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tv   The War in October Week 2 The Heat of Battle  Al Jazeera  October 14, 2020 9:00am-10:01am +03

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world remembers a palestinian city reached beyond. born into creates a family in nazareth she sang out a powerful and emotional message the story of. the voice of palestine on al-jazeera. hello i'm daryn jordan and with a quick reminder the top stories here al-jazeera tens of thousands of people have been displaced in the afghan province of helmand after a weekend of intense fighting. the afghan government says they've been locked in battles with the taliban and forcing 35000 people to flee hospitals and their oh say they've been overwhelmed with the wounded talks to end the country's conflict are still underway between the taliban
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and the afghan government israeli army says 2 soldiers have been injured when an explosive device was thrown at them during an arrest raid incident happened at a camp in the west bank 9 palestinians have been arrested. president trump's u.s. supreme court nominee says she's made no commitment to the white house and how she ruled on major cases including election disputes amy county testified before a senate committee on the 2nd day of her confirmation hearing alan fischer reports for. the 2 on capitol hill it was time for judge to face questions from senators the chairman of the committee was a no doubt the president picked the right person to fill the vacancy caused by the death of ruth bader ginsburg and i would say you're one of the greatest picks president trapped in may and from the conservative side of the aisle you're one of the most qualified people of your generation if you could be more specific in any way several democrats wanted the judge to make
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a position clear on controversial issues that may soon come before the supreme court money in politics abortion on the affordable care act again and again the response was the same my personal views don't have anything to do with how i would decide cases and i don't want anybody to be unclear about not willing to make a deal with the committee not with the president not with anyone and independent and she insisted her nomination was not going to her taking any position on cases before the court i have made no commitment to anyone not in the senate not over at the white house about how i would decide any days before announcing the judges the supreme court nominee president donald trump said he wanted a full court justices to deal with any issues coming out of the election his comments on possible voter fraud sparking morning a lengthy court battle could follow the judge but it said she considers stepping aside if there was any conflict of interest i certainly hope that all members of the committee have more confidence in my integrity than to think that i would allow
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myself to be used as a con to decide this election for the american people senator cory booker tried to highlight differences between the nominee and the president from his questions she denounced white supremacy and acknowledged there was racial bias. it's in america's judicial system would be hard to imagine a system of criminal justice system as big as ours not having any implicit bias senator come in the heart is said the nomination was being rushed for political purposes republicans are scrambling to confirm this rommany as fast as possible because they need one more trial judge on the bench before november 10th to weigh in and strike down the entire portable care act the appointment of judges in the us is very political particularly for the supreme court $88.00 of judges but it's university colleagues have asked her to withdraw her nomination because the presidential election is so close that's not going to happen and she'll be back
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before the committee 23 alan fischer al-jazeera on capitol hill. cyprus is abolished a citizenship for investment program following an undercover investigation by al-jazeera it shows senior politicians agreeing to help a criminal by a separate possible saudi arabia has failed to win reelection to the united nations human rights council the attempt had faced criticism due to allegations of state involvement in the murder of the saudi journalist. china and russia did win seats on the body despite widespread criticism kurdistan's parliament will be asked to vote for a 2nd time on whether to approve saudi or yapper up as the new prime minister the president made the decision after politicians and activists challenge the legitimacy of south day's 1st vote in parliament the author of was freed from prison by his supporters last week those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after the worn off stage of a subject by fire. on
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the 6th of october $973.00 the 10th day of ramadan the muslim holy month and young kapoor the holiest of holy days in the jewish calendar egypt and syria launched an all out war against israel. this 1st liberation of land occupied by israel in the 19676 day war provoked an enthusiastic response across the arab world . that in the show
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a little bit. of the moroccan people were so enthusiastic about the war that was evident in the campaign organized tomorrow can cities especially the big ones to donate blood and it was a very popular campaign and. how is it that. the what had been given them in algeria and president bush took up the cause and gave a blank check to the soviets and said spend it as you like on weapons $100000000.00 for egypt and 100000000 for syria to cover everything they need in the way of ammunition weapons spare parts and so on that. area. in october 1973 the arab world seemed to have united behind a single precious sky. but the common purpose
