this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: a major defeat for britain's prime minister as mps try to block a no—deal brexit. parliament is on the brink of wrecking any deal that we might be able to strike in brussels. because tomorrow's bill would hand control of the negotiations to the eu. there is no consent in this house to leave the european union without a deal. there is no majority for no—deal in the country. protestors celebrated
outside the commons. borisjohnson says he'll now push for a general election. in other news: hurricane dorian devastates parts of the bahamas. the country's prime minister calls it an "historic tragedy." and scientists warn that the massive ice sheet covering greenland may have melted by a record amount this year. borisjohnson has suffered a heavy defeat in his first house of commons vote as british prime minister. mps approved a motion to take control of parliamentary time to try to block a no—deal brexit by 328—301, a majority of 27. mrjohnson immediately confirmed
that he would push for an early general election, something opposition parties say they would not support. 21 conservatives who rebelled against the government are facing expulsion from the party, including a number of former cabinet ministers. gareth barlow has the latest. earlier they would have heard... it was a day of epic political importance — the last chance for opponents of no—deal, even brexit itself — to stop the government from leaving the eu without an agreement. outside parliament, protesters made their voices heard. stop the coup! inside parliament, the government defended its approach. this government is absolutely committed to delivering brexit on the 31st of october. we must deliver the largest democratic mandate in the nation's history. but critics, some from within
the government's own party were less than impressed with the prime minister's determination to leave on october the 31st with or without a deal. the prime minister is much in the position of someone standing on one side of a canyon, shouting to people on the other side of the canyon that if they do not do as he wishes, he will throw himself into the abyss. laughter. there were moments of drama when a conservative mp defected and left government without a majority. and, as the debate rumbled on, there were moments to find dull. the leader of the house has been spread across three seats, lying out as if that was something very boring for him to listen to tonight. and then the moment opposition parties and rebels in the ruling conservatives had been hoping for, the announcement the government had been defeated and parliement was edging closer to preventing no—deal. the ayes to the right, 328, the noes to the left,
301, so the ayes have it at the ayes have it. in response, the prime minister sacked mps who voted against him and declared the government was ready to call for a general election. and if mps vote tomorrow to stop negotiations and to compel another pointless delay to brexit, potentially for years, then that would be the only way to resolve this. opposition parties are wazry of a general election, but they now have the power to take control of parliament on wednesday, and potentially force the prime minister to ask the eu for an extension to negotiations. in the 1960s, the then british prime minister, harold wilson, declared: "a week is a long time in politics." today, in 2019, there's another long day ahead. gareth barlow, bbc news. christian fraser has been following events at westminster, he spoke to our political
correspondent rob watson. where does this leave us tonight? where does it leave brexit? i have two big takeaways from this, two big political takeaways. the first is this was a big defeat for boris johnson, his main pledge was i'm going to get britain out of the eu, do—or—die by october 31st. it's hard to see how he does that. i think it also means that an end to the brexit crisis is uncertain as ever, i mean, how do they get out? will there be a general election? if so, under what conditions and when? so, momentous, but in many ways left us all as unclear and as uncertain as before. if you were to look at one of the themes through the day, you had philip hammond this morning incandescent that he was being threatened expulsion from the party,
phillip lee crossing the chamber, removing borisjohnson‘s slim majority, this was a battle today for the very heart of the conservative party. absolutely. the uncertainty about brexit first, the second, the quasi—revolution in british politics caused by brexit continues. and in the conservative party, you had people until recently considered the absolute sort of core, the reasonable, sensible establishment of the conservative party, now rebels suspended including, goodness sake! winston churchill, the grandson of winston churchill, the legendary wartime leader. and really, in many ways you would say this is sort of a perfect storm for britain, what i mean by that? because not only do you have this astonishing challenge of brexit, the biggest peacetime challenge the country has faced since 1945, extricating itself from the european union, you have a divided country but you also have this, notjust in the conservative party,
but in the main opposition labor party as well, that is the sense that the two main parties — control of them has gone to people who, for actually, for decades have been on the fringe of british politics. in the case of the conservative party, committed euro sceptics and in the case of the opposition labour party, people on the far left, so these sorts of broad church parties have suddenly been scrambled by the quasi—revolutionary action of brexit and that is where we are, profound uncertainty. so what could the vote mean for the uk's planned departure from the eu? our deputy political editor, john pienaar has been looking at the possible implications. people often see parliament as the place our politicians play political games. well, forget that. tonight, tomorrow, it's a fight that'll will shape british politics and all our future for years, maybe generations. a battle between parties, within parties, and no neutrals. not even the speaker, john bercow, who's made it his mission to see
the commons, not just the government, has a say and get its way, even if that means rewriting the rules that he's there to referee. so tonight's big vote is about giving mps, and later peers, the chance to pass a law to block a no—deal brexit and force borisjohnson‘s government to seek and accept another delay to brexit, past october the 31st, maybe until next january. he's warned conservatives who rebel and vote for that that they'd be kicked out of the parliamentary party, banned from standing as tory candidates. a purge is what it's being called, and the pm's counter move? the huge gamble of trying to call a snap election maybe as soon as october the iath, on a choice he believes he'd win — for brexit, with or without an eu deal, or against. but would the commons allow a snap election on borisjohnson‘s terms? could mps stop it happening? because many would try. well, a lot depends onjeremy corbyn. he's been saying almost daily, "bring on the election." but many on labour's side have been insisting that stopping a no—deal
