Skip to main content

tv   Charlie Rose  Bloomberg  February 12, 2016 10:00pm-11:01pm EST

10:00 pm
announcer: from our studios in new york city, this is "charlie rose." charlie: alan gilbert is here. he has served as the music director of the new york philharmonic since 2009. he announced last year that he would step down from the post in the summer of 2017. contemporary music has been a focus of his tenure. he has launched several initiatives, including biennial. visual arts inspired new music festival. criticef classical music of the "new york times" wrote "more than any of his predecessors since leonard bernstein, he has tried to expand the template of what a
10:01 pm
major american orchestra can be." here is a look at him conducting stravinsky's "petrushka." ♪ [stravinsky's "petrushka" playing] ♪ ♪
10:02 pm
charlie: there it is. the new york philharmonic celebrates its 175th anniversary this year. i'm pleased to have alan gilbert at this table. welcome. alan: thank you very much. charlie: you have the chance to do a kind of valedictory conversation about your time here at the philharmonic. alan: it cracks me up to see that video of "petrushka." even now, after we've done that and a number of other products -- projects that have been out of the box, in a way that have hopefully made it a bigger box, it is sort of what we do, it is still amazing to me that we do the best did -- that we did that at the new york philharmonic. those are the musicians of the new york philharmonic. they are inhabiting the roles of the ballet. stravinsky wrote the story with this mad outdoor scene in winter, russia. you saw my resplendent silk jacket.
10:03 pm
i played the part of the magician 10 years ago. even 10 years ago, honestly, and i know the orchestra well and i have four a long time, i couldn't have imagined that the new york philharmonic would present something like this. i announced i'm leaving. i'm thinking about the future and looking back at the past. i'm really proud. things have changed. this is not what the orchestra used to be. since the idea is to bring the great music in the orchestral repertoire to life as vividly as possible -- this was a production of "petrushka" that really told the story. the audience can really get into it, and it broke down barriers. the musicians were able to get down of their traditional roles that they inhabit in front of the audience. forgive me, but i thought that was pretty cool. charlie: tell me, is that part of what you intended to do? alan: the short answer is yes.
10:04 pm
charlie: to change the new york philharmonic? alan: yeah. charlie: in what way? alan: you know, it sounds really cheeky to think about changing a paradigm that has been in existence and has been successful and iconic for all of these years. charlie: 175. alan: not just the new york philharmonic, but orchestras with a capital "o." when i felt is that something needs to change, and there are a number of reasons for that. the place that music and the arts inhabit in society today is different from what it was even 20, 30 years ago. in any case, a priori, i've wanted to keep the artform fresh. the way that orchestras interact with the public that we serve has needed to change. i couldn't talk about it when i
10:05 pm
started, in the way that i think i can now, because we have a track record. at the beginning, if i had come in and said, you know what? throw out the paradigm, it's all going to be different now. people understandably would have said, what's he talking about. this is the new york philharmonic. how do you improve something that is virtually perfect already? orchestras need to keep music alive. i find it interesting that so much has been made of the programming, the contemporary music. you referred to it in the intro. i actually haven't done more contemporary music than my predecessors, but we have tried not to slip anything by. when we do something, we present it with full confidence and with full support of the entire institution. there is a mixed message that orchestras -- you know, you even see it today.
10:06 pm
give when they engage in what i call the bold arrow effect. they will put a new piece in the program. they will put something at the end of the program, the message being that we don't quite believe in that. i think that means there is a kind of tokenism that is going on. we have done a lot of different repertoire. but everything we have done, we have tried to really fit into the big picture, the context, so that when we play music, the audiences can feel that we are really behind it. i think that has changed the way people think about the new york philharmonic. i want the new york philharmonic to be in the center of the dialogue. charlie: here is what you said about music, in an important conversation, a speech he made, a lecture -- the speech you
10:07 pm
made, a lecture. "music helps define what it means to be human. orchestras will continue to do what we have always done, play uplifting, thought-provoking music. but the challenges facing people in today's world call for something new in the way that music and musicians can touch people's lives on all levels -- emotionally and spiritually, of course, but also socially, psychologically. music has an internal power to move us. and increasingly, schools and professional music groups are embracing the new role that musicians can fill in touching people's lives, both in and out of the concert hall." alan: it's not a new idea. i don't claim to be rethinking something -- creating something that has not existed before. yo-yo ma is a good friend of mine. i know you know him well. he has been very inspiring to me in this last period.
