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tv   Reel America Apollo 12 Pinpoint for Science - 1969  CSPAN  February 1, 2021 6:37pm-7:07pm EST

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you're watching american history tv every weekend on c-span 3. april 19th, 1967, surveyor three is on the move, -- the ocean of storms. with survivors electronic i we
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do the service. with this mechanical arm we draw a shallow trench in the soil. now on december 14th, 1960, 9:30 months after the landing men were leaving the earth to land on the ocean storms. gerald khan rod, richard gordon, alan, a crew of apollo 12, the second man landing on the face of the moon. their target? the site of surveyor three. >> ignition sequence in six, five, four, three, two, one,
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zero, commit, liftoff. apollo 12 piled on and the rain. >> the program is in. clear. >> this baby has really gone. >> 36 seconds later lightning hit the ground. >> i'm not sure he was hit by lightning. >> -- overload. [inaudible] we've had a couple of cardiac arrests here. one thing is the first class
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rides. got to go. you are looking good. in space and on earth they checked out the systems to make sure that the lightning had caused no damage that would have endangered the mission. the time for commitment neared. setting up all 12 to the moon. he l i. >> the good word is your go for tli. >> we are ready. we don't expect anything else. we didn't train for anything else. >> you better believe it. >> they did not trust his go. it looks good. >> with engine paid off, apollo 12 was on its way to the moon. now they turned around to dock, bullet free of a now useless
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booster. >> we've got a hard dock houston. she looks good. >> next burn would place apollo 12 on a new path to the moon. previous missions had followed a trajectory that would allow them to loop around the moon and with no further burns return to the earth. but apollo 12 with the proper lighting would break out from the -- would be needed to get them out. >> five, two, one. >> five, six. >> now they settle down to the routine. >> we are trying all of these
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things that we didn't have. deceiving. >> all dressed up, no place to go. . . >>,. >>. okay houston we are maneuvering. >> we copy that. 12. are beginning to go into darkness at this time. in fact we are there. >> houston.
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>> houston. go live. >> loi the burn of the space craft engine that would -- there would be no communications with the spacecraft until the team went over the lunar horizon. the lunar module. [inaudible] apollo 12. houston. >> yankee clipper, has arrived on time. i guess like everyone else that just arrived, there are three of them. >> the next day, pete khan red and allen left the -- command module. now the intrepid and --
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descent and landing on the moon. >> okay, here you go again. >> back off, thank. >> where would he be? >> as with the, burn the burned to begin dissent was made behind the. man mission contacted and trumpet as they went over the horizon. >> and trump it houston, how do you read? >> we had a great library.
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it's fantastic. the upper crater, called head crater and the surveyor crater, surveyor three is located in this crater. the optic to land as close as possible to surveyor creator. then at 50,000 feet, interprets engine fired and began the landing sequence. >> we are at 19,000 feet, we've got something of a horizon, we have the creators there. stand by. >> it's easy to look out there by the crater. >> i'm not sure. be 64. >> there it is, there it is,
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perfect. you're right down the middle of the road. 42 degrees. look out there, i can't believe this. it's amazing. fantastic. 42 degrees. just ride it in. coming down at about 99 feet a second. go for landing. >> go for landing. 40 degrees, this is so fantastic i can't believe it. >> we are at 2000 feet. 1500 feet up, 39 degrees. 36 degrees, 1200 feet. thank god. >> it looks good out there. 32 degrees, 33 degrees, 600 feet. look at that crater, right where it is supposed to be. >> it's beautiful. >> we are coming down the side. >> you really maneuvering around. >> come on down. >> okay.
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10% fuel. coming down at three. >> come on down. >> hundred 80 feet. 9%, looking good. want to get some dust? slow down the descent rate. 50 feet. coming down and four, you are looking good. watch for the dust. 40 coming down into. looking good, what you're left. coming down, he have plenty of gas. hang in there. i'm >> coming down in 24 feet. come on in there. 24 feet. >> roger, copy contact. but >> pro, yes. >> ok you've got your command over right off. you have your command over right off. >> yap. >> we leveled off high and came down. because i sure couldn't see what was underneath us once we settled down. >> it's a nice place to land.