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of egypt and syria the 2 countries who started this war was about to dissolve into acrimony and mistrust. the syrian golan heights. occupied by israel and the 19676 day war. still occupied to this day. this high plateau is a tranquil and beautiful place. but it is also scarred and defaced by the bloody fighting that took place here in october 1973. memorial stand to the israeli forces the 4 to desperate battle to stop the syrian
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thrust which threatened to reach right to the heart of israel. in the 1st 5 days of war here on the golan israeli losses alone amounted to 250 tanks and hundreds of men. it was and vicious for the syrians to think that they could enter tricked significantly into the israeli rare over the course of 24 hour us but it was not wholly under realistic how the israelis not being able to respond flexibly it is entirely possible that a syrian exploitation force could have penetrated into northern israel with an attack. but it was not to be and less than 24 hours israel had mobilized 2 armored divisions which soon turned the syrian advance into retreat. on the 10th of october
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and after suffering huge losses and tanks the syrians withdrew from the golan heights. back behind the 1967 cease fire line the same place they had started their assault 5 days earlier. now the israelis faced a crucial choice what should be their next move. the decision taken in tel aviv was typically bold to go on the attack to push on into syria itself. to make it go the other. game of fire. and we are going to press. and out. and out right. and right by this matter and i was wrong every week better.
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than. the effort to take syria out of the war had already started the previous day with strikes by the powerful israeli air force. in the worst possible conditions we penetrated deep into syria to damascus and blew up their air force headquarters and the general staff most of them and full of fear. these were the 1st of a string of attacks targeting syrian infrastructure. 'd and at that stage certain population give up on the roof to watch the bombs fall still rather excited. in the hard truth that had
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sunk in the country was mortal danger. alongside the heavy aerial strikes israel would launch its ground offensive. to arm the divisions would attack across the $967.00 cease fire line known as the popular line along the damascus road towards the syrian capital 60 kilometers to the east. at 1st light on 11th of october the assault began. despite fierce syrian resistance the israelis advanced capturing territories deep inside the syrian mainland. but. in the. the retreat began when the israelis launched a massive counter attack the 1st division started to retreat before the israeli
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army. when it did it had almost 250 tanks and the infantry brigades behind it they started to retreat to this resulted in the advance of the israeli army i remember that day the president issued an order dismissing the commander of that division and appointing another in his place. stories emerged that assad's punishment for his commanders went beyond mere dismissal. and a score and no hassle that he could i remember yes more than one officer was arrested and it said that some of them were executed. there was one senior commander that president assad summoned and asked him to account for himself that the commander then shot himself in front of the president. assad's rage was born of the anger he felt towards his allies in cairo.
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the egyptians had successfully stormed across the canal on the 1st day of war. they had quickly established a defensive bridge had 10 kilometers deep and repulsed all the israeli armored attacks. but since then they had moved not an inch further east into sinai. a kind of ace said the president said kept calling president sadat telling him mr president advance the whole israeli armed forces are in front of us and we are taking aerial strikes by the entire israeli air force there is nothing stopping you from advancing deep into sinai as we agreed but there was no answer to. what is your. 8 months earlier a to meeting in egypt set out on our side had forged a plan with a common purpose they had agreed to launch a war against israel on 2 fronts. but now it seemed the 2 presidents had entirely
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different concepts of the war they had planned together. as a totally that from the moment of the seizure of power is ambition his dream was to avenge the siege of 96 to 7 when syria had lost. the 2 israel with us and themselves have been defense of the stuff so i. thank you felt as with personal responsibility for the recovery of the land. i said saw the wall which he was planning as the war of liberation. sadat on the other hand had been planning for a limited war to focus the minds of the world superpowers and jumpstart the stalled peace process. i would have said that when president said that came to power he met with us in march 19th 71 peter told us just need to get things back on track just give me 10 centimeters of land in the east and that will be
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enough to show what i had. a week into the war it's possible target had already been surpassed it seemed a swift victory might be in sight. in the early hours of october the 13th he was woken for an urgent meeting. the british ambassador had come with an offer to broker a united nations cease fire resolution the israelis he told sadat were ready to accept the cease fire based on the current positions. saddam kaka shade side not some israeli army had been hit hard the israeli army was ready to accept a cease fire it was defeat at that moment a terrible defeat and we were ready to accept that which shows that we've given up hope of winning the war. seduced by success sadat now refused the british
