tv Fareed Zakaria GPS CNN February 7, 2016 7:00am-8:01am PST
and what separates us is mostly whether we're chopping or frying. food is a language we all speak. when we cook together, we find harmony in the kitchen. we make more than a meal. enjoy fresh ingredients and healthy recipes, delivered to your door each week. subscribe today, at hellofresh.com this is "fareed zakaria gps," welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world, i'm al zarqawi. -- i'm fareed zakaria. we'll start with the great political circus. iowa's over, new hampshire's up next. what has the early vote told us? is trump beat? is rubio the establishment's last hope? is clinton now inevitable? arianna huffington, david
fromme, and others weigh in. also -- >> we can't be by stand force bigotry. >> the president was at a mosque this week to talk about islam and america. all continue that conversation with one of america's most prominent muslims, basketball great, kabir abdul-jabbar. and what can texas learn from alberta, canada? what can we all learn from california? an idea whose time has come. i'll explain. then, doctors and big data. the brave new world of medicine and how it will help you live to 100. dr. david agis joins me. finally, how would you like to go from l.a. to san francisco in about 30 minutes without ever taking off? that dream was brought one step closer to reality this week. i will tell you about it.
first, here's my take -- one of donald trump's stock campaign lines is that the iran nuclear agreement was terrible. i'm beginning to wonder if that's true, but in a sense opposite than what he means. iran has ended up with a much worse deal than it expected. remember, iran entered the negotiations in the heady days of scrky-high oil prices. as the iranians are discovering, it's a new world out there. put yourself in their shoes, the republic got serious about negotiating and signed an interim agreement in 2013. that year, oil was hovering around $100 a barrel. iran's great rival, saudi arabia, was thriving with an dmae had grown about 6% -- economy that had grown about 6% in 2012. spending lavishly at home and abroad, the budget swelled 19%. iran, meanwhile, was isolated
with a shrinking kmemp the real price was not the return of funds frozen in banks in asia and europe because of international sanctions totaling about $100 billion, it was to final get back into the markets as the second-largest oil producer in the middle east and reap the riches of the boom. in 2010, iranian officials were predicting in state-run media that by 2015 iran's oil and gas revenues could reach $250 billion annually. that's what they were banking on when making concessions at the nuclear table. last month, iran's oil began flowing into the marketplace with prices under $30 a barrel. bloomberg news calculates the country is making $2.35 billion a month on oil sales. not quite what the islamic republic was expecting for giving up its nuclear program. still, iran will probably be
able to handle the oil bust better than many other petrol states. its economy has diversified to some degree, and thanks to sanctions, there is great resilience in both the economy and society as moody's points out. this is not the case in many other large countries that are reeling under the hammer blow of falling oil prices. look at iraq. "the new york times" paints a picture of a country in the midst of an expensive war against the islamic state that is now facing economic calimity brought on by the collapse in the price of oil which accounts for more than 90% of the iraqi government's revenue. he notes that almost eight million iraqis depend on government salaries which cost about $4 billion a month. total oil revenues are less than $3 billion a month these days. a senior iraqi politician told me that iraq might not survive as a nation if oil prices stay
low for long. across the globe in venezuela, long mismanaged by hugo chavez and his successor, the country is on the verge of default and worse. the economy shrank 10% last year. it is expected to shrink an additional 8% this year. inflation now runs at a republic-like 720% according to the international monetary fund. as the "washington post" matt o'brien writes, the only question is whether venezuela's government or economy will completely collapse first. there are other oil states not quite as challenged as these, but most of them when problems. the answer, economists say is, to embase structural -- embrace structural reforms, wean economies away from natural resources and invest in other industries in human capital. that's hard to do at any time, but especially hard when your country is in free fall. in any event, oil-producing nations have government that's desperately need cash simply to
pay salaries and meet basic obligations. that means they will pump out as much oil as they can which further adds to supply and keeps prices low. welcome to the new world of cheap oil and perilous politics. for more, go to cnn.com/freed, and read my "washington post" column this week, and let's get started. ♪ what to make of iowa and what to make of who will win tuesday in new hampshire. what does it all mean? let's get right to presidential politics with a terrific panel. david fromme has gotten a lot of attention for a recent cover story on the republicans in "the atlantic" where he is a senior editor. he's also chairman of policy exchange, a u.k.-based conservative think tank. arianna huffington is, of course, arianna huffington, the president and editor-in-chief of the "huffington post" media
group. until two months ago, her website reported on trump's campaign in the entertainment section, not the politics section. jacob weissburg is chairman and editor-in-chief of the slate group, author of the book i recommended recently called simply "ronald reagan." katerina vandenhuvel is author of "the nation." her magazine has already made an endorsement for the presidential race, bernie sanders. arianna, how surprised were you by iowa? >> i wasn't really surprised. i think what was surprising is the way all the polls had got ten wrong and the way everybody in the media kept touting those polls saying the "des moines register" poll has it wrong once, outside the margin of error. there was an expectation that trump would win based on nothing more than the way polling results dominate political coverage. in the sense that the media are covering the polls, they are not really covering the campaigns.
