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tv   Korea 1950-1953 Exhibit  CSPAN  February 27, 2016 11:45pm-12:02am EST

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it was the beginning of the time when congress would challenge the war powers. it is a debate we are still having. this is a pivotal series of hearings. i can't think of anything quite comparable. reason why they were called educational hearings. hearings.6 vietnam this month on american history tv. you can watch each weekend on saturday night at 10:00 p.m. eastern and sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern. american history tv, only on c-span 3. c-span is touring cities across the country, exploring american history. our recent visit to greenville, south carolina. you are watching american
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history tv. >> here in the upcountry history highlight want to elements of the korean war. this is our exhibit. art wentghts through to us from the navy, the conflict going on there. it shows even though korea is sort of a forgotten war, it deserves to be remembered. the men who fought there and lost their lives deserve to have some recognition similar to --se from the world wellness wars as well as vietnam. this is an introduction to the exhibit itself. the introduction to the
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exhibit itself. how it had been under japanese occupation. giving you an introduction as you progress through the exhibit. artwork. was not originally a painter per se. more involved in photography. officers heard he was an excellent doodler. they encouraged him to become a painter for the navy. we have his exhibit. also, artifacts from the uss los angeles, a navy cruiser. we have a yearbook on loan from the navy. given out at the end of the ploy meant about the ship. we have a sailors swimsuit that korea.d wear in
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this is to give you a taste of what is to come throughout the exhibit as you go through. some of the key things that happened, that are synonymous with the war. have a lot of art featuring helicopters and fighter jets. the u.s. was really far behind the soviet union when the korean war broke out. we were using a lot of planes that were used in world war ii. they really do move quickly to catch up with the red army. we have a lot of focusing on new planes that were invented, making debuts in korea. the helicopter was widely used as well. it is large-scale for the first time. there are a lot of famous people who fought in korea in the fighter jets, including a of the original astronauts like neil
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armstrong, buzz aldrin, john glenn, and the baseball hall of famer ted williams. you have all of the amazing men who were known and unknown to the families who fought in this new way of fighting. this is actually my favorite portion of the exhibit. we really highlight jesse brown. he was from mississippi and one of the first african-americans to join the united states navy, as well as the first pilot. he struggled when he joined the pilot program. they did not want him. to be in the navy, you have to pass a swim test. they kept trying to say he cannot swim. he basically outlasted them. he goes to korea, and december of 1950 his plane is shot down. he dies of exposure. one of the men who was with him
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won the honor for trying to rescue him. his body remains in north korea, worked his tried that work has been made to try to recover it for the family. this painting is from a photograph. it really does highlight not only his story about how important korea is in race relations, harry s truman really embraced this idea of civil rights. much to the chagrin of party members, both republican and democratic. he achieved an executed order forcing the integration of the military. he was tired of waiting for the government to do it. he uses constitutional power to
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get it done. the korean war will be the first fully integrated war that the united states will fight. we have a lot art over here by the artist mostly known for his westerns and cowboy depictions. but he get his start in the korean campaign. here is a lot of his work that is exploring day-to-day life, and what it is like the combat field. we also discussed a lot about the mash unit, mobile hospitals. when the korean campaign broke out, they realize there were a lot of fatalities because the hospital areas were not close to the front lines. the mash units were set up so you can take triage, give them the care they need from it they can get to more permanent facilities and it is made famous because of the popular television show, which takes place during the korean war, although it is much more closely
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associated with the vietnam war. it was filmed during the vietnam era. this is where it gets a start. it will continue to be used in both vietnam and operation iraqi freedom. this continues to highlight detail of the korean war. most of the fighting was going back and forth in the first year between the north korean army, and south korea, supported by the united nations. the clash between communism and capitalism, the struggle throughout the cold war between the east and the west. the korean war is the manifestation of this. this is the first conflict of the cold war, the first real military action taken by the united nation, which had verily, to existence. and truman's first real foray into the policy of containment,
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make sure that communism does not spread elsewhere. this is the struggle between ending the war as quickly as possible, and in the meantime, macarthur has been relieved of his duties, due to insubordination. one of the people is this man, the vice admiral. this is colored pencil, highlighting how talented the artist is. the chinese cannot fight without the soviets, so they decide to finally make progress towards the cease-fire. this is the painting depicting the signing of the armistice.
