tv The Lead With Jake Tapper CNN March 31, 2021 1:00pm-2:00pm PDT
thanks so much for being with me. let's going to washington. "lead" with jake tapper starts right now. >> welcome to "lead." i'm jack tapper, and we start today with our national lead and the murder trial of former minneapolis police officer derek chauvin. we saw some very emotional moments in court this afternoon as never before seen videos were played for the jury showing the last minutes of george floyd's life. just moments ago a 61-year-old witness essentially broke down on the stand after re-watching george floyd on the ground saying he could not breathe and crying out desperately for his mom. >> let me know when you're ready. >> i know this is difficult. can you just explain sort of what you're feeling in this moment. >> i feel helpless. i don't have a momma either.
>> another witness today described feelings of guilt and disbelief, a clear sign of the weight of this trial as cnn's sara sidner reports. >> reporter: 61-year-old eyewitness charles mcmillan took the stand breaking down in sobs after prosecutors played this body camera video of george floyd interacting with police. >> i can't breathe. i can't breathe. i can't breathe. >> stop breathing. >> momma, momma. momma. >> i feel helpless. i don't have had a momma either, and i understand him. >> reporter: mcmillan is the man you hear on the video begging floyd to give in to police before being taken to the
ground. >> i've had interactions with officers myself and i understand once you get in the cuff you are done. >> reporter: earlier in the day the jury saw not seen before surveillance video from inside the cup food store. 19-year-old former cashier christopher martin took the stand to explain what was going on leading up to police arriving. >> do you recall what it was that you sold to him? >> a pack of cigarettes. >> reporter: martin said floyd seemed high. >> when i asked him if he played baseball, he went on to respond to that, but it kind of took him a little long so it would appear that he was high. >> reporter: and paid for cigarettes with an odd-looking $20 bill. he testified the store policy is if a cashier accepts counterfit money it comes out of their paycheck. >> i took it anyways and i was planning to just put it on my tab until i second guessed myself and as you can see in the video i kept examining it and then i eventually told my manager.
>> the manager of the store asked another employee to call police on floyd after the teenage employees confronted floyd at his car twice. the when police eventually detained floyd, martin heard a commotion and went outside. >> george was motionless, limp and church auvin seemed very -- was in a resting state. >> the what was going through your mind at this point in time? >> disbelieve and guilt. >> why guilt? >> if i would have just not tooken the bill this could have been avoided. >> reporter: on cross-examination chauvin's attorney eric nelson pressed martin about floyd's demeanor and the counterfeit money. >> hand you formed the nan mr. floyd was under the influence of something? >> correct. >> reporter: but it was charles mcmillan who shook the courtroom. we know george floyd's brother
rodney floyd was in there visibly emotional listening to mcmillan. look at officer derek chauvin at one point and say i remember you five days before this happened. he came up to chauvin's car and said to him, know what, you go home in your safety and let the next man go home safely, too. he said back then he looked at him as a man but today he looks at him as a maggot. now we're also hearing brand new video from the body camera of derek chauvin and we hear for the first time chauvin talking about why he did what he did saying, and i'm quoting here, we've got to control this guy, talking about george floyd because he's a sizable guy, and it looks like he's probably on something. we have seen much of the body camera video from the several other officers on the scene, but we have not heard that. jake? >> sara sidner covering the trial for us. let's discuss with my panel. jennifer, let me start with you.
