tv Hearing on the Global Zika Virus Outbreak CSPAN February 24, 2016 11:25pm-12:53am EST
they might not like it, but they feel that we need a place outside the law comeau we need torture. i ask you, my feeling is always been that we don't and ultimately it hurts us. much better off and stronger by sticking to our principles. from a security standpoint those people in the country think we need a little torture. i like this place we can put muslims were there is no law. we got to address that issue i think it is the wrong issue. >> sorry.sorry. don't you think torture is kind of underlying everything? that was my conclusion. torture is why the prosecution is not able to really go forward.
that's why just as a person as an observer, it's why the place is so deeply uncomfortable. it is the original shame, crime that happens there. this terrible thing. >> not so much that it happened there. but it is that it happened in a way that effectiveness cases. that is in every case, the symbol of how far can go. i do think they are connected. the thing about guantánamo way trying these guys some of the reasons because the
evidence was gained by torture. >> some of it is the case that they just don't have evidence. >> we might suspect from a little bit. >> they don't think there criminals. they don't think they are guilty. they are war criminals. >> and lightness. >> is been happy. now we're going to go to questions. so and to talk a little bit about -- you don't have to expand, but a lot of the things we talk about here, and i want to know and the national security council with these kinds of issues raised for the detainees thought about in terms of
who they are and was it just considered so intractable all was the discussion narrowed for the purpose of practicality? >> it's a good question. the individual detainee level, folks who represent the detainees white house officials. something we are focused on. trying to transfer people out. it is true one of the reasons the president wants to close guantánamo, for
the momentum that clearly they decided there are clearly going to try to regain. we're in a period with 16 people left but in the administration's view where did it go off the rails? >> i don't work for the administration and so i can answer that question is connected in your view. [laughter] >> where did it go? >> early. some people have said not guantanamo related the first serious interrupted attacks
in the first 11 months with obamacare in a sense the 11. in that period of time but that happened in such a profound way. we have both interviewed a lot of people with this. oh what had been done prior to that period of time. without knowing the information that we had collected. >> but when they open the files i do think they were shocked how reliable the information. there was a decision made
around with the unabomber than lung don't -- with the honorable over the there was a case that the torch the circuit is essentially reached to say that continues to hold more than the government say so. even if realism the district court the we will prevail at this circuit which has happened. with the gradual turning away from the military commission then by 2011 basically you are back in
congress to fill a void. >> there were arguing these cases in the circuit court. >> when i started off the discussions one of the things that the president could decide to do from the very beginning was not contest the litigation. >> people we're going to yell and the after words because they didn't give them a chance. [laughter] this is nine seats bin so speak quickly in and make it a question.
>> this isn't a a criticism but you sorts of repeated something that was fact as i provide a different scenario with of legal resistance to the conditions that rather then defense lawyers coming up with their resistance to litigating torture they let the little -- the lawyers litigate torture with the
best institutional memory even though they're not directly involved but how many times whiff of pressing a button with the classification procedures all of that by the government. and not by the defense? >> thanks for the comments. this is at the point where i had the opportunity to serve in the white house as to not swell cavity specific comments. >> with get ago to be
appreciate that. the idea of us of cruel and unusual punishment and we know that people have been proven innocent to say the process must go on and. so i am wondering if this is really out there? is this just happens to be with the island of cuba. >> so any artificial idea is crazy a base we control
completely for over 100 years for all practical purposes we cannot give an excuse for violating our fundamental laws. it is so reprehensible even if we close guantanamo it is still on the books. and i did have a question but it is extraordinary that the administration that says it wants to close long tunnel from the d.c. circuit opinions to say those laws don't apply with a presumption of accuracy that everybody knows why do we tell the justice department to stop imposing these
cases? >> i will not answer a different question but i will give you the and satisfactory answer. whether we have this conversation i cannot confirm one way or another with ongoing litigation with the justice department i would refer your question to them. >> the fact the new station was to move these people to u.s. soil that they think it is legitimate. we would disagree on this with whole "house of cards" to fall down with this paradigm for al qaeda on u.s. soil so they believe it is legal in legitimate.