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offer. he would only accept a cease fire he said if israel withdrew from the whole of sinai things are going very well so far so that he would want to stop the war something dramatic had to be done to persuade him. to agree to a cease fire or maybe even to get them to request a cease fire and. the only thing that. work was crossing of the canal that might scare them enough. but the egyptians alive to the possibility of how to ahmed divisions with over $200.00 tanks each in a 2nd line of defense west of the canal. it was a problem of which israeli chief of staff general divied delhi as it was well aware . before crossing the crown he wanted to draw those 2 arm of the business to the israeli side for 2
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reasons one not to have to cross while those 2 the reasons are waiting for him on the back of the canal when you're very vulnerable number 2 to have them is really so i worry can meet them on israel's terms. generally as it was sure that a 2nd phase of the egyptian attack would begin on october the night with those 2 armored divisions crossing the canal to advance and sinai strategic passes some 40 kilometers to the east. but the egyptian plan was to stay put. yet 48 hours later president sadat gave a new and surprising order to his woman ista general smiled. they were to go ahead with just the 2nd phase the advance that it had been waiting for you. on october 11th. came to me and said
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we want to advance to the past as i told him it was not possible for many reasons and one can actually get it to. carry on with russia he came again on the 12th and said we want to go ahead with the advance to take the pressure off syria i told him we can take the pressure off syria the enemy air force is capable of holding any front west then he said with a get. well again on the for wealth for the 3rd time he said no this is a political decision and it has to be implemented c.s.e. or i with their fees. after a long debate with a shadley general a smile issued orders to the commanders of egypt 2nd and 3rd field to begin the advance east. yeah there were also mobiles that immediately both of them called me and said we can carry out orders the minister sent us that's what i was told by
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saga moon and i've been when i was alone and even said he's ready to hand in his resignation. that night the 2 commanders was summoned to send to 10 the egyptian armed forces command center in cairo. a heads up was right in with my dismay it was just like a broken record this is a political decision and it has to be implemented if you don't it's tantamount to mutiny so all we could manage to do was to postpone the start of the attack until the 14th we delayed for 24 hours. ironically at almost exactly the same time egyptian commanders were arguing over an attack from west to east the israelis were locked in their own debate about an attempt at crossing and the other direction. attending the stormy meeting in goldeneye years. office was seasoned near the head of the israeli intelligence must
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sat. reading was go and tell it were with the. inner cabinet and the general staff. there in the middle of the discussions someone entered and whispered into it to some years here and he excused himself went out. as a man returned with astonishing information from an impeccable source a spy operating at the heart of affairs and kyra. the egyptians were on the point to moving their armored divisions across the canal. next day 13th of october confirmation arrived in israel. an american spy plane as saw 71 black but at photograph the suez canal front with high resolution cameras. recognizance pictures showed the west bank was suddenly empty
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of egyptian tanks. the egyptians were committing their biggest mistake of the wall. the israelis would do nothing to stop them. ibrahim of the lobby. or he will all be the commander of the 21st armored division told me i was surprised because while we were crossing from west to east i expected to be hit by the israeli air force but nothing happened not a single tank was hit and the crossing from west to east they just let us in. with a little bit of trouble. the egyptian plan was to make for some thrusts towards the sinai strategic passes and crossroads. 3 of the assaults would be made by ahmed brigades. the central push would be by a full division the 21st ahmed. at 6
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30 in the morning of the 14th of october the egyptian army moved east. of the one brigade where there are spoke to those that like a work in the regular order is over for about. totally out of a rocket of or egyptian tires. israelis were waiting for the tank assault in pre-prepared positions on the ridges east of the egyptian bridgeheads. the tanks came up and boom boom boom boom. and the 1st few minutes of the battle the gypsum 21st armored division suffered significant casualties. possession . of the needle at the border one of the armored brigade commanders was martyred corno a say you. also his chief of staff was injured and the commander of their total brigade was martyred. there was
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a lot of confusion at the front of the bus the world. will be afloat it's awful lot saw us all we definitely succeeded in stopping dozens if not hundreds of egyptian tanks and blowing them up with not many casualties on our side during the action. before the course a lot. by midday on the food 1000th of october $250.00 tanks had been lost. the egyptian general command ordered all advancing forces to retreat westwards to the bridge heads. here at the house it was an attempt to relieve the pressure on the syrian front but it didn't do that how could we do that it is still between us and them is 500 kilometers how could we relieve the pressure . in fact by the time the egyptians launched their attack the syrian front had already been stabilized.
