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tv   The Campaign Against The Climate  Al Jazeera  April 18, 2021 4:00am-5:01am +03

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now more than ever the world needs w.-h. on making a healthier world for you. to everyone. i'm kim but i'll indulge hollywood's top stories on al-jazeera 3000000 people have now died of cover 19 around the world the experts say the true number of deaths is likely much higher the worst affected country remains the united states with more than half a 1000000 deaths but it's india that is recording the fastest rise in cases nearly 235000 infections have been reported in yet another daily record practical durable goods. on the outskirts of new delhi's ancient walled city
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a young man buries his father. a few meters away a steady stream of mourners carry bodies of their loved ones in the capital's largest called 900 for muslims it's now on most full families speak of their anger and despair as a day to keep piling up in the city's mortuaries. people are being made to run around but they're not letting anyone meet patients people are desperate even for drinking water over there doctors are not meeting the patients they are keeping their distance and if someone's oxygen finishes and that person is simply lying there an attendant. you delhi has imposed a weekend curfew and there are restrictions in one of india's most populous states my russia to still infection rates in the worst hit regions but reports of shortages of hospital beds medicine and oxygen have led to more fears or i'm very very scared the situation is terrifying if i wasn't an essential worker i wouldn't
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have left my house at all no one should go out but there's no social distancing here polling booths in some of the most politically charged regional elections prompt. what can we do unless people try to protect themselves how much can we do that's why i stood behind the lines because i would try to manage and control the crowd but nobody listened. some are blaming petitions for holding large next. should release. on one hand over 1000 cases are rising and leaders are doing rallies where they and their supporters are not even wearing masks this is some of the think about how people vote if they're not allowed to do it. footies hundreds of thousands of hindus have been gathering at camilla and imported religious festival increasing concerns of more infections now prime minister in the movie is urging worshippers to keep the festival symbolic i mean criticism of the government's handling of the operate there calls to scale up vaccinations and
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impose tougher restrictions for a 2nd wave of the virus in the world's 2nd worst affected nation gets even worse. brazil has the world's highest daily death toll we're just on the 3000 the health ministry is urging women to delay pregnancy of possible as it appears variants are more dangerous to expectant mothers meanwhile a new study says coronavirus in brazil is affecting an alarmingly high number of babies and children whose death toll could be 3 times more than official estimates . the number of refugees allowed into the united states this year will soon be increased from its historic low president joe biden had initially agreed to limit admissions 215008 cap set by his predecessor donald trump that was criticized by democrats and refugee advocates prompting the white house to say a final increased cap would be set by mid may. the united nations nuclear watchdog
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says iran isn't rich in uranium it 60 percent purity confirming earlier statements from to raam it comes as members of the 2050 nuclear deal continue efforts to revive the agreement in vienna the head of the iranian delegation says talks are on the right track. former italian interior minister and deputy prime minister a matter of 70 has been ordered to stand trial the right wing league policy the there has been charged with kidnapping for fusing to that a migrant ship dock in sicily 2 years ago salvini says he did the right thing. ukraine is expelling a russian diplomat after a ukrainian diplomat was detained in st petersburg russia accuses all xander celso took of trying to obtain classified information ukraine rejects the allegations russian troops have been amassing along ukraine's border post the headlines one use here on al-jazeera after the campaign against the climate.