we just saw video from derek chauvin's body camera where for the first time publicly we heart former officer explain why he restrained george floyd as sara just said. he told a witness, quote, we've got to control this guy because he's a sizable guy, and it looks like he's probably on something, unquote. as a former federal prosecutor, what's the importance of those comments? >> well, jake, what they are trying to do, of course, is to chip away at the prosecution's case that what derek chauvin did was use excessive force and was unreasonable. they are trying to put forward the case that it was reasonable because he was so big and he was potentially on something. they have a real uphill battle here, of course, seeing how long derek chauvin need on george floyd's neck and how unresponsive he was, but that's what they are trying to do. i don't think they are doing a very good job with this narrative. i think they will really have to stick to the causation as their main defense here, but that's what they are trying to do with that defense. i will say one thing that struck me from the footage we saw today
is how calm and how unemotional derek chauvin is when he's saying this on the body cam footage a. it's really kind of chilling the way he doesn't seem to have any emotion at all about him and that's likely to backfire on the defense. i don't think the jury is going to like that absolute lack of any empathy at all to the person that he just put in the back of the ambulance. >> the emotion today. we saw one witness break down on the stand. what must it be like being on the stand reliving this or be on the jury watching it? >> well, i mean, it's heard breaking and devastating, and i think, you know, for people who -- for a lot of people who have not been able to bring themselves to look at that video. i talk to people who say i've heard about it. i understand what it is. i don't want to look at it myself, or i saw it last year. i never want to see it again, so the people who are actually there and have their own traumatic memories of that, then they have seen the video and now they are seeing new video, and
there's nowhere to run. there's nowhere to himptde. you can't hit pause. this is realtime in front of the whole world and if this doesn't crack through your armor there's something wrong with you, and that's why the officer's conduct is so shocking and so appalling because people are seeing, you know, something they can't even watch it thirdhand on a video without crying, without being emotional, and yet this officer the entire time he never showed any emotion, any empathy. they was nonchalant and he was killing someone the whole time and people were telling him. they said you're killing this man. the man says you're killing me and there's no emotion from this officer and every human being on the plan wet a functioning brainstem is moved by the video and by the testimony. >> as you noted, jennifer, the defense is likely going to lean dwight a bit on the hennepin county medical examiner saying that the reason george floyd
died was because of pre-existing conditions and his drug -- the drugs in his system as opposed to a police officer kneeling on his neck for nine and a half minutes. is there any risk at all in the prosecution bringing all these emotional testimonies forward? it's obviously devastating from -- on an emotional point -- from an emotional point of view, but the defense is going to say this isn't about emotion, it's about facts, and the facts are this is what the hennepin county medical examiner said. >> well, when that -- when this trial shifts to that issue, to the causationish euric the prosecution will shift as well. you know, they won't any longer be calling these bistanders who were testifying about what they saw. they will be calling the medical experts, too, so everyone is going to kind of shift into the mode of let's talk science here. let's talk about what actually caused the death of george floyd, but, remember, the prosecution only has to show that the kneeling on the neck was a substantial factor,
substantial causation factor so they don't have to show that there weren't any other potential issues that went into the cause of death so it's not as high a standard as it might be, so i do think that they still have a good case, but you're right. it will be less emotional once we shift to the second part of the case. >> and van jones, that witness acknowledged that based on his interactions, the witness that worked at the store, based on his interactions with george floyd he believed that george floyd was on drugs to a degree, but he was also able to have many conversations with him. this seems to be the prosecution trying to blunt the argument by the defense that drugs in george friday's system accounted for his -- not only his behavior and the reason that the officers had to restrain him but also his death. >> well, the reality is there are a lot of people in our country that use a lot of stuff. people are smoking. they are drinking.
they are uponing pills. i mean, we have an addicted society, and yet that's not a capital crime, using a controlled substance in the united states is not a death sentence, and many people who are watching have used controlled substances, even within the past week. that's not a capital crime. this's a standard in our country called excessive force. if you use more force than is necessary to effect an arrest that's an excessive use of force, it's completely inconceivable. listen, he was fighting back. nobody argues with that. he was resisting. nobody argues with that but once you have him on the ground and he's handcuffed he's under control at that point, he can't do anything, and do you not have to continue to strangle him. yes, he -- he was -- he was apparently on; but it was no reason for him to die that day. >> and the jurors can think to themselves the last time i had three martinis, if somebody need on my neck for nine and a half
minutes would that be because of the knee or because of the martinis? >> coming up soon, president biden bringing to you his massive infrastructure package. and how well does one of the covid vaccines work in minors? that's next. stay with us. -free life. honey, i'm home! honey! scuff defense. i love our scuff-free life. behr ultra scuff defense. exclusively at the home depot. as carla wonders if she can retire sooner, she'll revisit her plan with fidelity. and with a scenario that makes it a possibility, she'll enjoy her dream right now. that's the planning effect, from fidelity.