brexit must come first, before an election, before a new referendum that some of them want. but either way, it takes two thirds of the commons, 434 mps, to agree an early election. mr corbyn‘s opposition could stop it going ahead, unless the government finds another way. so, what about the eu? what'll they make of it? well, the next eu leaders' summit is on october the 17th. who'd be there for britain if a snap election comes first? a labour pm offering another referendum, or a re—elected tory with a new mandate, wanting a better deal or to leave without one? if there's no election, well, there's still no clear sign of eu leaders like president macron of france or angela merkel of germany dropping their demand that the eu single market must be protected, as they see it, after brexit. the prime minister's been described as bringing new focus, new determination to brexit. hard to disagree with that. though he's also accelerated britain's journey towards new risks
— critics say new dangers — and whatever happens, towards political splits and public recriminations of a kind that no—one has seen before. so what's been the reaction in europe to the events at westminster? our europe editor, katya adler is in brussels. i've been speaking to eu diplomats tonight, i mean, the reaction to the government being defeated, this idea of banning a no—deal brexit is sort of bittersweet for the eu, because you can't really ban a no—deal brexit. the only way to avoid a no—deal brexit is to make a deal with the european union. and if we think back when in the brexit negotiations when theresa may was prime minister, there was a point where the eu was really begging, crossing its fingers, praying for parliament to take control over the brexit process.
but actually, what parliament showed itself to be very good at is deciding what it didn't want from brexit, not uniting around what it did. and when the eu looks at the so—called rebel alliance now it can see yes, they are united about wanting to avoid a no—deal brexit, they are very divided about what kind of brexit, if any, they do want. so you see here in the eu there's a feeling that a general election or another brexit extension, they've been around this block before and they will hear the prime minister tonight saying he's going to come to brussels now in mid—october at the eu leaders‘s summit and get a new deal. but the european commission today was very clear and scathing about the prime minister's comments, those in that negotiations with the eu are going swimmingly. their main reaction was to say that more or less, they are going to republish their no—deal preparations. this is a message for borisjohnson to say yes, we know you want to avoid a new deal, but we won't avoid it
at any cost. we're not scared, we think they're prepared and the eu may be not as good a wordsmith is the prime minister sometimes is, that is their way of trying to say bring it on. we are going to move to other news now. hurricane dorian is now moving up the east coast of the united states, after having remained almost stationary over the bahamas for several days, causing devastation. at least seven people have been killed in the bahamas but the full scale of the disaster is still unknown. dorian has now weakened to category two, but the northwest islands continue to endure heavy rain, high winds and storm surges. well, stephen mcandrew works for the international red cross. he has teams co—ordinating recovery efforts in the bahamas, he told me earlier the latest reports he's received from his people on the ground. as we get reports in tonight that the winds are still affecting northern grand bahama island
and a sort of still feeling the effects of dorian tonight, including heavy rains continuing throughout grand bahama. so what does this mean for the work they are trying to do, helping people? this means we are still in a bit of a waiting mood until we can get some clear access into the affected areas. so we've had in the last couple of hours, the first aerial assessments, right before sunset, at grand abaco island, but we still aren't able to get any kind of aerial or visual assessments from the grand bahama island. so it means we are still counting on our red cross volunteers who are in the sites that we had volunteers on the ground before the storm hit. they are community volunteers from the area. and we've prepositioned some emergency teams throughout the bahamas before the storm hit. we are relying on them to do what they've been trained
and equipped to do, and will know by tomorrow around sunset and throughout — excuse me tomorrow at dawn and daybreak, our teams will start to mobilise more and we will get more information and get into action. we'll get into work here. what will be their priority on the ground? our priority will be first of all, the basics. we know that people need food, water and shelter. and just the storage and treatment and transport of water itself will be a big issue. so, a lot of our emergency relief supplies are based on those basic needs and they are the focus for that. so we have prepositioned water containers, personal water containers, we have water purification units. a lot of this will also look at the health needs, there will be first aid volunteers, they would be out as soon as they can, providing first aid to people in shelters and anywhere else they find them on the island. another big component of this
is we'll get in assessments and find out how big an extensive the damage is, and through that information we are already mobilising our global emergency network. so we have a lot of support coming in, including from british red cross and other red cross members throughout the region. we have a cargo flight that's already being loaded tomorrow and when the airport opens we will send more supplies in. we are ready to go and we are counting on our people on the ground who are already deployed and our community volunteers. we are relying on them to do what they have been trained to do and we know they are out there doing it. communications are starting to trickle in and we are starting to get some reports, and the red cross is going to be there for during and after this hurricane and many others to come. stephen mcandrew there from the red cross. stay with us on bbc news.
