tv The Campaign Against The Climate Al Jazeera April 17, 2021 3:00pm-4:01pm +03
race based programs that open your eyes to an alternative view of the wild today we are about to feed townsend's and thousands of hungry magots see the world from a different perspective on al-jazeera. adrian figure here in doha the top stories on al-jazeera 3000000 people have now died of covert 19 around the world the united states remains the country with the highest number of deaths followed by brazil india and france are also grappling with severe outbreaks war a challenge that london has more on the situation in europe. as you would imagine with a continent as large and complex as europe the picture is different depending on where you're looking it goes from the grim to the much more positive we can start
with a grim in france it became the 3rd country in europe to pass the 100000 death mark years this week it follows its elite and the united kingdom and pushing through that marker it's now got the 8th highest death toll in the world so things as we can see there are a pretty bad with the country in its 3rd national lock down the death toll has effectively doubled since it came out of the 2nd national lockdown back in november president macron is saying we will not forget a name we will not forget a face just hop across the channel those of the u.k. which have had a terrible number of deaths but things now here in the u.k. are looking much more positive germany has just taken the united kingdom off its risk list which means that if you come from the u.k.
to germany you don't any longer have to quarantine so the u.k. which was the focus of many travel restrictions around europe and around the world just a few months ago because of the variance that was discovered in the south of england in september because of lockdowns and because of a very fast vaccination program here is now doing much better thailand is closing schools and jim was for at least 2 weeks as it battles a 3rd wave of covert biotene infections it had hoped to be able to reopen tourism that reported one of the half 1000 cases of the last day and 2 deaths. iran says it's identified the suspect behind the attack on one of its nuclear facilities state television is reporting that the man fled the country before the attack on the the the town this plant happened on sunday tyrone blamed israel for the operation calling it an act of nuclear terrorism i said baik has more for us from
tehran very early on iran blamed israel for this attack now as a reaction to that they began enriching to 60 percent now the head of the iranian atomic organization has said that they listen to 60 percent and they are doing about 9 grams per hour about the same time for the most heinous the day interesting to 20 percent which is way above what's a died in that 2015 nuclear deal which is 3.67 percent of all this is taking place while those negotiations are taking place in vienna huge numbers of people have rallied in chicago in support of a teenage latino boy who was shot dead by police this outraged 2 of the shooting of a young black american man by a police minneapolis during a traffic stop every single day every single day there's a mass shooting in the united states if you count all those who were killed out of the streets of our cities and our rural areas it's
a national embarrassment and must come to one then i strongly support the universal background checks which i continue to push the congress has to step up and act the senate has to act and i strongly support and continue to never stop supporting the ban on assault weapons and magazines that hold more than 1010 bullets. more than $23000.00 prisoners have been pardoned and released by myanmar's military leader it's unclear though whether any of them were pro-democracy activists who were arrested during protests against the crew russia's f.s.b. security service says it's to take the ukrainian diplomat and petersburg it accuses all xander of trying to obtain classified information tension is already high with russian troops reportedly amassing along ukraine's border as the headlines more use for you after the campaign against the climate next.
this is your job. you want to talk to me right let me do it documentary about climate change. well this is simple science look at the higher c o 2 levels are waiting to greening of the earth. and so i don't you know do you think that's a bad thing. so so more future and atmospheres a good thing but yes i think so absolutely. i mean. imagine a world where you can't trust science. let me tell you about
a group of men who've tried to convince you of just that. a group who wants you to doubt climate change. this is the story about how these men were promoted by the world's largest oil companies. the story of a campaign that has impacted our world forever. this is a scientist from nasa has come to the american senate with a message to the world which you hear in a moment. why you hear it try to guess what year it's from dr hansen if you'd start
us off we appreciate it. ok. thank you for the opportunity to present the results of my research on the greenhouse effect the global warming is now large enough that we can ascribe with a high degree of confidence a cause and effect relationship to the greenhouse effect. ok this is from 1988 that was when a phone took like this the internet looked like this. and it was when the world realized that climate change had to be taken seriously. that's what scientists call the greenhouse effect and of the long run it could mean devastating changes to all our fault or it's largely a problem of our all making we're running out of time to bottle solution scientists predict a rise in temperatures that will eventually melt the polar icecaps forest fires in the west flew dry and as the sahara desert spreads lenity 15 for the end of the t.v. . in 1908 the un established the climate change organization i.p.c.c.