10:08 pm
he has spoken to me. he said, you know what, alan, you have been music director of the new york philharmonic. you have been there, you have done that, it's great what you have done, but now, think about what you can do to use music and the platform that you and other musicians occupy to make the world a better place. he has actively pushed me to think about these things. and again, it is nothing new. music has always been the international language, the way for people to communicate without words. charlie: it tells us what it means to be human. alan: and it goes straight to the heart. but in the world today, which i think we agree faces unprecedented challenges, a shared humanity, some language that can actually show that we are connected is more important than ever before. i have been talking -- charlie: because of the conflict around the world, because of the challenges --
10:09 pm
alan: because of this idea of us and them. the refugee crisis, immigration. there are so many divisions that are being arbitrarily written and drawn in the sand. music can truly cross these boundaries. i'm not here to talk politics. i think it is amazing what orchestras are doing. i have been speaking to the deputy secretary-general at the u.n., and he has been using words all the time to a diplomatic end. we are talking about a project that will bring music into the diplomatic realm, a way of reinforcing the message of communication and harmony, shared humanity, with music, using, essentially, music as the peaceful version of the peacekeeping forces.
10:10 pm
for me, this has been very exciting. i'm going to continue conducting orchestras. i will even continue conducting at the new york philharmonic, but, very consciously, to think about ways we can bring musicians together from disparate backgrounds, from places where you wouldn't expect musicians to come from -- charlie: on what podium are you going to do that? alan: hopefully, it won't only be a response to crisis. there will be reasons to come together. there will be messages that contradict the events and actions that have happened. when something great happens, like the climate accord, to actually come together and play in a way that shows, yeah, we achieved something together as people. i'm hoping from a crisis standpoint, there won't be many opportunities for the group to we are planning to put together to play. but there is a very strong message if we think on a global scale and get musicians together
10:11 pm
to play on maybe what was a battlefield or a place where a bomb had gone off -- in november in paris, it would be great to be able to play in a place like that. i think taking musicians under the best out of -- i think taking musicians out of the concert hall and putting them in, let's say, real-life -- charlie: you mean bring a particular orchestra or bringing a new orchestra, bringing the diversity of musicians around the world and making them part of a particular event? alan: that's my particular lofty ambition. to say there is interest would be understating the case. people really want to be part of this. there is a desperate feeling among my colleagues of wanting to do something and feeling frustrated because we are not quite sure how to do it. we are just musicians, you know?
10:12 pm
charlie: this is akin to the idea that, what comes out of this, that is an indication of where you want to be in the next five years. alan: i would like to continue my life as a musician, as a conductor, but in a very focused and directed way use the connections, the cloud, the platform that i have to rally musicians from around the world, and not only from the classical world, i should say, to be able to come together and spread a message of peace and harmony. and, you know, my favorite cartoon about the refugee crisis was this little boat looking up at this huge police guide and they say -- police guy, and they say, where are you from? "earth." that's really where we are all from. charlie: why couldn't you do that as the director of the new york philharmonic?