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this is your. know you want to talk to me right. documentary about climate change. well this is simple science. the higher c o 2 we're all sort of leading to a greening of the earth. and so i don't you know do you think that's a bad thing. so so more shoes would atmospheres a good thing but yes i think so absolutely. i mean. imagine a world where you can't trust science. let me tell you about
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a group of men who've tried to convince you of just that. a group who wants you to doubt climate change. this is the story about how these men were promoted by the world's largest oil companies. a story of a campaign that has impacted our world forever. this is a scientist from nasa has come to the american senate with a message to the world which you hear in a moment. why you hear it try to guess what year it's from dr hansen if you'd start us off we appreciate it ok. thank you for the opportunity to
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present the results of my research on the greenhouse effect the global warming is now large enough that we can ascribe with a high degree of confidence a cause and effect relationship to the greenhouse effect. ok this is from 1988 that was when a phone took like this the internet looked like this. and it was when the world realized that climate change had to be taken seriously. that's what scientists call the greenhouse effect and of the long run it could mean devastating changes to all our fault or it's largely a problem of our all making we're running out of time to bottle solution scientists predict a rise in temperatures that will eventually melt the polar icecaps forest fires in the west flew dry and as the sahara desert spreads to 15 for the end code if he can stand. in 1908 the un established the climate change organization
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i.p.c.c. scientists from the whole world agree to change and. and well cletus listen to those who think we're powerless to do anything about this greenhouse effect are forgetting about the white house effect. this is more than 30 years ago. apparently the world was ready to act on clothes. but something happened. a doubling of the c o 2 content of the atmosphere will produce a tremendous greening of the planet or. in the years following james hansen speech
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critics appear on t.v. the speculations about future warming have no good scientific basis. critics who question climate change the way to end this global warming thing it sounds like a scam. well i think you're seeing it now. this is one of them. i spent most of my time in newspapers and magazines and on t.v. and radio to argue against climate action against panic. the economy would actually improve if we have a doubling of background greenhouse gas how can it improve well because we might have a longer growing season i'm fairly glib i'm fast on my feet. cool on t.v. and i also do my homework. in the years i have to james hansen
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speech jerry taylor was hired by the think tank cato my name is jerry taylor i'm the director of natural resource studies here at the cato institute. people like me primarily to change public opinion and that's what i did there may be some extreme events that occur down the road and we don't know what the chances for that might be the climate skepticism is entirely dependent upon the promotion of doubt about the underlying science james hansen at nasa thinks it's maybe 710121520 percent other scientists think is probably more like 0.3 percent the denial about the underlying science is the critical is the croaker juncture of the debate. well tell it takes a sip of water to meet marc morano. if you look at you you're sitting there you see this and i think my job essentially is covering the global warming movement and communicating to the public the latest findings if you
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look at the satellite data we actually have had no significant warming since 1908 actually no warming we've been cooling in recent years you had a background as a salesman can you tell us how was that that was i was adored i worked as a door to door salesman which is a actually a great background. to build narratives in the meat now when you only have 1520 seconds you've got to work on your sound bites and you've got to work on your you know you're building a narrative to a customer i thought was a great training ground for being in media and communications. is communications director for the committee for constructive tomorrow see fact an organization whose focus is on communicating that climate change isn't that big a problem. so how does he do that and i believe on the television and debate strategy you have to make the other person defend their stupid idiotic comments bill nye say global warming will cause many bad weather events and guess what bad
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weather events happen all the time and then i'll also dealing with rapid fire facts bottom line we've gone the longest period that a major u.s. category 3 or larger hurricane hitting the u.s. since at least 1800 maybe the civil war bottom line new study in the journal nature peer reviewed no change and i believe this what bill nye just did was waste everyone's time explaining that c o 2 is rising i believe we should get used to crush your opponent who right here what it would lead one to make you a scientist. i'm not a scientist but i do play one on t.v. occasionally. people don't take positions because they find themselves reasoned into those positions they take positions that they want to take for emotional or any logical reasons and then they mobilize their reasoning power to justify taking the positions they want to take. and this is gerry tailless recipe for doing just that
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a lot of people who don't know what to think about climate change are being told by people like me there's a relative nonevent it's the same sort of crime that the environmental movement has done from time immemorial you know 1st we were told there was a population bomb that was going to wipe out humanity and that never went off then we were told we're going to run out of fossil fuels and the agricultural commodities were all that starved that never happened and this is just the latest iteration of the usual story from environmentalist that if we continue to go down laws a fair capitalist road we're going to blow up the planet or destroy me i. mean. there's something in these pictures you can't see. it's essential to life. without. that in. now some politicians want to label carbon dioxide