any moment now we expect to hear from president biden speaking in pittsburgh unveiling his infrastructure plan. when he comes to the microphones, we'll bring that to you live, but until then let's talk about our health lead. there is good news on the vaccine front. pfizer trial data shows that its vaccine is 100% effective in preventing severe coronavirus ill necessary in children ages 12 to 15. on the other hand, coronavirus cases are up 25% nationally since last week in the u.s. deaths are up 6% in the u.s. hospitalizations are up
slightly, less than 1% since last week. the dean of brown university school of public health joins me now. if pfizer gets emergency use authorization to use the vaccine on kids ages 12 to 15, how will that impact getting kids back to in-person classes? >> yeah, jake. thanks for having me on. look, i don't think it's a necessary feature. i know we can get kids back to school safely without it, but it will certainly add more confidence and it's good for the kids to get vaccinated so i expect that a lot of 12 to 15-year-olds will start getting vaccinated probably june, possibly earlier just depending on when the fda can review this data. >> so i have a 13-year-old daughter, good for her, but what about my 11-year-old senator what does this mean for the kids under the age of 12? >> yeah. i have kids 12-15 and kids under that, same issue. i think kids under 12 we're waiting a little bit longer. we just don't have the data yet, and my sense is we won't until at least the end of the summer
and maybe the fall so for kids under 12 we'll have to wait a while. obviously we could get lucky and see data before then, but we'll have to let the data drive that. >> but as you note you don't need all the kids to be vaccinated to open the schools safely. because of the high efficacy do you think schools nonetheless will require children to be vaccinated before they can resume in-person classes? >> yeah, this is an ongoing debate. i think i can imagine that once vaccines are available for all children that that could become one of the many vaccines that schools require. there's certainly nothing against it. what i don't want to do is see somehow that this is a minimum requirement in order to get kids back in, but once kids are back and vaccines are available and authorized for young children, i can see this becoming part of the routine vaccination schedule. >> overall in the u.s. we should note, even though there is good news on the vaccine front, cases are up 25% since last week, deaths up 6% and hospitalizations slightly up,
less than 1%. this must concern you. >> it does. it does, and in some ways it's really predictable, jake. you know, for about a month and a half, two months we've been saying that in the second half of march we expect that b-117 the variant from the uk to become dominant. it's now dominant. it's spreading across the country. it's much more contagious, and i think that's a major reason why we're seeing the increase. of course, states relaxing their public health measures is not helping at all. our vaccinations are going great, but not enough to keep up with the b-117 variant. >> delta airlines said they will start selling the middle seats beginning may 1st. before that they didn't sell them so people could be apart. do you think we'll in a good enough place by may that this won't be an issue, or is this perhaps jumping the gun? >> it feels a little early to me. i think by may 1st most high-risk people should be vaccinated but given what you just said about case numbers and
where we'll be throughout april i would feel more comfortable if it were later in may but no doubt about it. but certainly by june, most adults who want a vaccine will have one and we will be in much, much better shape, maybe by may, but it feels a bit more risky. >> the cdc just announced that covid-19 was the third leading cause of death in the united states behind only heart disease and cancer. the u.s. death rate increased by about 16% from 2019 to 2020. is this in line with what you might expect? >> it is. it's actually quite shocking. nothing ever makes it into that kind of list as heart disease and cancer, but it just tells you what a horrible toll this disease had on the american population last year, and the fact, that you know, so many more americans died than would in a typical year really adds to that, so not surprising but, of course, very upsetting. >> so many more than needed to die based on what dr. birx told
sanjay a few nights ago in terms of the mitigation measures not taken by the former president and his administration. doctor, thanks for your time. at any moment we expect president biden to step up to the microphones in pittsburgh and he'll up veil his next major legislative priority. it will be the first of two parts of what his administration is calling the american jobs plan. this is a transportation specifically $2 trillion over eight years, transportation and infrastructure push, one that the administration says will also help address the climate cries kiss and the racial inequality in transportation and infrastructure. cnn's phil mattingly is traveling with president biden in pittsburgh in the great commonwealth of pennsylvania. phil, what exactly is in the proposal, and how does president biden intend to pay for it? >> yeah, jake, i think the most notable thing, and you'll heart president really lay this out when he speaks to the country is not just the scale in terms of
