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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 15, 2016 7:00pm-8:01pm EST

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jeb bush brings out the big guns. george w. bush hits the campaign trail for his brother. and the secret of her success, how one superintendent turned around a failing school district. ♪
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the passing of supreme court justice antonin scalia has left the political world divided. his death on saturday immediately set off a fight over who will pick his replacement. president obama is saying he will, but mitch mcconnell says not so fast. >> reporter: good evening, tony, the sudden death of justice scalia has translated into gridlock in washington. justice scalia remains are now in the washington area, arriving from texas in a snow storm during the night. almost from the moment of his
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passing, the fight over his replacement has been escalating, now becoming an epic political struggle that could leave the supreme court with just eight justices for at least a year. republicans want to turn the election on a kind of referendum on who should sit on the court, and insits that any nomination put forward by president obama should be blocked. ted cruz promises to filibuster. >> the majority would effectively write the second amendment out on the constitution. >> reporter: mr. obama says he will do his constitutional duty to fill the vacancy. whom would he nominate? first, a juris already on the federal bench. he sits on the d.c. circuit court of appeals, long
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considered a stepping-stone to the supreme court. he was youian mousily confirmed for that seat three years ago. and the chief judge of the d.c. court. his name has come up on previous lists. and paul watford who was confirmed to the bench on the 9th district on 2012. all three are known as moderates. if republicans do block a moderate, democrats will call them obstructionists. mr. obama could go outside of the judiciary knowing republicans would block confirmation. california attorney's general is considered both a rising star and a white house favorite. she is currently running for a senate seat. and most daring, sitting torn
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general -- loretta lynch. justice scalia was revered by conservatives. >> when people loved about him, it was his heart. he loved to laugh, he loves to bring people together. he loved to argue, but at the end he was living a life as big as anybody could have, because he was dedicated to improving the entire united states of america by taking care of things one little step at a time. >> reporter: and tony that list of candidates by no means authoritative or defendtive. the white house has been through this before. they put together lists they will be working off of in the
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coming days and when will president obama make that decision in we don't know. all we know is his aids say it won't be this week. >> mike viqueira for us. mike, thank you. and at the bottom of the hour, we will look at the cases before the supreme court right now, how his death will effect the rulings. to south carolina now where republican candidate jeb bush is hoping a little help from his brother can turn things around in his struggle campaign. george w. bush is taking his first appearance on the cam contain trail. more on that from randall pinkston who joins us live now from north charleston. randall. >> reporter: tony, the rally is just breaking up here, the rally for jeb event that was a stage to try to raise some support for jeb bush. his campaign is not at all gone the way he had hoped, the way many has thought it would go. he performed poorly in iowa and
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new hampshire. george w. bush's approval rate here is 60%. compared to jeb who is at about 10%. here is former president george w. bush. >> presidency is a serious job that requires sound judgment, and good ideas. and there's no doubt in my mind that jeb bush has the experience and the character to be a great president. [ cheers and applause ] >> i have seen jeb in action. he will be a strong and steady hand when confronted with the unexpected. multiple hurricanes hit florida when i was president and he was governor. he lead a robust, well-organized response that showed his
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compassion for those who pert. he did this as governor of florida and he will do this as president of the united states. [ cheers ] [ applause ] >> reporter: so that -- that's former president george w. bush endorsing his brother for the presidency in a very public way. he had not been on a campaign trail before today. earlier this campaign, of course, there had been a lot of talk especially on the part of donald trump about george w. bush making a mistake going into iraq. you may recall at the debate, that donald trump claimed that george w. bush did not keep america safe. and his brother did not take kindly on that. >> we're living in difficult times, and this election is really important. and i look back during my brother's time he didn't know that 9/11 was going to happen.