>> david, you've been writing that you think rubio has a rough road ahead. would you agree, though, that it seems to be separating into three groups, the hard right sort of economic conservatives, plus evangelicals for cruz, the establishment mainstream whatever you call it for rubio, and the strange third group of populus nativists for trump. are those the three categories? >> that sounds right. and rubio is certainly -- he is leading in the group it is most lucrative to be leading in. you would like to be his finance chairman in the week after iowa. there's a tendency to report it's over because he's leading in the most lucrative lane. h he has to dominate quickly and persuade others to exit soon and graciously. he has is on persuade jeb bush not to use his remaining $50
million of super pac money to destroy rubio in the way they've been doing until now. he has to find a way to get donald trump to exit the stage without smash all the scenery on the way off the set. >> well what do you think of rubio? when you look at him from your perspective, does he seem more moderate? >> a short time ago, he wassed the tea party moderator. now he's the establishment figure. i see a dangerous vessel for the neo-con forces which have damaged our country around him. i think his youthful exuberance masks regressive and old policies. great belicosity. someone wrote it ae's tough to two great people belying their parents' heritage. to pick up on what arianna said, one thing that strikes me about the deflation of donald trump, certainly a lesson out of iowa, it's the polling.
but it's the media mall practt k principal practice that we've seen. donald trump entertain coverage. but the lavish devotion to donald trump last summer and at the rallies, whether it's about ratings and cliques for media companies. i think we'll look back, and it's a grave disis was to this country, certainly -- disservice to the country, certainly in coverage of bernie sanders' lasteraly that got almost no outcome last summer. i think we saw the right o outcome, donald trump deflated. >> smaimarco rubio is the last candidate talking about ronald reagan. compared to the last cycles, there's usually a eventration of reagan to deatification. not so much this time. >> in one of the library they invoked reagan 42 times, only invoked god 16 times to give a
sense of the hiker ay in the party. -- hierarchy in the party. there are two parts, one is the style of reagan. rubio has a little bit of that. he's optimistic, positive. the other, most of the other candidates are so inherently negative and pessimistic in a corrosive way. also at the level of ideas, rubio was probably privately a little closer to reagan's view of the world. reagan had a view of american identity and republican politics that was inclusive. he came up with the term "amnesty." he signed the biggest amnesty we've ever had. he believed that american identity was about immigration and assimilation and opportunity. trump is running the opposite, cruz is running in the opposite. rubio believes it in a way. >> i think about media malpractice, i think the worst
med media practice is about the lack around donald trump. one that he is banning 1.6 billion people in this world, all muslims in this country. this is a standing proposal, unprecedented, not just by anybody else in this race but in any race. and he was interviewed on the most serious sunday political shows except yours without anybody asking him that question. the sunday before iowa, that is true malpractice. and he's the only candidate who is still a birther, who still denies the legitimacy of the sitting president because he doubts whether he was born in this country. >> but the donald trump danger, i think, the real danger -- and david's written about this -- we're witnessing a gop crack-up. i think donald trump is fusing the kind of old nativism, xenophobia, fear mongering with speaking to an anne alienated white working class.