10:13 pm
why couldn't those things go together? why couldn't you do that as the conductor and musical director of the new york philharmonic? why couldn't those things go together? alan: they could. one step at a time. you choose your battles. the new york philharmonic famously played in north korea. despite where we are now, i think that was an amazing door-opening a moment. charlie: no matter what conflict there exists between nations, we music is a place we can always come together? alan: exactly. it was possible for the new york philharmonic to show up in pyongyang and they were able to do what they do at the new york the harmonic and communicated
10:14 pm
with the people. it was a select audience, to be fair. people from a complete different culture and background. there was a moment of true, human connection. charlie: they used to have at the state department, u.s. state department, ambassadors of goodwill. they would sponsor all of these cultural things. maybe it is a better idea that it doesn't come from the u.s. government, but from cultural institutions like the new york philharmonic. it does seem like a good idea, because culture does have the capacity to transcend politics. at the same time, politics is about culture. alan: it is inextricably connected. but i do think it is a more powerful message if it is not connected with politics or political organizations that may have baggage. i was just going to say that the idea is a little bit included in the lecture that i gave, which talks about the new position that orchestras can occupy in the world today. orchestras -- sorry to get kind of historical and boring on you. orchestras give concerts.
10:15 pm
that's what they've always done. that's what they will continue to do. but now, partly because it has become necessary to ensure the future of orchestras, practically speaking. there is less public support. public schools are not providing classical education. it used to be that every high school had an orchestra. now you just study an instrument, you almost, by definition, have to go outside of public school. charlie: why is that? alan: i don't know, a shifting of priorities. a deep-rooted cultural shift -- it is part of a shift of priorities, a deep-rooted cultural shift. part of it is the choices people have for entertainment are much broader, more available. there is an instant gratification possible. you don't have to go to the concert hall to hear a concert. there are a lot of things that
10:16 pm
have been going on. but in short, orchestras have, i think appropriately, picked up the slack and become so much more than simply organizations that present concerts. they are -- the way i think about it is orchestras can be a true resource on so many levels, not only musical, but in education, in building bridges within the cities, the communities that they serve. that's one thing that has been fairly new at the new york philharmonic. we have, for a long time, been a little bit of an island in the city. now, very actively, we have reached out to museums, to other schools, to other -- charlie: saying what? alan: that we want to work together, that we, together, can provide something for the city that will be what any of us thanat will be stronger what any of us could do alone. charlie: the new york opera? alan: we've done a lot of opera. i happen to love opera. that's something i really am focused -- in addition to whatever happens with this. charlie: let me ask you
10:17 pm
something. why did you choose to leave now? you have said it before that there is going to be a renovation over there. it is becoming the david geffen. alan: it is no longer the avery fisher hall. it's already the david geffen hall. the hall is going to be completely renovated. it is going to be a very interesting time for the new york philharmonic. they are going to be homeless, peripatetic. the orchestra practically speaking will have to find places to play during this renovation period and will have to work on continuing to function as an orchestra but also have its connection to the audience. i'm very excited about the announcement. i think it is right for one person to see this process through from the beginning today the less from the beginning to
10:18 pm
end. as much as i love the orchestra and as powerful as the connection is with the orchestra, it seemed like the logical time. it is not so clinical. it felt like if i had extended even a year or two longer, then it would have been a much longer span of time. we were talking about opera. i'm looking forward to doing more opera. i like opera because i like opera. i like telling stories. but philosophically, it's been a very useful way for me to bring many elements together. charlie: where will you be based? ask my wife. we are still kicking that around. we have a lovely house outside of stockholm. my wife is swedish. my kids are bilingual. a lot of what i do already is in europe, so we may move back, but our connections to new york are incredibly strong.