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but he rolled up his sleeved, and inspired us, and kept us safe. so i'm glad he did it. >> reporter: so this is a family affair for jeb bush. his mother was with him in new hampshire. today jeb bush released an ad on twitter, talking about his father, so it's all out for the bushes trying to help jeb bush come up with a good performance here in south carolina which may determine whether his candidacy can continue. tony. >> randall pinkston for us in north charleston, south carolina. the white house is condemning the intensified bombing in northern syrian. nearly 50 sillians were killed today after air strikes by russia hit two hospitals and a school. this latest round of bombing is also increasing the risk of direct confrontation between turkey and syria. >> reporter: there is no red
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line in syria's war, that seems to be the message in the attacks, a school, a hospital, and other locations were hit, by what the opaccusationsies were russian air strikes and ground-to-ground missiles. among the casualties were recently escaped syrians. turkey had called the town a red line, and prom missed not to allow the town to fall, because it is being threatened by the ypg, a kurdish armed group, ankara calls terrorists. >> translator: the ypg has stepped back. if they come any closer, they will see the most severe reaction. we will not allow asaz to fall. >> reporter: turkey has already acted. it has been targeting positions inside syria to prevent the advance of the ypg and its
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allies, taking advantage of a russian-backed syrian offensive against the group. they are advancing and now are now at the doorsteping of the two remaining opposition strong holds in the northern corridor. and many in the opposition say those advances with the support of russian air power. >> reporter: air power is not only being used in aleppo and the rebel-controlled province of idlib in the west. another hospital has been destroyed, causing more casualties. the facility was supported by doctors without boarders. the organization called it a deliberate attack, but it didn't blame anyone, but activists say russian planes were responsible. just last week one of its facilities was hit in the southern province of daraa.
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>> we have seen a lot of -- for example, since the beginning of the year five targets in syria and many others. so the need for health facilities are desperate. and the population are -- relies on this for health care. >> reporter: for syrians monday's attacks were a message from russia and itself allies dozens of familiar slis left towards the turkish border. azaz is no longer safe, instead it has become a new front line. the e.u. criminal intelligence agency says more than 2,000 children who entered europe as refugees have disappeared. officials fear some may have been forced into sexual exploitation and slavery. mohammed jamjoom with more.
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>> reporter: in sweden's capitol, you see them all over, as much on the margins of stockholm as they are on the margins of society. they are running from the system, while hiding in plain sight. for three days every attempt we made to interview these children was met with fear. some questions were answered far from the camera. other questions were greeted with first scepticism, and later hostility. by night, police watch outfor them. by day social workers look out for them. >> i cannot really understand that some of them try to avoid us, and they -- when they don't know what we -- what we want with them. this is actually just a way for us to be able to offer them support. >> reporter: this man works specifically with moroccan street livers in stockholm.
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she says the risk is higher than ever for more to fall in the hands of gangs and traffickers. >> they end up in this legal limbo. and why stay in a system that eventually will expel you? so a lot of them actually choose -- f them actually choose -- [ technical difficulties ] >> reporter: the country's interior minister readily acknowledges how difficult it will be finding the best solution. it's easy, i would guess for children even if they are in the system to either flee or stay.