they would not try to do that here they did not believe that. >> why do say that? >> you think they bring them here to implode the old doctrine? >> i don't know how they think first of all, truly allowances best -- suspicion into evidence. that is something you can challenge in court. i don't believe they believe that. i really don't. >> actually it is amazing and i find it fascinating that i think a lot of
lawyers talked this way and i find it interesting that the question is what has happened to the criminal-justice system over 9/11? have we lost ground permanently or is it an aberration in? the debate you're having to me we should think long and hard. >> tom mentioned earlier that the government is opposing so one is the force feeding videos of the goal is to close guantanamo then why have that which may spark a public outcry against them? >> i think ed is the issue
of detainee treatments. if you talk about complaining about once access the of reason you have that experience is because it is what the government has been fighting. so that is one of the biggest problems the opacity of what comes to the government or the military what the goal is because they would not give you any room to maneuver. synecdoche is irresponsible. [laughter] >> bid is an important
>> we will take two more. >> one second to. >> there are planes buzzing over my house. >> talk to me afterwards about that. thank you. >> talking about high-stakes issues with that treatment with information. and rikers island in the way they handle it out there it is like the middle ages. and people who are in detention and.
updated to direct attention to that as well and now he will focus on in belvedere very quick. >> you are talking about what to be done within the law. we have gone into washington's anniversary with a civil disobedience actions to try and pay attention to this matter church -- this matter. >> it is very few people unfortunately and i imagine
the california able at guantanamo, what might that look like if move to the mainland? >> so it is the prison the reporters are not allowed to go. we were told it is the secret of how much to build it. the men who were held in disappeared between 2002 isn't 2006 it is the prison within the prison at guantanamo maximum-security prison where because of what happened to them they are considered to to be classified human beings because they go state secrets like where they were
held there was done to them. it is sad maximum-security not by virtue of what they have done half of them have never been charged with crimes. or their behavior because they are highly compliant but because they need to be segregated so then dryad nt expectations? the answer is no. after their experience is considered classified and
then will control the access. and look something very much like kampf for. pows style where people could live together a and eat together and pray together then something like maximum-security of those individual premiers with solitary confinement. then we have another place you could look at the superstructure and how they would duplicate all three. so we could probably talking in a general sense if you thank you have any more contact when you have now?
>> with transeven and those clients i cannot talk about. [laughter] >> so nobody can talk. >> i want to know how much it cost. >> so if those comments that you want to reflect on that moseley which is one year from now? >> i doubt it because of the pace with which it is moving. in my concluding comment is more. you assume guantanamo canby duplicated where the law applies.
i do worry the way it exists now people held in guantanamo they have no due process i worry about that continuing is the system we need to shut down and they do have faith that people will not be held on the basis of suspicion or false information. in that is what america stands for spirit that people the only other thought to that would be made at the outset is maybe
take my word bed when i went to work every day trying to violate the law to perpetuate because i believe in the constitution and national security and went to work every day to fix this problem there are a legacy issues. it is a hard problem. these people willy-nilly who might be dangerous on the other hand, you don't want to keep them any longer than necessary. you want to go as quickly as you can.
i do take the president where it is personally it is a priority but whether he succeeds i will confess and with those decisions made to a closing guantanamo. and understand why a huge window she continues to mitigate. panera some policy changes but i have to remain hopeful those best changes will come quickly.
problems with the accountability. why the pass is important then it continues to perpetuate. in that a whole narrative about terrorism needs to be changed. >> i know how we get there. those said aragon before they go home. i have heard lots of ideas the only way that happens is akin closed at a detention
>> next a house hearing on the federal response to the zika virus and efforts to prevent further transmission in oversight and government reform subcommittee heard from florida's health secretary represents from the centers for disease control, the national institute of allergy and infectious diseases and the u.s. olympic committee. this hearing is an hour and 25 minutes.
