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tv   Lucinda Robb Rebecca Boggs Roberts The Suffragist Playbook  CSPAN  September 5, 2021 12:25am-1:26am EDT

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we do things collectively, groups is a word kids understand. that goes on in those early grades. >> you can watch this debate online, c-span.org/history. simply search for danielle allen or mark bauerline at the top of the page. >> we have two extraordinary people who are with us. lucinda robb and rebecca boggs roberts have joined together to write a book called "the suffragist playbook". you will learn about this book but more important you will learn about the suffragists, what they did and how they did it, the encouraging things and discouraging things as they were working on it. the idea is that we can learn a
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lot from suffrage justs, the first to do a parade down pennsylvania avenue, the first to pick at the white house and we see that it is commonplace. let me tell you about these women. lucinda robb was project director for our mothers before us at the center for legislative archives and this project rediscovered thousands of overlooked original documents and helped to organize the national archives celebration of the nineteenth amendment in 1995. she lived with her husband, 3 children, one small dog, and 500 pence dispensers which you will see. her co-author, rebecca boggs roberts, has been many things,
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journalist, producer, tour guide, forensic anthropologist, event planner, political consultant, jazz singer and radio talkshow host. currently the curator of programming to planet world, a new museum in the franklin school in downtown washington. roberts is here in washington dc with her husband, 3 sons and a big fat dog, these two women have been friends since childhood and took the risk to write a book. how the suffrage movement drove institutional change, and what can we learn from that. take it away, rebecca boggs roberts and lucinda robb. >> this year's the one hundredth anniversary of the eighteenth amendment which granted women the vote, removed
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gender as an obstacle to voting and with all that is going on in 2020 there has never been a better time to look back at the suffrage movement and see what lessons it teaches today. it was a very long movement, over 70 years that went on three generations. they lived a long time. many leaders went into their 80s, sojourner truth, elizabeth cady stanton and susan b anthony live to be 86. none of the lived to see the nineteenth amendment passed. for any activist today think change isn't happening fast enough, right there is an important lesson. you have to be in it for the long haul and never give up but on the positive side it was the largest expansion of political power in us history. it happened without war or
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violence or social upheaval which we think is a good thing. that is why you should study it. the suffragists trusted in the race given them by the constitution and figured out how to win by working within the system, the change they managed to create was permanent and enduring and the playbook on how to drive institutional change. we can't cover everything today but we can highlight our favorite subjects. some of them especially ones rebecca will talk about in a few minutes were just invented. right now i want to talk about one of the most basic fundamental tactics you need and that is telling a story. no big movement can get anywhere without telling a story. a story is a narrative to remember. it can be as ancient as the book of exodus or as modern as 8 minutes and 46 seconds ago, but whatever you tell us it is
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a way to ignite change. lucy stone was one of the most successful speakers for human rights and went on to be a founding member of the suffrage movement but she began her career in abolition. you get your training in one cause for confidence and skill to advocate other causes. at least before the pandemic you would go to a movie or sporting event. it can be dangerous especially, they burn a building down. lucy stone started giving speeches against slavery. it is incredibly controversial for women to speak in public and they were routinely
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denounced from the pulpit, it wasn't considered proper for them to make any noise at all. you find references to the fact that when women go to a speech they wave their handkerchiefs, so women were not supposed to speak at all, lucy would draw crowds because of the novelty of a woman speaking, people treated it like a circus act. how incredibly mesmerizing it was, men would leave convinced she was on to something. from the beginning lucy would tell the story of slave women,
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she was committed to both causes and splitting her schedule, ending slavery on the weekend. took an insult and made it a rallying cry. in 1855 at women's rights convention in ohio someone in the audience saying she was a disappointed woman. she gave an impromptu speech where she said yes, she was a disappointed women. she was disappointed in education, no colleges would admit women. she was disappointed in the profession where the only option for her was to be a seamstress or teacher and even their she would make a fraction of what men made even though baker's charge the same amount, where women had a calling to preach were told they were going to hell. she was disappointed in marriage because instead of marrying for love women were
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too often forced to marry for money. she was disappointed woman. this could go on to be one for most successful speeches that she would use again and again, the nineteenth century equivalent of going viral. you see the parallel today and persisted but certainly far from the only way suffragists influence activists today. >> that is where i will pick it up. to see how many contemporary activists, it is everywhere, obvious examples like the women's march of 2017 which coincided with the inauguration the same way the women's march of 1913 did, even had matching
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at and very specifically, so many other places where contemporary activists are using tactics they invented or protected, and the twentieth century part of the movement, i want to give props to susan b anthony because in the nineteenth century she was pushing the envelope of the tactics the social movement could use but at the time it was pretty transgressive for women to be speaking in public as lucinda said, the way she embraced attention grabbing tactics continue to be part of her legacy. always wore those old-fashioned buttoned up victorian black dresses but a red scarf around it with this caricature.
