tv The Listening Post Al Jazeera April 18, 2021 5:30am-6:01am +03
as with modern britain at a time when the royal family has been struggling to retain relevance before many prince philip has remained for more than 70 years a symbol of stability loyalty to his wife queen elizabeth and continuity in changing times parts of the very fabric of british identity leave barca al-jazeera windsor. the result is there and these the top stories 3000000 people have now died of covert 19 around the world though experts say the true number of deaths is likely to be much higher brazil has the world's highest daily death toll at just under $3000.00 the health ministry is urging women to delay pregnancy if possible as it appears variants are more dangerous to expectant mothers and. has more from the colombian capital bogota you what war is the most health authorities in brazil
right now are the effects of these new variants they know they are more contagious and now they fear they're also more dangerous especially in groups of people that have so far been spared the worst of the pandemic in this case is young pregnant women also young people in general teenagers and even children and babies they still don't know exactly how it's affecting them but they are seeing the numbers of cases going up in these groups the number of refugees allowed into the united states this year will soon be increased from its historic low president joe biden had initially agreed to limit admissions 215008 cap set by his predecessor donald trump it was criticized by democrats and refugee advocates prompting the white house to say a final increased cap would be set next month. the un's nuclear watchdog says iran
is enriching uranium at 60 percent purity confirming earlier statements from tyrol it comes as members of the 2050 nuclear deal continue efforts to revive the agreement in vienna the head of the iranian delegation says talks are on the right track. ukraine is expelling a russian diplomat after one of its officials was detained in russia well she accused him of trying to obtain classified information ukraine rejects the allegation and is calling it an illegal detention the number of troops deployed along their shared border continues to rise the czech republic is expelling 18 russian diplomats accusing them of involvement in a 242014 rather blast which killed 2 people the foreign minister says the embassy staffers have been identified as russian spies and ordered to leave the country immediately close the headlines when you see it here on al-jazeera right after the listening post which is coming up next. al-jazeera goosed beneath the waves with
a team of women determined to save that told us we all share the same responsibility needed something to really protect them made using a variety of scientific techniques to study the behavior we can monitor them or if they are both photos and behavior we're able to how they're adapting to their new environment women make science dolphin sanctuary on al-jazeera. it's bracing for what could be. so. exclusive that's what. the brazilian president. hello i'm richard burton you're at the listening post where we don't cover the news we cover the way the news is covered here are the media stories we're examining this week brazil covert 19 and misinformation too much of it comes from the
president's office and a consortium of news organizations is out to change the narrative putting a happy face on a genocide a case of colorizing cambodian history gone wrong it was the unlikeliest experiment in harnessing the power of online collaboration and it's just turned 20 years old how does wicked pedia do it plus americans aren't just getting vaccinated they're making a big song and dance about. over 1000 deaths in brazil are now at record highs intensive care units are beyond their breaking points hospitals have been overwhelmed but that is not the story that the country's president share your boss or not o. has been telling he remains a stubborn coronavirus skeptic continues to downplay the scale of this pandemic question the science and push misinformation on face masks and now vaccines faced
with a government whose official data they cannot trust some of brazil's largest media organizations have set aside their competitive differences they formed a consortium to counter the president's covert messaging to ensure that brazilians get the facts that they need to protect themselves against the virus the president however is undeterred. major media players remain in his corner and he has online platforms act his disposal facebook twitter and whatsapp and quoted where he can continue to spread his covert misinformation our starting point this week is a latin america's biggest media market in brazil. when brazilians turn to the most watched news program in the country plus an aussie go to the news site of choice. or just try to catch up on their favorite football team
they get injected with a simple potentially life saving message but. yes to the backseat. global as a company as did other media decided to. use the campaign yes. to be against the government itself but to show. sides for all indications brokeback saying this is completely specious. t.v. presenters celebrities and the in a very diverse group in terms of agents race and gender. to try to people to get next you need to be restrained where there are conspiracy theories and even from the government we can receive messages. at least an 8 you know about the vaccination so that's why every more than 4050000000
residents can see this campaign going on along with the official figures with numbers. that in the country. the pro-vaccine campaign is part of a collective cooperative effort from brazilian media outlets that are usually too busy competing with each other to work together last june faced with president joe you're both. some of the fires his refusal to face the facts over the dangers of the pandemic those outlets formed a consortium the country's biggest newspaper fully disarm power combined forces with 7 other major news outlets to provide brazilians with the information they were not getting from the federal authorities. job one to get around the ball so not all governments manipulation of the data cases hospitalizations death rates to get to the real numbers the main media.