10:19 pm
the honest answer to that is i'm not yet sure. charlie: most people in your world, like in the world of opera, know where they are going to be in the next five years. they know where they will be performing in 2020. alan: actually, i'm one of those people as well. my schedule is booked far into the future, but in terms of where i will be based, if i decide to take a position, and i am mulling over a couple of offers -- charlie: what kind of position might you take, in addition to this idea you have of having music play a significant role in a world of conflict? alan: honestly, having worked at the new york philharmonic, one of the iconic orchestras, it has been a joy, it has been a challenge, it has been unbelievably intense, and, i daresay, perhaps more all-consuming and difficult than i have hopefully made it look. i'm very interested to do
10:20 pm
something else as far as a position goes, and it may be opera, because that would be a totally different thing. i haven't really gotten my hands on that whole opera -- charlie: but you are entertaining operas, too? alan: i am. the opera ones are the ones that i am intrigued by. charlie: the director of the new york opera said "i think alan has fundamentally changed the dna of the philharmonic." if he is right, how have you done that? alan: the style with which i have worked at the orchestra has been with a soft touch. i have not been prone to histrionic fits and all that typical maestro-behavior. the how has been hopefully calm, maybe deceptively calm. charlie: and the what? alan: i have worked on changing the expectation of the musicians
10:21 pm
have about what their job means. you saw the "petrushka" video. it would have been inconceivable if i had said in my first year, for this, you are going to have to memorize this passage of music, stand up and dance around, and, oh, you are going to be wearing silly hats, it would have been a flat-out no. we had to build up to it. we had a production in my first year which, very gently -- and this was a conscious progression i had in mind, which suggested to the musicians, at this point, you're going to crumple up pieces of paper and throw them at me, the conductor. i knew that was something they would be happy to do. little by little, they have shifted their idea of what is normal, the role of the musician, breaking down the fourth wall on the stage.
10:22 pm
how we interact with our audience offstage -- the expectation that musicians have to do more than play music and also advocate for music itself. all of these things -- it is interesting after eight years to look back because there has been a progression. things have changed. if i said to the musicians, we are going to do a project and you are going to have to wear a costume, that is now part for the course. that is something we had to build up to. from the audience perspective, they are also not completely shocked to see that. they understand that, within the walls of the david geffen hall, unusual things happen. art, music that they have known in a certain way is going to be redefined. people have known and loved "petrushka" for years without knowing the story, without having any idea what it's about, which is fine. it's a great piece. but now, not only was it a ballet, we had a dancer, we had
10:23 pm
itpeteers, we had seen elements onstage, but the musicians themselves went out of themselves and created something that was utterly new, literally has never been seen before. ♪
10:24 pm
10:25 pm
charlie: just to go off on a tangent for a second, when you are asked to conduct the great orchestras of the world as a
10:26 pm
guest conductor, what do they want you to do? do they want you to bring these ideas to them, or do they want you to come in and conduct -- alan: that's a very good question. it's a little bit of both. it depends on the nature of the relationship that exists. so, for example, if i go to a new orchestra, it would be very surprising to me if they asked me to bring this production of "petrushka," because it is still out there. not at the new york philharmonic, but in the world at large, it's an unusual project. but it orchestra like the berlin philharmonic where i have a long relationship, simon rattle -- he specifically asked me, i saw you did this production, would you do this with us? and it is a piece that is gnarly from the 1980's, written
10:27 pm
in berlin. it's a reaction to the heavy metal rock group that has lots of loud instruments, stations all around the room where musicians have to process and play instruments found from junkyards. it is super cutting edge. to do that anywhere is pretty radical. charlie: simon rattle wanted you to do that at the berlin philharmonic? alan: they were celebrating the anniversary of the hall. he wanted to do pieces that celebrate space, the space in which music is made. i said, i will do it, but you have to promise me that not only the musicians, the entire stage crew, the publicity department -- everybody has to buy into this because this is something either you are in or you are out. it won't work as a halfway project. charlie: how can you promise him that without knowing his musicians? alan: i do know his musicians. that's why in a place like berlin it was possible to do that.
10:28 pm
they asked me to do that. simon asked me about other pieces that he just announced he is doing. i'm hoping it's not a coincidence. there are other people who are trying to do this. when i go as a guest conductor, if it is appropriate, of course i love to bring these new ideas. you have to build up to it. that is something that has taken 7, 8 years new york philharmonic. charlie: help me with this. the critic from the "new york times" wrote this. "how much of gilbert's tenure is assessed is tied to one's conception of what a music director of a major american orchestra should be. of course, the court work -- the core work involves maintaining the skills of the players and giving excellent performances, but a music director should also be a visionary, like a curator, the person who determines that one wing of the repertory needs development or that a particular collection should be placed in storage for a bit.