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she had a wandering eye, crafted her image pretty carefully and in the wake of the civil war, when this average movement split. there were suffragists like lucy stone, her husband henry blackwell, frederick douglass who said we will take the fifteenth amendment as written and fight for women next and people like susan b anthony and elizabeth cady stanton who said we can't afford the fifteenth amendment, it disenfranchises black blue and no women. they formed competing organizations and to give a sense of the radical moderate continuum here, the stone blackwell faction published a newsletter called the women's journal.
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anthony and stanton with the national women's suffrage association, the publication was called the revolution went straight for a federal amendment. in those strategic differences there were tactical differences so the american women's suffrage association going state-by-state wanted to appease those who felt the reconstruction amendment had been federal overreach and wanted to go slowly, and build credibility and susan b anthony voted in 1972. and the way it worked, towards
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your advantage if it didn't go the way you plan. as it happened she was arrested a couple days later but the man who came to arrested her to report to the white house and see -- cynthia wanted no part of that, held out her wrists, she wanted to be dragged out and wanted the visual. they wouldn't handcuff her but she insisted she would not later. so many instances, thought they should be silent. before she got in the courtroom, the judge made the mistake of saying the defendant have anything to say for herself, one of the greatest speeches of the suffrage movement.
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susan b anthony was the pioneer turning a story around, milking press for your own gain and that tactic, doing something attention grabbing and milking that attention the matter if it is positive or negative. and in other movements, when black lives matter activists were in lafayette square, by st. john's church, there were weeks of reporting about that. who ordered the square to be cleared, what tactics, the washington post video investigation where they use satellite imagery zoomed in on the emblems on different law enforcement officers uniforms to figure out what happened
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that night and curfew expired and protesters went home, wouldn't have been a story for a minute and it was protesters who continue to keep this in the news even though the protested not gone away they anticipated. the tactical make sure you make the press work for you and craft an image, with the instagram age, they were really good at paying attention how things looked and make sure they look the way you wanted them to. with women in wyoming voting, wyoming was the first state where women can exercise the franchise, i as a women were given the right to vote, they weren't given anything, they fought like hell for it.
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the men in charge haven't recognized that fact. wyoming was the first and the fact these were nicely dressed polite ladies and a child with a picnic basket and feel very safe that imagery was important because the anti-plaps were trying to define the image of suffragists too. and his carefree wife strides out of the house leaving him to fend for himself, this is an anti-suffrage cartoon and it is considered terrible. someone is going to do it for you and that is an important thing for an activist. of course the whole notion of paying attention to how things look at being bold, we associate that with alice paul is kind of a reluctant
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suffragists, in new jersey, learned the sort of values of polity in a general way but wasn't involved in the american suffrage movement because after the split over the fifteenth amendment languished, when sections come back together in the 1890s, a lot of time was lost and followed it state-by-state. anthony and stanton lived to a ripe old age but by the turn of the century they had all died. this movement was in trouble and paul wasn't interested until she went to england and she was radicalized.
