tv Weekend News Al Jazeera February 20, 2016 12:00pm-12:31pm EST
declared the winner of uganda's election as the main opposition leader remains under arrest. ♪ ♪ hello, i am barbara serra you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up a nationwide curfew is imposed in fiji as a powerful sigh loan striked. david cameron named the day on when britain will vote to leave the european union. he rowed with the pope but donald trump still looking to
win the south carolina primary. how they are coping in venture what with their petrol prices going up by more than 6,000%. uganda's president is celebrating his fifth election victory. while his main opponent remains under house arrest. the 71-year-old president won 60.8% of the vote in thursday's election, allowing him to extend his 30-year rule. his main rival who has been detained four times since monday, he won 35.4% of the vote. he's condemned the election as a sham. european union and common wealth observers have also criticized the poll, which was marred by lengthy delays and political violence. >> the electoral commission elects independent, transparent at this and trust for the stakeholders.
it narrowly interpreted its mandate by limiting it to the organization of the technical aspects of the elections. moreover, the commission elect transparency in the decision between the voters and contestants on key elements of the electoral process in a timely and comprehensive manner. >> al jazeera's malcolm webb has been following events all this week in the capital kampala and was there when the result was formally announced. >> reporter: the electoral commission has just announced its result for the presidential elections it says the up company bent president got just over 60% of the vote the runner up was the main opposition leader who they say got just over 35%. the opposition have already said the result is tpraupblg let and rigging. local observers said there was rigging and strong criticism from the european union and commonwealth observers. meanwhile, though, the several
key oppositions players are in their homes surrounded by police and soldiers not allowed to move in and out. they say this is a restriction on their democratic freedom trying to stop them communicating with their supporters or protesting against this result. the police say this is are preventive arrangement to his try to stop up rent and violence here in uganda's capital cam pap pakampala. a state of emergency has been declared in fiji as if gets bat earth by within of the strongest storms ever record ed in the southern hemisphere. trop come storm winston has packed winds of 220-kilometers. it's the equivalent of a category five hurricane. al jazeera's caroline malone has more. >> reporter: racing to get out of the way of cyclone winston the strongest sigh loan on record to hit fiji it's been
battering the outer eastern island with high winds and heavy rain, a nationwide curfew was immaterial proceeded at 6:00 p.m. time. many resident stayed at home, but many buildings are flimsy and may not withstand such powerful winds. >> with the support of the international federation of the red cross and restless crescent societies have been in constant contact with the communities where the anticipation of the highly likely bases for the cyclone might hit and the communities are well prepared. >> reporter: rough seas across a wide area are also engagerring boats and ships. feeling is a an arc pell go of more than 300 low-lying islands prone to sea surges and flash flooding n massive storm is slow moving and likely to dump lots of rain destroying crops. water was already crashing over
the seawall earlier in the day. further along the coast, spain's national rugby seven's team helped a resort by sandbagging to limit damage. they have prepared as best they can. >> local targeting all the cash they can from the bank. >> reporter: there is only so much islanders can do. bringing its full force to some of the post populated parts of final overnight. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> al jazeera's weather preventer richard has been looking at why this cyclone so so powerful. >> tropical cyclone winston is an angular cyclone looks like it will donut it doesn't have the big bands of clouds and rain on its outer edges as many such cyclones do and tends to peek its power along this type of
storm. sustained winds are very high. incredibly powerful gusts but thankfully it continues to move away towards the west, as it does so it will take the worst of the wind and rain with it. certainly? the coming hours it will be very windy and stormy. rain will continue for quite a long time. flooding remains a big issue. big seize all around the coast of the fiji gradually winston should ease away in the coming hours. syria's opposition has agreed to hold a two to three-week ceasefire if russia stops its air campaign. russia says it will work to solve the crisis is will you diplomatic means but there are questions of whether a truce can be implemented. zeina khodr has this update from southern turkey near the border. >> reporter: the opposition saying they are going to agree to a two to three-week truce that could be are he newable but they are attaching conditions. russia must stop its air bombing
campaign. aid should be delivered to besieged areas. the siege under siege areas should be lifted as well as vulnerable prisoners released. but the opposition is also demanding that the al qaeda-linked al-nusra front is included in this cessation of hostilities deal. they believe the very fact that it is excluded from the deal gives russia an excuse, a pretext to target other rebel forces on the ground. this is why they rejected the initial proposal that was agreed in munich because tend of the day, al-nusra operates on the ground where the moderate rebels operate and they feel that russia could target the moderate rebels and blame and say that they are targeting al-nusra instead. these are their conditions. we have no reaction from the russians but the u.s. and russians have been holding intensive discussions really over the past few days, u.s. secretary of state john kerry saying that they have been constructive but he's also saying that key issues still need to be resolved. because this is a very complex operation, but this is in regard
to a cessation of hostilities, but undoubtedly on the ground the war rages on. russian airstrikes have killed eight people in homs in the west of syria. al jazeera understands that two separate raids were carried out on friday. a vacuum bomb is throughout to have been dropped in the city killing women and children the second attack targeted a mosque during friday prayers. >> translator: we are traumatized. please tell me what the solution is. either we are killed on the roads or killed here. we are being hit from the air, from the ground, wherever we go we are slaughtered as you see. >> translator: every time we hear a plane or missile we hide. look, they are mostly kids, how do you expect them to living normally. people are going crazy here. the world has gone mat, for god sake find a solution for us. doctors and medical staff in egypt have staged sit-in protest as cross the country in their latest protest against what she say is police brew tal.