still to come: we return to one of greenland's fastest—shrinking glaciers to see how rising temperatures have seen the massive ice sheet melt by a record amount. she received a nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and the dying in india's slums. the head of the catholic church said mother teresa was "a wonderful example of how to help people in need." we have to identify the bodies, then arrange the coffins and take them back home. parents are waiting and wives are waiting. hostages appeared, some carried, some running, trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today,
described by all to whom she reached out as irreplaceable. an early morning car crash in a paris underpass ended a life with more than its share of pain and courage, warmth and compassion. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: opposition and rebel conservative mps in britain deal a major blow to the prime minister borisjohnson. they will now be able to try and block a no—deal brexit. protestors celebrated outside the commons, as boris johnson indicated the result makes a general election more likely. a un report says the united states, britain, and france could be complicit in war crimes in yemenby arming and providing intelligence and logistics support
to the saudi—led coalition. the report says serious human rights violations are being committed with impunity by all sides in yemen's brutal conflict, and has identified 164 individuals who may be responsible for international crimes. sarah leah whitson is the executive director the middle east division of human rights watch and she told us that some parts of the un report are surprising. i think there is nothing quite surprising in terms of their actual findings and very serious violations of international law, war crimes in terms of the manner in which this war has been fought. what i think is surprising is the panel of experts decision to actually list 160 names and annexed them in court, a senior government official of all of them, including saudi arabia, the uae, the yemeni government as well as some of the other armed groups
involved, and we know that from that list of 164 names, they submitted a secret list of those they believe to be most complicit in the abuses. so basically we know that those who the un is now identifying as doing war crimes, among those in the list directly included in that report. that is not typicalfor a un report. as you say, that list is secret. what nationalities would you expect to see among there and what roles would they have been carrying out? we know exactly what the nationalities are and who is on the list of 164 in the appendix attached and their names, and they are all government officials, military officials from saudi arabia, uae, the yemeni government, the southern forces as well as some armed groups aligned with the uae and the south. i assume the vast majority if not all of these are yemeni and saudi
and emirati nationals, but it may well be that in this so—called secret list that has been submitted there are other nationals from the militaries of these countries, in the case of uae may include british or australian nationals. i doubt that, having seen the list attached, as far as i can see only names that appear to be emirati or saudi or yemeni, but we don't know for sure. if we turn to something else that the report said, that the united states, britain and france could be complicit in war crimes. that is an incredibly strong statement, isn't it? it is a statement that we at human rights watch have been making for the past five years and repeatedly warned
the united states in particular that because it is in conflict, because it does more than just providing arms to saudi arabia and the uae, but also providing military assistance by way of targeting assistance, refuelling support and other intelligence gathering, that they are actually, by law, complicit in this coalition. let's get some of the day's other news. the us coast guard says none of the 34 passengers survived a fire that sunk a dive boat off california's santa cruz island. all but one of the six crew managed to escape byjumping off the vessel. members of italy's populist five star movement have overwhelmingly approved the formation of a coalition government with the centre—left democratic party. the leader of five star, luigi di maio, said it signalled that the political crisis caused by the collapse of his party's previous coalition was now over.
police in south africa say five people have been killed in three days of xenophobic violence in johannesburg and other towns. dozens of people have been arrested. nigeria's president has sent a special envoy to urge south africa's government to ensure the safety of nigerian citizens. the american supermarket chain walmart is to stop selling ammunition for handguns and some assault rifles. it's already ended its sales of assault rifles and raised the age for gun purchases to 21. walmart is the largest weapons retailer in the us. scientists are warning that the massive ice sheet covering greenland may have melted by a record amount this year due to rising temperatures. in the last year alone it may have lost enough ice to raise the average sea level around the globe by more than a millimetre. our science editor, david shukman, returns to one of greenland's fastest—shrinking glaciers — which he first visited 15 years ago.