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england had a slow and steady movements. the pankhurst movement was really militant. the faction of the militant movement, the national women's party called militant, they had nothing, the pankhurst's were intentionally throwing bricks for windows and slapping policeman in the face, they tried to set the prime ministers house on fire, they were not playing around. american women never were. this sort of shows you the difference from a london newspaper, trouble expected in london tonight, suffragettes determined to force their way to parliament, they will certainly break into the house, completely expected. the document on the other side is an ad from a newspaper, suffragettes may break windows so if you've got to break through your window call james caldwell. suffragists, suffragettes, the british press made fun of the
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british activists by calling them suffragettes. it was meant to be patronizing, and just like lucy stone was a disappointed woman the british activists took that name and wore it with pride and co-opted its power. most properly the word is suffragist. suffragettes refers to the british movement especially the militant wing. when she comes back, she wants the american movement to use them and the first thing she does is hit the idea of a parade on pennsylvania avenue. there is a celebratory parade, i'm sure you've seen pictures of the army of the potomac but a march on washington, that was the suffragist idea. not so common we think of it as a traffic headache but it had never been done before, the
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idea of a political march, from the legislative branch to the executive branch. the 1913 parade, if given have an opportunity i will restrain myself, we have a lot to cover but it did not go -- an event that was planned to its last-minute the massive crowd walked pennsylvania avenue. for perspective on fourteenth street i can see the capitol in the background, now the trump hotel. it is a broad street, no daylight between these men. they weren't there for the suffrage parade with the woodrow wilson inauguration, they walk the streets, spit on
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the women, called them names, tripped them, police did nothing to get the crowd back and in some cases joined in the name calling and sitting and again, how familiar is this image? this is the march for our lives in the wake of the marjorie stillman douglas shootings. this is a friendly crowd but the same picture 100 years later. once you start seeing these parallel to tactics the suffragists invented you can't and see them. thanksgiving in the white house, no one had ever done this before, this was the idea. when there were so many black lives matter protesters they started adding their signs to what the white house put between them but also what are these women doing. they are making the message grow viral. this is 1917 equivalent of a
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tape. it reaches people standing in front of the white house in lafayette square but reaches many more people. it is how it is going to reproduce in the newspaper. later in 1917, the us became involved in world war i, the national women's party got more provocative in their messages. went in with this kaiser wilson banner that said have you forgotten your sympathy with the poor germans because they were not self govern, 20 million american women are not self governed, take the beam out of your own eye. this is not only very critical but controversial. potentially treasonous in the eyes of some in the public, directly criticizing the president, calling him kaiser
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while we are at war with germany. this is a tactic activists use constantly, be outrageous, no you will lose some followers because of it. once you see these tactics, you see them everywhere. it is timeless. and the institutional change as well. back to lucinda. >> moved the ball. and get as much attention as it should and the importance of engaging a wider audience, linking your cost the popular
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goal. and almost no one heard of frances willard but in the 1800s, was the second most widely known and admired woman in the world after queen victoria, that was the largest and influential women's group in the nineteenth century. she was a full-fledged celebrity of her time. between oprah and dolly parton. she could write books on everything and it would be successful. and when she died unexpectedly,
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talk a lot about statutes today. and she would not be joined by another woman for 50 years. she was a big deal. people kind of rolled their eyes about the temperance movement, drinking was a public health problem. and your husband could legally beat you. it was hard to get a divorce, it was hard to make a living. alcohol was an issue, a lot of women cared about. it was acceptable for women to
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get involved and women did in big numbers. what willard did for suffrage was bring the movement mainstream. people heard about the idea, suffragists like stone and anthony and others but by no means was it there top ten and willard started to change that. we know willard was team suffrage, how she sells it to members. and it was morally right. willard makes a different argument. willard's brand was being a nice respectful methodist that everybody liked and she used this to her advantage. for public policies it would be good for the family, home