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>> yes, we have to deal with different children with different resources and different ages in different ways. >> reporter: some he suggests should be placed in locked detention facilities, like this one, just outside of stockholm where we fine an 18-year-old moroccan, who's identity we're hiding for his protection, thought life would get better when we arrived in sweden two years ago. >> translator: i was put in school and learned swedish in a short amount of time. but then i was denied asylum, and it was just a shock. >> reporter: fearing deportation, he ran off. petty crime, he tells me was the only way he could make ends meet. >> translator: moroccan kids who
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have to resort to crime are doing it so they can survive. >> reporter: words echoed by so many others on the streets of stockholm. kids and teenagers out of options, having no idea where they should go even as they try to somehow keep going. mohammed jamjoom. egyptian officials are dismissing accusations of torture after the death of an italian graduate student in cairo. the 28-year-old body showed signs of torture. he was doing research work in egypt and published articles critical of the government. >> reporter: mourners gathered in rome over the weekend to pay their final respects to the student. italy's government calls his death a barbaric act, imhumane. they have promised those responsible will be caught and punished. the 28 year old disappeared in
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cairo on january 25th. that day marked the anniversary of the 2011 revolution. his body was found 10 days later. >> translator: we are sure egypt ran regime kill many people without a reason. we think that 40,000 students were killed by this regime and he could be one of them. >> reporter: hundreds gathered in rome to demand answers. they carried signs that read truth and justice. their speculation he was killed by egypt's security forces. it's an accusation the government continues to deny. >> translator: it is very annoying and frustrating to hear about accusations and rumors about the government of security agencies. we are known for integrity and transparency. >> reporter: and that's what the italian government is hoping for. a transparent investigation into
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his death. he published articles critical of the sisi government. he was researching independent unions in egypt. >> we used to joke that it was always very dangerous for egyptians, and safe for foreigners. but a lot of foreigners are subjected to the same intimidation, they are also imprisoned and now we equate the disappearance to like what happened to him. >> reporter: his family and friends hope that will bring attention to the hundreds of people who are abducted and disappear in egypt. day three of the pontiff's tour brought him to the southeast of mexico. he celebrated mass this morning. francis met with leaders of the indigenous community, and then addressed families inside of a
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packed soccer stadium. up next on the program, resurgent schools, how one superintendent has turned her failing district into a model for other school districts. and violent storms in the south, plus snow and ice for the east coast. ♪
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a once failing public school district in missouri is now making the grade, thanks to a
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new superintendent. the school district of jennings is made of up nearly 3,000 poor student, most of them african americans. andy roesgen has that story. >> good morning. >> reporter: meet tiffany andersson, part-time crossing guard, and full-time school superintendent of the jennings school district. she leaves her home at 2:00 in the morning to get here by 6:00. >> be good. >> reporter: every day anderson sets an exhausting pace in the school hallways. and she doesn't drink coffee. >> this is what a great line should look like. >> reporter: in the four years since she blew in like a wirl wind, she helped establish a food bank. a foundation that gives away toys, toiletries, and school supplies. she has set up access to a
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doctor in the schools. she has increased teacher salaries, and brought music and fine arts back to the district. >> we really looked at what gets in the way of kids wanting to be at school or doing well in school? i think those are the things that for me, i am most proud of. >> reporter: the jennings district, once one of missouri's lowest performing has reached full accreditation under anderson for the first time in a decade. grades are up, scholarship funds are up, and the district now has an balanced budget. teacher chris sold his home in the much bigger kansas city school district, just so he could follow her here. >> she inspires greatness around you, and makes you truly believe and know for fact that you are making change. >> reporter: her first order of
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business when she arrived was tackling the tough home lives of most of these students. >> the first challenge i found were the needs of poverty, food, literally. so in october of 2012, we opened the community cub board, we give out 8,000 pounds of family a month. >> reporter: then she helped turn this dilapidated home into hope house, the children's homeless shelter. anderson is relentlessly pushing jennings businesses to hire her graduates. she has even hired former students. >> when the superintendent gave me this job, it made me grow into the man that i have become now, you know? so i feel good about it. >> reporter: how grateful are you to her? >> i can't even say. i'm thankful.