one of the demonstrations is being held in silence to highlight the government's ban on public protests. egypt's president is due to ask parliament to toughen penalties for police abuse. it follows allegations of attacks on doctors as well as fatal shooting of a taxi driver. two serbian embassy staff abducted in libya are thought to have have been killed in friday's u.s. airstrikes. it happened west of the capital tripoli. libyan officials have yet to confirm the deaths but say more than 40 people were killed. serbian officials had been trying to secure the release of them they had been kidnapped in november. >> i want to say clearly to everybody that serbia has done everything it could to free our citizens. if there hadn't been a bombing, i don't think it would have come to this. the interest of those who abducted them certainly was not to kill them. no demands other than financial
ones have been made. and i think that these were absolutely impossible to fulfill. britain will vote on its membership of the e.u. in a referendum that's now been set for june 23rd. prime minister david cameron agreed a new deal with european leaders late friday which included, quote, special status if it stays a member. while the majority of cameron's cabinet have agreed to your honor voters to stay in the block it's caused did i individualses in his party. at least six ministers are already campaign to go leave. david cameron said britain will be stronger and safer if it remains in the european union. >> our plan for europe gives us the best of both worlds. it underlines our special status. through which families across britain get all the benefits of being in the european union. including more jobs, lower prices and greater security. but our special status also means we are out of those parts
of europe that do not work for us. so we will never join the euro. we will never be part of euro-zone bailouts. never be part of the passport free no borders area or a european army or e.u. super state. >> david cameron speaking a little earlier. dominic kane has more now from downing street. >> reporter: a key concern for david cameron now will be what kind of solidarity he will be given by his cabinet colleagues. we know that there are some members of his cabinet, particularly michael going who will be campaigning for britain to leave the european union. while there are some on the government side certainly, the chancellor, mr. osbourne and the home secretary teresa may who are staunchly with david cameron, the question will be how many other members of the government will likewise be staunchly pro his plan. his deal from brussels. and then, of course, though, is the united kingdom independence
party. the party which has greet third degree deal from brussels with disdain and said that they don't believe that this speaks to the concerns of a very large group in the electorate. the question will be whether the two sides of these -- of this campaign will be able to fight the campaign they want. and we will know the answer in 124 days time. national assists demonstrators in ukraine have vandalized two russian banks in the country's capital. the protests came as the president joined the 10s of thousands of people in kiev marking the so-called day of the heavenly hundred. it's the second anniversary of the deadliest day of the anti--government protests that resulted in the ousting of ukraine's former pro-russian president. still to come in this half hour, robbed, beaten and vulnerable, we meet teenage refugees stranded on the greek macedonian border. and barack obama is criticized for staying away from the funeral of supreme court
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>> our american story is written everyday. it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. ♪ ♪ welcome back. here is a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. uganda's president has won the country's presidential election, extending his 30-year rule. but e.u. observers have criticized the poll which was marred by political violence and allegations of vote rigging. the pacific country of fiji has declared a state of emergency after being battered by one of the strongest storms ever recorded in the southern hemisphere.
and syrian opposition groups say this they will agree to a temporary ceasefire but only if russia stops bombing the country. however, al jazeera understands that eight civilians have been killed after russian airstrikes struck an area near a mosque in homs. european leaders in brussels have been discussing ways to ease the refugee crisis. the greek prime minister met with the german chancellor and the french president after they want to go block britain's referendum negotiations unless e.u. states promise to keep their borders open. on friday, austria introduced a daily cap on asylum seekers. many refugees arriving in greece are children who don't have a guardian. the european law enforcement agency estimates that up to 10,000 have now disappeared over the past two years. al jazeera spoke to teenagers interest the risks that they face during their journey. >> reporter: they set off from their homelands with their teenage dreams of a better life.