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israelis had been forced to halt their advance by the arrival of iraqi troops. to get you. home after. they arrived and surprised our forces when they attacked. we had put out an alert that the iraqi forces are moving towards the goal line but we couldn't tell them the precise location so that came as a surprise. they tried to place part of the blame on us but what could be done. was over. the iraqi 3rd armored division had moved swiftly from its bases around baghdad towards the goal line a distance of over a 1000 kilometers. levels and. we arrived at the outskirts of damascus it was guarded by syrian civilians the things they said to
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was that night the 11th of october shocked us are you iraqis yes we are iraqis for god's sake save our own or. we thought it was a total victory that was a huge shock we started to realize that the situation had completely changed. into sought heavy or sudden also. despite their fatigue the iraqi forces were rushed to the front to reinforce syrian troops retreating before the advancing israelis. shorter so i we had penetrated deep into syrian territory i climbed a couple of observation towers i saw the air was full of dust and i assumed it was one of our forces on the move the division commander called me and told me that a very large force was moving towards us and that it was very close something like a 1000 meters away in a fit. if you heard them open. and that situation that was
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a strategic victory on the syrian front the timing was perfect if it happened come just 24 hours later it would have been much tougher and the israeli forces would have reached the gates from damascus a swath of. 5 squadrons of the iraqi air force some 60 at craft were flown to syria to make up for losses sustained by the syrian air force so wolf if you can see some good news to the in the iraqi prison sort of fresh the syrian pilots up tied for the bottom even the most his didn't know so how come pilots from iraq are up for the fight why the syrians are reluctant to leave babies so it turned into a competition to carry out their missions and that in view could watch what he said . with the arrival of the participation of iraqi forces in the war the
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jordanian army was now straining at the leash. there that have. that feel it was very embarrassing for us i mean it embarrass the late king the same a lot because there were 2 arab countries who had territory occupied in 1967 and jordan was a 3rd arab country whose territory have been occupied in not. 6 to 7 but those 2 other countries are fighting to regain what they lost while you're not with i remember i attended one of the meetings and how old with the military and i saw how much pressure they put on him to go to the war. because if it was the jordanian forces. being. well just. that the iraqis and jordanians were not the 1st to arrive.