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>> reporter: so how did she do it all? she started just by asking for stuff, applying for grans. >> when people know the story they want to help you, they just want to know how. >> reporter: she is constantly in motion. at the food bank or jumping in to substitute teach, o walking kids across the crosswalk and handing out gifts. >> what do i need to do with this test? >> reporter: the principal of jennings high school tries to set up with her. >> she sets the tone. the leader sets the tone. the leader creates the vision. the leader hires the staff, because you have to have the right people in the boat. she has done that. >> excellent line, preschool. excellent line. >> reporter: and about her boundless energy. >> i call it my christmas every day, even sitting in this chair as i move around, it's like
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christmas every day. i truly believe from a spiritual aspect, clearly i'm meant to be teacher. >> reporter: but she is leaving jennings at the end of the school year. >> i thank you. because you all have embraced this vision. her last meeting got emotion, she is preparing to take over as the first black female school superintendent in topeka, kansas. anderson says she is taking a pay cut to go there. >> work isn't about money or any of those things. this work is about serving children well, and serving people well. this work is about transforming communities in ways that people thought weren't possible. >> so your vision, i just pray that somebody comes with the same vision that we can keep it moving. >> you know the community won't allow anything else. >> reporter: so watch out topeka, there's a tornado in tennis shoes heading your way,
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and your kids just might be better off because of it. andy roesgen, al jazeera, jennings, missouri. >> man, that's terrific. we got to book her for tomorrow's show. okay. after days of dangerously cold temperatures, the northeast is dealing with the snow, and it's kind of maesz. parts of maryland were hit with as much as 8 inches of snow, sleet, and freezing rain, creating dangerous driving conditions. let's check in with kevin now. he has more. >> we had seen record-breaking temperatures yesterday morning, they were switching that out with a whole winter storm system, and we're going to see changes with that over the next couple of days. here is that wintery mix of weather we're seeing. then down towards the south, we're talking about severe weather. that includes a lot of wind
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damage as well as tornado damage coming through parts of mississippi as well as into alabama. and i want to show you what we have seen so far today associated with this. we had disorganization previously, but now look at this line of thunderstorms pushing through parts of the panhandle as well as into alabama. where you see those red dots in mississippi, those tornados. we are still watching parts of alabama, we have severe warnings and watchings in effect now. but it's up here where these warnings are in place. where you see the pink, we still expect to see anywhere between six and -- eight inches of snow. tomorrow we're looking at half an inch of ice or more. and one to two feet in rochester, new york. >> kevin thank you. still ahead, vacancy on the
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supreme court how the death of justice scalia could effect several cases before the court right now. plus the ground-breaking approach to ending homelessness in salt lake city, and why it is still, still, not enough.
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>> our american story is written everyday. it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. in the days since the death of supreme court antonin scalia, the battle as raged over who
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should appoint his replacement. but even an empty seat on the court can have a major impact. >> reporter: one of the most conservative voices on the u.s. supreme court silenced now with the death of antonin scalia, that means the balance has shifted leaving four lanes conservative, and four leaning liberal. affirmative action, respective student abigail fisher sued the university of texas of denying her a spot. blaming holistic review. scalia drew criticisms by suggesting that black students may do better in slower-classed institutions.
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scalia's vote may have resulted in a win for fisher. another issue, the affordable care act coming up next month. the plaintiffs argue religious non-profits like schools and hospitals shouldn't be forced to pay for contraception as part of health insurance plans. that's now mandated by the affordable care act. now the most likely outcome is a tie, which means the obamacare mandate would stay in place. also at stake the power of labor unions. >> when we work together, we have power. >> reporter: the plaintiffs are california public school teachers who argue public employees should not be forced to pay union dues even if they take advantage of the result with higher wages and benefits. the unions force me to fund collective bargaining efforts that are harmful to my students. >> reporter: the case was argued in january. it looked like a slam dunk for
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conservatives. but justice scalia's absence may now mean a tied 4-4 vote and no change to the existing system. roxana saberi, al jazeera. steve is a professor of practice at the american university washington college of law and is a regular contributor at the scotus blog. what is the precedent for what a court should do with cases that in this case have been argued and voted on but have not been announced before the court? what is the precedent for what happens to those cases when a justice dies? >> well, there really are a couple of options. the -- the justices can decide to let -- ecide to let --