where scientists from the whole world agree to change hands. and well cletus listen to those who think we're powerless to do anything about this greenhouse effect are forgetting about the white house effect. this is more than 30 years ago. apparently the world was ready to act on clothes. but something happened. a doubling of the c o 2 content of the atmosphere will produce a tremendous greening of planet or. in the years following james hansen speech
critics appear on t.v. the sewage goes but your relations about future warming have no good scientific basis. critics who question climate change the way to end this global warming thing it sounds like a scam. well i think you're seeing it now. this is one of them. i spent most of my time in newspapers and magazines and on t.v. and radio to argue against climate action against panic. the economy would actually improve if we have a doubling of background greenhouse gas how can it improve well because we might have a longer growing season i'm fairly glib i'm fast on my feet. cool on t.v. and i also do my homework. in the years i have to james hansen
speech jerry taylor was hired by the think tank cato my name is jerry taylor i'm the director of natural resource studies here at the cato institute. people like me primarily to change public opinion and that's what i did there may be some extreme events that occur down the road and we don't know what the chances for that might be the climate skepticism is entirely dependent upon the promotion of doubt about the underlying science james hansen at nasa thinks it's maybe 710121520 percent other scientists think is probably more like 0.3 percent the denial about the underlying science is the critical is the growing juncture of the debate. well tell it takes a sip of water to meet marc morano oh i'm going to. be looking at you you're sitting there you'll see this i was going to my job essentially is covering the global warming movement and communicating to the public the latest findings if
you look at the satellite data we actually have had no significant warming since 1908 actually no warming we've been cooling in recent years you had a background as a salesman can you tell us how was that that was i was adored i worked as a door to door salesman which is a actually a great background. to build narratives in the make now when you only have 1520 seconds you've got to work on your sound bites and you've got to work on your you know you're building a narrative to a customer that was a great training ground for being in media and communications. is communications director for the committee for constructive tomorrow see fact an organization whose focus is on communicating that climate change isn't that big a problem. so how does he do that and i believe on the television and debate strategy you have to make the other person defend their stupid idiotic comments
bill nye say global warming will cause many bad weather events and guess what bad weather events happen all the time and then also dealing with rapid fire facts bottom line we've gone the longest period without a major u.s. category 3 or larger hurricane hitting the u.s. since at least 1800 maybe the civil war bottom line new study in the journal nature peer reviewed no change and i believe this what bill nye just did was waste everyone's time explaining that c o 2 is rising i believe we should get used to crush your opponent from the right here but a little in wait a minute are you a scientist. i'm not a scientist but i do play one on t.v. occasionally. people don't take positions because they find themselves reasoned into those positions they take positions that they want to take for emotional or ideological reasons and then they mobilize their reasoning power to justify taking the positions they want to take
and this is gerry tailless recipe for doing just that a lot of people who don't know what to think about climate change are being told by people like me there's a relative nonevent it's the same sort of crime that the environmental movement has done from time immemorial you know 1st we were told there was a population bomb that was going to wipe out humanity and that never went off then we were told we're going to run out of fossil fuels and the agricultural commodities we're all starved that never happened and this is just the latest iteration of the usual story from environmentalist that if we continue to go down laws a fair capitalist road we're going to blow up the planet or destroy me i. mean. there's something in these pictures you can't see. it's essential to life. without. that in. its heart.
