observed by einsteins successors. a reminder that there's plenty more world news, analysis and features on our website, aljazeera.com. world powers agree to halting the war in syria, but it's unlikely to stop all the fighting. >> once i'm in the white house, we will have enough political capital to be able to do that. >> secretary clinton, you're not in the white house yet. >> hillary clinton and bernie sanders faceoff for the first time after the new hampshire primary. the government is promising zika virus vaccines.
big wave surfers descend on northern california. this is aljazeera america live from new york city. i'm stephanie sy. this morning there are doubts over a u.s.-russian deal to stop fighting in syria. the agreement was reached lately last night between secretary of state john kerry and his russian counterpart, sergey lavrov. today moscow said it will continue supporting damascus to "fight terrorism" and there are reports of more airstrikes. good morning. the u.n. just announced it hopes top start delivering aid to besieged areas in syria in the next 24 hours. this is a key part of this deal, right? >> right, there's to parts of this and one of them is and i think this is the area where there is the most agreement between the united states and russia is that there is a desperate need to get human
assistance into some of the besieged cities in syria where the civilian population is suffering greatly. that's a key part of this agreement and the significant part of that is as you said, it's supposed to take effect right away. some relief would be dropped by air, but otherwise would really for significant relief have to come in over ground by land routes and that's something that needs to be deconfliction with the airstrikes. as you mentioned, the airstrikes are continuing, not just on the russian side, but also on the american side. this ceasefire agreement or cessation of hostilities agreement to be more accurate does not cover isil and that's what the united states said it is primarily targeting. the u.s. has aircrafted up and coalition aircraft up looking for isil targets and russian is continuing airstrikes, as well. that gets to the key point here,
the point of contention, what is the right targets and what are the wrong targets. this seization of hoss silt agreement excludes isil and the al-nusra front. they would still be legitimate targets, but the rebel groups fighting the assad regime would not be targets. of course as you mentioned, russia continues to describe the people that it's attacking as terrorists and saying that they are legitimate targets, so one of the things at this negotiation over the week to work out is what is legitimate targets and what aren't and it remains to be seen if russia pulse back airstrikes against what the u.s. said are rebel groups fighting the assad regime. >> are people there at the pentagon optimistic that we will see a cessation of the fighting and that this can actually be implemented on the ground among the various opposition groups? >> here at the pentagon, they are sort of focused on sell
rating the campaign against isil. defense carter was in brussels yesterday, saying that he has won concessions from many nato members to up their contribution. the cessation of hostilities agreement does not affect the u.s. operation, as for whether this will actually stop the civil war or at least have a pause in the civil war, there is a high degree of skepticism. we've seen these promises before and they haven't come to fruition. what secretary kerry said what we have is words on paper and what we need to see is action on the ground. the fighting in syria has had a profound humanitarian impact. the red cross says at least 50,000 syrians have flaw fled the fighting in aleppo. the u.k. based syrian observatory for human rights says at least 500 people have been killed since the syrian government began its offensive on february 1. zeina hoe door is in turkey with
the latest. >> many in the opposition are welcoming any deal that can relieve suffering on the ground. the offensive in aleppo has displaced 50,000 people, according to the united nations. many are living out in the open. they left homes with nothing and they cannot survive without aid. they are also welcoming any deals that would bring in aid supplies to besieged areas across the country. more than half a million people live in besieged areas. at that time, they are skeptical. they don't believe that this deal will really take effect on the ground, because they point to the fact that over the past five years, ceasefires have been agreed upon, but never really implemented on the ground. they have little faith in the syrian government and its backer, russia, they believe that the objective really has been to change the balance of power on the ground to put pressure on the rebels in order for them to surrender. they believe that the government's policy of depopulating areas, as well as
laying seen to areas is to bring about a surrender, so for them, the government is more concerned with imposing its solution to the conflict and not compromising. now airstrikes are continuing on the ground. the northern homs countryside has been a battleground for months but now the government has managed to receiver the supply routes into that area. the united nations is warning 20,000 people face the risk of starvation, face disease because aid cannot enter. there is cautious be optimism. we still have not heard from the armed groups on the ground whether or not they will abide by this. it means a freeze on the front lines and away freeze really that the government and backers are holding on to the strategic gains they have made over the past few weeks. >> zeina hoe dorr reporting from southern turkey. home on the human part of the