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protection ballot and this is brilliant marketing and a huge following of mostly white evangelical christians to approve what was pretty much a radical idea, this is what linking your costume goals is all about. in terms of modern-day activists it reminds me of the gay rights movement the champions marriage equality by focusing on something people approved of it changed a lot. under willard's leadership the women's suffrage movement got involved in a lot of reforms. the do everything policy, with labor reform, education reform and social purity, it sounds like some sort of anti-6 initiative. long before the me too
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movement, men accountable for their actions. in case you think it wasn't important, one of the biggest successes they had was raising the age of consent for girls. at that time it was 10 to 12 for most girls. except for delaware, where it was 7. kind of shocking. willard is by no means perfect. if anybody has heard of her to do usually it is because of the controversy of crusading journalist ida b wells. we will talk about her in a few minutes. wells accuses the women's christian temperance union correctly of using lang which demonizes black men, immigrants, people of color, anyone who wasn't a mainstream dominant group. you get a sense of this with a part of the pro suffrage print title american woman, frances willard featured in. this was used to get people upset at the fact that women had the same political rights
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as idiots, colonels, the insane, and native americans which is basically no rights. essentially from this willard to make a statement against lynching. this is something that is interesting if we look at this. originally the women's christian temperance union was a huge national women's organization that was integrated when black women came from the national women's christian temperance union convention black and white women were seated together with different objections from southern white women. francis watkins harper had leadership roles in the women's christian temperance union. racism is insidious and sometimes i compare it to a virus you may have heard of the can't always see, people without obvious symptoms are super spreader's and that happened with willard. the whole brand was nice, certainly never thought of
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racist but the women's temperance union goes into full gear, willard spent a lot of time going into the south to meet with white women and they are all so lovely and so nice and it is such a gracious experience, they start making any explicit arguments about educated suffrage. and how unfair it was that black men can vote and white women couldn't. it is complicated. you have to be aware of. >> it is tempting when you write women's history to elevate these women to saintlike status to justify inclusion in the canon because they've been excluded for so long but that is bad history
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and boring history. we felt strongly not only did we want an accurate view of this movement and the women involved in it but if the premise of the book is we should take lessons from this movement to change the world now, then sometimes you need to know what not to do and if you want to avoid making the same mistakes you have to know what those mistakes were in too often the mistakes the suffrage movement made were racist. they were overtly racist themes mentioned state-by-state, and going into southern states. making an overt argument that the white female vote would overwhelm votes from black
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voters, they made that without change. it never worked, they made that argument. legislatures were systematically disenfranchising men with jim crow laws and weren't interested in an franchising a single black voter but they made that argument. then there were less overt, less openly racist elements of the movement and these come up again and again and the insidious ones are the harder want to combat. it's easy to say i'm not saying women's suffrage equals white supremacy but let's learn from other examples too. this is a picture of founding members of delta's fate are found at howard, founded in january because they felt these women felt the dominant
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sororities on campus were too social and they wanted to be more political and wanted their first act as a story to margin the 1913 suffrage parade and, and it was like her, she was super organized. another sorority wanting to participate and telegram back and forth between them were in the library, she was really nervous, really nervous, it was going to alienate too many white women and she was much more interested in keeping the confidence of whites ever just then including black suffragists and she didn't know what to do and the nationals, review cannot exclude marchers,
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you've got to include anybody who wants to be part of this so she suggested the deltas march in the back in a segregated section. it hurts you to hear that. you want her to do better. i'm enormously impressed with alice paul. i did her to recognize she should stand against racism too. doesn't do anybody any good to pretend she was better on these issues and she was. i must say, many and fierce, they marched wherever they wanted. they get reinforced. capturing the image of black marchers was in the image they wanted to put forward.