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5 months before the outbreak of the war on the 2nd of morocco had sent to brigade to support the syrian front the moroccan brigade was given the name. they didn't want us over with. a very expression to lead them means home or campaign. the americans were given the task of guarding the eastern foothills of mount hermon . more expeditionary forces would soon arrive from other arab countries. but. on the syrian front we 1st faced a moroccan brigade later the iraqis came and we fought them too. then later the jordanians came and after that the saudis so we found 4 armies there we had to fight. the israelis had suffered heavy
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losses but they had also achieved significant gains in the last 4 days. they had advanced to within 35 kilometers of damascus and occupied new territories to bring to the bargaining table after the war. now their initial goals in the north achieved the israelis were about to turn their attention south to the egyptians. the plan to cross the suez canal had been finalized and given the name stout hearted man. mind saying this is. the place where this is going to lead calling their homes. not to friend will spring you know the ones you need to once you know you all ends
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up with money manageress from c.n.n. and it is just sort of surprising planted here yes. yes to everything old. my nigerian. on al-jazeera. hello i'm daryn jordan and with a quick reminder the top stories here on al-jazeera tens of thousands of people have been displaced in the afghan province of helmand after a weekend of intense fighting. the afghan government says they've been locked in battles with the taliban force in 35000 people to flee hospitals in the area say the overwhelm the wounded talks to end the country's conflict are still underway between the taliban and the afghan
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government. israeli army says 2 soldiers have been injured when an explosive device was thrown at them during an arrest raid the incident happened at a lot of camp in the west bank before dawn on wednesday 9 palestinians have been arrested. president trump's u.s. supreme court nominee has faced questions from senators on the 2nd day of her confirmation hearing in washington d.c. amy coney barrett was grilled on health care abortion and the upcoming election but she declined to say whether she would recuse herself for many cases relating to next month's presidential vote my colleagues have asked you today whether you would recuse yourself from cases on the affordable care act you did not directly answer their questions and instead you described the process by which that would work or happen and so my question is isn't it true then at the end of that process regardless of that process that it would be for ultimately would make the decision
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about whether or not you should recuse yourself that is true and i can't have you a licit a commitment from me about how i would make that decision in advance that would be wrong cyprus's abolished a citizenship for investment program following an undercover investigation biology's era it shows senior politicians agreeing to help a criminal by a subpoena passport saudi arabia has failed to win reelection to the united nations human rights council the attempt had faced criticism due to allegations of state involvement in the murder of saudi journalist. china and russia did win seats on the body despite widespread criticism kurdistan's parliament will be asked to vote for a 2nd time on whether to approve savvier japp or up as the new prime minister the president made the decision after politicians and activists challenge the legitimacy of saturday's 1st vote in parliament yapper of was freed from prison by supporters last week those were the headlines the news continues here after the war in october states in terms of watching but hadn't. the health of
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during the war in october 973 ariel sharon was the general in command of the 143rd reserve army division one of 3 facing the egyptians in the suez front. a controversial personality sharon had already developed a plan to deal with any egyptian attack during his 3 and a half years as commander of the southern front an assignment that had ended just 3 months earlier. so then i asked him what will happen only if there ever any. way or this war is going to end. wherever else there on the other side of the come out. that's the only place where it can be terminated. this is the 1st time i hear it's we are going to
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cause the source that. was around 730 of top of the 6 you know the pool. you know his kitchen in the ship. on the night of october the 9th the 4th day of the war on sent his reconnaissance battalion west towards the canal. surprisingly no egyptian forces into septic them and they quickly reached the shores of the bitter lake where the waterway is up to 5 kilometers wide. turning north the israelis and had to abandon foods of the bar-lev line like a can and maps meant. the battalion had stumbled on a 40 kilometer wide undefended gap between the gyptian 2nd and 3rd armies. sharon was electrified and radioed headquarters for permission to implement his
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strategy. when sharon tells them. we have to cross the come up we have to arrive in their rear. they telling we cannot afford to do what you are suggesting because you are the only division which we got in that. you are the only one. between the enemy and. what's more on october the 9th there was still 2 egyptian army divisions on the western side of the canal ready to counter any israeli crossing. sharon's plan was placed on hold. until 5 days later when those 2 divisions suddenly crossed the canal and began their abortive advance deep into sinai. now the israeli plan could be activated the time had come to stout hearted man.
