was the single most murderous camp that the nazis ran in the holocaust. it's thought a million jews and others were exterminated during a 4.5 year existence. ryan admitted being at the camp at the time. but denied involvement in mass murder. the prosecution alleges he met jews as they arrived and may have escorted some to the gas chambers. when the soviet army liberated
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auschwitz, they found the belongings of those cooled. evidence of the murder for which the camp was synonymous. >> this trial was the first of four such due to take place in germany, a fact welcomed by the survivors of the camp who same they lived for the chance one day to confront people like hanning. >> translation: for me, it's about justice, i would like the man to stand trial, if he tells the truth. i go to schools and tell the truth about what happened. he should tell that. >> few of the people who survived auschwitz are alive today. still fewer are those that served with the ss there. they say they are not guilty, but it will be for the court to decide. >> the trial of former chad president has ended. he is charged with war crimes,
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torture and crimes against humanity. the judge from the court in senegal is expected to rule in may. prosecutors are expecting a sentence of life imprisonment a final act of defiance. former president leaving court waving the victory sign to a handsful of supporters. prosecutors called for the maximum penalty, life in prison. for the crimes against humanity he is accused of committed during times in offices. >> outside the courtroom victims say the trial represents a victory. for two decades victims and the human lights lawyers who supported them braved threats and intimidation while fighting to get habry taken to court. in 2013 he was charged and ordered to stand trial in the african chambers.
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the courts were set up to hear his case. >> the first victory is to empty ourselves of horrors. with hashry present and acting like a child. >> proceedingseneded like they started. here, habry removed from court, calling the trial a masquerade. from the start, the president refused to cooperate. >> the court ordered habry to be restrained. forced to listen to hundreds of victims of torture. people who calmly describe being raped repeatedly by habry himself, or this woman, raped and tortured. thee was 13 years old. or sergio, who saw his friends starved to death. >> this is not a trial that
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comes from the hague or the security council. this is a trial achieved by the sweat and determination of people that came out of gaol and never gave up. >> he was living in senegal before being arrested by the court. this is the first time he was accused i crimes against humanity. >> this is a victory for concept of international justice. >> the idea that anyone could be prosecuted for war crimes. >> they'll have to wait until march, saying it's the end of a long march to jurisdiction. >> the african's president state of the nation turned rowdy with opposition members interrupting the speech.
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>> let him speak. opposition parties argued that rules allowed them to interrupt jacob zuma, but the house speaker ordered them to leave. >> rattle it's a man who liked leadership qualities. once we remove zouma, people will discover. >> others walk out of the session. >> fulfilling einstein's predictions, how the ripples were found a century ago. celebrating the works of a dutch pointer. >> a look at the crisis in ukraine, how the country is in political and economic limbo while the world focuses
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attention on syria
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pope francis heads to mexico, holding what will we a history making meeting in cuba, a meeting about 1,000 years in the making. rory challands has more from moscow. >> the sites and sounds of a
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russian orthodox surface. in the skis im of 1154, christianity split into the eastern orthodox and roman catholic worlds. moscow's ratty okay never has. >> the main topic is defending christians in the middle east who have been destroyed. there's loud voices from the church and the world calling for people to pay passengers. >> the welcome is an abstract eftenlt. >> maybe they are discussing issues. this will be useful for people, the world, everything. >> vladimir putin was not among
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the priest. the kremlin has given this diplomatic trip the approval. in cuba, the two men sign a declaration. as well as the fate of christians, it will be discussed. it is less critical of poll cities. moscow's church is chaired. services are healed in poland. the father going on the trip has high hopes. when leaders come together showing a willingness to speak. it's person towards each other. >> as historic as the meeting is
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it's not about history, it's about whether it can help with today, whether it can open a chanter, a new era. >> gravitational ways were the unproven part of relativity. scientists announced a break through and an ability an how to listen in on how it works. >> space and time, two elements that are distinct, until the theory of relativity changed the perception. >> in a movie, one could travel
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through a store scientists say he issued a merging of two soles and the rille that follow said. it created a violent tomorrow in space and time. it sped up. slowed down. a storm in which it dance said this way or that way. >> two facilities detected the waive. lasting a fraction of a second. slowed down here for the human ear. this is what we measured. >> scientists, some here,
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planned to check the scope and frequency. those debted kated, and could discover more than black holes. we'll hear things that we never expected. may may see things we never saw before. now the global news segment. the jerusalem post - says you can blame the insanity on president obama. the paper says it had power in the middle east over of last 7 years. the post argues south americans are flocking to anebbing death. to the failures. "the japan times" says economic
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sanctions have not kept north korea in line. the paper says north korea's satellite launch is a pretext for a test and argues the u.s. needs to figure out an approach. billionaire george thoros said it's a gave mistake to think russia is an ally, it gives vladimir putin a smoak dream to spurr distinct craigs. russia is on the verge of collapse p apps. the best way to avoid that is to cause the e.u. to collapse first. >> now to animals, and disturbing scenes. all in the pictures of a dutch
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master. >> prolicing ghools. cot e animals. it's the world of medieval painter. and to mem rate 500 years, 17 of his 24 paint things are rekunted at an six in the home town. the righting is low to protect the works. bosch fascinated for centuries, his works with a mod irp feel. his opinions are traditional. he's modern. in his painting, in his imagery. >> the pictures come from museums. it's been temporarily united
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with work from the love and yale university, for half a billen yam it defied interpretation. is it society unraveledlied or religious. marcelo bosch would have passes them in the shop. who knows if they inspire work. not much has changed. his herron mow was born here. the pointer had studio on the shish in the greenhouse beside me. at the time it was a thriving metropolis. there were plenty of paintings. he took his name from here.
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now the city is watching his return. >> that's it for the international news hour. in the next our, islets from the presidential debate. back with more in 2 minutes.
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good evening, i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america we have agreed to implement a nationwide cessation of hostilities. it begin with a target of a week's time. >> a milestone to help those tuck in bloody war. >> in this country we need a government to representatives all of


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