the policy. obviously $3.25 trillion is quite large but the scale of the ambitions of the administration. when you break through this proposal or get into this proposal, yes, physical infrastructure is a key component, $621 million to repair roads, bridges, waterways and ports and there's almost more than $500 billion in the proposal for research and development. more than $100 billion for water infrastructure as well. more than $300 billion for things like school infrastructure. you put all of these pieces together. there's also elements of climate agenda items that the biden administration has wanted to push forward directing funds to disadvantaged communities and other equity being a key piece of what the administration is focused on, all coming into a single proposal and one administration officials make very clear, jake, that they don't plan to pear back as they move forward through the negotiations process. paying for this plan will be one of the biggest sticking points with republicans on capitol hill. what the biden administration is proposing and that the president
will lay out is pay for the entire plan over the course of 15 years and largely they will do that by rolling back key components of former president trump's tax cuts, a global minimum max from 13% to 21% and the corporate tax will go up to 28%. the administration makes very clear. this is the first step. negotiations are to come, but it's very large and ambitious, jake. >> and if i know congress, half as well as you do, phil, it -- it's not going to be passed by next week. this is going to be a process. >> yeah, and i think that's something to keep in mind. you know, you watch what occurred with the american rescue planning the $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief package. that moved through largely exactly how the president presented it, and it moved through relatively quickly. now there's no republican support, but i think it was a cleaner process than even some of the most optimistic white house officials believe. this is not that uncertain, very different process. be expect this to take months.
expect key elements of what the president proposes today, what he proposes in the second half of his plan in april to be changed significantly. you're talking about energy policy. you're talking about tax policy. these are some of the thorn yecht issues that congress deals with any time let alone in a package this immense. the thing everyone is keeping an eye on. republicans have made it clear they are opposed to tax increases and biden officials will reach out to republicans, will reach out to key republicans and falloon do so more in the coming days. president biden spoke to minority leader mitch mcconnell last night but administration officials don't expect republican support given how they are raising revenue. they will be extremely reliant on democrat inunity. very slim margins in the house hand no margin for error in the u.s. senate and democrats that have very different ideas about what they want in this package. we'll seen progressive democrats say it's not large enough so they will be dealing with that
as well as moderates. it's going to be a long process, jake. >> phil mattingly, thanks so much. we'll squeeze in a quick break as we wait for president biden to step to the microphone and lay out his enormous infrastructure plan at any moment. don't go anywhere. we'll be right back. ♪ limu emu & doug ♪ liberty mutual customizes your car insurance so you only pay for what you need. thank you! hey, hey, no, no limu, no limu! only pay for what you need. ♪ liberty. liberty. liberty. liberty. ♪ we started with computers. we didn't stop at computers. we didn't stop at storage or cloud. we kept going. working with our customers to enable the kind of technology that can guide an astronaut back to safety. and help make a hospital come to you, instead of you going to it.
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that this is going to be all about the economy for the american people specifically and that the rest of his agenda is tied up in how people feel about their households, about their futures, about their finances, and when you look at this bill it's obviously not just infrastructure. it has a lot of major sort of long-term human capital priorities in there to the extent that you're even hearing from some moderates that they view this as kind of a down payment on some of these bigger things like climate change, like changing the way that we deal with people who care for loved ones at home or children at home. these are big progressive priorities they are trying to tackle in this bill. it's a big swing for the biden administration and we'll see if they are actually to land it. i mean, i don't know -- i think the politics of it, how this is going to work out with moderates, certainly republicans are already pushing back hard.