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the korean war does not actually and with a peace agreement, and ends with an armistice being signed. a continual cease-fire. the thing that has held up the cease-fire for a really long time was what to do with pows. primary those of soviet and north korean and chinese troops. obviously, the west does not want to go to the communist regime, the communist regime does not want us to stop their citizens from returning. a third party needs to talk to all the nws to ask where they want to be returned to. this is the great image of a north korean p.o.w. that really highlights the struggle that is about pows on the core of the korean war at the very end. what do you do with all of these people are now in pow camps?
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it is signed in 1953. it essentially is returned to the status quo that is there today and there's the demilitarized zone. when people visit the museum, i really want them to get a scope of what the korean war is. it really is unfortunate that gone and it in the forgotten war, and that it is sandwiched between two of the biggest conflicts of the 21st century. but people went and fought and died. there are 35,000 american soldiers that died in korea. over 3.5 million people total. to really get a scope of what was going on, we have some fabulous american art depicting the war.
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really getting inside what was going on in the 1950's. >> our city staff recently traveled to greenville, south carolina. greenville and other cities on our cities to work. you're watching american history tv. all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. road to the on 19te house rewind, from the 60 presidential campaign, john f. kennedy of massachusetts and hubert humphrey of minnesota he felt and democratic primary face off in a democratic primary debate. >> he asks, why does senator , why did they blame kneels of west virginia on the eisenhower administration when we have a democratic congress which has done nothing yet toward helping us?
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i've been getting all the hot ones first, i will take this one. i was just going to say, i will let senator humphrey answer,, i remember taking the lead in a bill to steer a defense contract into defense -- distressed areas. the administration committed themselves to maintain this by executive order and it was never done. i was a manager in the first redevelopment bill to assist areas like west virginia which had high unemployment. the president vetoed the bill. givehat senator humphrey some examples. senator humphrey: one example is a cold bill. coal research bill. it had a moderate appropriation
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which would have been a help to the industry. the president vetoed it. we have 19 such research programs in foreign countries which the taxpayers of america pay for, but not one dime in west virginia. furthermore, the administration eas taken a dim view of thi foodstamp plan. would it have been a big help you. it would have provided for a balanced diet for needy people in the state. ofre is over $400 million money not paid in by taxpayers but collected by tariffs on food imports which are available, the dollars are available to purchase poultry, meat, butter, cheese, whatever would be necessary for a balanced diet including fruits and vegetables. the administration has vetoed it 147 times.
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we have not had the two thirds to override the veto's. i am familiar with the redevelopment know. we passed it again in the senate. i'm hoping the house will have tested for the second time to the president will have it on his desk. watch the entire debate, one of the first televised primary debates in history, this weekend on road to the white house rewind. sunday at 10:00 a.m. eastern. only on c-span3. >> how can we best get people to pay attention to wasteful spending? we can defined -- defined things that are easy to understand. the government is so large, an organization has to cut through a lot of the noise and other things going on. members of congress talking about the wonderful things they are doing. try to get people to be more
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involved and make it more personal so they understand the impact on them and their families and children and grandchildren. >> sunday night, the president of "citizens against government waste" >> it also publishes a book which compiles the organization list of unauthorized government programs. bipartisand of a coalition with members of congress, which then was called the congressional pork busters coalition and they came up with us with a definition of what was then called porkbarrel spending and really still is. eventually, it became bit term something else. we went through the appropriations bills and started the book. was $3 billion when all the way up to $29 billion in 2006. every year that we can find, earmarks in the prorations bills, we release the congressional pay book sometime around april or may. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern
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on c-span's q&a. >> cornell university professor maria garcia teaches a class about the united states refugee policy since world war ii. she discusses who qualifies as a refugee and how that has changed over the years. as well as legislature governing quotas and procedures. her class is about an hour. ms. garcia: hundreds of thousands of people are fleeing to europe at this very moment. can anyone tell me from what countries they are fleeing? leighton. ok, syria. any other countries? sarah. kosovo. russia. any other countries? thank you. they are traveling to find refuge in europe.


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