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but to pull it off the israelis would need to transport a curious mix of equipment to the waterline. they picked up in europe. second her pontoon bridge the year before a war surplus and also picked up floating wraps. mechanize raf's which karyotype but 3rd and most important was an actual bridge specially built in israel this was how the main forces would cross the canal the idea of the bridge. roller bridge they call it it was. a bridge that was built in tire it was 200 metres long metal bridge with metal rollers aren't rowers but the rulers were thrilled with the substance that floated
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. hole it to the canal with turks where you reach the edge of the target in the back just pushing out of order you have already made. but getting the 400 ton bridge to the water's edge a 25 kilometer journey was to prove harder than expected. before the war the israelis had cut a dirt track specially designed for moving the bridge to a pre-prepared crossing point but now that truck was an egyptian hands. a strong defensive position the southern flank of the 2nd egyptian army stood in the way of any israeli advance. the battle to open the road to the canal would be called the battle of chinese farm. like farms on the eastern bank of the canal today the area was an egyptian agricultural
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development on which work had begun in the early 1960 s. with the help of japanese experts. occupied during the 6 day war the israelis had mistaken the japanese writing on irrigation equipment for chinese. the farm had now been recaptured by the egyptians the 16th division dug into dry ditches now serving as trenches. had to engage the 2nd army. tank battle so that the bridges could reach the canal and the tanks could cross on the bridge and. dusk on the 15th of october. the israeli tanks started their assault on the chinese farm. but the egyptians would counter the
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attack using their new highly effective weapon anti tank guided missiles. the use of further sea kashif. i remember the conversation between opera gate commander. and division commander ariel sharon and he called to view raviv 2 because it was the 2nd of his 3 brigades and he said to this is 4040 is the division commander the attack is looking good. and to be a raviv who had a d. criminy unvoiced said $42.00 here it's our tanks that are running over. well sharon's division was taking heavy casualties in the chinese farm a $750.00 strong israeli paratrooper force was advancing towards the canal across the dunes. by midnight they had reached the crossing point.
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per troop. reached the canal and after x. . and carrying with them half trucks or rubber boots. and they crossed uncertain of what they would find on the other side and the 1st man. climbed everest another back. yo clear and they didn't go in there they stablished the bridge so there was no one is really a presence on the western bank. but despite the desperate efforts of the israelis the road to the canal remained closed find entire egyptian infantry brigade. but there was one ray of light for the israelis and mechanized rafts could move independently across open terrain. and by 630 on the morning of the
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16th of october 15 rovs had reached the canal and began ferrying tanks to the west . just when we arrived there and it's quiet. and we are there we have there on the come out strong sense between 12 to 20 thanks across the cannot and what happens is exactly what he said and it seemed these are way their gypsies don't know what happens to them for 24 hours that arrival in their rear of the enemy was exactly what sharon was aiming at and the decisive phase of the war is closing. the israeli canal crossing went almost unnoticed by the egyptians. and later that same morning in cairo it seemed the head of state was totally
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unaware of what was going on at the front. and his 1st public appearance since the start of the war sadat led a victory parade through the streets towards parliament. he was accompanied by a woman mr general mattis my. commute . in arousing speech set out set out his conditions for ceasefire
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a total israeli withdrawal from sinai. later that day in jerusalem told him i made her own speech she decided to share the good news with the israeli knesset. for 15 this afternoon the israeli population were told for the 1st time that their troops were on the west bank of the suez canal. what to mrs murray is said came as a surprise not just to the israeli people but also to the egyptian military. israeli paratroopers and tanks had formed a limited bridge had on the western side of the canal in an area cooled. but egyptian rip. it's about the is really crossing the confusing and underestimated the scale of the problem. conclusion killer from the floor. there was
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a problem with reconnaissance and most or all of their gonna since units were on the eastern side of the come out there was no reconnaissance in the west to provide information and that's why when i asked for information about the west no one knew anything much. it was only when the israeli forces in the west went on the offensive that the egyptians 1st crossed the extent of the problem. that the enemy was already in their backyard. or the attack on america was the 1st to cross receive their. headquarters saying so i want to talk to you. the force as a force commander general but. you have a map. you see the flowers on them those are. better. please destroy them out. located on the western side of the canal the