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a pollutant. and if they succeed they call it pollution we call it life. this t.v. commercial is from the think tank competitive enterprise institute and so is myron ebell it's clear that the earth is green and so i don't you know do you think that's a bad thing. competitive enterprise institute is a conservative american think tank and myron ebell heads its department on energy climate and environment irony believes the climate debate started like this global warming as a political project was initiated in sweden in the early 1980 s. they needed a reason essentially to increase tax revenue i mean remember i think you're aware of this in denmark that the welfare state needs
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a lot of money and it needs more and more money as it goes on. climate skeptical pundits you've just met. interest organizations and think tanks. think tanks are like the arsenals for the war of ideas they're the places where ideas are then weaponized in public policy terms and then they are vigorously argued and promoted on capitol hill and on t.v. and radio and so it was extremely influential because it was one of the largest right of center think tanks in the united states still is had a lot of visibility because you get invested in communications. so taylah is spreading climate skepticism from one of the most influential think tanks in the usa. jerry taylor tells us that his arguments build on calculations from research of patrick michaels also employed by cato anyone who goes around and says that
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carbon dioxide is responsible for most of the warming of the 20th century hasn't looked at the basic numbers. the climate skeptical pundits get better arguments from a group of climate skeptical scientists. physicists and climate scientist fred singer who's behind the organization science and environmental policy project p.-p. . p.-p. is behind the so-called leipsic declaration where some 100 scientists raised doubts about global warming some hundreds of climate scientists actually signed. who warned about taking hasty steps against global warming when global warming was still. found a problem. for
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me no more. so on one side we have james hansen and a lot of un scientists. and then we have a number of scientists and pundits who say the exact opposite of. how is that possible. naomi a risk is a harvard professor decided to investigate just that so in the early 2000 the american media were presenting climate change as a big scientific debate. and that struck me as weird because none of the scientists that i knew thought it was a debate so i decided to undertake an analysis of the peer reviewed scientific literature the i.p.c.c. had already stated that most of the observed warming was likely to be due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations so i posed the question how many papers
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published in peer reviewed scientific literature disagree with that statement. to answer that question naomi oreskes looks up research papers for global climate change. the words appear in 937 scientific papers. rescues reads them all and what i found was. there was no dissenting public publicized period literature on the basic question of whether or not manmade climate change was happening. and i'm a professional historian of science so i thought well if i don't know this then probably a lot of other people don't know it too and so i wrote a small paper in 2004 called the scientific consensus on climate change and that paper changed my life because immediately the paper was published i started getting hate mail threatening phone calls people filing complaints against me to my university people accusing me of being a communist a stalinist rescues comes under huge criticism and she doesn't understand why
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until she's at a conference in germany shortly after. over beer after the sessions one day i was just chatting with some colleagues and mentioned how this very strange thing had happened to me. and one of the people there was a conway. i mention the name of one of the people who was attacking me and eric said well naomi you know it's the same person who attacked sherry rowland over the ozone hole. and he told me this amazing story that i knew nothing about at the time that the scientists who had worked on the ozone hole had been the target of attacks in which people claim that there was no old zone hold of the science was wrong that the scientists were fraudulent that the scientists were communists all the things that i was being accused of these great nobel prize winning scientists had also been
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accused of and so eric said to me yeah when we get back to america i'll send you a send your novel up with a bunch of stuff. so he sent me this package arrives a few days later and i take out these papers that he sent me. and it was like you could take out the word ozone hole and put in climate change and you could take out the word roll and imprint rascasse and otherwise it was identical. on a spring day in 1998 a group of men meet at the oil industry organization american petroleum institute. a number of oil companies are represented companies like exxon let's hear exxon
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c.e.o. at the time explain who they are we are both largest private got me in the world our company sells 8000000 barrels a day of product that's a 1000000000 gallons every 3 days. back to the american petroleum institute a.p.i. where some of the biggest players in the oil industry i'm meeting. one of the participants is myron ebell they solicited it by street guess we had certain kinds of expertise that they didn't and. it was an industry effort with some help from people like me . in documents from this meeting you can see a clear purpose victory will be achieved when average citizens understand the uncertainties in climate science and when these uncertainties become part of conventional wisdom. according to the documents big oil wants the public to doubt