>> this young the transportation secretary pete buttigieg told me that this is a jobs plan with what he called climate benefits. he said you can't separate climate infrastructure from a. if you're going to be doing this, you need to make sure it's green. but there are republicans on capitol hill who don't want to even hear the word green. >> right. right. climate and environmental policy have always been a contentious political issue on capitol hill and, you know, republicans are planning on opposing this package for a litany of reasons. probably the biggest reason are the tax increases that the president is about to lay out as part of his proposal to pay for that $2.25 trillion package, but the fact that it emphasizes so much on climate change, on the greening of the economy, it's another reason that republicans will be kind of reticent to latch on to this proposal, but it certainly, as abe mentioned, really makes deep investments in climate and really shifting kind of the american landscape to a more renewable, to a more sustainable path, and i think
even just one detail that's really illustrative of that, i believe the plan spends about $174 billion for -- to invest in electric vehicles, to try to have half a million charging stations for electric cars in ten years so you really do see how they methodically thought through how to take all pieces of classic infrastructure, roads, bridges and other projects and really focus on the environmental impact of these projects now and into the future. >> all right. we're going to squeeze in one more quick break as we wait for president biden to step to the lectern there. we'll be right back. stay with us.
and we're standing by for president biden to speak in pittsburgh. he's going to lay out his $2.25 trillion infrastructure plan. he's coming out right now. let's listen in. >> good afternoon, and welcome to pens, mr. president. my name is mike fury and i'm a senior line worker and a proud member of the international brotherhood of electrical workers local 29 right here in pittsburgh from. day one of this pandemic, me hand my co-workers have been on the front lines. it's my job. there's no working from home. we've kept the lights on and power running in the communities throughout western pensens p.every day i deal with our electrical grid so i know how critical infrastructure is to our communities. that's why i'm so excited about
eyeden's build back better plan. everybody agrees we need to modernize our roads, bridges, power grids, airports and railroads, that we need to invest in new energy technologies and american-made manufacturing, but what president biden is proposing isn't just an investment in infrastructure, it's an investment in good union jobs. it's an investment in good schools and strong communities. it's an investment in the future, so many forgotten in america. my brother teaches just north of here, the same high school we both went to. the kind of investment that joe biden is talking about would mean so much to his school and to his students both now and in the years to come. for example, president biden proposed a massive expansion of high-speed broadband and that's critical to the health of so many towns in this area. i've got two little kids at home myself and i don't want to see them leave the area or even the state to find opportunities. the build back better plan is
directed at communities like mine. it's about opening up opportunities, revitalizing local businesses and creating jobs. for decades pennsylvania was a global leader in manufacturing and good union jobs. it can be that way again. as president biden has a soiled plan to make that happen. i also don't want my kids growing up in a world where the threat of climate change hangs over their heads. that means investing in electrical vehicle charging infrastructures and all forms of clean power technology so we can slash carbon emissions and create tens of thousands of green energy jobs. union jobs and that's exactly what president biden is proposing. here's another reason i'm so excited about this. i'm 100% a union guy. it is in my blood. the union changed my life and it gave me opportunities i never could have dreamed of. being a line worker isn't always easy but thanks to my union, i enjoy a great paycheck, strong health and retirement benefits and a voice on the job.
here's who else is a union guy, joe biden, and he said again and again unions built the middle class. that's why his plan supports collective bargaining rights. it supports a living wage and making sure the taxpayer money goes to supporting american-made manufacturing. the men and women of the ibew are ready to get to work rebuilding our infrastructure, retooling our plants and revitalizing our communities and the middle class. we're ready to build america back better so it is my pleasure and it is my honor to introduce the president of the united states, joe biden.