we can't lose sight even though the majority is latinos, african-american, young people. donald trump spoke about corporate inversions, unpatriotic companies leaving. >> and maintaining the universal health care guarantee. the one person who said that should not be with drawn. >> it's unusual to see a right wing pop limp rising at the same time as you would see a democratic progressive populism. >> trump violated a gentleman's agreement, and it was a gentleman's agreement in the republican party, that nativism is not okay. paranoia as indicated by the birther obsession is not okay. we've had a little bit of flashes of that, maybe pat buchanan's presidential campaign. for the most part the republicans have turfed that out since the nixon years. there's been an establishment by william f. buckley and the old national review that said you can't do that here. now you can do that here. and even when trump's over, that opportunity is going to exist.
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fromme, arianna huffington, jacob weisburg, and katerina vandenhuvel. the democrats, i think you're in love, "the nation" magazine. >> there is no love. we for a long time have never believed political figures are messiahs. we don't fall in love with politicians. we've been covering bernie sanders for close on to 30 years. i think in this unprecedented moment about a decade out from the financial crash which so
ravaged thousands of people's lives and there still hasn't been the real reckoning, i think bernie sanders has laid out a bold economic populist message, challenging the big grip of money, one of the big money grips in our country. he's electrifying young people whose lives have essentially been shaped if you think by this last decade, and building a new coalition. the road is steep, but i think this election is changing the parameters of what has been considered feasible. he's opening space for more powerful progressive movement and building independence into it. the white working class, but spi speaking also of race and weaving together of class and race. >> you say he doesn't have a chance. iowa was his chance and he blew it? >> if the democratic party can't rally to him in iowa, the great home of democratic, he may run in new hampshire but will run into the rest of the democratic party. a heavy minority vote, people who are not college-educated professionals, the people who like him best.
he gets into trouble. i mean, it's a strange populist message because his populist message is quite an up-market populist message. in the republican party the populist message is a down-market message. >> in iowa, i thought it was a small rally where bernie sanders spoke with people living near the poverty level. this woman spoke about the shame she lives with as she tries to care for her family. she's assembling an interesting coalition. he needs to introduce himself to the minority constituencies, the rising american majority. there's a lot of enthusiasm, there's a lot of the need for turnout in the democratic base. >> the road is steep. the road is steep. >> the most fascinating thing about him to me is following iowa, 74% -- 84%, 84% voted for a 74-year-old man, and it's almost like a kind of a roadtrip movie where you go on with the 74-year-old man who is teaching you about socialism, and you love it. but it also has to do with the fact that millennials demand
authenticity. they demand awe then tiftd from the product -- authenticity from the products they buy and demand authenticity from the candidates they vote from for. in new hampshire we have one-third millens. in the latest survey, almost 90% are out for bernie sanders. and the other thing that we haven't seen yet is the impact of women. you know, they still have excitement -- >> why is there no -- first woman to ever win the iowa caucuses? >> i think it's still dormant. but my daughters -- i mean, the reason they haven't picked between hillary and bernie is because they're so excited about the idea of the first woman president. i think the debate will play out. the campaign hasn't found a way to speak in a way that's convincing. >> it's happened all over the world including in countries in pakistan where you think what woman wouldn't be viable. and in a way. it's sort of too little too late. although i think at some point there will be a sense if it
become imminent that we're going to have the first woman president and women will get excited and some men will get excited about that. >> i think it's exciting. there are people, women in the nation, supporting hillary clinton. but you know, i want to say one thing we haven't talked about. it's striking to me at this time, fareed, of just perilous, complex international crises that we haven't heard enough, it seems to me, in the debates and in the town hall forums, about the candidates' views of the world. i think there's a foreign policy bumper sticker we're getting. but i'd like to hear from senator sanders more on his differences with hillary clinton. i think hillary clinton is more hawkish. i think experience is not judgment. some wrong lessons have been drawn from her time. just as part of this -- we seem provincial in some of these debates. >> it's been a weak campaign in relation to policy generally. i've been struck even on domestic policy, you know, sanders' health care plan, his expert who created it said it doesn't have real numbers behind it, they didn't really work it out in any detail. used to be a serious set of policy positions on basic issues where the price of admission for