10:29 pm
this person must take charge of outreach and education, foster relationships with living composers, and be willing to rethink the protocols of concert life." it sounds to me like you would say that is everything i was doing. alan: that is actually, i think, a very apt description of an elusive subject, what a music director is and can be. the new york philharmonic is an orchestra that didn't need musical development, in a way. the players are unparalleled. they play so beautifully together. they know how to listen. it's always fun when i see guest conductors -- even guest conductors who are accustomed to conducting other great orchestras -- they come to the new york philharmonic the first , rehearsal is frightening. they think, what am i going to say now? it sounds incredible. it already sounds better than most concerts i've given at the
10:30 pm
first rehearsal. that having been said, orchestras do need constant care. despite all of the philosophical, programmatic things i have tried to bring, at the end of the day, how the orchestra plays is the most important thing. and that requires constant care. charlie: it is how it plays rather than what it plays? day, it the end of the is how the orchestra plays. the audience should feel 100% commitment, real commitment. real engagement. i mean life-and-death, completely empty your heart commitment. and if that can happen, it's not that it doesn't matter what you play, but anything will communicate. charlie: you found that when you got there?
10:31 pm
alan: i'm really happy that the orchestra is more and more moving when they play. i love music. they always have, but it's a hard job. i grew up around the new york philharmonic. my parents were serious professionals. they took their jobs incredibly seriously, but i know how it was when they came home. they were tired. they were never -- honestly, they were never complaining about work, but it's a slog. it's a hard job. every week a different program. to have a kind of once-in-a-lifetime inspiration and excitement in a week that is just one of 30 in a row, a week that may have another special program, a benefit, and you have to take your kids to school, it's a job. it is hard.
10:32 pm
to give that kind of performance where it's life-and-death at nothing else matters, it's not so easy. i think the new york philharmonic is not helped by the fact, in a way, that it's in new york because it's being compared, implicitly, maybe not even consciously, against the other great orchestras of the world. orchestras that may not be there great but are playing their very best. if a touring orchestra plays in in new york, do you know what they do is to mark a play at home. they work it out in other cities until it's ready for new york. we do our four rehearsals and play the next program come hell or high water. we are judged, as we should be, by the same standard. charlie: would you change any of this? alan: i actually think there are too many concerts. it's a tricky equation of revenue and ticket sales, but i think there are too many programs. i think the new york
10:33 pm
philharmonic plays too much music in a season. charlie: you said what is asked and expected of musicians is constantly evolving. alan: i would like to see a schedule that is not as heavily packed for the new york philharmonic. they might kill me at the philharmonic for saying this, the management, because you need a certain amount of revenue to and you have to play. it's difficult, if not impossible, to play a piece with full energy if you're exhausted. charlie: i have read a lot of what you have said so i am quoting you a lot. understandhestras and invest in the new portfolios demanded by the wider definition of what an orchestra is. alan: that is what i am talking about. charlie: to invest in the new portfolio. to do that, you have to lessen the load. alan: i think practically
10:34 pm
speaking it is probably the only , way. charlie: does the music we know and love from the composers we know and love suffer at all from this? alan: what do you mean by suffer? charlie: meaning it will not be played as much. alan: no. charlie: because you want to make room for this -- alan: actually, that would be a complete misunderstanding of where i'm coming from because the music that is part of the canon of orchestra repertoires, beethoven symphonies, it's hard to imagine anything better than this music. that is what orchestras can and should be playing also. but to only play that music would be the death of it. even somebody who thinks, oh, i only want your beethoven all the time will have their opinion of
10:35 pm
them -- appreciation of beethoven improved by hearing other things. charlie: is the demand on the great conductor to go beyond? alan: i actually think that the challenge is more on the other side. i think it is difficult to make the case still that new music and music today has a rightful place in the repertoire of orchestras. i think it's actually the other way around. i think beethoven will be stronger if the composers of today are celebrated. people are expecting masterpieces every time we play a piece of music. there is a lot more to presenting new music than identifying masterpieces. part of the reason we play new music is to keep the field of composition alive and fresh. if you play one contemporary
10:36 pm
composer's music, in some sense, you are inspiring all contemporary composers to continue to suffer and struggle with the act of composition, which is the hardest and most noble thing that any musician does. charlie: and the quality of it today is? alan: it is mixed, as it always has been throughout history. we remember mozart's symphonies. 's do wemany of saliari remember? there are great pieces being written today. we have had wonderful luck with our composers in residence. charlie: i'm asking you as a layman, you are saying, because you recognize them, they make the work of all those geniuses from the past they give it , something they need for a more complete repertoire. alan: absolutely.