[ applause ] >> thank you. mike asked me and i say to my good friend, he asked me back there. he said do you ever get nervous and i got up this morning and made breakfast for my kids. i've got to introduce the president, and what i say to you, my, you did a heck of a job, but i'd get nervous if i had to get up in the middle of the night, climb up a telephone pole, replace in the middle of a storm a connection that knocked out everybody's electricity and put a transformer in. that's what would make me nervous so what you did was really good. i couldn't do what you do, pal. i don't do what you do, and -- and i want to -- and it is true, mike. you're a union guy, me, too. i got in trouble, but i don't
make any apologies for it. i'm a union guy. i support unions. unions built middle class. it's about time they start to get a piece of the action. to all my colleagues -- [ applause ] from the county executives and mayor and everyone who is here i want to say thank you. thank you, congressmen, for the -- for the passport in your district and i appreciate you being here. i'm honored to be with you. two years ago i began my campaign here in pittsburgh saying i was running to rebuild the backbone of america, and today i return as your president to lay out the vision of how i believe we do that, rebuild the backbone of america. it's a vision not seen through the eyes of wall street or washington but through the eyes of hard working people, like the people i grew up with, people like mike and his union family,
union workers, carpenters training center, people like the folks i grew up with in scranton and claremont, delaware, people who get up every day, work hard, raise their family, pay their taxes, serve their country and volunteer for their communities and just are looking for a little bit of breathing room, just a little bit of light. ordinary americans doing extraordinary things, people who break their next every day for their families and the country they love, a country that in fact which on the day i was elected was in extreme distress with the virus on a deadly rampage. it has now killed over 4,000 -- excuse me -- i carry it in my pocket every day. i have the lives exactly how many have died.
547,296 americans dead from the virus. more than all the people killed in world war i, world war ii, the vietnam war, 9/11, 547,296 americans, and an economy that left millions out of work and created so much anxiety. that's why i moved so quickly to pass the american rescue plan with the help of my friends here in the congress. i really mean that. it didn't pass with a whole lot but with the leadership of conor and bone and -- you got it done. because it was an emergency. because we needed to act to save jobs, to save businesses, to save lives, and that's what we did.
we're beginning to see the results. we're on our way to having given 200 million vaccination shots in the first 100 days of my presidency. when i said i'd get 100 million done, people thought it was a significant exage rampingts. we're going to get 200 million done, twice the original goal because of all the help from you. leading economists are now predict our economy will grow 6% this year. that's a rate we haven't seen in years and years. we can cut child poverty in half this year. with the american rescue plan, we're meeting immediate emergencies. now it's time to rebuild. even before the crisis we're now facing those at the very top in america were doing very well which is fine. they were doing great, but
everyone else was falling behind. the pandemic only made the divisions so much worse and more obvious. millions of americans lost their jobs last year. while the wealthiest 1% of americans saw their net worth increase by $4 trillion. just goes to show you how distorted and unfair our economy has become. it wasn't always this way. well, it's time to change that. i know parenthetically that i got criticized for giving tax breaks to middle class and poor folks this last time. and i didn't hear the hue and cry when we were doing the same thing. 83% of the money went to the top 1%. you know, this is not to target
those who made it, not to secret abuse. it was opening opportunities for everybody else, and here's the truth. we all will do better when we all do well. it's time to build our economy from the bottom up and from the middle out, not the top down. it hasn't worked very well. for the economy overall it hanes worked because wall street didn't build this country. you, great middle country built this country, and unions built the middle class, and it's time -- this time we'll rebuild the middle class, we'll bring everybody along regardless of your background, your color, your religion. everybody gets to come along. so today i'm proposing a plan for the nation that rewards work
not just rewards wealth. it builds a fair economy that gives everybody a chance to succeed, and it's going to create the strongest most resilient innovative economy in the world. it's not a plan that tinkers around the edges. it's a once in a generation investment in america, unlike anything we've seen or done since we built the interstate highway system and the space race decades ago. in fact, it's the largest american jobs investment since world war ii. it will create millions of jobs, good-paying jobs, growth economy, make us more competitive around the world, promote our national security interests and put us in a position to win the global competition with china in the upcoming years. it's big, yes. it's bold, yes, and we can get it done.