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[ technical difficulties ] >> cases over to be argued gin next term. but they probably wouldn't do that, if they are not sure -- there's going to be a change in the makeup. >> well, let me ask you this, professor, can judges actually change their vote? say a case has been argued and a decision has been made. can judges actually change their vote on cases that have already been decided, but where the decision hasn't been written, right, and the opinion hasn't didn't announced from the court? >> they can as a technical matter, a supreme court could change his or her mind right up to the moment that they go on
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the bench and announce the decision. they could pull back the decision and say i have changed my mind, and that might change the outcome. it doesn't happen very often but it is possible. >> okay. can the court order that -- that the cases be argued again, and voted on again? >> they can. they -- they have that option, but -- but if anything is going to change -- >> right. >> -- then they probably would don't that, so i think we'll see some of both. i think we'll see some 4-4 ties, and they may -- if they anticipate getting a new justice, we may see some cases being put over to be reargued. >> can you use a recess appointment -- can the president use a recess appointment to put someone on the high court? >> the president can do that, and the congress is in a recess right now, the kind of recess
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that would allow the president to make that appointment. this is probably his last opportunity. this recess ones until february 22nd. i would venture to guess the senate will not go into recess if they think that the president might use that power after they come back from the current break. >> right. so let me dare to drag you into a little bit of the politics of this. so i'm reading something today that suggests nine of the 13 u.s. court of appeals have a majority of democratic appointments. a divided court leaves as you mentioned lower court rulings in place. might it be a better strategy for republicans to push the president for what they consider to be a main stream candidate as opposed to having to live with 4-4 decisions based on cases coming from more liberal courts of appeal? >> well, you know, there's a lot
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of political calculations that could be done here, and that is certainly one of them. my guess is that particularly conservative republicans see this as a fight for the control of the court for the next generation. and so a moderate middle of the road appointee from president obama would still, even if it's only marginally, make the court more liberal than when scalia was sitting on the court. and my hunch is the conservative majority is not just going to go for that. >> last for me then, do you agree with a bit of the analysis, you just touched on it a moment ago there, that there's no other justice who's replace would more profoundly effect the courts orientation, than the
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decision that is ahead for the president to make here? >> i mean this is one for the ages. this really has the potential to either keep the balance 5-4 conservative, or shift the balance 5-4 liberal, moderate, and -- and that's -- you know, this is a fight that -- that the republicans have been waiting for, for decades. this goes back to the robert bourque battle in 1987. >> yeah. >> steve is a professor of practice, and he is a regular contribute at the scotus blog. professor good to have you on the program. thank you. >> pleasure. utah has become a model for fighting homelessness in the last decade. the state's housing-first program has reduced chronic homelessness by 90%, but now the city is battling homelessness on another front.
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diane eastabrook reports from salt take city. >> we are in palmer court which is a converted former holiday inn. >> reporter: lloyd used federal funds so convert hotel rooms into apartments for the homeless. >> it is small, but it works. >> reporter: the strategy was so effective, it helped reduce the number of chronically homeless in salt lake city from 2,000 to 200 in a decade. but now the state has an even bigger job ahead, getting young people off of the street. >> they find it safer on the street than at home. so they run away. or they have been kicked out. >> reporter: homelessness is a growing problem in utah for the
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young people. an annual homeless count found their numbers increased nearly 15% last year, and the state admits that estimate could be low. tracking homeless youth is a lot harder than tracking homeless adults. oftentimes they are be couch surfing or living ten to an apartment. teens in particular avoid shelters because they don't trust adults. so utah is trying to find creative ways to get them off of the streets. >> we have our community room. >> reporter: this is one of two transitional homes for teens and young adults managed by utah's volunteers of america. they can live here for up to two years, but they have to work or go to school. while it sounds like a much better alternative than living on the street, kathy says it can be a tough sell to some. >> to have them come in and have