transportation and public access to order. this is the subcommittee of the committee on oversight and government reform. today we are conducting a hearing on the zika virus and we are looking at the coordination of them all the agency responds to that virus. very pleased to have everyone join us today. the order of this list will be as follows. we will have opening statements and i should also mention ms. duckworth is here and other members are joining us and we will then hear from our witnesses and from the witnesses we will hear your testimony and then we will go into questions. that will be the order of business so without objection
the chair is authorized to declare recess at any time and i will start with my opening statement and then i will yield. again i want to thank everyone for attending. there are probably some people that didn't want us to hold this hearing but i think it's very necessary that we do conduct it. the zika virus is probably one of the more difficult health challenges the nation and the world have faced probably since the bali -- ebola crisis and unlike that particular crisis we have very good news to report in this hearing and the purpose of the hearing is also to hear from some of those involved in making certain that the public health welfare and safety is preserved while they face this possible
epidemic and i might say this is not just facing the united states, it's facing the world so it has spread and again we now have crossed many continents and we have international events like the olympics this summer in brazil. we want to make certain that american travelers there are protected and i might sail so we have american personnel throughout the infected area in the world who it's our responsibility to make sure that they are safe and secure. many of them are serving in diplomatic posts for the military and others that want to make certain that those individuals we are responsible for are also protected. i am pleased with the world health organization. you have heard me from this dais raised some serious questions
during ebola that they did not ask to alert the public and declare the seriousness of ebola at the time. that is not the case here. they have acted and they have been proactive. i'm also pleased that we have had a very good response both from the federal level, the state level and other agencies in government and we need to keep it that way. we need to keep it going forward. today the purpose of this hearing is to see where we are, what we have done and where we need to go and how we can keep this under control. i'm very pleased to have a representative from my state. governor scott and others and we have our surgeon general of florida with us and we will hear from nih. they have done a great job,
center for disease control we will hear where they are and get an opportunity to get an update on a great world events which we are looking at in brazil later this year. right now and i want is make this very clear. there has been no detect good zika infections insect or mosquito in the united states of america, no transmission that i am aware of. most of what we have found so far are individuals who have traveled somewhere else and come into the united states. this isn't the united states problem. in fact right now we have the charge we can show later. i think as far as wisconsin in the united states and the 23 states that have now had cases
where they have determined that someone was infected with the zika virus, so we don't have that infection from mosquitoes in the united states but we do have people coming from outside who have been infected with the disease. so we still have a long way to go in the detection process and we don't have a vaccination available. we don't know all the connections and we will have questions about where we are going to look at how we can go after the disease for vaccination or for treatment. the numbers that we have seen so far are again somewhat limited in the united states but again getting a head start on it.
in florida we have had 28 cases and two of my counties with a single case. i just had lunch with the local health director and i thought that was very informative because i wanted to hear from him how things that we are doing here have filtered down to the local level. i will say that report is also good. they do face challenges. i want to make certain that they have the test kits available. they want to make certain that the testing is available. they want to know where to go next and some of that has been provided. the state of florida acted in early february. the governor and others, and they have been in close contact with the local officials which i think is extremely important. there are some simple things that can be done and we know
when they're using insecticides and using mosquito repellent, staying in air-conditioned locations and back again is where people are getting the infection but if we do have a problem in the united states we want to make certain that people are aware of the risk that they face in the simple solutions despite mosquitoes that we have from coast to coast and from border to border. while the cdc remains hesitant to confirm some of the links we will hear more good experts are -- the most notable at risk are women and pregnant women. they seem to be fairly certain of a link there and we will find
out more about that another possible links to individuals that may cause serious health damage. the administration i spoke with at 3:00 in the morning. i have this folder. i got up at 3:00 and finished it last night. last week the president sent a communication to the members of congress asking for 1.8 billion dollars request or emergency action. i also read where mr. rogers era chairman of appropriations said we had to have almost the exact amount left over from ebola and the possibility of using that. i want to make certain that the funds are available particularly further research for finding out anything that can stop this either with a mosquito or keep
people safe with possible vaccination wherever we are going to go but that also needs funding asap and we want to make certain that those funds are available. i have some questions about the money because money usually solves most of our problems. the situation is rapidly developing and changing and americans have concerns but they need to know that their government at each level, federal, state and local are making certain that the challenge is being met and ensure the public that we are all receiving the latest information and coordinating in good fashion so that we can do the best. the united states is fortunate we have the worlds most advanced health care system in the united states.