now some politicians want to label carbon dioxide a pollutant. and if they succeed they call it pollution we call it life. this t.v. commercial is from the think tank competitive enterprise institute and so is myron. it's clear that the earth is green and so i don't you know do you think that's a bad thing. competitive enterprise institute is a conservative american think tank and modern evil has its department on energy climate and environment irony believes the climate debate started like this global warming as a political project was initiated in sweden in the early 1980 s. they needed a reason essentially to increase tax revenue i mean remember i think you're aware of this in denmark that the welfare state needs
a lot of money and it needs more and more money as it goes on. climate skeptical pundits you just meant. interest organizations and think tanks. think tanks are like the arsenals for the war of ideas they're the places where ideas are then weaponized in public policy terms and then they are vigorously argued and promoted on capitol hill and on t.v. and radio and so it was extremely influential because it was one of the largest right of center think tanks in the united states still is had a lot of visibility because you get invested in communications. so taylah you spreading climate skepticism from one of the most influential think tanks in the usa. jerry taylor tells us that his arguments build on calculations from research of patrick michaels also employed by cato anyone who goes around and says that
carbon dioxide is responsible for most of the warming of the 20th century hasn't looked at the basic numbers. the climate skeptical pundits get better arguments from a group of climate skeptical scientists. physicist and climate scientist fred singer is behind the organization science and environmental policy project s. e p.-p. . p.-p. is behind the so-called leipsic declaration where some 100 scientists raised doubts about global warming some hundreds of climate scientists actually signed the appeal . who warned about taking steps against global warming and global warming was until. they found a problem. no
mark. so on one side we have james hansen and a lot of u.n. scientists. and then we have a number of scientists and pundits who say the exact opposite. how is that possible. naomi oreskes a harvard professor decided to investigate just that so in the early 2000 the american media were presenting climate change as a big scientific debate. and that struck me as weird because none of the scientists that i knew thought it was a debate so i decided to undertake an analysis of the peer reviewed scientific literature the i.p.c.c. had already stated that most of the observed warming was likely to be due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations so i posed the question how many papers
published in peer reviewed scientific literature disagree with that statement. to answer that question naomi oreskes looks up research papers for global climate change. the words appear in 937 scientific papers. a rescue's reads them all and what i found was. there was no dissenting public published scientific period literature on the basic question of whether or not manmade climate change was happening and i'm a professional historian of science so i thought well if i don't know this then probably a lot of other people don't know it too and so i wrote a small paper in 2004 called the scientific consensus on climate change. that paper changed my life because immediately the paper was published i started getting hate mail threatening phone calls people filing complaints against me to my university people accusing me of being a communist a stalinist rescues comes under huge criticism and she doesn't understand why
until she's at a conference in germany shortly after. over a beer after the sessions one day i was just chatting with some colleagues and mentioned how this very strange thing had happened to me. and one of the people there was eric conway. i mention the name of one of the people who was attacking me and eric said well naomi you know it's the same person who attacked cherie roll over the ozone hole. and he told me this amazing story that i knew nothing about at the time that the scientists who had worked on the ozone hole had been the target of attacks in which people claim that there was no rules on hold of the science was wrong that the scientists were fraudulent that the scientists were communists all the things that i was being accused of these great nobel prize winning scientists had also been
accused of and so eric said to me yeah when we get back to america i'll send you a send your novel up with a bunch of stuff. so he sent me this package arrives a few days later and i take out these papers that he sent me. and it was like you could take out the word ozone hole and put in climate change and you could take out the word roll in print and otherwise it was identical. on a spring day in 1998 a group of men meet at the oil industry organization american petroleum institute. a number of oil companies are represented companies like exxon let's hear exon
c.e.o. at the time explain who they are we are both largest private got me in the world our company sells 8000000 barrels a day of products. that's a 1000000000 gallons every 3 days. back to the american petroleum institute a.p.i. where some of the biggest players in the oil industry are meeting. one of the participants is myron ebell they solicited vice because we had certain kinds of expertise that they did and. it was an industry effort with some help from people like me. in documents from this meeting you can see a clear purpose victory will be achieved when average citizens understand the uncertainties in climate science and when these uncertainties become part of conventional wisdom. according to the documents big oil wants the public to doubt