it has two parts, the american jobs plan and the american families plan. both are essential to our economic future, and in a few weeks i'll talk about the american family plan, but today i want to talk about the american jobs plan. i'll begin with the heart of the planning. it modernizes transportation infrastructure. our roads, our bridges, our airports, i just left your airport. the director of the airport said we're about to renovate the airport. is that right, mr. county executive? we're going to employ thousands of people. and she looked at me and said i can't thank you enough for this plan. it grows the economy in key ways. it puts people to work to repair and upgrade that we badly need. it makes it easier and more efficient to move goods to get
to work and to make us more competitive around the world. some of your local officials know when someone wants to come in the area and a company wants to invest, what do they ask? where's the first railbed? how can i get to the railroad? what access to the interstate do i have? what's the water like? tell me about it. it goes on and on. it's about infrastructure. the american jobs plan will modernize 20,000 miles of highway, roads and main streets that are in difficult, difficult shape right now. it will fix the nation's ten most economically significant bridges in america that require replacement. remember that bridge that went down? we've got ten most economically significant bridges with more commerce going across it that need to be replaced. we'll also repair 10,000
bridges, desperately needed upgrades to unclog traffic, keep people safe and connect our cities, towns and tribes across the country. the the american jobs plan will build new rail is cars and transit lines,'s congestion, cutting pollution and slashing commute times and opening up investment in communities that can be connected to the cities and cities to the outskirts where a lot of jobs are these days. it will reduce the bottle next of commerce at our ports and our airports. the american jobs plan will lead to a transformational progress in order to tackle climate change with american jobs and mesh ingenuity, protect our community from billions of dollars of damage from historic superstorms, floods, wildfires, draughts, year after year by making our infrastructure more secure and resilient and seizing incredible opportunities for
american workers and american farmers in a clean energy future. skilled workers like one we just heard from building the nationwide network of 500,000 charging station, creating good-paying jobs by leading the world in the manufacturing and the export of clean electric cars and trucks. we're going to provide tax incentives and point of sale rebates to help all american families afford clean vehicles of the future. the federal government owns an ein enormous fleet of vehicle which will be key in transition for hydrogen vehicles, electric vehicles, right here in the united states of america, by american workers with american products. we'll make all of these investments, we're going to make sure as the executive order i signed early on that we buy
american. that means investing in american-based companies and american workers. not a contract will go out that i control that will not go to a company that is an american company with american products all the way down the line and american workers. we'll buy the goods from all of america, communities historically that have been left out of these investment, black, latino, native american, rural, small businesses, entrepreneurs across the country. look, today up to 10 million homes in america and more than 400,000 schools and child care centers have pipes that they get their water from, pipes that are lead-based pipes, including pipes for drinking water. according to scientists, there
is simply no safe exposure to lead for a child. it can slow development. and hearing problems. american jobs plan will put plumbers and pipe fitters to work replacing 100% of the nation's lead pipes and service lines, so every american, every child can turn on a faucet or a fountain and drink clean water. with these $5,000 investment replacing a line that can mean up to $22,000 in health care costs saved. a chance to protect our children and help them learn and thrive. we can't delay. we can't delay another minute. it's long past due. you know, in america where the
early interest was in internet, this thing called the internet that we invested -- that we invented the early, the early internet. it was invented here. millions of americans though lack access to reliable high speed internet, including more than 35% of rural america. it's a disparity even more pronounced during this pandemic. american jobs, we'll make sure that every single, every single american has access to high quality, affordable high speed internet for businesses, for schools, and when i say affordable, i mean it. americans pay too much for internet service. we're going to drive down the price for families who have service now and make it easier for families who don't have affordable service to be able to get it now. as you saw in texas and
elsewhere, our electrical power and power grids are vulnerable to storms, catastrophic failures and security lapses with tragic results. my american jobs plan will put hundreds of thousand of people to work, hundreds of thousands of people to work, line workers, electricians, laborers, laying thousand of miles of transmission line, building a modern resilient and fully clean grid, and capping hundreds of thousands of oil -- literally orphan oil and gas wells that need to be cleaned up because they are abandoned, paying the same exact rate this a union man or woman would get having dug that well in the first place. we'll build, upgrade and weatherize affordable energy-efficient housing in commercial buildings for millions of americans. even before the pandemic, millions of working families
faced enormous financial and personal strain trying to raise their kids and care for their parents at the same time, the so-called sandwich generation or family members with disabilities. got a child at home. you can't stay home from work to take care of that child unless you lose your -- either the child is at risk or you lose your job our have an elderly parent that you're taking care of, and seniors and people with disabilities living independently feel that strain as well but we know if they can remain independently living they live longer. american jobs plan is going to help in big ways. it's going to extend access to quality affordable home community-based care. think of expanded vital services like programs for seniors or think of home care workers going into holmes seniors and people with disabilities cooking meals, helping them get around their homes and helping them be able to live more independently.