sites we've targeted. to get the. main sources the people who are registering in hospitals or the large sites. that. the consortium bed was to contact governors and their health secretary in different states and brazil and get the data from them to bear with a database that could be news at any time by any media outlet not depending on the government's desire to talk to the press just grab the data from cd and instead of waiting for president also to speak about it. the government's fudging of the
numbers it's selective use of the data and timing official news releases to minimize potentially critical news coverage all contribute to brazil's misinformation. on covert 19 president bolsa not only has made donald trump look like a realist. but i also want to ask you the march block is a part of what dog with a view to think what you are he and his supporters on social. media have long doubted the dangers of the violence he infamously called it a little flu and has resisted calls for a national lockdown to limit the spread and also not all has taken a similar attack on vaccine once again questioning the expertise of scientists in his own way the fact. that they could have no contact. now the north has decided is their most vocal care if it all worked out to both of you know the bush you know jack a bit of
a sample. of course it said jock like you know he spanking that out. ringback safety. he works with the facts all the time. or i ask oh i don't say to the chinese vaccine because these are change our genes and things like but the effect is very clear and the vaccines are safe there is a little too strong to school is again down and social distancing usually strengths in the false dichotomy between saving the economy or saving why and social media plays a big hearts and then mainly white reached resilience claiming they're protecting you and me go motorcades inside the big mass to protest against social isolation and walk down. the aisle sinatra road social
media to the president's office he spent more time during his 2018 election campaign on facebook and whatsapp communicating directly with voters then he devoted to powerhouse broadcasters like global which is now part of the covert consortium the president does have his backers on the airwaves on channels like record and s b t record and. they are. the 2nd of the 3rd most watched t.v. channels in the press week and they talked to lower population. we've. got a record that is mainly a. t.v. channel and they have. been seen a lot of the money from the government for a long time now they are just fulfilling the duty to to make funders happy they are only finally the federal government laying low called parts or change
function to some degree are now. released there are the how much of that gov't. how. they get out. after the pork there. and because we have. next year is very serious. and i don't answer for his deeds and i wonder how long it's going to take for t.v. channels to notice that you shouldn't be supporting anything but taking people towards. including some of their own like the s b t news anchor in belo horizonte who had this to say in december when urged by his local mayor to stay home for christmas. but now why now. he died in january killed by cold at night. it is far
easier to sew doubts about a pandemic and related vaccines then it is to properly inform them that initially gave him some not all and his supporters a leg up on life things have since changed on the social media site to see. scientists have moved into that space a chill. out cold. and the tally a pastime not have all become household names in brazil finding huge audience racking up millions of what has not changed is the reluctance of social media platforms like facebook and twitter to intervene against misinformation also now has been a great influencer and social media and when i say a great i mean a bad actor right he has been using facebook lives the best one every thursday one hour long millions and millions of people watching this. we have
researched all his facebook lives and between general and february he could have been harnessed by facebook at least 29 times for spreading mis and this information regarding right once in a while we see twitter take it out one of those a lot of sports it happened already but most of the time he has really free space to say whatever he wants the should be much war there are lots of. them on a daily basis by the president and his supporters. a government that refuses to play it straight social media giants that have chosen to shirk their responsibilities and mainstream news outlets that go well beyond holding power to account there are effectively doing the balsa narrow governments job telling brazilians what they need to know journalism doesn't get any bigger than that
saving lives in a country that has lost far too many. this past week has seen a lot of discussion around the practice of photo colorize ation that's taking black and white still images from the past and restoring them digitally adding color nick muirhead has been following a story about a news outlet that's published those kinds of images and landed in hot water that's right say colorizing images has become popular because you can take a photograph that's 100 years old and make it look like it was taken yesterday so it's a powerful tool in terms of bringing history to life last week u.s. news outlet vice published a series by an irish artist named max dockery who specializes in this kind of thing he colorized and restored photos of prisoners from the chemical rouge regime in cambodia that's the brutal dictatorship made by poll parts between 1975 and 979
which killed an estimated 1700000 people but it soon image that luck really had not only colorized images but it also made it look like the prisoners who are essentially sitting in a death camp he made it look like they were smiling and happy what makes matters worse is that at the time of publication feist didn't disclose that the images had been doctored how did cambodians catch on to this was luck or his work just unconvincing well as you can see they are convincing they look realistic but it's not as though the original images were in fact they are on display in a genocide museum in numb pen so combatants figured it out very quickly and they went on social media and they posted the originals alongside the docket images to show the difference so vasa since taken that article down and they've also taken down a series from last month which also featured lotteries work this time he categorized and added artificial smiles to a group of female prisoners in australia from the 1920 s.