the science behind climate change. and it wasn't scientists who were invited to the meeting i'm not an energy analyst expert and i'm not a climate expert but i have a certain amount of experience in translating policy into into action and i suppose that was what they are interested in. at the meeting a strategy is worked out. that paper was later leaked and it shows how the oil industry plans to spread doubts about science. from the. strategy paper describes a national media relations program which in 8 different ways will influence the media by recruiting and training scientists it also explains that they will try to influence journalists this one john stossel has even mentioned in the paper titled
this program because after a research warming scare that was my conclusion we ought to just chill out. the paper from the meeting shows the mind. that of the world's largest oil companies. despite the fact that the un several world leaders and most scientists clearly point in another direction. the oil industry wants to raise doubts about the science behind climate change. the strategy paper explains how schools are to be influenced by an initiative called national direct outreach and education. many universities like harvard regularly receive funding from private companies
this is a perfectly legal common practice many prestigious universities. jeffrey superman is a ph d. student. will join him at a film screening in 2017. harvard's kennedy center announced a screening of film. essentially tell it tells the audience about how. for the foreseeable future we're going to be relying on fossil fuels how renewables of way off in the distance not right now not really reliable and frankly promoting hoth truths at best about the inevitability of can see it's also if you use it. if you're a student if you has been from it your hope is surely this is a reasonable film until we dug just
a little bit anything surface. the academic talking heads the ones that were presented as professors universities without exception actually will have deep ties to the oil and gas industry from consultancy relationships to running senses reliance on fossil fuel funding to literally being on the boards of natural gas companies the producer of the film was show oil company the director of the film he was a v.p. of an oil gas company that's taken $300000.00 from shell oil company so you see a pattern emerging here. episodes like the film screening prompted geoffrey superman to write a p.h.d. with naomi oreskes as his supervisor about the connections between the oil industry and academia let's see what he found out. harvard receives massive funding from several oil companies stanford's energy department also gets millions from the auto
industry the university denies that sponsors control its research and on its website the university emphasizes its academic independence but a few lines later it's described who really decides what research to fund final decision about funding is made by the management committee which includes one person from each of the sponsors. and the main sponsor who has a say in what research is funded is exxon mobil. berkeley birthplace of the 1968 student uprising as an energy research center in which the oil company b.p. has invested millions cording to jeffrey super and b.p. has a say in what will be researched. exxon mobil says it funds universities to promote green technologies. and shell tells us
it wants to help solve the serious climate challenge. why is this a problem i mean if they use their money for doing the research for good what's possible when the very people the very institutions the supposed to be solving the climate crisis is a fundamentally reliant on the industry that has the most to lose from their work that's a pretty big conflict of interest jeffrey super and thinks that the many millions are intended to influence students teachers and scientists this strategy comes straight out of the playbook the a.p.i. strategy paper also states informing teaches students about uncertainties in climate change will erect a barrier against efforts to impose kioto like measures a measure put in place to limit the emissions of c o 2 and that's why in the medical research community there are. practices there is the obvious rules by which one must disclose these kinds of conflicts of interest many universities used to receive millions from the tobacco industry but in 2131
universities including harvard decided not to let tobacco companies sponsor health research. we have nothing like that in energy and climate. a weekly critique of the stories hitting the headlines the news media have been left to sort through mixed messages on a quite complex story from mainstream to street journalism the enemy objective is to get beat me to send it to the wall kitchens and what's going on exposing real world threats to objective it's often of on neighbor it sounds from auster $11000.00 people who were arrested the listening post covers the way news is
covered on a jersey. if you want to help save the world. sneeze and euro. planet earth a wondrous diverse ecosystem but human activity is the escalating climate change and posing an x. the stench of threat in the lead up to us to al-jazeera around special coverage documentaries discussions and reports exploring the consequences of all actions and inactions and showcasing ways in which some a c.t. to time the time a season of programming exploring the climate crisis ahead of earth day on al-jazeera. if the political debate show that's challenging the way you think i want to know where you're to stand on cancer culture decreasing the range of ideas that can be heard from international politics to the global pandemic and everything