running for president. and now really no candidate and other party has them. >> trump hasn't bothered to put them out. his proposal, you know, the one banning muslims -- he says it's a ban until the nation's politician figure the hell out what's going. on that's a proposal? how would you determine when that's -- >> it's back to the media. that he's not being challenged, and neither are most of them because the media is so fascinated by either manufactured controversies like the latest being trump claiming that cruz stole the election now and that he's going to sue him. or this whole kind of reality show around polling. >> but we see -- we do see clues and indications inside the republican party. ground troops in syria or more ground troops in syria than we have now, yes or no. that's a divide. >> it's a bumper sticker, too. >> it's a clue. it's an important values choice. in some way, the policy papers are kind of -- bill clinton wrote a bunch in '92. did any of them become law
because he faced a hostile congressional environment? >> but they matter. he ran on a real program and people voted for the program. >> tell people where you're going. i think with hillary clinton you have an idea where she's going. with bernie sanders, you do. with marco rubio, ted cruz, with donald trump, anybody's guess. >> all right. we have to close. fascinating conversation. we'll have you all back later. next on "gps," agreement that the driver of emissions is carbon dioxide. i will try to explain to the naysaye naysayers. k of it as a seven set theater... for an action packed thriller. if youthen you'll know howouth, uncomfortable it can be. but did you know that the lack of saliva
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now for our "what in the world" segment. [ speaking foreign language ] >> last year's agreement in paris to lower greenhouse gas emissions could mark a turning point in the fight against climate change if countries enact the one sure way to actually reduce emissions. they need to make people pay extra for the privilege of spewing out carbon dioxide in everything from cars to coal-fired power plants. many conservatives think such a
carbon tax would destroy the economy. we need to realize we are now out of the realm of theory and can look at results. all over the world, tens of millions of people are already living in places where so-called carbon pricing policies are in place, and that includes americans. almost 40 countries and over 20 states, provinces, and cities are pricing carbon, according to the world bank. carbon emissions in those places represent almost a quarter of the world's emissions, so are all of these carbon tax economies suffering great hardships? in a word, no. sweden, one of the first nations to adopt a tax on carbon in 1991, has seen its gdp increase almost 60% since that time while its emissions have dropped 23%, according to government figures. delg mark has been taxing -- denmark has been taxing carbon since 1992, and its economy has
also done very well with emissions falling. carbon pricing has also been successfully experimented with here in the united states, and the sky didn't fall. california started a cap and trade program in 2013, a more complicated way to tax carbon emissions. u.s. states in the northeast have a regional cap and trade system. even albert athe texalberta, th canada, the largest oil producer, taxes carbon, and it does well. carbon pricing isn't painless. adds dollars to your heating bill, electric bill, and at the pump. economists generally like a carbon tax as a solution for climate change. that's why the arch conservative, george schulz, former secretary of state and treasury, former dienst chicago business school, argues forcefully for one. a carbon tax is simple and doesn't require complicated, expensive regulations like the ones the united states now has, one economist points out.
it allows customers a lot of choice in how they deal with it. some might buy a more fuel-efficient car, others my use more public transportation. with oil prices at historic lows, introducing one now would be relatively painless. but how would a carbon tax ever work politically in the united states? the answer may come from the canadian province of british columbia. back in 2008, a right-of-center government there issued in a carbon tax where the money taken in by the government was all given back to the people by lowering other taxes. since the tax went into effect, british columbia's emissions have decreased significantly while its economy was on par with its neighbors, with the lowest personal income tax rate in the nation according to "the economist." no wonder this carbon tax has been championed by other conservatives like greg mancu, one of president bush's chief economic advisers.