deal. water supplies in aleppo have now been cut and supply routes used for delivering aid have also been cut off there. today the democratic presidential candidates may be all smiles, but last night clashed over everything from health care to foreign policy. >> for the second time in a week, the two democratic candidates for president, former secretary of state hillary clinton and senator bernie sanders debated. results in new hampshire had bernie sanders winning by 20 points. tonight, they showed a little bit of disagreement. bernie sanders and hillary clinton went head-to-head over health care reform. >> the family right in the middle of the economy would pay $500 more in taxes and get a reduction in their health care costs of $5,000. in my view, health care is a right of all people, not a
privilege, and i will fight for that. >> we both share the goal of universal health care covering. before it was called obamacare, it was called hillary care. >> they also took on the economy, jobs and education and at times it was contentious. >> once i'm in the white house, we will have enough political capital to be able to do that. >> secretary clinton, you're not in the white house yet. >> it was sanders trying to strengthen in an area he has less experience than his opponent. >> in her book and in this last debate, she talked about getting the approval or the support or the mentoring of henry kissinger. i happen to believe that henry kissinger was one of the most destructive secretaries of state in the modern history of this country. >> well, i know journalists have asked who you do listen to on for the purpose policy and we have yet to know who that is. >> well, it ain't henry
kissinger, that's for sure. >> the new hampshire results were brought up, which showed clinton struggling with millennial women. >> i have spent my entire adult life working toward making sure that women are empowered to make their own choices, even that those is not to vote for me. >> look, we are fighting for every vote that we can get. >> president obama loomed over the debate as clinton aligned herself with the obama legacy throughout. >> the kind of criticism that we've heard from senator sanders about our president, i expect from republicans. i do not expect from someone running for the democratic nomination to succeed president obama. [ applause ] >> that is, madam secretary, that is a low blow. >> now the democratic campaign may be taking on a different tone with more frequent debates
and so much at stake. michael shure, al jazeera, milwaukee, wisconsin. we could find out more about hillary clinton's time as south korea. a federal judge ordered the state department to release for more batches of clinton emails by the end of this month, just in time for the caucuses in nevada and the south carolina primary. there is a new fight between the republicans between ted cruz and donald trump. cruz's campaign is denying robo calls. donald trump accused the cruz campaign of conducting so called push polling against him. jeb bush is getting more help on the trail in south carolina. his brother, former president george w. bush will hold a rally with jeb monday night in charleston. the 43rd president won the south carolina primary in 2000 and 2004 and jeb bush is trying to capitalize on that. a new york city police officer enough faces 15 years in
prison after being convicted for killing an unarmed man. a jury found officer peter long guilty of manslaughter. he was patrolling a dark stairwell when he was startled and fired a shot. the bullet hit an individual. he maintained it was an accident. they added an intentional element of the crime which was uncharged, also added a cover up, tampering which was also uncharged. clearly that could give us a really good ground for appeal. >> we want to make it clear this conviction is in no way a conviction of new york city police department, which is the finest police department in the world. >> he was dismissed from the force after the verdict was delivered. the mayor called the death a tragedy and hopes the jury decision will bring the family closure. a deep deep freeze is taking hold over a large part of the
u.s. let's bring in nicole mitchell for more. >> you might want to open the refrigerator to get warmer. >> it's the time of morning you go out and say seriously? >> a lot of people will be hanging out in the sweat pants this weekend. here's the broad picture. we still have areas of snow. another little disturbance coming through as far south as southern appalachians could see snow, another system from the northwest will impact more folks over the course of the weekend. that's the broad setup, but already, we had cooler temperatures coming in across the northern tier, from the dakotas through portion of the northeast, with temperatures anywhere from the single digits to the 20s. but we already have wind chills below zero as we get towards the plains. by this weekend, temperatures themselves will go sub zero for the northeast. those are the actual temperatures. between that new low moving off and high pressure moving in, you
get a funneling wind flow through the north bringing in cold air. that cranks up all those winds gusting in the 20's especially saturday into sunday morning. that means wind chills all right by saturday, sub zero, staying to the worst of it, sunday morning, some places could go 40 below zero in terms of the wind chill. that's when people can get frostbite and different things within matters of minutes. you don't want to be outside anymore you have to. these are all the advisories because of that. not only more lake effect snow over the weekend, but another system for the plains by halfway through the weekend. >> painful cold. >> just hang out and watch all those movies you need to catch up on. stopping zika with a vaccine. work is underway but just how long will it take. for the first time in 1,000 years, the pope and head of the orthodox church will meet.