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we know that ida b wells who lucinda mentioned, a crusading journalist, wanted to march with the illinois delegation and black marchers segregate themselves and stood in the crowd, dealing with the delegation. that picture does exist. a terrible reproduction of a newspaper image but that is ida b right in the middle of the delegation. it was an interesting case study because she saw so many commonalities between the suffrage movement the renascent in the early part of the twentieth century and like generations of activists before it can be useful to find allies in other causes immigrants and
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chops from other causes, suffragists learned a lot about fundraising. .. spoke four or five different language and three or four different masters degrees and beautifully dressed. she had a lot of symbols of white separatists touching on those so she was often the only black woman invited to different
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suffrage meetings. beautiful languages and get in the door and say you have to pay attention, they are different so she chose to work to get the message across. either of those are completely acceptable in contemporary activists using each of them in turn but i think the big lesson is you do what you're told. if you're an activist, sometimes it's time to leave and form your own group. sometimes go where you want people in charge are doing and that's a lesson we really want i will say in 2013 martha 1913 suffrage, this is a picture of
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that celebration of the 1913 march, i think this is enough, it's lovely, it's a beautiful image. i'm delighted they are out there but it's not enough to just right the wrongs of history. you have to not make them again and that's why we feel strongly about it. >> another important tactic, this is another to discuss today, the importance of allies but not just any allies, you need to recruit the allies to achieve your goal. once suffragist coalescing behind the idea of constitutional amendment, the thing to remember about the amendment is that i like to describe them as legislative equivalents of doing five iron and trap, they are unbelievably
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hard to pass. there's a reason why there's only 27 of them. in the case of suffrage, the allies women are men. they need mostly white men. the only way the 19th amendment was able to pass was with a vote, you have to get two thirds of each chamber of commerce for the amendment to pass. in 1918 when it passed the house of representatives the first time, the first woman to serve in congress to introduce the amendment and was able to vote for it was incredibly traumatic. this is where having the allies came in. you have allies from the beginning and he was the one who stood up when it looked like elizabeth from revolution wasn't going to pass to convince the rest of the people there that
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they should go ahead and vote for it passed and that's why we talk about this, beginning of the suffrage movement next to that first ally, frederick douglass. throughout the entire course, especially at the end, once you have the vote in congress, it comes down to the wire. there were suffrage congressmen brought in on stretchers. he broke his shoulder but refused to have it set. he stayed there in great pain because he wanted to encourage, make the other people feel guilty but the one that always gets to me is frederick of new york, he came down to his wife, he cast his boat and turns around and goes back home and the thing is, that time in 1918,
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it only passed by one vote so they needed every single one of them and when it did finally pass, they poured into the hallway seeing the walls, hold 100, praise god. all of the excitement and it failed in the senate. from wilson who wasn't really very much in favor the special session of the next congress and by june 1919, both chambers finally passed it. at this time because on the suffragist had to get three fourths of the state to ratify which in 1919. 36 states. this is where the amazing ground came the national american woman suffrage was, the moderate wing
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again. the moderate suffragist had these long relationships with legislators they were able to wobbly them. they weren't really happy and they were picketing outside the white house, they could say this woman is so i could work with her. at first everything is going on swimmingly. literally racing each other to see who could get there first and for the record, is constant. every time a new state came and, there is another one on what she created. they're coming along you have to pass both chambers and each legislature but after a while start to talk about and many of the southern states immediately reject it. my home state of regina cousin
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happy amendment until 1952. so it starts to dry up and if you think historical examples to think about era. as a start to have this, it becomes clear it will be the make or break state. the handpicked hedge performance suffragist, he heads down to nashville and works the phones and here she is in a photo holding something my children would never recognize. i have to think rebecca because she's the one making this happen. things down there are crazy. if you want to read more about it, is a great book called the women's hour and it's a lot of fun. down in nashville, they call it the war of the roses. if your pro suffrage, you work yellow if your anti- suffrage, you were right. full-court press to stop it once
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and for all. to notable sources, one is not surprising considering all the work, to get women to vote and that is a liquor lobby. there are stories they tell, their stromboli through and they are both doing this. the other big part is the national association posed to women suffrage. it was largely run by clement despite the fact that it's a famous photo most of the people in the photo are but national americans national association from suffrage is mostly run by women and these are well organized politically savvy women and they may remind you of her work and anti- group.