. but cambodia we're talking about a genocide how has laugher really defended his work we haven't seen anything since this is all emerge that at the time of publication he gave an interview and he said that that's how you found the images he even tried to offer up some explanations for why the prisoners might be smiling he said that they could be nervous they could be trying to appease their captors but i think what really summed up the feeling in cambodia came from the director of the documentation center of cambodia he called lotteries work a grave injustice to a piece of living history and aust how can you change how to happiness i guess you can try to do it digitally but it won't always work thanks to 20 years ago a website emerged in a quiet corner of the world wide web very few people would have noticed it few were would have predicted it would ever prove useful to them. in the 2 decades since wicked pedia has grown into one of the internet's top destinations the english
language site alone averages about 10900000000 visits per day our information universe has grown marred by alternative facts poisoned by conspiracy theories distant from ation so how has a free online encyclopedia built through crowd sourcing open editing and volunteers managed to maintain its relevance and preserve its credibility the listening posts in an auction ravi now on the inner workings of what could be. generally 5th 2020 pedia user creates a new article 290-2020 china pneumonia outbreak it's just one new entry in an online encyclopedia that averages 602 new articles every day on its english language site alone that article would grow and its title would change
today thousands of edits later buttressed by reference is to nearly 750 external articles from medical journals to news outlets we could be discovered 1000 page has been viewed 88000000 times it's a perfect illustration of how we keep. someone somewhere starts an article and then many minds in multiple countries jump on it i didn't deleting debating and ultimately defining what we know about a subject. those editors most of whom are anonymous are called we keep. their brand survey. about who these editors are and it turns out it varies quite a bit from retiring to students to experts to somebody who just had a hobby are someone who came across an article and just fixed the grammar of the sentence a common theme that emerges is their willingness to contribute to something bigger . in themselves we computer has nearly 300000 contributors who add to its articles
on a monthly basis and we're very invested in this idea of knowledge integrity that information should be accurate and well cited and that can change over time as an example of this our knowledge about this pandemic changed on a daily weekly monthly basis and make a p.d.s. open model allowed for us to continue to integrate information updated as it changed in sort of this living record of the world we could p.d.s. english language site is by far the biggest and best known but there are we keep p.d.'s in 300 other languages there's also week a multi lingual dictionary data a storehouse of analyze ability to be says and we can media commons a library of images videos and music that are free to use all of these are managed by the wiki media foundation a san francisco based nonprofit that has 2 primary sources of funding sizable
grants and then down from philanthropy. and thousands of small contributions from the public the foundation has around $450.00 paid employees the thousands of other we can medians are all unpaid volunteers. all of that information can be found on we could sell but one of the information is inaccurate on this page or in any other what if somebody edited the page incorrectly someone was misinformed or a person with an agenda how do we keep p.b.s. volunteer editors know when something needs that attention we asked one of them and we computer has done quite well in building tools all features that allow us to track and keep our eye on things we have a recent changes feel that when you visit in real time you see all the edits that are happening we have people who look at those things and find tasks and things to fix we also have to watch lists. where if there is a particular page you care about and you are interested in keeping an eye on you
put it on a watch list so any change that is made to that page you are informed. and there are some specific pages on we could be that are particularly prone to being changed the ones on contentious topics like the 2003 iraq war the american president who started that war george w. bush scientology i don't fritter abortion and many others what these issues have in common is a huge amount of public interest many conflicting perspectives and they can often trigger fujis it wars with people in different parts of the world i ding deleting contesting and reinstating elements in the articles all within the span of just a few hours what we see on sort of any topic whether we're talking about kashmir or the west bank is really a conversation that pulls people across different perspectives and brings them into