it's impressive and want to keep it that way and make certain that we are well coordinated and we use common sense and we will be able to contain the spread of this virus and a well-equipped for any future threats. so i looked over to hearing from the panel. i welcome our witnesses. i would like to turn to the gentlelady from illinois missed duckworth for opening comments. so i comments. submit fake user churn and thank you to our expert witnesses for being here today. this hearing is an important opportunity to examine the effectiveness of our current efforts to combat the zika virus and to ensure the interagency response is sufficiently coordinated. there've been 82 reported cases of zika in the essays including four in my suit on eye. travelers returning to the united states from affected countries individuals of
relationship with returning travelers. as any mother and her stay in the public's concern over the zika virus. the recent outbreak of this in brazil is shed light on disease of which most americans are not aware. as the head of this center for disease control and prevention even the scientific community there's a lack of literature examining the zika virus proportionally or public health community is working hard to change this. this is the last ceca outbreak in 2007 the cdc developed a test to test in the first week with malice. the cdc activated its emergency operations center last month in response to this latest outbreak and the world health organization doesn't need the outbreak of public health emergency of international concern. our public health system is acted quickly to increase its surveillance of diagnosis capability affected areas and to ramp up what has been limited
scientific research on this virus. i want to thank the cdc and nih for their very hard-working rapid response in this case however much work remains to be done to the can better understand the zika virus and developed proven strategies for affected individuals. ultimately to develop effective therapies and vaccines that will neutralize the threat entirely. further we must work diligently to assess every available control measure and adopt the most effective policies to prevent the virus from entering the mosquito population in the continental united states. equally important in light of what appears to be the zika virus capacity to cause severe birth defects we must provide safe effective and affordable contraception to individuals living in areas at risk for ceca transmission. this includes strengthening health care services in areas where populations are always carrying zika such as puerto rico and zika knows no
boundaries better contribution to public health efforts in central and south america are first and foremost the right thing to do. but they're also critical to controlling the spread of this disease. that's why i fully support the president's proposal for $1.9 billion in emergency funding for international response to zika appear at sympathize continued disinvestment of public health remains critical in crisis. as well as periods of calm. public health agencies are able to -- because they have built on decades of institutional knowledge capacity and lessons learned to better respond to emerging threats. the emergency service a warning that we must continue assess her for structured to defend us against this threat for the virus will surely appear in the future. until we have more answers we must remain vigilant and take
caution so we get the next generation the best chances for a full healthy life. this requires the cooperation of men and women to prevent transmission to other humans or mosquitoes in the continental united states. urge everyone to proceed with caution to protect themselves a partner's families and the community. look forward to the testimony from eyewitnesses and thank you mr. chairman for holding this hearing today. i yield back. >> thank the gentlelady and if no other members have opening statements what we will do is with unanimous consent babil told the record open for five legislative days. if you have an opening statement? we will hold the record open for five legislative days for members who would like to submit a written statement and we may be asking our witnesses questions in addition to what is done in a formal setting and they will also be made part of
the record without objection so ordered. now we welcome and recognize her panel witnesses today. i am pleased to welcome dr. and go schuchat and she is the principle deputy director of the center for disease control and prevention. dr. anthony fauci the director of the national institute of allergy and infectious diseases at the national institutes of health. welcome back doctor. dr. john armstrong is the surgeon general and secretary of health for the state of florida. we have doctors bills moreau and he is the managing director for sports medicine for the united states olympic committee. i want to welcome all of you and pursuant to the committee rules
this is an investigation in oversight subcommittee. i will ask you to stand and be sworn. raise your right hand please. you solemnly swear or affirm that the testimony you are about to get before the subcommittee of congress are the whole truth and nothing but the truth? let the record reflect the witnesses answered in the affirmative. while dr. fauci has been here before it's customary to give a five-minute statement and you have additional information or data you would like to be made part of the official record asked her the chair are members that they be included and we will do that. we will start right out. i want to welcome again the deputy director from this center
of disease control dr. ann schuchat. thank you and you recognize. >> thank you. like congresswoman duckworth and members of the subcommittee cdc and partners here and overseas are working round-the-clock to find as much as we can as quickly as we can and we are learning more every single day. to accomplish this the cdc is coordinating here at home with others across the department of health and human services including my colleague dr. fauci and we are we are working with partners across the u.s. government as well as with other parts of society to make sure that we communicate with travelers, health care providers, update travel alerts and clinical guidance developed improved mosquito control methods and coordinating internationally with the world health organization and american health organization of the ceca response. we are working directly with brazil and other nations and we
are all trying to learn more about zika and try to prevent its spread. i want to begin with three key points. this is a dynamic situation that is changing very frequent way. we are committed to share what we know when we know it and to revise and adapt to the new information. secondly emerging infections come from nature and they can be challenging to do new syndrome like this can be scary particularly for vulnerable pregnant women that we can and should do more to protect respond to prevent these infectious threats. thirdly cdc has unique decades long experience in core public health functions that are critical for this kind of response. we work on emerging disease detection, lab capacity epidemiology and surveillance, responsive partnership with state and local government and with other countries.