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back in that day there were some women who didn't think women should have anything to do with it they felt husbands and the brothers and their sons all of those in their best interest but there were others who were themselves and they had different tactics and argue if women could vote, they could be nonpartisan it would be more likely and here is an excerpt from a petition we find in the work that was nearly 30 women and said this amendment would immediately open up the new nation to wife suffrage campaign. it would get suffragist and socialist the opportunity to anoint and pester every legislature in the united states until a majority government 36 legislatures surrender their judgment for the political
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threat. it would mean no legislature in the united states could meet without being surrounded by suffrage and family would be an official endorsement that's a national policy. you could laugh when you read, i kind of wannacry but they really are well organized. the tennessee state senate after some exceptionally lobby, it all comes down to enter suffragist they have the votes to end it all in an young legislature cast his vote. he's wearing a red rose so he makes a last-minute change tennessee becomes the final state to ratify and pushes it over the line. "afterwards" he gives several reasons for changing his mind. the only one anyone pays attention to, he says he voted for it because his mother wrote him a letter telling him just before the boat, cast the vote
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for suffrage and every good boy knows it's best to follow the advice of his mother. i try to tell my children plus all the time. his mom was able to recruit the allies and that's how it became part of the competition. >> it's such a dramatic story, the story of suffrage we know there are so many great books and resources in the scholarship that has come out about centennial's have been terrific to watch and learn from. we purposely chose to make our book a playbook, specific lessons you could take from this movement to change the world yourself because not only is the movement worth learning about as educated americans from where learning because they one, they were successful.
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we hope to give you a couple of lessons, secrets and tactics throughout this talk and thank you so much for having us. we would be happy to take questions. >> you guys are phenomenal, thank you for telling this story with liveliness and energy. a couple people have said guess it will be recorded and it will be available on the capitol historical website and a couple of days. everybody who's registrable get a note telling them one it's ready on the website. get information about getting the book, suffrage playbook, an arrangement with the national archives because they worked so hard with them that their gift shop so we will have that link because society works with the national archive on a regular basis.
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trying to pull the question. the first woman to have a statute, 50 years before any other woman that the women's christian unit, i grew up with my great-grandmother was an active member of the women's christian grew up in a house around the railroad so is very old and got to know her but tells the stories. you talk in your lesson crafting and image and working inside and outside, recognizing the flaws building allies. both inexperienced of building and ally, as rebecca talked
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about, how did that deal with the racism issues that were present? what does that become lesson for us today? >> it's both how effective she was changing the dynamic of what was happening at the time and i look at that and think that something we really can learn from now but how she was blind to the mistakes she was making it again i think a lot of times we look back at the things people do in the past and there's one of two responses. one is to say you need to understand it in the context of the time sometimes it is helpful to understand context but that's not an excuse. then now today, we are much more likely to say who want to
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condemn it and make sure everybody knows how wrong it is and that's important as well but that sort of lets us off the hook. we can't just feel like they didn't know any better but we should assume we'll do so much better ourselves. it's useful to look at what happened so we can see where we might potentially be going astray one of the things that happens the women's union, originally it was integrated into they did do things that were progressive for a time but as they get more focused on that constitutional amendment and they want to spend more efforts, they realize they have to get that in the effort to keep themselves and make them selves attractive to the women, the white women in southern states
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and white male stagers said they are trying to influence, they do wind up throwing black women under the bus and that is something the only reason why -- she was basically doing what they call data driven journalism 100 years ago. there's a reason why because she was putting up all of this information showing that the impacts the language they and other groups were using, how dangerous it was. it was important in that day and how they change their views of things and when she calls out with her, this is something that happened in europe and that often gets lost in debate. a lot of this happens in europe and francis himself is traveling