10:37 pm
it also creates a context in which it is possible to appreciate older masterpieces in a new way. i think reminding audiences today that composition is a process is very important. it's possible to think of these old, iconic masterpieces as somehow having always been there. they just hang out in the space and they are masterpieces. charlie: so, there are composers composing music today which is every bit as good as some of the best music that has ever been composed, but it takes time to be recognized as that? alan: i think there will be pieces being written today that will gain their rightful place in the canon of timeless orchestral masterpieces. i do think that appreciation of new music takes time. "the rite of spring" was a famous failure when it premiered. now, no one questions it. charlie: what changed? alan: many masterpieces in
10:38 pm
music, in literature, in visual arts, are ahead of their time. i think anything that is great, by definition, is changing people's expectations, and since there is such a comfortable -- wonderful repertoire of orchestral masterpieces that are very pleasant to listen to, it's possible to go a long, long time only listening to those pieces. it is a challenge. there is a new language. today, it is is hard to listen to new music today. if you heard a new mozart symphony in mozart's time, undoubtedly, it was the language of mozart and you could die -- you could dive right into it without any ramp up time. today, you hear a piece and it might be for silence in orchestra, it might be for crazy instruments in orchestra. it might be rich, it might be tonal. getting into new pieces is daunting and difficult. sometimes, i like to play things
10:39 pm
twice because the second time through you inevitably get more because you have already accustomed your ear to the new language. almost by definition, anything that is great has an element of newness to it. and newness is harder now than i think ever before to approach in music. it is because of the wide range of styles and approaches people have. it was never that way until the last 50 years. ♪
10:40 pm
10:41 pm
10:42 pm
charlie: here is what you have said. musical quality, charisma, and artistic magic are among the desirable qualities for a conductor. what is artistic magic? alan: there was a time about 20 years ago when i was studying in school in which there was a strong sense that there was a right way to approach music. the original instruments movement, original style, performance practice. there was a very dogmatic approach that, happily, i think has kind of swung back to a more reasonable approach. i actually think that you can learn a lot from these scholarly approaches to music making, phrasing, bowing, the right way
10:43 pm
to do it. but at the end of the day, it doesn't really matter how you play something. it is the fact that you give it your full sincerity and you bring something fresh and magical to the equation. there so many ways to be a musician, so many ways to be a conductor, so many ways to approach any given piece. what i mean by artistic magic is something that is fresh and convincing, what ever that means. it's different for each person. charlie: people call that the x factor. alan: that's exactly what i'm talking about. charlie: and musical quality is simply, what? musicianship? alan: well, there is a technique involved. there is a certain competence one needs to achieve. it's great to have ideas, but if you can't execute them in a way that doesn't take away from the
10:44 pm
focus of the artistic message, then you are not quite good enough. there is an absolute level we can talk about in terms of technical competence, but beyond that, it's the x factor. charlie: it's about the heart. alan: absolutely. charlie: you've said one mark of a great composer is how the sound is recognizable, even through a short snippet of music. you can hear short snippets of music and recognize that with your ear. alan: teaching at juilliard is do.of my favorite things to charlie: because? alan: i love to work with students because sometimes you can get the most positive, enthusiastic energy from student musicians. i teach conducting, and we have been doing unusual repertoire. fourth symphony, one
10:45 pm
of the last things he wrote. a strange piece, but amazingly, you hear one measure and you think -- that's him. or if you hear another piece from one of the great composers , our first winter who died a , couple of years ago, one of the great composers of the 20th century, you hear one measure of his music -- that's him. to me, that's the measure of a great composer. charlie: thinking of sound, can you take the same piece and hear it by five of the great orchestras of the world and tell me which orchestra is playing? alan: not necessarily because there are more ingredients in the mix. who is conducting, what hall they are playing. charlie: who is conducting changes the sound? you would be fascinated if you went to a conducting class where four or five conductors stand in front of an orchestra.