of course, it might be a better idea to reinvest revenues to invest in renewable energy so the united states dominate that crucial sector in the future. this coming week, president obama will propose a version of this, a $10-per-barrel fee on crude oil, and the revenues would go toward developing clean energy technologies and upgrading the nation's infrastructure. republicans in congress have already been critical of the proposal. let's hope we can finally get some bipartisan movement so that america can become an energy superpower in the next generation. next on "gps," in a day and age when many view muslims with wariness, a hero to some of those very same americans. indicate legend kareem adbul jabbar will be with me when we come back. and best in class v8 towing?
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inexcusable political rhetoric against muslim americans that has no place in our country. >> that was president obama on wednesday on his first visit to a mosque in the united states. his speech came less than two months after donald trump, the man who would like to take obama's job, put forth a proposal to ban all of the world's 1.6 million muslim from entering the united states temporarily. >> a total and complete shutdown. >> a recent pugh poll finds 59% of americans think muslims here face a lot of discrimination, and 76% say that discrimination is on the rise. meanwhile, only a little over 50% of americans say they actually know a muslim. so let me reintroduce you to one, kareem adbul jabbar was born lou alcinder, in high school, college, and the pros, the 7'2" center burned up the basketball court, winning awards
and setting records. then before his third nba season, he did something relatively unheard of -- he converted to islam and took the name we all know him by. although kareem adbul jabbar retired from basketball 27 years ago, he remains the highest scorer to ever play the game with more than 38,000 points. he also remains one of america's most prominent muslims. kareem adbul jabbar, pleasure to have you on. >> a pleasure to be here. thank you. >> so when you heard donald trump talk about banning all muslims, you put your hand up and -- and said, "i'm a muslim." why did you do that? you're usually very private about these things. >> i thought that what he had to say was outrageous. it certainly contradicts our constitution, something that the president of the united states is obliged to uphold and defend. and religious discrimination is not part of what america's supposed to be about.
and here he is saying that it's okay to discriminate and have muslims on watch lists, and we're going to shut down mosques and things that are illegal and immoral. and you know, i had to say something. >> when you came out, as it were, donald trump sent you a note. >> yes. >> in which he said, you don't understand how to make america great. what was your reaction to that note? >> my reaction to that note was encouraging religious discrimination definitely will not make america great. so you know, what is he talking about? some of the things that he's advocated and proposed are completely ridiculous and will not work. it's impossible. he's talking about carpet bombing and -- that's genocide, you know, indiscriminate bombing of a human population.
you know, we do thing differently here in america. i hope he doesn't get the opportunity to change the way that we do things. >> you weren't born muslim. >> no. >> you had a journey. tell us a little about -- how did -- what made you decide become muslim? >> i started to investigate muslim after reading the autobiography of malcolm x while i was a freshman at ucla. i read his autobiography and really was taken by what he had to say about islam. i started to investigate it. >> when you hear people say, you know, islam is a religion of violence or talk it how it has within it things that encourages a certain kind of exclusion or hatred, what do you say? >> i would say that those references are to historical issues happening at the time of the prophet. unless you understand that, you
can misinterpret those verses in the koran. the koran tells us to seek peace and to encounter people giving them the benefit of the doubt and trying to do it in a peaceful way that that inspires mutual respect and that was supposed to try to seek. all made sense to me. >> this is -- you're a private person. you've been very reluctant to talk about these kind of issues. do you feel like, you know, you've said your peace and now you want to go back to the -- you've been involved in a lot of charities, you've been involved in doing a lot of good work. but this is -- you don't want to be battling donald trump, i take it, for the next few years. >> no, i'm not interested in getting into the middle of the political melee going on.
i hope america wakes up and sees how dangerous it can be to indulge in these types of thoughts. doing things the right way involves a lot of hard work, and sometimes that puts people off. and they're looking for simple solutions to problems that are not simple, and that require a lot of hard work and require some patience. and that seems to be in short supply right now. >> kareem adbul jabbar, pleasure to have you on, sir. >> it's a pleasure to be here. thank you. up next, what is going to keep you living until your 80s, 90s, century mark? my next guest says the fountain of youth or at least the future of medicine is all in big data. dr. david agis will tell us about it when we come back.