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their own bedroom and start to talk about employment and jobs, there's a pretty big gap in there. so we have to work with the youth nornts to help them reorient their own thinking. >> reporter: but it can be done. joseph's father was homeless and so was he, until the 24 year old moved into an apartment for the chronically homeless last year. he says the transition has been tough but worth it. >> there's always that fear of, you know, what -- what is going to happen what -- if i put myself out there, am i going to -- am i going to fall again? am i going to lose everything? is -- is really the biggest fear, but at the same time, it's something to strive for. i just don't want my kids to have to worry about the things that i did as -- as a child and a young adult. >> reporter: homeless advocates say the state and others have an
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obligation to get people off of the streets. >> we see those homeless individuals as our brothers and sisters. they are one of us. they are homeless citizens. they are not those people. they are us. >> reporter: he says utah may never end homelessness completely, but he thinks it can at least try. four u.s. citizens have been arrested in bahrain. they are being held for alleged allegedly taking part in a riot. demonstrations were held to mark the fifth anniversary of the arab spring, they turned violent after security forces stepped in. a hospital in eastern australia has -- emerged as a focal point of the rights of immigrants. >> reporter: inside this hospital is the baby who's
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situation has come to symbolize, personalize, everything that is controversial about australia's policy towards refugees. this crowd of 300 or more people is here to supporter, to stop her and her parents of being deported. her parents came here by boat in 2013, but were immediately deported to the pacific island. there the mother got pregnant fact. australia does bring people who need serious medical attention back to australia. the baby was born here. in january the baby had an accident, boiling water was poured on here, and she was brought back here. now that she is medically better the government would like to send her back. the hospital staff in there, the doctors and nurses won't let the baby be discharged, because they
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don't want her sent back. getting access to the mother and baby, there are very strict restrictions on who can go in. but natasha you know the mother very well, you were working with save the children with her. how is she? how is the baby? >> the baby is doing well. she seems to have healed quite well. and the mother is just [ technical difficulties ] >> and i guess that's what a doctor would do for any child. the hospital would not discharge that child until they had a safe home to go to. and we're waiting for the baby [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: thank you very much. the mother and child are being
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kept behind two guards from the immigration department inside the hospital here. this protest began on saturday and has grown in numbers every evening since then. the people here say they won't leave here -- they will be a permanent presence until they get a guarantee that the baby won't be deported. and there are 300 or so other people who stand in the same situation. australia's prime minister on monday was asked about the situation facing the baby here and others. he said that every case would be dealt with compassionately. but he didn't want to give any incentive to people smugglers bringing more people to australia. and the implication would be that giving exceptions to a baby even would incentivize smugglers. >> okay. andrew thomas reporting from
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brisbane for us. still ahead, treating addiction, why some say more medical insurance could make a big difference for addicts. plus a california prison so violent, it could be driving the guards to commit suicide.
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the russian head -- the former head of russia's anti-doping agency has been found dead. officials say he died on sunday after suffering a massive heart attack. in december he stepped down from
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his post after a doping scandal that lead to the suspension of the country's track and field program. earlier this month, another former agency official also died from heart problems. a growing number of americans are struggling with drug addiction. president obama's budget proposal calls for more than a billion dollars to help treat them. for those hooked on heroin, help can be hard to find. >> reporter: at 30 years old, vanessa is one of the -- 3 million americans fighting an opioid addiction. she is 18 months clean. >> i never thought that i would give it that much time to get clean. i never thought it was possible. >> reporter: six years ago she started abusing painkillers prescribed for her lupus. she then graduated to her
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-- heroin. despite increasing efforts to curb america's opioid epidemic, 80% of addicts are not getting treatment. vanessa got lucky. two careers ago she was ordered to rehab after facing jail time for drug charges. that meant a spot at a state-funded addiction program in newark. bob has run the center for decades. >> most folks that come to us have a severe addiction disorder, and previous failed attempts at treatment. >> reporter: most addicts don't have insurance so they turn to publicly funded centers like integrity house. the facility doesn't have enough funds to deal with the growing epidemic. so it wait lists many addicts waiting for treatment. 150 people are on the list on any given day.