what are the facts? we have known about this virus for a long time but only in 2007 was the first outbreak recognize. we think the virus usually causes a mild syndrome but we have recently learned it appears to be associated with birth defects, mike are and possibly others. there may also be links to a neurologic problem. it's principally spread by mosquito it very difficult mosquito to control and that is one of our challenges. where is this going? there have farda been more than a million cases in brazil a number of countries in latin america are seeing sharp increases in the zika virus infection. we expect many travelers returning from the united states to have zika virus infections that we are doing what we can to prevent the severe complication.
that's why we issued guidance for pregnant women to avoid traveling to areas where the virus is spreading because at this time avoiding the virus and the mosquitoes that spread it is the best way to protect her pregnancy. we expect there may be a little bit of local transmission in the southern united states because the mosquito that carries this virus is resident in those communities. we don't right now expect a lot of local transmission but we need to be ready for it is one of the reasons that the florida governor did declare that emergency. we think that other countries are the place where critical information can be learned and that is why we are working side-by-side with our colleagues in brazil and colombia to learn as much as we can as quickly as we can. cdc has been very busy. as you have heard with activator merchants center to the highest level. we have got more than 500 people
working on this response not just our infectious disease experts in their insect experts but also our experts at birth defects and communication travel health. we have developed and distributed laboratory direction working with state and local health departments so that they can deploy those tests. we are working on the ground in brazil and colombia trying to uncover the mysteries of the links you are talking about. well we are doing much already ceca requires a robust all of government response as put forward in the emergency emergency zika funding request. cdc is part of that request was to provide support to puerto rico and other areas in the united states, the territories where the viruses are spreading. secondly for the rest of the u.s. where the travelers may be returning and laboratory capacity communication would be
vital as well as marching in thirdly for international partners were we to have a chance to learn as much as we can to protect americans in that way. this funding will support cdc's work and prevention detection and response. to conclude we must act quickly to address and challenge the zika virus. we are learning more everyday but there's much more to learn and much more to do and cdc will continue to work collaboratively across hhs and with congress to ensure an effective response. thank you. >> thank you for your testimony. we will now turn to doctors at at -- dr. fauci representing nih and you are recognized. smith thank you very much chairman mica ranking member tech with murmurs the committee could ought to thank you for the opportunity to discuss within the committee this morning the role of the national institute of allergy and infectious
diseases and a research component of a broader approach toward addressing the zika virus threat. the niaid the institute that i direct has a dual mandate among nih institutes. first we maintain and grow a robust basic and researched portfolio in the disciplines of microbiology infectious diseases in a few diseases however despite that long-term commitment we are also prepared in a part of our mandate to rapidly respond to new and emerging disease threats and this has been something we been doing essentially from the beginning. in fact if one takes a look at this slide it is the title of the perspective that i wrote last month for "the new england journal of medicine" and you see from the title is a zika virus in the americas yet another threat and what i was referring to us over the past couple of decades we have seen new
diseases of the virus type in the western hemisphere that we have not seen before. west nile, they need, decades ago and most recently in 2015 zika. when one looks at the role of what we do and we can go back one, the role of what we do the nih's mandate is to do basic and clinical research to provide their research resources for industry and academia with the ultimate mandate to develop vaccines, therapeutic and diagnostic so let me take a couple of minutes to just describe some of these. when you look at things like the epidemiology and natural history we are focusing on looking at symptomatic versus asymptomatic disease. what about the role of the virus and how long it lasts following infection, question extraordinarily important to pregnant women and women who want to become pregnant. what about studies that actually
nailed down the cost of relationship or not between the infection in pregnancy and the development of congenital abnormalities such as microcephaly as well as understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. with regards to basic research it is similar to the basic research we have done with other viruses throughout the years ranging from hav 30 plus years ago to most recently with ebola. that is a look at the viral structure, viral pathology, metal -- medical virology. the pathogenesis of the immune response which gives us great insight into the development of vaccines. .. are working on a more sensitive and specific antibody test to