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the science behind climate change. and it wasn't scientists who were invited to the meeting i'm not an energy analyst expert and i'm not a climate expert but i have a certain amount of experience in translating policy into into action and i suppose that was what they are interested in. at the meeting a strategy is worked out. that paper was later leaked and it shows how the oil industry plans to spread doubts about science. strategy paper describes a national media relations program which in different ways will influence the media by recruiting and training scientists it also explains that they will try to influence journalists this one john stossel has even mentioned in the paper titled
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this program because after i researched scare that was my conclusion we ought to just chill out. the paper from the meeting shows the mindset of the world's largest oil companies. despite the fact that the un several world leaders and most scientists clearly point in another direction. the oil industry wants to raise doubts about the science behind climate change. the strategy paper explains how schools are to be influenced by an initiative called national direct outreach and education. many universities like harvard regularly receive funding from private companies
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this is a perfectly legal common practice of many prestigious universities. jeffrey superman is a ph d. student. will join him at a film screening in 2017. harvard's kennedy center announced screening of film. essentially tell it tells the audience about how. for the foreseeable future we're going to be relying on fossil fuels how renewables are way off in the distance not right now not really reliable and frankly promoting health truth is at best about the inevitability of can see if most of your usage. if you're a student if you has been from it you're hoping surely this is a reasonable film until we dug just a little bit anything surface. the academic talking heads
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the ones that were presented as professors universities without exception actually will have deep ties to the oil and gas industry from consultancy relationships to running senses reliance on fossil fuel funding to literally being on the boards of natural gas companies the producer of the film was show oil company the director of the film he was a v.p. of an oil gas company that's taken $300000.00 from shell oil company so you see a pattern emerging here. episodes like the film screening prompted geoffrey supremo to write a ph d. he was naomi oreskes supervisor about the connections between the oil industry and academia let's see what he found out. that receives massive funding from several oil companies stanford's energy department also gets millions from the oil industry
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the university denies that sponsors control its research and on its website the university emphasizes its academic independence but a few lines later it's described who really decides what research to fund. final decision about funding is made by the management committee which includes one person from each of the sponsors. and the main sponsor who has a say in what research is funded is exxon mobil. berkeley birthplace of the 1968 student uprising as an energy research center in which the oil company b.p. has invested millions cording to jeffrey super and b.p. has a say in what will be researched. exxon mobil says it funds universities to promote green technologies. and shell tells us it wants to help solve the serious climate challenge. why is this
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a problem i mean if they use their money for doing some research for good what's possible when the very people the very institutions the supposed to be solving the climate crisis is a fundamentally reliant on the industry that has the most to lose from their work that's a pretty big conflict of interest jeffrey super and thinks that the many millions are intended to influence students teachers and scientists this strategy comes straight out of the playbook the a.p.i. strategy paper also states informing teaches students about uncertainties in climate change will erect a barrier against efforts to impose kioto like measures a measure put in place to limit the emissions of c o 2 and that's why in the medical research community there are. practices there is the obvious rules by which one must disclose these kinds of conflicts of interest many universities used to receive millions from the tobacco industry but in 2131
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universities including harvard decided not to let tobacco companies sponsor health research. we have nothing like that in energy and climate. move. a 3 year investigation into the pro-gun lobby we've been employing it was making sure god really. revealed secret seymour resiting out there will be people outraged you know mad and connection some don't want to expose nanny in legacy media love the last shoot. documents with my al-jazeera investigations how to sell
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a massacre on al-jazeera. ready for another perspective listen to the take al-jazeera is flagship news podcast with malaysia bailout or discover hindsight and original docu drama podcast new writing by charles dons the famous again for most of politics and culture go undercover to hear allegations of corruption by those in power and if you are in a hurry get your news in 2 minutes from al-jazeera news updates on home 400. told stories from asia in the pacific on al-jazeera when i enter the ring i feel on top of the world i don't want that feeling when the show in the final. retirement and i followed by a laugh line watch for a laugh by me to form a circus performers gracefully supporting each other on the stage of life going