10:46 pm
same musicians in the orchestra and same repertoire. within one note of a new conductor standing on the podium, the sound is incredibly changed. charlie: explain that. alan: it's uncanny. that's what conducting is. in a way, it's not inexplicable because you can see that the gesture can have different kinds of weight. charlie: in terms of size, speed, everything else. alan: intensity. charlie it communicates directly : to the musician. alan: and it's unavoidable. even if the musician says i am not going to play differently, i'm going to plate the same way for every conductor they could , not do it. if you go like this, you will make a certain sound. the constitution of your hand, and everybody is different. there is a different kind of emotional space every conductor and habits. charlie: is it also different in
10:47 pm
terms of you doing the same thing in your mind, conducting a piece, and the orchestra says we are seeing the same conductor, but it will be different on one night than another night? alan: absolutely. it changes all the time. and now i have gotten to the point with my relationship with the new york philharmonic where i am circling back to pieces. i did beethoven's seventh in my first year and again this year. i try not to repeat pieces too often, but when we did beethoven's seventh, it sounded completely different. i guess somehow without consciously thinking i would change my approach, i did. the other thing in terms of the scientific approach of this question, if you do the same piece -- sometimes it happens i will do the same piece one week with one orchestra and another week with another orchestra, the piece changes because what the musicians bring changes the chemistry. even if i am bringing the same approach and attitude, it has
10:48 pm
been talked about as a river. always the same river, always different. saw in the "near times" in the last 10 days a i saw in the "new york times" in the last 10 days a recognition of what leonard bernstein did for young people explaining music. you can get all of them on youtube. do we need more of that to somehow heighten the experience and appetite for classical music? alan: i think that at the end of the day, the long story of building up audiences over an extended time is the time frame that we are going to have to be talking about getting them when , they are young. charlie: exactly. who is going to be the motivator to do that? alan: we are all trying in different ways to different
10:49 pm
degrees. one of the questions i am very concerned by and interested in is the question of minority participation in classical music. there are very few black musicians in orchestras. you see not so many black people in the audience. it's not representative of our society. charlie: is it because people like you have not paid as much attention to it or viewed it with the same urgency it would need? alan: i think that is part of it. it's a cultural question of what is important and interesting. building up audiences. right now, we are at a place where something has to break into the cycle. if you go to a concert hall -- we talk about minorities. there is not a lack of minority representation when it comes to asians. there are lots of chinese and
10:50 pm
japanese musicians. so if you go to a concert hall, you see that. you think ok, that's something i can connect to. but on a superficial, visual level, there are not so many black musicians, and that's a tough problem. it's something we talk about a lot. but again, you're going to have to look at a long time frame. we are doing what we can. if you look at the music program that famously produced dudamel and many other interesting musicians, now and only now you're starting to see musicians in the orchestras around the world who are products of that system in venezuela. there are musicians in top european orchestras. charlie: were they doing something in venezuela at the time that they are not doing in the u.s. today? alan: absolutely. it was a very wide-based program with thousands of participants. but it has taken years for the
10:51 pm
-- but it has taken 20 years for the musicians to end up around the world. but they are there. it shows if you are patient and dedicated and willing to plant and not see it sprout for years, but trust that it will grow that is the next , frontier. hopefully, more and more people will actually do something about it. charlie: what do you think about mozart in the jungle? alan: well, there is one episode i am particularly fond of. we had so much fun. charlie: it's on amazon. alan: it's interesting, because the book that it is based on is something we were all aware of years ago, and it seems like kind of a soap opera look at the music world. some of it we recognize, and some of that we think, i have never seen that, i only wish i had. but now it is striking a chord.