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big data has changed much of what we do, how we work, how we shop, how we travel, and so much more. we are on the brink of a big data revolution some m mediciine that will change the way we live. that's why what my next guest says. david agus is a professor at usc's medical school, best-selling author and one of the world's best-known doctors. his book is "the lucky years: how to thrive in a brave new world of health." welcome. >> thank you, fareed. >> so people have been saying for a while now, oh, there's a revolution taking place in medicine, the human genome, and all this stuff. and you know, i just look at it as a consumer of health care, it hasn't changed very much. why is this going to be different now? >> we're at that inflection point. literally things are changing. president obama in his first term said every doctor to their kick and screaming and lament
has to deal with a electronic health record. we have data going from illegible handwriting to data bases and we're learning about this data. at the same time, technology, genome or other omes and other technologies have come together to really create a tipping point. what has happened the last several years is transformative from making cancer more of a chronic disease to learning to manage all diseases including cognitive decline of the brain. it is wild. we're really at a special time. >> give an example of how having all this data is going to in some way produce a better treatment or cure. >> there is a great case that just happened. women with ovarian cancer, deadly disease whether it spreads, they started to look at large numbers of them. if you happened to be on a blood pressure medicine called a beta-blocker, you live a year and a half longer. no one would have ever picked this up by biology. now we're doing studies to make sure it's real.
the data look very encouraging that going on, a very inexpensive, non-cox immedicine can ad -- nontoxic medicine can add a year to life. and in europe, a wild one. if you do circles around an airport, the closer you live in, the higher the rate of neurocognitive decline, meaning that the brain needs quiet time every night. and we got that from a big data study. so i have a 150-pound dog that snores. i put those orange earplugs in every night because i can't kick her out of the bedroom. and i get my quiet time and hopefully slow my cognitive decline. >> so when you look at something like cancer, the head of m.d. anderson, one of the largest, best cancer hospitals in the world, says there is a revolution taking place, and he believes that cancer will become manageable. why is that? >> well, there are two major phenomena happening. one is they call it the jimmy carter effect, right? a 90 yield-plus individual has melanoma metastatic to the brain which several years ago was a death sentence. he went on a treatment that
blocks the don't-eat-me signal all cancers have on the surface. you know, they block the immune system from attacking it by having this don't-eat-me signal. >> explain that, the cancer cell has a signal that says "don't eat me" to the body's antibodies that might otherwise eat it -- >> right. to these cells, t-cells, will eat them up, but they're blocked. this drug blocks that "don't eat me" signal. and he's disease free month later. this is time and time again kidney cancer, melanoma, some types of lung cancer, that works. the other phenomena that's happening now, we call precision or personalized medicine, which are basically the same thing which means that conserved by insurance, i can have a patient's cancer sequenced and can identify targets which are on switches. and there are dozens of drugs now that block each of these on-squichs. in the old days we categorized cancer by body part, breast cancer, that came from the 1800s in europe.