for too long caregivers who were disproportionately women and women of color and immigrants. this plan along with the american families plan changes that with better wages and millions of opportunities for people who will able to get to work in an economy that works for them. decades ago the united states government used to spend 2% of its gdp, its gross domestic product on research and development. today we spend less than 1%. i think it's .7 of 1%. here's why that matters. we're one of only a few major economies in the world who has a share of gdp has declined constantly over the last 25 years, and we've fallen back. the rest world is closing in in
and closing in fast. we can't allow this to continue. american jobs plan is the biggest increase in our federal non-defense research and development spending on record. it's going to boost america's innovative edge in markets where global leadership is up for grabs, markets likes battery technology, biotechnology, computer chips, clean energy and competition with china in particular. critics say we shouldn't spend this money. they ask what do we get out of it? well, they said the same thing when we first flew into space for the first time. they said the same thing. well, pushing the frontiers led to big benefits back home. when nasa created apollo's digital flight control system, unheard of at the time, it led to technologies that help us today to drive our cars and fly our planes. when nasa invented ways to keep
food safe for the astronauts, it led to programs that had been used for decades to keep foods safe in supermarkets. at least 2,000 products and services have been and commercialized as a result of american space exploration. gps has helped us find each other. computer chips allows you to see and talk to one another, even when we're separated by mountains and oceans, singing happy birthday and watching the first steps that have new baby grandchild, comforting each other when comfort is needed. think about what it means to you and your loved ones. we just have to imagine again. i had a long discussion with xi jinping, the levered china when he called to congratulate me. we spent two hours on the phone. and he said he was astonished by the nasa security team and the china experts were on the line. he said you've always said,
mr. president, that you can define america in one word, possibilities. that's who we are. in america anything is possible, like what we did with the vaccines a decade ago that laid the foundation for covid-19 vaccines we had today, like we did when interstate highway system that transformed the way we traveled, lived, worked and developed. americans could visit relatives anywhere in the country with just a family stags wagon. businesses here in pittsburgh could load up a truck and get a product to portland or phoenix to. this day about quarter of all the miles americans drive each year on one of those very original highways, imagine what we can do, what's within our reach if we modernize those highways. you and your family can travel coast to coast without a single
tank of gas on a high speed trained and have affordable high speed internet wherever you live. imagine knowing that you're hanning your children and grandchildren a country that will lead the world in producing clean energy technology and will need to address one of the biggest threats of our time. that's what we'll do. altogether with the american rescue plan, the proposal i put forward will create millions of jobs estimated by some wall street outfits of 18 million jobs over four years, good paying jobs. it also works to level the playing field with power workers and ensure that the new jobs are good jobs, that you can raise a family on and ensure free and fair choice to organize and bargain collectively. that's why my plan asks congress to pass the protecting the right to organize act, the pro act and send it to my desk. this plan is important, not only for what hand how it builds, but