inspired by the images they have seen of refugees streaming across europe. but soon a harsh reality set in. >> translator: i went to macedonia five times. reached serbia once, but each time i was sent back to greece. >> reporter: these days, only syrians, afghans and iraqi are allowed to continue their journey. europe remains close to other nationalities who are regarded as economic migrants not refugees. so these boys are now stranded on the greek side of the border. unprotected and vulnerable to criminal gangs and smuggler rings. many wanted to remain anonymous, telling us their stories, but not their names. >> translator: there was four of us, we were trying to cross and we found mafia guys in front of us being we ran. my friend of 15, the youngest among us and he was caught. they took him in to a house like this one, there were three, and they rained him. i saw it with my own eyes, they
threw stones at them but they pulled names so we escaped and left him behind. >> reporter: an estimated within third of those landing on greek shores are children, but no one knows exactly how many are traveling alone. >> the pattern generally was that they declare that they are adults or relatives from other adult members. they rained him. i saw it with my own eyes, the and they were travel ago loan or with adults. and we are minors from 12 to 14 years olds who were alone. >> reporter: the story of a yazidi boy that escaped from iraq hoping to meet his family in germany. he was lucky enough to end up in a shell never in greece. >> it's scary, you never know what the smuggler would do to you. he could take now the forest, rob, rape or kill you, it happens. it happened and will continues. some of my friends worked hard
to get money, were robbed and beaten. and now they have disappeared. >> reporter: a 16-year-old algeria says he lost contact with his travel companions, they also have gone silent on social media. it's a story many told us, still despite the risks these young travelers will keep trying to sneak across borders, walking undercover the darkness and hoping that by daybreak they will be safe and one step closer to their destination. al jazeera, on the greek-macedonian border. protests by members of the jack agricultural community in northern india have gone in to a second day with at least one person dead and almost 80 injured. they are demanding more state benefits, including being add today a list which would give them better access to government jobs and university places. india's constitution has a sometimes to help people from there that traditional face discrimination.
the former central african prime minister has won a presidential run off with 62% of the vote. that's according to provisional results. it's hope this election will restore democracy and end inter religious violence following the topple of president in 2013. an ali defeated another former prime minister who won 37% of the vote. well, it's another big day in the race not white house with a republican prime any in south carolina and a democrat caucus in nevada. and the polls suggest that hillary clinton and bernie addressers are next in neck in the first test in a more racially diverse state. a poll average by the remember site real clear politics gives clinton a tight two pot four lead over sanders. but national leader former second of state seems to have edged slightly over clinton leading sanders by more than
five points. donald trump is hoping to repeat his success in iowa. it will be a test for him and another candidates because of the significant percentage of black voters. but the polls give trump a comfortable 13-point lead. nationally he's also way out in front. with marco rubio and ted cruz battling it out for second place and jeb bush way behind on just 5%. so a victory for trump in south carolina would be hugely symbolic ahead of next week's super tuesday when about a dozen states choose their presidential candidate. but it will be a test for trump and the other republican presidential nominees because, as we have been mentioning, the state is so ethnically diverse. from columbia in south carolina, alan fisher has more. >> reporter: after the smoker the sunshine. the american presidential race has moved south and the different weather a different state brings different challenges for a republican
partying for a candidate and an identity. south carolina is different from the first two contests the population here grater than iowa and new hampshire combined the diversity of the population different than iowa and new hampshire combined. the challenge for the republican party is to tap in to that diversity. so that their voters don't just look like republican voters, from iowa and new hampshire. >> in south carolina although it's a much more diverse state in terms of ethnicity and race, the republican party remains largely white party. it's not deep terribly in to its region of citizens of color, particularly african americans and latinos. that's ironic given that two of the most influential members of the republican party in south carolina, including an indian american governor and an african american senator. >> reporter: minor at the voters in south carolina tends to favor the democratic party. one republican presidential candidate told me he thinks that's about the change.