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egyptian surface to air missiles and cause the israeli afros heavy losses and the fast pace of the war. now reachable by israeli tanks it was payback time for the egyptian and defense. but despite the israeli success in destroying the somme batteries other aspects of stout hearted man were not going so well. alas i shall get the ariel sharon received in order not to activate his forces in the west of the canal because the concern was that if they were unable to establish a real bridge a pontoon or roller it would be impossible to establish a logistics route to evacuate casualties send supplies send forces. and then they would even consider canceling the whole operation. the israelis still hadn't gained control of the road to the crossing point foot soldiers would have to be used to
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flush out the egyptian infantry and tank hunters from the ditches of the chinese farm. we were walking in the sands a beautiful. by the in the silence i think was totally quiet and suddenly we were. under heavy heavy fire back by really heavy for. supper and fuel injection some numbers and tanks. with light arms. during that long night the egyptians inflicted heavy losses on the paratroopers 41 killed and over a 100 wounded. but the action kept egyptian forces occupied and both the israelis the opportunity to tow their pontoons forward to the crossing point. by the night of the 16th of october having finally realised the scale of the
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israeli operation the egyptians reacted. the plan was simple the 25th armored brigade would move northwards to meet up with the 21st division which would advance southwards. in a pencil move the 2 armored units would close the gap and crush the israeli forces . the plan seemed straightforward but to general it was flawed. he wanted the brigade to cross to the west and make its assault on that side of the canal which was under gyptian control. general ismail ordered that new forces that had already crossed to the east should cross back to the west. this he said was a political decision taken by president sadat himself. me this my
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would back down until finally president sadat was asked to come to the egyptian main command center known as center 10 to arbitrate on this dispute between the top 2 commanders of his armed forces. at the latest i told him mr president i disagree with gen it's my. as soon as i said so he blew up in my face blew up in my face and shouted at me and kept saying don't ever mention withdrawal mr president this is not that was droll it's it's maneuvering with force is no maneuvering with forces and no withdrawal not one soldier has to withdraw i will have you court martialed if the word with no one is ever mentioned again to see things. such decision was clear the next day said. of october at 0700 hour as the 25th brigade moved northwards to carry out his mission. the chesley was about to be proved right. of the muslim home as the work of.
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the 25th brigade came from the area of the bitter lakes and 2 tank brigades caught in a sort of ambush. about us 2 tank brigades. one brigade on that side . and the other again on the other side the battle was over very quickly and. the egyptians suffered heavy losses. with 65 tanks destroyed only 10 able to retreat southwards. had looked as if in the hustler sure enough walk in. and get the losses for the 25th brigade were shocking maybe 90 percent of our tanks were lost and that was so sad because these were the best tanks in the egyptian army. 62. what was even more damaging was what happened to the fighting units around us they regarded the 25th armored brigade as their shield the pride of
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the gyptian army. so what happened the 25th armored brigade was a blow to the morale of the soldiers at the front during that battle and a lot of them the whole. meanwhile in the new than sector of the suez front things were no better for the egyptians after 2 days of heavy fighting of the chinese form the right flank of the 2nd army had been decimated. the remnants of the brigade that had blocked the road to the canal had retreated. but only after making the israelis pay a heavy price. yes painful and. very painful mainly because of the dead. and their wounded. and one night of the crossing with the knowledge we lost some 400 people. tanks were fighting. some of them when we saw in broad daylight later
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one barrel against another like to salt competence in the medieval time a theater with tanks both of them destroyed maybe most of the people and both of them dead the valley of death next day along the come out was terrible. but we were on the other side of the. general and john's on the division had successfully crossed the canal using the pontoon bridge. next day 18th of october early morning advanced tanks are unleashed on the egyptian red . soon they have destroyed more trees clearing the skies for the israeli air force
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. is not a top down the air force started to appear previously we hadn't seen it at all but after the 17th we started to see the air force a lot no one to stop them with our defenses the anti-aircraft missiles were non-existent for the air force had to freemount well as the actual. on the 18th of october these really high command decided to capitalize on the successful crossing building their presence on the western bank of the canal to 3 armored divisions. sharon's division would move north to surround the egyptian 2nd army and capture the city of is my idea. i don't division and another commanded by general monk and would move south to encircle the egyptian army and capture the city of suez. this would be their final goal israel would come to