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lest you got a broken bone in the very minute of it was beautiful witness presents after circus on i'm just that's. gone. i'm kinda delane doha with the headlines on al-jazeera 3000000 people have now died of covert 19 around the world the experts say the true number of deaths is likely much higher the worst affected country remains the united states with more than half of libyan deaths but it's india that's recording the fastest rise in cases really $235000.00 infections have been reported and yet another daily record variance 1st detected in the u.k. south africa and brazil as well as a double nuisance strain of the virus
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a believed to be behind the recent increase brazil has the world's highest daily death toll with just under 3000 on friday the health ministry urged women to delay pregnancy if possible as it appears variants of more dangerous to expectant mothers meanwhile a new study says coronavirus in brazil is affecting an alarmingly high number of babies and children whose death toll could be 3 times more than official estimates . he has more from the colombian capital bogota. you what war is the most health authorities in brazil right now are the effects of these new variants they know they are more contagious and now they fear they're also more dangerous especially in groups of people that have so far been spared the worst depend in this case is young pregnant women also young people in general teenagers and even children
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and babies they still don't know exactly how it's affecting them but they are seeing the numbers of cases going up in these groups. the number of refugees allowed into the u.s. this year will soon be increased from an historic low president joe biden had initially agreed to limit admissions to $15000.00 that's a cap set by his predecessor donald trump that was criticized by democrats and refugee advocates prompting the want else to say that a final increased cap would be set by mid may. the united nations nuclear watchdog says iran is enriching uranium at 60 percent purity confirming earlier statements from tehran comes as members of the 2050 nuclear deal continue efforts to revive the agreement in vienna the head of the iranian delegation says talks are on the right track those headlines taking you back now to the campaign against the climate seizing. it's
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a wonder ecosystem but human activity is the escalating climate change and posing an existential threat you don't get a resort but at the top. in the lead up to us to. special coverage documentaries discussions under pools exploring the consequences of our actions and inactions it's very hard news of a small civilization. and showcasing ways in which so much seeking to touch on the top there is straight ahead there are 3 individuals in very rare to see that it's really exciting the season of programming exploring the china crisis ahead of the day on al-jazeera. this is the story about a group of men who wants you to doubt climate change the story of a campaign that has impacted our world forever.
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back to naomi oreskes yes. we left her with a pile of papers and this pile became the beginning of a big investigation but she also gets hold of the strategy paper it was my alice through the looking glass moment when my whole life kind of changed. rescues drops everything and decides to find out who's arguing against the climate scientists. bit by bit she begins to understand why these pundits just so effective in general they're much better at communicating then real scientists are because real scientists are well i don't want to insult my colleagues but you know most scientists are scientists they like to be left alone so you take a group of people who are intrinsically actually pretty poor at communicating and now you put them up against professional communications professional p.r. people somebody who might go against me on t.v.
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or radio might know more than i do they may be scientist i'm not a scientist but they're not necessarily good communicators and if you put a poor communicator up against a good communicator even garbage arguments tend to 2. 2 i started doing research to try to find out who are these people that are attacking me and why are they saying these extraordinary things about me and that was the investigation that led to the book merchants of the. merchants of doubt she calls the climate skeptics. but that doesn't stop the attacks on the contrary so they. sent out an e-mail chain to each other talking about what they could do to get me to discredit me they call me all kinds of names.
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one day something happens that will radically change jerry tailless life. i was in a debate in the early 2000 with joe rome. and on this t.v. show where we were debating i said look joe it's been more than a decade since james hansen testified in from the united states and about global warming. we've only seen about a quarter of a warming that james hansen says we should have seen by now and if this continues to play out there's no reason to think it won't climate change it will be a relative fact. so we left the studio and went into the green room and joe said did you even read james hansen support here do you just you know is there you are these just talking points somebody wrote for you we're talking about here with a scenario a we have a scenario b. in a scenario c. so if you look at scenario b. you'll find that the emissions we've seen instances testimony pretty much track
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what he hypothesized under scenario b. and if you look at the temperature projections the pretty spot on so when you go on television and you say that the models are running hot that's complete garbage so here's what i challenge we say you go back to your office and you re read hanson's testimony and you tell me if what i'm saying is right he says or b. ack i don't care i said because i'm not debating you again i don't you know i hate this guy. so i went back to my office and i looked at the hanssen testimony you know thinking well i'm not going to let joe rob you know walk away thinking he got the better of me in the green room right and i read the testimony in a book like it actually reflect to enjoy the moment. so i went down the hallway to the scientist.