determine if, in fact, someone has been infected because we know now the current test that they will have a degree of cross reactivity. one of the most important things we do is develop vaccines as we'vwe've done for so many othef these emerging threats. that candidates you see on the sly, the two marked with red are the two that i most adv >> >> right now i will give you examples light after decades of research with other diseases to give us a head start. years ago we developed the vaccine for west nile virus. we went into phase one to make sure it is safe and predict it would be protective we did have in the industrial partners swedish maker audience
development that we use that platform to develop now the zika vaccine that is essentially ready to go up with the studies it is interesting phenomenon taking those the west nile jeans -- gene now stick in the zika gene from the west nigel gene. in hopefully by the end of 2016 you'll have an affirmation to be a mistrial and i'll be happy to discuss that during the question period. with discreet - - screening of drugs that space new drugs to have potential activity is an important issue in with our
biotech partners to do this i want to recapitulate what i said from the beginning though some were with us all along they are with us now and will always be. i would like to think this committee for your extraordinary support you have given us to fulfil this mandate. >> now i will recognize the florida surgeon general. >> members of the subcommittee am glad for the opportunity that florida has a long tradition to combat fight the mosquito borne diseases and florida department of health was created out of a napa -- an
epidemic from 1885. in moderate times they have been local of short duration consistently the approach is threefold with public information and education to see success with the containment i will provide an update with an overview how florida has successfully applied the cdc guidelines to date there is no transmission of the zika virus through florida our department has reported 29 zika cases most recently from seminole county. to see that was contracted al said of the state prior to arrival none of the confirmed cases involved
pregnant women. we have however identified three pregnant women who travel to countries affected by zika and likely have zika in those countries with symptoms to apply the cdc guidelines that they've received care through those health care professionals. without laboratory capacitor with those by real test for active zika in 1200 into body test that passed the zika infection. in with the public and our partners to recognize that increase of travel related cases that the '80s mosquito
common in florida between micro supplely -- micron cephalus and what was most clear from that briefing is about transmission. in the impact of zika after infected. but based upon the information from that meeting for travel related cases to issue an executive order with health emergencies and the county's and i declare perp -- public health the emergencies and has since added counties to
that declaration. those rekey directives with the commissioner of agriculture who oversees the office of mosquito control to connect with the local board. with the public galleries to vulnerable populations to date with diagnostic tools. and to address comprehensive activities. recognize with over 29 residents and over 100 million tourists, ford mustang of a possible threat of the zika virus and that our lack of and that our capacity plays an essential role. he called on the florida department of health to have at least 4000 viral tests which are
commercially available and were ordered the next day. governor scott called on the cdc to provide at least 1000 antibody test suite to test individuals a specially pregnant women and new mothers who have traveled to affected areas and had symptoms of zika. the test allows the states to see if individual ever by the zika virus. had a capacity for only 475 test. on february 9, the cdc provided florida with 950 additional antibody tests bringing the total to 1425. with our existing infrastructure and, indeed, of testing resources we are equipped to work with medical professionals to test patients with symptoms of the zika virus an associate travel history to impacted country based on cdc guides. the florida department of health licenses all medical professionals and has channels with our licensees and we have used visio two shirts guidance on the disease, treatment and testing protocols as well as
recent fda recommendations regarding blood donation from individuals within to areas with active zika virus transmission. health care professional safety has always been of paramount importance and the italicized cdc guidance they universal cautions provide the appropriate level of protection. the cdc hosted a conference call for florida medical professionals to provide information on the symptoms, treatments and proper precautions for zika. nearly 600 medical professionals and health care facilities dialed in to directly from the cdc on the measures they need to take to help patients. strengthening the connection between professionals and the public health system is essential for tracking and containing disease. we remain frequent contact with cdc and fda for the latest guidelines on our best prepared communities in florida. finally, public outreach. we work to keep the public informed as one of the best ways to calm fears and educate for action. at the direction of government -- governor scott we established
a hotline. we want florida residents and visitors to access an open line of communication to receive the latest updates, have their questions answered and get advice on what steps they can take to protect their homes and families. the issue at every press release with up-to-date diagnoses counts and tips on how to protect themselves. we established a webpage with links to guidance and information on meetings. we've developed infographics to explain clearly what the virus is in the best practice for mosquito protection. these materials have been requested by other states. we are sharing three key messages about zika virus. anyone who's pregnant, might become pregnant should not travel to a country with active zika virus transmission.