>> the only live national news show at 11:00 eastern. >> we start with breaking news. >> let's take a closer look. >> some of the nine people arrested in connection with the occupation of an oregon wildlife refuge will appear in court today. authorities will conduct a sweep of the facility. the occupation ended after the four final people surrendered. it lasted six weeks. one occupier was killed last month in a confrontation with the police. the surrender was peaceful. >> there's good that can come out of this. friends and neighbors can get off social media and set down over a cup of coffee and talk
out their differences. we can work through these things. there's been a lot of hurt. there's been a lot of things said, but i don't think there's anything that's been done that can't be worked through. >> a total of 25 people have been charged with a felony count of conspiracy for interfering with federal workers. crews in california say it may be several days before a gas leak near lot of lot of will be permanently sealed but have stopped the methane. it has been leaking for three months. thousands have been forced to leaf the area because of the leak. the world health organization says it may be a matter of weeks before they know if the zika virus is linked to microcephaly, the birth defect in brazil. plans are being made in the u.s. to deal with the rye of us. >> there have only been a few dozen cases of zika diagnosed in
the u.s. but there are worries they could climb in the spring and summer. >> we have the first documented case. >> we are receiving 30 calls a day from obgyn doctors. >> 52 zika infections have been identified in 20 u.s. states and territories since 2015. most of the cases were contracted overseas, however, the c.d.c. says nine of the 10 cases identified in the u.s. virgin islands and puerto rico were acquired locally. c.d.c. director tom frieden said americans should take he'd. >> not travel if you're pregnant. we will likely see significant numbers of cases in puerto rico and other u.s. territories where there may be intensive spread of zika. >> the c.d.c. says because most people infected with zika don't
present symptoms, border patrol agents are not being instructed to do special screenings. congress has been asked for $1.8 billion to fight the virus. there appears to be support on both sides of the i'll to honor that request. >> we are getting prepared but we do anticipate some kind of bipartisan action on this. the largest portion of that $1.8 billion would go to the c.d.c., 1.6 million to puerto rico as well as overseas. only $200 million would be for vaccine research, the world health organization said two vaccine candle dates are promising but at least 18 months away from large scale trials. john henry smith, al jazeera. infectious disease doctor joined us earlier. i asked if she believes the money the president is asking for is enough. >> almost half the money is going to the c.d.c., so ma money will be used for surveillance to
see what kind of mosquito populations we have circumstance lathe at different times of year and also are those mosquitoes infected with the zika virus. the c.d.c. will develop better diagnostic tests and you'll have funding going to the n.h. for vaccines, dying moss sticks, money to the f.d.a. to vet all these products, they're going to be helping control mosquitoes in latin america, as well as c.d.c. efforts in the united states. one other area we are funding is for pregnant women's health in puerto rico. that's the one part of the u.s. we are concerned about pregnant women getting zika virus. venezuela has now linked three deaths there to the virus. hundreds in venezuela have been infected with zika. pope francis is heading for cuba right now on his way to a historic meeting with the leader of the russian order cox church. total sides have been split for nearly a millennia.