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and explain what it after i just made joe and you know this is you know the conversation we had a book the testimony of looks like joe's right so what am i missing so i was certain i was missing something. and it turned out i wasn't missing anything. it became clear to me in the course of the back and forth that he was knowingly misleading people with that narrative that he had offered that i had offered on television. but it was from that point forward that i began to do a little bit more of the due diligence that i should have been doing all along with regard to the scientific narratives i was offering. sometimes it wasn't conscious disingenuousness sometimes it was just cherry picked out of the worries
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doc part sometimes you would find that the papers were shook so impressive were never published in a peer reviewed journal though it looks like they were published in peer reviewed journal but they were if you bothered to look at the response to the paper you find a good shop full of holes but these are things which i had never done that. and when i began to do that due diligence which i should have been doing in the past i found that the story i just told you played itself out over and over again. we presented tailless critique to patrick michaels who rejects tailless account. he says his fax was scientifically documented and he still thinks james hansen is wrong and denies misleading the public cato has not replied to the critique in
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spite of repeated requests. let's take a look at the economics of the oil industry strategy paper describes how large sums of money to be given by the oil and energy industry think tanks and organizations among recipients see fact. around 0 works the best thing to do is it have the courage to do nothing. we might get some and competitive enterprise institute we don't disclose their donors however some of our donors disclose that they fund us the most notable being exxon mobil which funded a number of groups for probably a decade. tax records financial reports and other documents show who exxon mobil funded after the strategy meeting from 1998 to 2006.
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the data shows that the world's major oil company in the years after the meeting donated at least $12000000.00 and probably much more to climate critical organizations and think tanks. and they're not the only ones funding the skeptics. an american research project has mapped out how other oil companies and many wealthy conservatives have donated billions to climate skeptics. scientists and pundits alike have been paid by the oil industry does this influence their work. one such climate skeptic steve miller who was present at the a.p.i. meeting has described his relationship with the industry like this are you in bed with big oil and if so how good in bed are they. better than anyone just trying to
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do the right thing i guess i would say. myron ebell also rejects that the oil money his think tank receives has any influence we develop our policies based on what we think are based on our principles and what we think the evidence and the facts are once we've done that we try to find funding for it so so if someone wants to fund as i would like to fight a lot more funding for what we do. then there's freight singer the man behind the leipsic declaration the danish broadcasting corporation investigated that list in 1997. minute u.p.s. clones clueless u.t.s. it is leading us cause all the european scientists their 50. of them that say that they are not climate scientists. i have not seen any evidence for that but they have told us we've talked to everyone they said they are not climate scientists. but your question. i mean
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you present them as climate scientists i am told i was told they were to have it scientists. write sing as organization as c.p.p. which is behind the list well they also received money from exxon mobil they the oil industry was a main bankroller and cheerleader for opposition to climate action and their financial support of the climate skeptics in the scientific community ensured that we had the references and the citations that we need to make a credible argument. is the earth getting warmer and there's a lot of discussion about that. is it. i think in the answer to that is in some places yes and in others no. patrick michaels doesn't want to comment on the
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critique that he has received money from the oil industry climate skeptical scientist willie soon didn't respond to the critique that he's been paid by the industry. fred seen as lawyer has been presented with the critique of cena but hasn't replied. steve milloy dropped an interview at short notice and has declined to comment on the critique. many of them previously said but there is isn't influenced by money from for instance the oil industry. this is all about deflection it's all about destruction jim hansen is here to tell you that part of change and they're saying oh don't look at jim hansen look at me over here pay attention to this report that i wrote that claims that we don't really know if there's climate change so it's all about distraction deflection to create confusion to create smoke and mirrors so that people don't really know what's going on and
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then they say i don't know you know i don't know what to think i'm just going to get my kids to soccer. the oil industry strategy of sowing doubt has it been done before. i believe nicotine is not addictive yet mr john. congressman cigarettes and nicotine clearly do not meet the classic definitions of dictionaries no talk of no in the mid 1900 scientists realized that smoking was dangerous but tobacco industry made every effort to counteract the new knowledge and internal documents as belt is a product since it's the best means of competing with the body a fact that exists in the minds of the general public the industry succeeded in