travelers from seek infected countries should have protected sex for at least a month upon returning to the united states, due to the lingering presence of the virus in various bodily fluids. of the best way to prevent zika and other mosquito-borne virus is this true mosquito control which includes individual responsibility to eliminate any sources of standing water where the mosquito to breed, use mosquito we ballot, and to ensure windows and door screens are in place and contact. our residents play an important role in helping prevent the spread of viruses and we want them to all the information they need to join the effort. in florida we have developed a proven, seamless want to take cdc guides from the federal government and get it to our residents, our visitors, our health professionals and partner organizations to protect them from emerging mosquito borne diseases are i'm confident our
history at the department has prepared us. in the past we've had success in containing other mosquito-borne viruses such as chikungunya and tangy with systems of readiness that mirror the level of preparedness that we currently maintain. we have made it a priority just ahead of a possible spread of the virus in florida and will continue to do all we can to keep floridians safe. thank you. >> thank you dr. armstrong. we will now hear from the represented from the u.s. olympic committee, doctor moreau. welcome and your recognized. >> thank you, chairman mica, ranking member duckworth and the other members of the subcommittee for holding this hearing on zika and u.s. governmental preparedness. we recognize zika is a serious global health concern and an issue we are proactively addressing. with team u.s.a. u.s. olympic committee as a sports organization to our mission is to support u.s. olympic and paralympic athletes
in achieving sustained competitive excellence while demonstrating the values of the olympic movement, thereby inspiring americans. every two years we bring team u.s.a. to the olympic and paralympic games. in between games we work closely with the 47 national governing bodies of sport to build team u.s.a. the safety of our athletes and staff is our number one priority. as a managing director of sports medicine for the u.s. olympic committee my mission is to build and coordinate a complex network of medical doctors, health care services at academic experts across numerous medical fields. the u.s. olympic committee is not an organization with a focus on the specialty of infectious disease. we rely on the tremendous expertise of the centers for disease control and prevention and other public and private infectious disease experts to address and help us to understand the threats of
viruses such as zika pose for athletes. we have been in contact with the cdc and other experts for months. they continue to provide a sound recommendation based on the information available to date. we have supported these recommendations, develop a protocol to mitigate risks and provide this information to all potential team u.s.a. athletes and support staff likely to travel to real before and during the olympic games. i so that the most recent u.s. of zika mutation could athletes with his testimony. working with the cdc and other experts the u.s. policy is developing protocols to mitigate the risk. let me walk you through that right now. we are continuously communicating the latest information to our athletes, staff and other stakeholders. we are steadily communicating with partners such as the international olympic committee, the world health organization, the cdc, department of defense
and infectious disease specialists. we are monitoring evidence-based sources for information regarding viral pathogens. we are following the mosquito bite precautions as provided by the cdc. we are following in fact we ballot selection as recommended by the dod. we are maintaining awareness to our partners regarding new intervention as they are identified. we are training for medical team regarding the early recognition and intervention for viral infections such as zika. we are stalking our formulary with the best supportive medical interventions. we are providing we ballot for personnel, issued prior to departure with additional supplies on hand. we are considering pretreatment with kits of all u.s. oc personal clothing we are also considering providing bed nets for all personnel and we're identifying resilient locations for
additional support regarding viral pathogens. in conclusion, knowledge about zika virus is growing in almost daily basis. we are following all of the developments. we are incredibly pleased with the support and collaboration we've received from the cdc, the dod and others and are indeed intended to them first during this information so that we can provide the best the most adequate information to our athletes and staff who most directly serve and support our athletes. we will continue to work closely with the cdc, the dod and other infectious disease experts throughout the real games they will continue to follow the cdc recommendations. thank you again for the opportunity to address this important issue. >> thank each of our witnesses for the customer and we'll turn to questions and i'll begin.