a barren and hostile landscape that is melting and breaking apart. the deep cracks are where future icebergs are born. soon, they will add to the level of the ocean. we try to get a closer look. the surface looks like something from the moon, a dirty grey and black, with dust and pollution and with microscopic algae. they all make the glacier darker, which means it melts faster, and i've seen that for myself. back in 2004, i came to this same spot. the glacier towered above me. archive: this massive wall of ice behind me... since we last filmed here, the region has been warming twice as fast as the global average, and the effect on the glacier is startling. back in 2004, it would have been 100 metres thicker than it is now. that's like having a 30—storey building sitting on top.
it's alljust going at an incredible speed. the dashed line is the average melt of the last ten years. scientist jason box has tracked how the glacier has been shrinking. and the red line is this year. you can see that we are below average. in fact, it's record melt at this location. and all the ice here, he says, is now at risk because of the way the temperature has risen. already, effectively, that's a death sentence for the greenland ice sheet, because also, going forward in time, we're expecting temperatures only to climb. so we're losing greenland, it's really a question of how fast. it's been amazing to see what's happened to this place, and it begs the question about what's going to happen to the glacier and so many others in the next 15 years, and what that means for sea levels right around the world. there are years when the ice that greenland sheds into the ocean
is balanced by snow falling in winter. but that is becoming rare these days, and the message from researchers to millions of people living on coastlines is to be prepared for the seas to rise. david shukman, bbc news, in greenland. prince harry has defended his use of private jets, saying he needs to ensure that his family is safe. the duke of sussex and his wife meghan have faced criticism — after newspapers claimed they flew privately four times in eleven days over the summer. the prince was speaking in amsterdam at the launch of a new global project to encourage the tourism industry to become more sustainable. opposition and conservative rebel mps have dealt a major blow to the prime minister. they will now be able to try unblock a no deal
brexit. we have plenty on that on oui’ brexit. we have plenty on that on our website. for now, brexit. we have plenty on that on ourwebsite. for now, goodbye. hello there. this week's weather is looking fairly benign. that's because we've got atlantic influence, so a mixture of conditions — a bit of sunshine, some cloud, generally temperatures around the seasonal average or a little bit below. and, in fact, wednesday looks like one of those days where the temperatures will be below average, and it'll be windy, as well, so that'll make it feel even cooler. and the reason is because we've got this area of low pressure moving down from the north—west, around our area of high pressure. two weather fronts on it, one bringing rain in the south—east, this next one bringing plenty of showers to scotland and northern ireland through the day. but that rain should clear away from the south—east through the morning. skies will brighten up, but the winds will pick up from a north—westerly, bringing plenty of showers. in the northern half of the country, some of these could be quite heavy,
and those wind gusts, 30, 40, maybe 50mph, could even be stronger in exposure. so it'll feel cooler — 10—13 degrees in the north, 17—19 across the south—east. as we head through wednesday night, it stays blustery. looks like those showers continue on for awhile, and then most of them clear away. but more return to the north and the west of the country, and it's going to be another cool night. in fact, temperatures in single digits even in towns and cities across northern areas, just about making double figures in the south. so we've still got a similar pressure pattern with high pressure in across the south—west. this area of low pressure will bring some wetter weather and also some cooler weather as we reach friday. but for thursday, we're in between the systems. we'll see a few showers across northern and western areas, and actually, slightly milder air moving in behind this line of showers, so we could see 15—16 degrees in the north. further south, variable cloud, some sunny spells, just one or two showers, again the mid—to—high teens celsius. that area of low pressure i showed you moves in for friday, brings quite a bit of cloud,
outbreaks of rain. this is a cold front moving southwards, and that again will introduce cooler north—westerlies, so the temperatures will be down again on friday. 13 to around 15 or 16 in the north, 17 or 18 across the south—east. that front clears through. high pressure wants to build back in as we head into the start of the weekend. that'll introduce something a little bit milder once again, and the winds should be a bit lighter. so, fairly breezy across the east coast for a while, but that high pressure will bring lighter winds, increasing chance of sunshine around. so that'll feel a little bit warmer, i think, for the start of the weekend, with the mid—teens in the north. 19, maybe 20 degrees across the south—east. and we hold onto this fairly benign pattern through the weekend and into next week, with atlantic air moving in on a westerly.
this is bbc news. the headlines: opposition and rebel conservative mps in britain have dealt a major blow to prime minister borisjohnson. a majority voted to seize control of parliament's agend to allow them to pass legislation that would block a no—deal brexit. protestors celebrated outside the commons. borisjohnson says he'll now push for a general election, something opposition parties say they would not support. at least seven people have been killed in the bahamas as hurricane dorian leaves a trail of destruction. but the full scale of the disaster is still unknown. dorian has now weakened, but the northwest islands continue to endure heavy rain and high winds. weather forecasters are warning of serious storm surges hitting the east coast of the us in the coming hours.