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delaying regulation of tobacco for decades. but successful campaign was now copied by climate skeptics. when science established the benj of smoking tobacco companies published ads against it. boyle companies did the same after james and since presentation so the idea is to make it seem that we don't really know for sure if this is a problem because if we don't know then it would be premature to allow the government to say regulate tobacco and then the same argument is used on climate change and who did this for the tobacco industry some of the scientists and pundits who indirectly or directly got money from the tobacco industry reappear in the climate debate. one of the 1st prominent climate skeptics was frederick cites many years before he headed research projects for the tobacco industry in the
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sixty's the the tobacco company very clearly said that there wasn't a direct linkage if people want to believe that it was their own doing but do you think that was also political on the part of the tobacco companies well they wanted to keep up so you know was it irresponsible on the part of the tobacco companies. it was irresponsible on the part of the smokers. and fred singer coauthored a report downplaying the danger of passive smoking. the pundits steve milloy who was present at the a.p.i. meeting concurrently with both tobacco and oil companies. and the organization which myron ebell directed politically also worked for the tobacco industry and jerry taylor the arguments that i made at the time it was that when it come to secondhand smoke that the epidemiological evidence had been for was not particularly persuasive but the fact is the same kind of arguments the same
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stylised argue. that were made against. the action to regulate tobacco are pretty similar of the arguments that were used against climate change. but what did the industry know about climate change when it launched this campaign . beyond that can be found on board a ship off the coast of texas in 1979. a man on the ship did something so important to exxon that this presentation film was produced for the company's management. the man was 8 gobby and today it looks like this. the videotapes were taken to show to the corporate board about this really exciting
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research project that the company was doing to study the impacts of increased c o 2 in the on the planet which contribute to the science of climate change. 40 years ago almost 10 years before james hansen speech and internal scientific department ike some researched global warming they funded the project because they thought the science was important they thought exxon needed to be involved and they were concerned about climate change. ed gobby passed his measurements on to the scientists who analyzed data. the scientists that acts on the modelers about additions and the physicists were modeling climate change modeling the impacts of increased c o 2 in the atmosphere that i don't have very clear that they knew that c o 2 increase was changing the climate of the planet. on its website exxon mobil says its data on climate change was published in scientific journals. however exxon
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fails to mention the play to put out calling the science unsettled i mean the ads that they have they put out i don't think anyone in their scientific scientific division could support them as a scientist and say of this these are truthful facts that we're putting out i think that the statement they were making were clearly misleading designed to mislead people. so while the oil industry publicly spread doubts internal documents show that its own scientists had warned of global warming. in this 978 confidential report for exxon's management a senior scientist says it's scientifically accepted that fossil fuels influence climate he also writes that within 5 to 10 years humanity may have to make tough decisions in this field. a few years later in 1901 the head of exons research department warns that the consequences of global warming may be
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catastrophic for a substantial fraction of the earth's population. that was almost 40 years ago. yet exxon's c.e.o. les to says that this on t.v. there is a natural variability that has nothing to do with man but without a climate the climate has changed every year for millions of years. another oil company also knew early on that climate change was underway. in the 80s shells scientists warned of alarming consequences when the global warming becomes detectable it could be too late to do anything or to stabilize the situation yet for decades shell has continued to finance organizations that spread doubts about climate science the global warming is now large enough that we can ascribe if the oil industry after the hansen testimony and said you know we're not going to argue
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with james hansen because we think he's right we think this is correct had they done that it would have cut the legs out of climate denialism and skepticism if you get it and persuade exxon mobil it's a way that i'm not sure why you listen to right but that's not what happened. as a human being and as a father and grandfather and hopefully a great grandfather's rough some day it's i'm really scared for our children and their future with what to do with changes on a planetary scale we can't just turn around and go back to the other way ok you can i mean from my own experience you can clean a river in clean estuary create a lake do you know reset it so to speak we don't get a reset button on the planet. and get every set up. and that's that's really frightening. it's. going to get a reset starts really scary. like
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nothing else. in a. exxon mobil denies withholding data on climate change its website states that the risks of climate change are real and that exxon mobil's research has been published in scientific journals. we'd like to ask exxon mobil why it funded climate skeptics and in ads and statements has cost doubts on climate science but exxon did not answer these questions and declined an interview. we'd also like to ask a.p.i.