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the bargaining table holding a trump card. israel had 2 bridges were going to merge roll over. there were now ready to bring an army across to the suburbs. for 2 days and with the bulk of the egyptian army on the east of the canal scattered forces in the west foot bravely trying to hold their ground against 3 israeli army divisions but they were outnumbered and overwhelmed. general shadley could see that his plan was on the verge of failure. and this again i was a different i went back and said the situation was becoming very dangerous so on the 20th i said tonight i have to bring back any armored brigade i can afford from the east i had 4 army brigades in the east with no job i said i have to bring them
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back tonight. and then. that night one small general smiled had to request sadat to come to the command center the president was unmovable he simply reiterated what he had said food days earlier after. all this had a have a well it appears decision was to withdraw not a single rifle or tank from east to west everyone to stay where he is and fight that was nonsense this is not a war in the world that works like that you have forces under pressure and you do nothing to assist them while others have nothing to do and you don't want to bring them into the battle. that doesn't give a lot of. it but if he shows the kavanaugh in the whole. the father of the for a long time general. of the special forces the pericope. i mean the kind of forces
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that dual high risk. and i think he was really professional. sometimes he would do a border thing and maybe on certain occasions it would be a truck bomb if i thought my janek they had a hostile afia in obama to add the 11 commission. suggests position was clear any movement of forces from east to west could undermine morale and lead to the collapse of the whole front. he's lost bargaining chip would be lost. on us as the high end as he of middle men actually are a lot of people who are dead at the time they said if we had seen just one soldier to cheating the whole army would have done the same. shortly after midnight sadat left center tan and returned to his residency. he summoned the soviet ambassador and told him that egypt is ready to accept
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a cease fire. this time though it was the israelis who had no interest in a cease fire. were going so that israel had a greater interest in the ceasefire that you can get right at that moment because the hard work to do so terror it was to capture. but in the 3rd week of the war international attempts to broker a cease fire in the middle east would bring the whole world to the verge of a new confrontation. in an exclusive documentary series al-jazeera reveals the full story of a lord that changed the face of the middle east this is not of war to defeat israel this is a war to open the way for the promise of the final episode of
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a 3 part series explores the impending threat of 2 global superpowers and uncovers why the hour this way the conflict continues to this day the war in october the battle and beyond on al-jazeera. hello is still slightly warmer than average in the levant and iraq slightly cooler than average around the gulf states but we're talking about a couple of degrees nothing to fantastic very few showers around even in the mountains of western parts of yemen and saudi would be wanted to see otherwise it's a dry picture and we'll watch for changes in the next few days but the prophecies no rain is moving slowly southeast still over a wide expanse from south sudan down to angola but focusing really on the rift valley d.l.c. and in lake victoria daily the showers build throw themselves out and you get showers as far west as kigali for example in rwanda by lunchtime which means the
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whole of africa still has a scotch in the showers but nothing very heavy if you're lucky the rain is heading south malawi wants it being in drought and you see a few showers are picked out here on the satellite picture site from the point of view of good news there's some rain in malawi on wednesday the some further west one go there but really if you're talking about maybe a science which is a dry picture having had some significant showers around johannesburg only a couple days ago it's now dry and cape town's temperature of 20 it's not far from the average but it should be a bit warm. but . cyprus a european island opening offering citizenship to those who can afford it in august of 0 made global headlines with the cyprus papers confidential documents that reveal a murky passport by investment scheme obviously for. the 5th. now
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al jazeera as investigative unit goes undercover to expose further revelations that go to the heart of the cypriot state al jazeera investigations the cyprus papers under cover. thousands of families forced to flee fighting in afghanistan's helmand province. hello i'm adrian from again this is our 0 live from doha also coming up millions of early ballots cast in the lead up to the u.s. election signs that voter turnout could be the highest in a century. anger on the streets of bangkok thousands of tires vent their
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frustration amid calls for an overhaul of the country's electoral system. to show.


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