in between if tech companies are the ones with all the power what do we do what's the solution 'd or get organized and what are world leaders or governments missing thread talking about targets alike. porking you are trying to play when we're talking to but now up front with me marc lamont hill on al-jazeera. again i'm adrian finighan in doha the headlines on al-jazeera 3000000 people have now died of covert 19 around the world the united states has the highest number of deaths followed by brazil and india and france are among those grappling with severe outbreaks and most countries have seen repeated delays and vaccination efforts thailand is closing schools boston gyms for at least 2 weeks as it battles a 3rd wave of covert 19 infections it had hoped to be able to reopen the tourism it reported one of a half 1000 cases in the last day and 2 deaths iran says it's identified the
suspect behind the attack on one of its nuclear facilities state television is reporting that the man fled the country before the attack home and the town's plant happened on sunday to iran blamed israel for the operation calling it an act of nuclear terrorism said beg reports from to hong. very early on iran blamed israel for this attack now as a reaction to that they began enriching to 60 percent now the head of the iranian atomic organization has said that they reach into 60 percent and they are doing about 9 grams per hour about the same time the most heinous the day enriching to 20 percent which is way above what died in that 2015 nuclear deal which is 3.67 percent of all this is taking place while those negotiations are taking place in vienna numbers of people have rallied in chicago in support of a teenaged boy who was shot dead by police this outraged 2 of the shooting of
a young black american man by police in minneapolis during a traffic stop have been several incidents which of heightened tensions over policing and racial injustice all the $23000.00 prisoners opin pardoned and released by me on mars military leader it's unclear though whether any of them were pro-democracy activists who were arrested during protests against the coup the pardons are customary to mark the new year holiday in myanmar but this is the 2nd time the jointer has done so since seizing power in february russia's f.s.b. security service says it's detained a ukrainian diplomats in petersburg it accuses alexander salsa look of trying to obtain classified information tension is already high with russian troops reportedly amassing along the ukrainian border those were headlines now let's get you back to the campaign against the climate.
this is the story about a group of men who wants you to doubt climate change the story of a campaign that has impacted our world forever. back to naomi oreskes yes. we left her with a pile of papers and this pile became the beginning of a big investigation but she also gets hold of the strategy paper it was my alice through the looking glass moment when my whole life kind of changed. rescues drops everything and decides to find out who's arguing against the climate scientists. bit by bit she begins to understand why these pundits just so effective in general they're much better at communicating then real scientists are because real scientists are well i don't want to insult my colleagues but you know most
scientists are scientists they like to be left alone so you take a group of people who are intrinsically actually pretty poor at communicating and now you put them up against professional communications professional p.r. people somebody who might go against me on t.v. or radio might know more than i do they may be scientist i'm not a scientist but they're not necessarily good communicators and if you put a poor communicator up against a good communicator even garbage arguments tend to what up 2. 2 i started doing research to try to find out who are these people that are attacking me and why are they saying these extraordinary things about me and that was the investigation that led to the book merchants of the. merchants of doubt she calls the climate skeptics. but that doesn't stop the attacks on the contrary so
they. sent out an e-mail chain to each other talking about what they could do to get me to discredit me they call me all kinds of names. one day something happened that will radically change generally tailless life. i was in the debate in the early 2000 when joe rome. and on this t.v. show where we were debating i said look joe it's been more than a decade since james hansen testified in from the united states and about global warming. we've only seen about a quarter of a warming that james hansen says we should have seen by now and if this continues to play out there's no reason to think it won't climate change it will be a relative. so we left the studio and went into the green room and joe said did you even read james hansen