negotiation about what are the facts of the case and how do we even describe what is considered controversy or there are a number of principles that all the editors and contributors are asked to sign onto for example all points of view should be expressed in a reliable and neutral way and they should be honestly represented there should be multiple sources of facts and there should be facts about opinions but no opinions expressed themselves. there's a problem ration to get some obvious things sorted out it's not just left for one presents a car like a judge does you know declare was guilty or was right or what not usually the starting point is the policy has someone edited in a way that departs from the guidelines then those conversations starts but there is tremendous power in the community of wikipedia editors they have the power to make decisions around what's in and what's out and so what this means in practice is
that you don't just get the right to sort of walk into a pedia and write whatever you want on the say you have to learn how the policy is working you have to make contributions that are high quality and if someone comes along as a troll who is introducing bad information to the site or what we call the handle ism the community has the right to just kick you out vandalism of the computer dangers from the petty such as college kids writing flotillas articles about themselves to more serious misdemeanors like writing lies into biographies uploading shocking images and pages or the rare instances when someone manages to delete an entire article it isn't easy to do but it happened in july 2015 when someone wiped out the entry on donald trump who was then a presidential candidate and left a single line let's be fair nobody cares about him. or strives to reflect the people who use it which is not the same as reflecting society at large it faces an
under presentation problem on its english language site only one out of 5 biographies are about women and just 2 percent of articles about africa a continent that is home to close to 20 percent of the world's population that in large part comes down to the make up of its volunteer editors in 2011 a survey was conducted across the wikipedia as in various languages 91 percent of the respondents were me ill. the you know it takes someone from a 7 community and 7 country s. and culture of a certain sexual orientation as an agenda to realize that there is a gap in the knowledge that he or she is going to sue me so if we can pedia does then bring everybody on board those gaps remain in the contents that we have out so it has been important that women are brought on what is more just women in where
people from emerging communities all got on board. we make them comfortable enough to edit and yeah basically that problem gets solved why do you think it's pool of volunteers is a critical 1st step so we keep around the world a range themed editor thons meet ups where people interested in specific subjects or representing specific groups can come together to understand what and how they can contribute to the p.d.f. so we're just trying to make it known that there should be more women who are involved in the editing room here but also the content should reflect a larger population which includes women the remarkable thing about wikipedia is how much of it is not controversial how much of it is just basic history that everybody agrees upon it used to be difficult and burdensome to go find answers to some simple questions but this is pretty easy think about it
billions of people have access to information now that amazing that wasn't possible . 2 decades ago. when we were came along at the right time in the early days of the internet and this idea of free knowledge for all proved to be something that was really compelling and the idea of access to factual information presented without bias that can be critical of power is something quite radical and so we could pedia is both a tool in our pockets and we don't necessarily think much of and it's also something that is truly powerful radical act in defense of free information and in defense of this idea that we should all be able to access what we need in order to understand the world around us. and finally humankind is about one week away from a vaccination milestone 1000000000 coronavirus vaccine doses administered worldwide mind you that only represents full vaccination for about 6 percent of the global
population and even that is concentrated in a handful of rich countries large parts of asia and africa still have no access to the vaccines the u.s. is moving fast at the start of 2021 just one percent of americans have been vaccinated today that figure stands at 58 percent and president biden aims to get all americans at least one dose by the beginning of may he has a lot of skeptics on his hands though who will need convincing for some americans like singer and satirist randy rainbow herd immunity cannot come quickly enough we'll see you next time here at the listening post we now say will have enough supply for every adult to be vaccinated by me does this mean i can go to came through for spring break with ted cruz gal well i didn't say that. mr.
already on the brink will the president's unconventional economics take over yet mozambique huge gas reserves big investors and an insurgency. counting the costs on al-jazeera. past 3000000 globally and a study in brazil is warning the virus is killing more babies and children. you're watching al-jazeera live from our headquarters here and also coming up after a public outcry president joe biden confirms he will raise his predecessors cap on the number of refugee.