now we're categorizing the on-switches, the pathways that signal the cell you can grow, and we'll block them with oral pills. i've seen it. i can walk into patient's room -- i couldn't do this two years ago -- and with honcity say, there is hope to treat your cancer and make it a chronic disease. >> you claim that we're even going to be able to start reversing aging. what does that mean even? >> the wildest experiment. hold on to your chair. so the 1950s, this woman named wanda lunsford did what was her only experiment in science. she was pushed out. she took an oldate and young -- old rat and young rat and tied their skin together. the blood supplies, and she looked, the brain of the old rat had new neurons growing. the muscles were stronger, heartbeat better, she claimed she reversed aging. they called her dracula, frankenstein, pushed her out of science. this year, labs at harvard, university of san francisco, stanford, repeated the experiment, and it worked. what they showed is is that when you and i turn 25, our stem
cells go to sleep. and there are proteins that wake up those stem cells and allow them to refunction and make tissue again. and so the future, there are clinical trials now in elderly who have a fracture to accelerate healing by giving these proteins. it's doing the same to people with severe cognitive democrat aench. we're doing it -- dementia. we're doing it in kids with cancer. they're curable. at 25, they're incurable of. if i can convince the body is t's young, maybe we'll have better success with cancer. the way to make us live better is within us already, it's to sleep. we're not going to live to 130, but when we live into our eighth, nine go ahead, or 10th decade, hopefully we can do it with quality years with technologies like this. >> much of this comes out of this ability now to analyze massive quantities of data, both at the biological level and also health records. >> and chief of technologies.
you put those together, it's powerful. it is an issue, right? we saw blue cross' data base got broke into and hundreds of millions of access. we have to pay attention, and it's scary. at the same time, we have to, listen, my medical records even with identifiers on them, i wants to give them to the public good. i want to be part of the solution, not the problem. you have both things happening peril parallely. >> thank you, terrific book. >> thank you. next, do you hate flying? are you sick of traffic? do you still need to travel long distances? the answer to your problems may be coming soon inside the hyperloop when we come back. dad, you can just drop me off right here. oh no, i'll take you up to the front of the school. that's where your friends are. seriously, it's, it's really fine.
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for our loyal viewers, this week's question is a followup to last week's. last week we told you that the united states has more immigrant than any other country according to the u.n. which of the following countries has a higher percentage of foreign-born residents than the united states? canada, ireland, luxembourg, or switzerland? stay tuned, and we'll tell you the correct answer. this week's book of the week is peter bergen's "united states of jihad: investigating
america's home-grown terrorists." bergen's reporting on the cases of home-grown jihadis is just excellent. his research is insightful, and his conclusions are balanced. we have less to fear about these lone wolves than the hype surrounding them suggests. and now for the "last look." 2.5 years ago after sitting in l.a. bumper-to-bumper traffic, elon musk came one a concept he called the hyperloop and challenged engineers to build it. the idea was for a transportation tube where people could travel long distances on a cushion of air at record speeds. from l.a. to san francisco in just 30 minutes, for example. last weekend, students gathered at texas a&m for a hyperloop pod design competition run by his company, spacex. the winning team for best overall design came from mit. the students designed a pod that
would travel through such a tube essentially levitating on magnetic skis. mit and 30 other teams will test their designs this summer on a one-mile track spacex is building near its california headquarters. several private companies are working on the challenge, as well. maybe one day we'll sit back, relax, and float along at over 700 miles per hour. for now we are at least one step closer to a brave new world of travel. the correct answer to the "gps" question is actually a trick -- it is all of the above. according to the u.n.'s 2015 data, 14.5% of the u.s. population is born outside the country, while those numbers are roughly 16% for ireland, 22% for canada, 29% for switzerland, and a whopping 44% for luxembourg. if that seems high, there are places with much higher percentages. 88% of the population of the united arab emirates is born in
another country, and 100% of the vatican's population is foreign born, even the chief resident of the vatican is a migrant, of course, born in argentina 80 yearsing on this december. -- years ago this december. thanks for being part of my program this week. i will see you next week. good morning, i'm brian stelzer, it's time for "reliable sources." our look at the story behind the story of how news and pop culture get made. and this this morning, we're talking about television's power to influence the presidential election. last night, a remarkable moment on two different channels. on the one side, a fiery gop debate on abc. on the other side, a warm and fuzzy "snl" cameo by bernie sanders. later today, of course, it will all be eclipsed by an even bigger tv event. america's 50th super bowl. cbs has been planning its coverage since the day after the last super bowl. and coming up later this hour, i'll show you my