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they are waiting on average eight to ten weeks, which can mean a matter of life or death. in that time hundreds of americans will dry of a drug overdose. the alarming numbers have inspired local and federal initiatives, but short of what many hard-hit states need to save lives. last week, president obama's budget sought $1.2 billion in assistance. >> reporter: >> it's also important that medication alone will not help an individual transform their lives and sustain their recoveries. >> reporter: many will need long-term inpatient treatment, the kind of treatment that saved vanessa's live. brutality and violence are a part of daily life in a prison, but the situation at one northern california facility is
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so bad it may have lead to the deaths of several correctional officers. the prison is located in a remote town in northern california. >> reporter: in the past seven years there have been five staff suicides here at high desert prison, scott jones was number three. his video janelle. why did scott take his own life? >> the job. his job. >> reporter: the excessive violence and stress overwhelmed him. one morning he dropped his 10-year-old son off at school, drove to a secluded area, and shot himself in the head. >> janelle, love you. the job made me do it. >> reporter: a year before his suicide, scott and a few coworkers tried to get the word out. they sent this letter to the whistleblower tip line.
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they never heard back. his fellow guards found out and retaliated. some of the officers were actually fabricating things about scott. telling them to the inmates so the inmates would target scott. >> yes. >> reporter: what effects did this half v on him was he constantly looking over his shoulder. >> constantly. >> reporter: what did he say to you? >> one of the things he said is that, janelle, i thought going to do this job, was the best thing for our family, and i think this was the biggest mistake i ever made. he was tired of looking of his shoulder and trying to understand what they wanted him to do. he hated life. >> reporter: there are 32 other prisons in california, yet they didn't have all of these suicides. it seems there is something definitely going on. >> i do believe there is something going on with high desert.
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i think it has a lot to do with the town. >> reporter: susanville, where high desert is located is tiny. prisoners make up nearly half of the 17,000 residents. now nearly everyone is connected to the prison, if you don't work there, you know someone does. in a town this small, speaking up is a toll order. >> you might be able to get past something at work, but then you come [ technical difficulties ] silver screen, how the film industry in the country is making a comeback.
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♪ germany's berlin film festival is one of the world's most socially conscious festivals. two iranian films are hoping to shed light on the complexity of life in iran. nadim baba reports. >> reporter: they are young and behind bars, and forgotten by society. the teenage girls in the iranian documentary "starless dreams," getting its international prefear at the berlin film
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festival has created severe crimes. and it's tragic that many would prefer to stay inside the facility than go back to their families. >> if you show their pain, their dreams, their -- what they think, we can try to solve our problem with our -- with us and our children, and i think we can live in better world. >> reporter: another iranian production showing in berlin is fictional, but based in fact. it is about a gang that carries out kidnappings. the director exposes social injustice. while in 2015 the golden bear
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actually went to an iranian film. this year there are four iranian films showing, as well as two films maded by foreign-based iranian directors. this critic says that winning the top prize in 2011 with a separation was a turning point for iranian movie takers. >> many iranian movies trying to follow his base, and bring some tense, nervous movies, which reflects the current life of iranians, usually in the big cities, usually in the middle class, and to show how they try to survive under very severe economic problems. >> reporter: whether they are documentaries or fiction these films are a rare incite into the complexities of life in iran.
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nadim baba. >> that's for us. richelle carey is up next. we begin with the political and constitutional battle to replace antonin scalia. the showdown over his seat is heating up at the white house, capitol hill, and on the campaign trail. president obama is pressing ahead. both sides are digging in. mike viqueira reports from washington. >> reporter: the sudden death of scalia has trigger admit call free for all in washington. it is going to mean gridlock and it could translate to dead lock at the supreme court for more than a year. just advertise antonin scalia's remains are now in the washington area. >> i do not believe the president should

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