10:52 pm
and i am happy that it's doing so well. people love it. it's a very real situation. orchestras can function as a microcosm of society. it's a very specific limited , field in a way, but the interactions are human, and i think a lot of people can identify with it. charlie: this is beethoven's symphony number seven, opening night gala concert in september, 2015. within the last year. here it is. i want you to look and listen, and then tell us what you felt and saw when you conducted this music. here it is. ♪ symphonybeethoven's number seven]
10:53 pm
alan: still a great piece. charlie: you selected it as the -- you selected it to open the gala concert. alan: there is a reason why these pieces are forever. that's actually the last piece i conducted in concert. i was in tokyo last week, and as many times as you do a piece like beethoven's seventh, you find new things. it sounds trite, and away, but -- it'salso trite in a way, but it never feels old. i did a project in london. we are not completely finished, but we are recording all the beethoven piano concertos. we spent a very intense week. recording four out of the five concertos. we will eventually do the triple
10:54 pm
and maybe even the violin concerto. this is not a shameless plug. but to talk about beethoven, to spend that many hours in a week with one composer would be almost unimaginable except with someone like beethoven. we have all done these pieces dozens of times. we know how they go. we think we have somehow mastered the piece, but never. it always feeds you. you always feel that if you don't give 100%, you are not going to be adequate. it's the same for an audience member. you hear a piece that you know and love. it can move you in such an incredibly powerful way every time, even the same beethoven's seventh symphony. i mentioned earlier, to do beethoven early in my time and now bring it back, it's fun. it looks different to me. the way i interact with the orchestra, there is trust.
10:55 pm
there is a lot of trust. we have lived through something together. you asked me how i felt. i felt quite moved in a way to see this because it's really what we try for. we try to give sincere man committed -- we try to give sincere and committed performances of everything we do, and we are lucky to be able to try. charlie: here is my career advice to you. alan: let me get my pen. charlie: don't worry about composing or not composing. you should always strive to accomplish difficult challenges. but take advantage of all the tools we have today. i was thinking about making a film or the capacity to talk, explain, and communicate music as you did in that speech is a magical gift. the ability to communicate about
10:56 pm
music as well as with music is a rare and important quality, and you should make sure that you engage, employ, and do all that you can with that. you have gone a long way without advice from me. alan: it's important to hear. i must say, that i am allowing myself to step outside of myself in a way and consciously or subconsciously think about what i want to do with the gift that i have been given. hopefully, i still have some good years in me. it has been a great run. i am happy that a lot of people are seemingly interested in taking the same journey because music is something that can touch all of us. charlie: thank you. alan: thanks, charlie. charlie: alan gilbert for the hour.
10:57 pm
thank you for joining us. see you next time. ♪
10:58 pm
10:59 pm
11:00 pm
♪ mark: i'm mark crumpton. you are watching "bloomberg west." let's start with a check of your first word news. the leaders of the roman catholic church and the russian orthodox church sought to repair a fractured that has divided christianity. the pope and patriarch signed a joint declaration on religious unity. it was the first time a pope and a russian patriarchate ever met. president obama signed a bill that will hit north korea with more stringent sanctions for refusing to stop it nuclear weapons program. democrats and republicans joined together to improve it with a vote. the vote came less than a week after the north launched a rocket carrying a satellite into space.

18 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on