support here do you just you know is there you are these just talking points somebody wrote for you we're talking about here with a scenario a we have a scenario b. in a scenario c. so if you look at scenario b. you'll find that the emissions we've seen instances testimony pretty much track what he hypothesized under scenario b. and if you look at the temperature projections the pretty spot on so when you go on television and you say that the models are running hot that's complete garbage so here's what i challenge we say you go back to your office and you re read hanson's testimony and you tell me if what i'm saying is right he says or b. ack i don't care i say because i'm not debating you again i don't you know i hate this guy. so i went back to my office and i looked at the hanssen testimony you know thinking well i'm not going to let joe rob you know walk away thinking he got the better of
me in the green room right and i read the testimony in a book like it actually reflect to enjoy the moment. so i went down the hallway to the scientist. and explain what it after i just made joe and you know this is you know the conversation we had a book the testimony and looks like joe's right so what am i missing so i was certain i was missing something. and it turned out i wasn't missing anything. it became clear to me in the course of the back and forth that he was knowingly misleading people with that narrative that he had offered that i had offered on television. but it was from that point forward that i began to
do a little bit more of the due diligence that i should have been doing all along with regard to the scientific narratives i was offering. sometimes it wasn't conscious disingenuousness sometimes it was just cherry picked out of the worries doc part sometimes you would find that the papers were shook so impressive were never published in a peer reviewed journal though it looks like they were published in peer reviewed journal but they were if you bothered to look at the response to the paper you find a good shop full of holes but these are things which i had never done about. and when i began to do that due diligence which i should have been doing in the past i found that the story i just told you played itself out over and over again. we presented tailless critique to patrick michaels who rejects tailless account. he
says his facts were scientifically documented and he still thinks james hansen is wrong and denies misleading the public cato has not replied to the critique in spite of repeated requests. let's take a look at the economics of the oil industry strategy paper describes how large sums of money to be given by the oil and energy industry think tanks and organizations among recipients see fact. well around no works the best thing to do is it have the courage to do nothing when you know money from the company we might get and competitive enterprise institute we don't disclose are debtors however some of our donors disclose that they fund us the most notable being exxon mobil which funded a number of groups for probably a decade. tax records financial reports and other documents show who
exxon mobil funded after the strategy meeting from 1998 to 2006. the data shows that the world's major oil company in the years after the meeting donated at least $12000000.00 and probably much more to climate critical organizations and think tanks. and they're not the only ones funding the skeptics. an american research project has mapped out how other oil companies and many wealthy conservatives have donated billions to climate skeptics. so scientists and pundits alike have been paid by the auto industry does this influence their work. one such climate skeptic steve mulai
who was present at the a.p.i. meeting has described his relationship with the industry like this are you in bed with big oil and if so how good in bed are they. not better than anyone just trying to do the right thing ugh i would say. myron ebell also rejects that the oil money his think tank receives has any influence we develop our policies based on what we think are based on our principles and what we think the evidence and the facts are at once we've done that we try to find funding for it. so so if someone wants to fund as i would like to find a lot more funding for what we do. then this fred singer the man behind the leipsic declaration the danish broadcasting corporation investigated that list in 1997. molecule pisco news keyless u t s it is leading us cause old european scientists there 15 of them that say that
they are not climate scientists. say i have not seen any evidence for that but they have told us we've talked to everyone they said they're not climate scientists. but your question. i mean you present them as climate scientists i am told i was told that leavitt scientists . write sing as organization as c.p.p. which is behind the list well they also received money from exxon mobil their oil industry was a main bankroller and cheerleader for opposition of climate action and their financial support of the climate skeptics in the scientific community ensured that we had the references and the citations that we need to make a credible argument. is
the earth getting warmer and there's a lot of discussion about that. is it. i think in the answer to that is in some places yes and in others no. patrick michaels doesn't want to comment on the critique that he has received money from the oil industry climate skeptical scientist willie soon didn't respond to the critique that he's been paid by the industry. fred seen as lawyer has been presented with the critique of siena but hasn't replied. steve milloy dropped an interview at short notice and has declined to comment on the critique. many of them previously said but their research isn't influenced by money from for instance the oil industry. this is all about deflection it's all about distraction jim hansen is here with that part of