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about the critique that it spreads doubt about climate science it hasn't replied nor agreed to an interview. exxon mobil and a.p.i. write that they are working on technologies that may reduce climate change. they've also said this in commercials plans capture c o 2. whatever other kinds of plants captured it to. be deuced carbon emission levels to the lowest in a generation let's make tomorrow better together. beyond
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dog. life. beyond petroleum b.p. . but how green the oil companies actually today. we asked the wells 5 largest oil companies how much they invest in green technology and how much they invest in extracting fossil fuels. chelan says that it now spends 5 percent of investments on green technologies the french oil company to tao says it spends 10 percent b.p. chevron and exxon mobil did not onsite so we asked in truants map and organization who analyzes key climate issue figures to review their investments. the figures show that all 3 oil companies are at the low end and chevron is at less
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than one percent. the combined figures show that the world's 5 largest oil companies fossil fuel investments are at 95 percent on average. i think it's fair to say that the climate change deniers have y. that in 1988 jim hansen tells us the climate change is underway so if it had not been for the denial campaigns i think it's pretty clear the political momentum was there with the political will was there. they have succeeded in preventing climate action for several decades where it would have occurred earlier had it not been for their efforts today we could be living in a world where $6080.00 maybe even 90 percent of our energy would be from renewable
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energy we've had 30 years that's a lot of time to make technological change and would also be living in a different world politically and in some ways maybe this is even the more horrible thing about the effects of what these folks did they may discern from asian mainstream they made it ok for the present united states to say that kind of change was a hoax. my name is myron ebell and i'm leaving the trump transition team on environmental matters as an avid climate change denier well mr trump when he ran for president. i did the environmental protection agency. i was the leader of that team.
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hello there we've got some rather nasty weather pushing across the deep south of the u.s. you can see the thunder has a rumbling away him moving across the deep south into the florida panhandle it's on its way out things will quiet down as we go through the next couple of days i wanted to spring showers just around the tennessee valley pushing up towards the northeast and cold around the appalachians all the parts of the appalachians over towards new england sunshine as well temperatures into the mid to high teens and
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not too bad at all and not see back to way to kind of the to a 40 degree celsius but on the cool side they once again from winnipeg a high of just one degree here we could see some wintry flurries just around the canadian prairies pushing down across the northern plains wintry flowers to a possibility around the mountain states of the u.s. just spilling out of. the west we got warmth to base a big old wall but rather pacific northwest seattle 24 degrees celsius and 5 i can see as a result of that and it's a similar picture as we go on through monday perhaps most snow coming down across the northern plains by this stage cold enough in denver just 4 degrees celsius sweater weather still there into florida for a time a slash its way across the yucatan peninsula as we go on through the next couple of days for much of the caribbean sunshine and cellists. want to i'll just sit here and. tell me what you represent is now illegitimate as
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we listen we do not. defense material any country the conflict in yemen we meet with the global news makers untold about the stories that matter syria. coronavirus deaths past 3000000 globally and brazil warns women to delay pregnancy until the worst of the pandemic has passed. either i'm convinced this is al jazeera live from doha also coming up after a public outcry president joe biden says he will raise his predecessor's low cap on refugees. iran's top.


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