both men hope to rebuild ties. ♪ >> the sights and sounds of a russian orthodox service, in the great schism of 1054, political and theological differences split christianity into what are now the eastern orthodox and roman catholic worlds. although other patriarchs have met since, they never have. >> the main topic is going to be defending christians in the middle east who are being destroyed. there have been loud voices from the catholic church and orthodox world especially the russians calling for people to pay attention. unfortunately, these voices haven't been heard. >> for some of russias faithful, the meeting is a welcome if rather abstract event. >> i think any negotiations are good. maybe they are going to discuss some issues or solve some problems. >> we hope this meeting will be
useful for people, for the world, for everything. peace is the most important thing. >> though president putin tin wasn't among the priests present, the kremlin has given the trip this approval. in cuba, after several hours of talks with the pope, the two men will sign a joint declaration, as well as the fate of christians in the war-torn middle east, political tensions between russia and the west might well be discussed, too, after two recent meetings, it seems putin views the argentina francis as less critical than many leaders. services are head in polish, armenian, span ir, english and russian. the father who's going on the trip to cuba has high hopes. >> when liters come together and they show their willingness to speak, to talk to each other, to
overcome hostility, maybe it's not hostility, but suspicion towards each other, something is changing. >> as historic as this meeting is, it's not really about history. in the end, it will be judged on whether the meeting can in any way help with the problems of today. some of the biggest names in surfing gathering for a legendary contest, a closer look at the event where athletes only get 48 hours notice.
uber will shell out millions to end claims it misled customers, paying $28 million to settle two class action lawsuits that claimed uber misled customers about the steps it took to keep them safe, including background checks on drivers, uber will stop using safety advertising language. facebook lost a legal battle in france. a french user can sue after the site removed the post of a 19th century nude painting. facebook at the time also closed his account. facebook said the posters were moved because it showed female genitalia. the teacher wants $25,000 in damages and his user renewed. surfers are given 48 hours to get to a surfing event.
we tell you why. >> the maverick's big wave event is an annual gathering of the world's best and bravest surfers, flying in from all over the world to ride waves the height of a three story believe. those waves only happen a few times a year. how do they know when the competition is on? >> all this energy. >> this guy, mark sponsler, big wave surfer and forecaster. when he says the word, more than two dozen professional surfers from warned the world say their prayers and get on the plane. >> we want guys to catch waves, ride it well, and be able to compete and not die in the process. >> if you were walking at the base of this cliff, you might not think this beach is anything other than a picturesque california scene. under the right circumstances and this el niño year is going to create those circumstances, incredible amounts of water get pushed over that rocky
outcropping and produce the largest waves on earth. >> like a bum dozier scoops the ocean up and pushes it towards our coast. >> he looks for big storms at sea. that's what creates the swell necessary to create these punishing waves. >> you're just like throwing a pebble into a pond and the waves ripple out from that, same effect, only our pebble is a storm that covers 2,000 nautical miles, has near hurricane force winds and all aimed directly at california. >> the underground top roll rave makes it possible. it bumps into a triangular wedge to deepens, forming an apex, an enormous triangle that dumps more than 2003 swimming pools of salt water creating the waves. the primary motivation for
surfers who brave these waves is survival itself. >> you're basically as alive as you can possibly be, your heart said pounding, you're breathing hard and it's just you have and the ocean. >> you need more volume in the board to be able to catch the wave. >> mark is not just a weather geek. he's been on the bad end of mavericks. >> you're in the water. i go to grab my board and i go where's my other arm. it's floating back behind me. i had to pull it over and grab on to the board. it was just ugly from there. my arm was fully dislocated. >> predicting these waves is like riding them. choose a swell big enough for a contest but not so large that anyone's ride will be their last. al jazeera, half moon bay, california. thanks for watching. i'm stephanie sy, the news continues next live from doha. have a great day and great
weekend. >> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello welcome to the news hour. i'm live in doha. these are some of the stories we're covering in detail over the next 60 minutes. hours after world powers reach a break through on syria. russian planes reported by kill 18 people in homs. south sudan's president reappointed his deputy. a rare protest by egyptian doctors who accuse