change and they're saying oh don't look at jim hansen look at me over here pay attention to this report that i wrote that claims that we don't really know if there's climate change so it's all about distraction deflection to create confusion to create smoke and mirrors so that people don't really know what's going on and then they say i don't know you know i don't know what to think i'm just going to get my kids to soccer. the oil industry strategy of sowing doubt has it been done before. i believe nicotine is not addictive yes mr john. congressman cigarettes and nicotine clearly do not meet the classic definitions of dictionaries no talk of no in the mid 1900 scientists realized that smoking was dangerous but tobacco industry made
every effort to counteract the new knowledge and internal documents as doubt is a product since it's the best means of competing with the body a fact that exists in the minds of the general public the industry succeeded in delaying regulation of tobacco for decades. but successful campaign was now copied by climate skeptics. when science established the benj of smoking tobacco companies published ads against it. boyle companies did the same after james and since presentation so the idea is to make it seem that we don't really know for sure if this is a power because if we don't know then it would be premature to allow the government to say regulate tobacco and then the same argument is used in current change and who did this for the tobacco industry some of the scientists and pundits who indirectly or directly got money from the tobacco industry reappear in the climate
debate. one of the 1st prominent climate skeptics was frederick cites many years before he headed research projects for the tobacco industry in the sixty's the the tobacco company very clearly said that there wasn't a direct linkage if people want to believe that it was their own doing but do you think that was also political on the part of the tobacco companies well they wanted to keep up so you know was it irresponsible on the part of the tobacco companies. it was irresponsible on the part of the smokers. and fred singer coauthored a report downplaying the danger of passive smoking. the pundits steve milloy who was present at the a.p.i. meeting concurrently for both tobacco and oil companies. and the organization which myron ebell directed politically also worked for the tobacco industry and
jerry taylor the arguments that i made at the time it was that when it comes to secondhand smoke if the epidemiological evidence had been 4 was not particularly persuasive but the fact is the same kind of arguments the same stylised argue. that were made against. the action to regulate tobacco are pretty similar of the arguments that were used against climate change. but what did the industry know about climate change when it launched this campaign . beyond so it can be found on board a ship off the coast of texas in 1979. a man on the ship did something
so important to exxon that this presentation film was produced for the company's management. the man was 8 and today it looks like this. the videotapes were taken to show to the corporate board about this really exciting research project that the company was doing to study the impacts of increased c o 2 and on the planet which contribute to the science of climate change. 40 years ago almost 10 years before james hansen speech and internal scientific department i guess on researched global warming they funded the project because they thought the science was important they thought exxon needed to be involved and they were concerned about climate change. ed gobby passed his measurements on to the scientists who analyzed data. the scientists that acts on the modelers about dish and the physicist were modeling climate change modeling the impacts of increased c
o 2 in the atmosphere that i don't have very clear that they knew that c o 2 increase was changing the climate of the planet on its website exxon mobil says its data on climate change was published in scientific journals. however exxon fails to mention the sit lay to put out calling the science unsettled. i mean the ads they put out i don't think anyone in their scientific scientific division can support them as a scientist and say of this these are truthful facts that we're putting out i think that the statement they were making were clearly misleading designed to mislead people. so while the oil industry publicly spread doubts internal documents show that its own scientists had warned of global warming. and this 978 confidential report for exxon's management a senior scientist says it's scientifically accepted that fossil fuels influence climate he also writes that within 5 to 10 years humanity may have to make tough
decisions in this field. a few years later in 1901 the head of exons research department warns that the consequences of global warming may be catastrophic for a substantial fraction of the earth's population that was almost 40 years ago. yet exxon's c.e.o. later says that this on t.v. there is a natural variability that has nothing to do with man but without a climate the climate has changed every year for millions of years. another oil company also knew early on that climate change was underway. in the eighty's shells scientists warned of alarming consequences when the global warming becomes detectable it could be too late to do anything or to stabilize the situation yet for decades shell has continued to finance organizations