dr. schuchat, can the cdc confirm what i said earlier, that we have not had a case of zika infection from mosquito in the united states? everything is coming in so far from another source, is that correct? >> for the 50 states and the district of columbia that's right. we do have cases in puerto rico and the territories. >> okay, puerto rico and the territories, virgin islands. >> and american samoa this point. the continental u.s., 50 states not yet. >> the next thing and i just became more concerned as i heard dr. armstrong revealed the issue with pregnant women. we think there's a link, pretty good link to some birth defects. and this is a transportation
oversight subcommittee along with other things, but these people are coming in mostly from latin and south america by air. are their warnings now to people coming in, is anyone getting a warning who comes in, particularly women -- when i read all this testimony last night, it seems like the women are the most at risk. we don't know. at the getting a warning? >> we have been working very closely with air travel industry and other travel partners. so there is signage in -- >> i think i begin it would be good to send out something, and the airlines cooperator they always cooperate. we've had bird flu. we've had other, ebola, others. but i think we need to get a warning. that's not that many come in. we know where they're coming in from, but the affected areas, that there be some warning to
the passengers. we do know, i'm not technically qualified, give the wrong term, incubation of whatever, that period of vulnerability from 21-30 days. that's pretty much agreed on, dr. fauci? >> we think. >> he said stop having sex with 30 days or something. >> you will clear the virus within seven days usually and, therefore, for the rest of the time generally accepted if you are a male and a could be in cement which is then demonstrate and a number of individuals. >> we don't know how long -- >> we don't know. it's been in som some unfortunay as for and 62 days but that may be an outlier but we don't know how long. >> again the first thing is getting the warning. these are people coming into the united states from infected areas. so that would be my concern.
we need to work with aviation industry to get these warnings out there, particularly among women. and then advise them of the risks that we know so far. i have released from the governor's office a couple minutes ago asking the center for disease control for another 250 gets to test for zika virus. are you able, you've already cooperated and you guys have been there, dr. armstrong, everything is been done in a timely fashion. are we able to meet this request, and where are we in the stockpile of making certain we have a test gets? >> we have been working round-the-clock to produce kits and to develop even better test.
one of the reasons for the emergency request is evolving. we estimate about half a million pregnant women will be traveling back and forth to affected areas this year. 35,000 regnant women in the rico alone. keeping up with that ballgame for the state support is one of the reasons for the emergency request. >> but do we have a test kit now were ordered? >> what -- >> you just said there may be a big need. our job is to stay ahead of the curve. to have a test kits like just one small additional order, and can we meet additional? >> where we are right now, we've produced about 30,000 have about 90,000 shortly. we are working round-the-clock and we're actually working with private partners so that they can help us. >> so we are alerting, we are
going come if we have a we will alert people coming in, we will work with you about. we want to make sure we have test kits available and the supply. the thing that started it was the blood supply because this is in the blood. we should also the warning about, there ought to be 60, 90 days, warning that people should not donate blood or identify that they've been to a country where they've been exposed. when they're coming back. >> the fda has voluntarily the blood banks do that with a modicum of self to for within a month and the at the institute it formally. there's also effort now in puerto rico to import blood. the virus -- >> might be -- >> they can't assure the local blood will be okay. >> is the fda giving proper one? >> absolutely spent the people of puerto rico, i have some
transparency in the blood supply. >> there's accelerated effort to develop tests so that blood can be assured to be safe. >> okay. you guys have been great in identifying the course for word. i've got a couple of questions. the testing under time to get more advanced, a lot of that involves around the president's request, a good request, i just read it. here it is from the white house to the speaker and all the members. he asked for about $1.8 billion. coincidentally, and i didn't know this, i have a letter back from mr. rogers, the chairman of appropriations, there's about $1.8 billion available with, leftover money from