>> the democratic party has tried to convince blacks that they are the only option, but i think more and more people are actually starting to open their eyes and say, you know, so where has that gotten us? we have more poverty, more crime, incarceration, broken families, food stamps, everything is much worse. so maybe if it's not working, you should look at something else. >> reporter: she will vote for the first time in the november election. she doesn't want for see parties pantserring to racial groups she wants them addressing real issues faced by real people. >> issues to me is what matters you can say your a democrat but you can say something that doesn't line up with what i believe in. or you can say you are a republican but then i don't really agree with some of your views. so i think it's really more passion and what the issues are. >> reporter: it's been said the road to the white house goes through south carolina, win here and you can win anywhere. with the vote attracting a
broadways of support it can be a hollow victory for any republican. a funeral is underway in washington for supreme court judge antonin scalia. thousands of the people are paying their respect to his scalia. president obama has been criticized by republicans for not attending. but he did pay tribute at the supreme court on friday. andy gallagher joins us now from washington, d.c. this obviously a day to mark and celebrate antonin scalia's life. it obviously has been getting a political dimension. why have people been criticizing the republicans specifically criticizing barack obama for not attending? >> reporter: well, clearly justice antonin scalia was a very important man, a polarizing figure on the supreme court. president obama's not turning up
today. i don't know what we can read in to that. because the vice president is in fact at the service going on behind me today. but obviously today is more of a celebration of justice scalia's spirituality. he was a lifelong catholic, a proud catholic a man often described as a decent man, someone who had close friendships with some of the other supreme court justices despite the fact that they had very opposing views. now, today is very different. a lot more somber than on friday when his body was laid out in repose and some 6,000 members of the public came to pay their respects. but clearly the supreme court is now in limbo. you've got eight people split down the middle. four on each side. very diametrically opposed and his gap will be certainly felt, and as you said it started off a political battle that may see a new point take months or it may go after november's election when certainly the republicans hope one of their candidates will win. and then they can then appoint a new supreme court justice. but essentially it makes
november's election as much about the judiciary as it does about the executive pwrafrpb. it's brought on a whole new dimension for the upcoming presidential election in november and the stakes are very high indeed. >> they are, andy. but just explain to us what the next steps are in the process and what could decide whether the position is filled before november or after november. >> reporter: president obama has made it clear he want to appoint somebody as soon as possible, that process normally takes about three months. historically a supreme court justice hasn't been appoint ed in an election year since the hoover administration, over 40 years ago what, makes is difficult is this is an election year, there is a the at stake. these appointments to the supreme court are for life. they don't have a four-year term like a politician does and there is a lot at stake here, there are many pieces of legislation already awaiting rulings in the supreme court on immigration on, abortion on the environment all of which justice scalia would have played a very important
role in. what president obama is expected to do is appoint someone moderate. someone who has already been accepted before. remember the congress at the moment is controlled boy b by te republicans. they have to approve any nominee. if the republicans block this they could lose out in the polls in november and the same could happen for the democrats. certainly penn wants to go ahead but there is a long way to go, months before we do see a new supreme court justice. >> andy gallagher with the latest from washington, d.c., thank you. this week the venezuelan government punt the price of petrol in venezuela by as much as 6,000%. it's still the cheapest in the world but despite being heavily subisubsidized the it's just anr hit to the pockets of venezuelan as, virginia lopez reports from caracas on how people are reacting. >> reporter: jose is buying his first tank of petrol at the newly-set prices. on wednesday the government announced regular fuel would
increase 1,000% per liter. and 6,000% for premium. those numbers may be downtown, but in reality, it's still cheap for jose to fill up. a tank of fuel now only costing him $2.50 sent. and yet from the perspective of a bus driver who has seen his costs rise and without his salary doing the same, the government price hikes didn't go far enough. >> it's still too cheap. it's a give away. they should have increased it more. >> reporter: because despite the hike, it's still the cheapest petrol in the world. and yet this presupposed that everything else will cost more. one of the first to feel the impact of the new price of petrol were bus drivers. but this increase will soon have an effect across the board. from bus fares, spare parts and even produce. the sentiments of some economists is the president's move could make matters worse,
not better. >> there is no way that to adjust evaluation, no matter how large or how important is going to solve the problem if there is no changes in other parts of the economic policy. both at the macro level like the fiscal monetary policy, but very importantly, at the micro level, at the level also of the institutions that have generated the distortions that venezuela is facing. >> reporter: accordinaccordingla price increase on its own does little to solve the structural problems of a model that favors price controls. as always it's the most vulnerable sectors of society that tends to feel the pains of reforms the most. >> the hike came late and when it came it was so abrupt that the effects will be huge. >> reporter: in a country with chronic shortages of goods and services, where cueing has become the norm and with runaway