that spread doubts about climate science the global warming is now large enough that we can ascribe if the oil industry after the hansen testimony and said you know we're not going to argue with james hansen because we think he's right we think this is. had they done that it would have cut the legs out of climate denialism and skepticism live well if you could and persuade exxon mobil and so we don't i'm not sure why you listen right but that's not what happened. as a human being and as a father and grandfather and hopefully a great great for this craft someday it's i'm really scared for our children and their future was not to do with changes on a planetary scale we can't just turn around and go back to the other way ok you can i mean for my own experience you can clean a river in clean estuary clue to lake you know reset it sort of speak we don't get a reset button on the planet. and get
we'd like to ask exxon mobil why it funded climate skeptics and in ads and statements has cost doubts on climate science but exxon did not answer these questions and declined an interview. we'd also like to ask a.p.i. about the critique that it spreads doubt about climate science it hasn't replied nor agreed to an interview. exxon mobile and a.p.i. write that they are working on technologies that may reduce climate change. they've also said this in commercials plants capture c
o 2. whatever other kinds of plants captured it to. its be deuced carbon emission levels to the lowest in a generation let's make tomorrow better together. beyond dog. life. beyond petroleum b.p. . but how green the oil companies actually today. we asked the world's 5 largest oil companies how much they invest in green technology and how much they invest in extracting fossil fuels. chelan says that it now spends 5 percent of investments on green technologies a french oil company to tile says it spends 10 percent. b.p. chevron and exxon mobil did not onsite so we asked in truants map and organization
who analyzes key climate issue figures to review their investments. the figures show that all 3 oil companies are at the low end and chevron is at less than one percent. the combined figures show that the world's 5 largest oil companies fossil fuel investments are up 95 percent on average. i think it's fair to say that the climate change deniers have won that in 1988 jim hansen tells us the climate change is underway so if it had not been for the denial campaigns i think it's pretty clear the political momentum is there with the political will was there. they have succeeded in preventing
climate action for several decades where it would have occurred earlier had it not been for their efforts today we could be living in a world where $6080.00 maybe even 90 percent of our energy would be from renewable energy we've had 30 years that's a lot of time to make technological change and would also be living in a different world politically and in some ways maybe this is even the more horrible thing about the effects of what these folks did they may discern from ation mainstream they made it ok for the present united states to say the kind of change was a hoax. my name is myron ebell and i'm leaving the trump transition team on environmental matters as an avid climate change denier well mr trump when he ran for president. i did the environmental protection agency. i was the. that team.
planet earth a wondrous diverse ecosystem but human activities that escalating climate change and posing an existential threat don't get a resort but on a topic that's literally scary in the lead up to us to al-jazeera run special coverage documentaries discussions under pools exploring the consequences of our actions and inactions very heart is a part of your civilization your culture and showcasing ways in which so much seeking to turn the tide and straight ahead there are 3 individuals in very rare to see that really exciting
a season of programming exploring the china crisis ahead of the earth day on al-jazeera. it's time for the plate. with. qatar airways hello more rain and thunderstorms expected across much of south america particularly heavy across northern parts of the amazon basin we could see some heavy downpours along coastal parts of colombia and into ecuador possibly some localized flooding in those areas where it's particularly heavy but showers continue across much of northern brazil extending down into the south and by sunday
we'll see some showers in rio the temperatures will stay up in the high twenty's plenty of sunshine coming through and that's the same story for argentina funniest guys coming through there the we will see those thundershowers across paraguayan edging up into bolivia heading up north to northern venezuela to clear a fine a weather as well sunshine coming through 29 degrees in caracas it's a similar story in central america mexico seeing a lot of dry and fine whether it's up in the north that we're seeing some thunder we shower was in heavy a rain that's the tail end of a storm along the gulf coast and by the time we get into sunday that's going to creep down into the yucatan peninsula we'll see a lot wetter weather there but for much of the caribbean fine and dry with sunshine . sponsored poll qatar airways.
we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the land. sentiment i want to seek out is more a bring me the news and current affairs that matter to you. al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm adrian for the get this is that he was a live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes the global covert 19 death toll tops 3000000 it is rising fast as countries deal with spiraling cases of vaccination setbacks. iran makes the red move of identifying the man it once arrested in connection with last sunday's explosion of blackouts.