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and does speaking tours cares about what they are thinking about part of what influences her but it doesn't wind up being an important issue as a needs to be for white suffrage in the u.s. looking to see, do you have the groups influencing, integrating, are we paying attention to what can potentially go from parks are we paying attention -- don't be so concerned with getting your goal that you lose sight of what right and moral. that's a difficult needle to thread when you're thinking about activism because you have to legitimately figure out how you make compromise, it's knowing when the compromises are involved in that is a tough thing to do. i hope that's a bit of an answer. >> got a couple of lightning
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questions. one of course is have such a great audience. [inaudible] the award in 2001 so let us understand not just your mother but your grandmother so i stand corrected and updated, thank you very much, dan. we have a couple of people who have asked to completely different questions. one is they know that rebecca, her family had a strong engagement with the house of representatives that you have any thoughts whether the program will ever come back next. >> somebody does say i think one of you was a page -- that is my brother. my brother met one from california, they dated when they were 16 and got back together in
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their 20s and they've been married for 23 years and they have spectacular children. we are romantic about this program in my family. i have no idea whether it will come back. i think there's a real value to it in the sense that as we keep getting demonized, those of us who care about these institutions like to have opportunities to show they are worthwhile. i think that is something the historical society does well in other institutions here, it gives ordinary americans a chance to realize we are not some scary morally bankrupt group of people, there is a real city here with real institutions that make real change. i have no power over the program but i am delighted it brought in my sister-in-law into the family. >> second question, we probably
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need to make this about our last. one of the lessons from suffrage you would apply to the conversation and the campaign for the equal rights amendment? you think will see the equal rights amendment become part of the constitution? >> i don't want to make a prediction about this, i would say the lesson is figure out what your opposition is scared of. i think the first generation of feminists were completely thrown by opposition of other women. they didn't realize there were women who felt threatened by something like the era and saying it was morally right was not enough, you can't just say the right thing to do, you've got to figure out opposes and
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white and craft your message there will be people who don't change their minds, there are people in the suffrage movement who thought they were too stupid or fragile to handle about. those will never go up if there are people who are just scared or pushed out of their comfort zone or feel informed, figure out what they are scared of and make it better. >> somebody mentioned something about western states and one of the real advantages that relates to era, what so successful in campaigning against them, talking about these things people thought were going to happen and to some extent, a lot of them have come true, they do serve in the military. you do have gender neutral bathrooms and things like that. what made a difference is when women started voting in the west, a kind of game an example
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people could look out and say that seems to work and it an incremental change does have value and its another message in the suffrage movement i would say we can use today. sometimes you are not always get going to get big sweeping change but if you get small steps in, they do build up. >> there's one request, can you turn your camera so we can see your sensor? >> you're going to see my very dirty office, this is a fraction that i have read the thing is they are cheap and my kids given to me and they are fun. i should say, i did write the people in orange, connecticut to say you have a separatist collection collectors and i suggested they do susan b
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anthony, lucy stone and ida b wells. i have yet to hear back. [laughter] >> i love it. our audience is saying they would listen to several hours but we promised to do this in one hour. we are so grateful you've given us your time, your talent. it has been recorded and will be on the website. he will get the information so people can tell their friends to come listen. we hope you will join us next week for the tour of the library of congress. thank you for being with us, thank you for joining us. >> this week we are looking back to this date in history. ♪♪ >> battleship missouri, 53 miles becomes the scene of an
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unforgettable tyranny. a formal surrender of japan. the bay of tokyo itself, united states peaster of buchanan comes along, representatives to witness the final capitulation. supreme commander of the occupation of japan, greek commander, welcome and his chief of staff. admiral has gone to the missouri with a 20 minute ceremony to take place. sunday september 2, 1945. >> i supreme commander from allied waste from i announce my firm purpose in the tradition of the company i represent for my possibilities justice and tolerance, while taking all
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necessary dispositions to ensure the terms are faithfully complied with. and not invite the representatives of the emperor of japan and the japanese government and the japanese imperial headquarters to signed surrender the places indicated. ♪♪ >> the surrender table. these dramatic first pictures were made by correspondence especially one back from tokyo. the time is 9:05 a.m. event on board exactly ten minutes. >> follow us on social media at c7 history for more of this date in history.

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