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look at those boulders out there on the horizon. >> as comrade and being began preparations for the first trip of exploration, men on earth began preparing their landing site. they were aided by gordon. >> well done, clipper. >> this is familiar. [inaudible] >> roger. >> dick corden using the 28th power sextant for these sightings. >> i see severe. i see severe.
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>> roger, clipper. good eyeball, well done. >> a major goal of apollo 12 has been accomplished. before men can engage in a meaningful exploration they must be able to select a precise site and get their. but now it was time to exit the intrepid and begin exploration and experiments. conrad climbed out first. >> i'll tell you what, we are parked next to. we are about 25 feet further of the surveyor creator. that's a little further than we wanted to be. i see the surveyor. >> okay. >> and i see the pit.
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that is a long way to be. you will never believe it. guess what i see from the side of the creator? the old surveyor. doesn't that look neat? they can be any further than 600 feet from here. that's not bad. >> now pete conrad selected a preliminary geological sample. >> i have decided impression i don't want to move to rapidly. but i can walk quite well. it feels a little weird, i'll tell you. don't think you're gonna steam around here. >> i could work out here all day, just take your time.
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>> now all been left intrepid to join conrad on the surface of the moon. >> ok, don't lock it. the fight landed 20 feet behind where i landed, we'd have landed right smack in that crater. >> and it certainly, the television cameras pointed directly at the sun causing the tube to burn out, the only unsuccessful a specgx of the entire mission. >> houston, we have the flag up. >> like i said, hope everyone down there is proud of us. >> affirmative, we are proud of
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what you are doing. >> they prepared an experiment package to be left on the moon with automated station called el stat that sends information to earth four years, powered by mueller electric generator. >> okay. [inaudible] got to be able to move out with this thing. >> they moved to the site selected to set up the station. >> hey there is another one of those over there. >> hey, you're right. what do you think they are? >> i don't know, it looks like some kind of small volcano. >> they put together the experiment station. >> how far do you estimate we should set up camp? 600 feet? >> an acronym for apollo lunar services experiments package,
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piece by piece, they assembled the station. >> okay, the solar wind here. >> the solar wind experiment, to measure atomic particles thrown off by the sun as they strike the moon. i device to measure the moons atmosphere. a mega tom utter to measure the lunar field would later be found to be ten to 20 times stronger than many scientists had expected. to measure physical properties of the interior and a data station to collect experimental measurements and transmit them to earth. with it deployed, conrad and been began collecting geological samples.
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they trailed a core tube into the surface to collect soil from various depths. >> i'm doing it right now. >>. i want it down. we are about three hours and seven minutes into it. we would like you to go back to start the close out in ten minutes, that's three plus one seven. >> i just hope to get back there. we are a long way. >> we are approaching the alsep, heading back to the landing. >> we are picking up your heavy footprints going by the seismometers. >> okay, we are filthy. we need to shake off. coming up the ladder. shaking the whole thing.
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sorry about that. yankee clipper, houston. >> clipper here. >> clipper you are the forgotten man for a little while. all eyes are on you know. we are with you. >> as dick gordon circled the moon, pete conrad and al been rested for the next mission. the total time on the lunar surface was just under four hours. 12 and a half hours later, they went out again. >> okay, houston. >> roger, we copy that. >> before they began their geological expedition of the surrounding creators and surveyor, they worked around that lunar module getting tools and containers that they would meet. >> putting the bag on this right now. >> we copy that.
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>> what happened since yesterday? >> i think everyone learned a little something. >> as been ready to acquit meant, conrad went to the alsep to check an instrument so that the earth-based scientists had showed some concern about. >> i'm checking this site. >> houston, pete is on his way to the alsep. >> after comrade checked the experiments, they began the geological traverse, during which they would cover about a mile and take samples from six craters. >> you get a big surprise when you look into this crater. it's a lot deeper than it looks. there you go, that's a good rock. look at the pits in it, to. this is going to be good rock, houston. >> okay, houston, i'm coming up
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on the crater right now. that's a big fragment. >> what a fantastic sight. >> look at the bottom of that crater, here's some good rock samples. >> let's talk here and look at the chart a little bit. >> that looks so small back there. >> we show that you are 1200 feet from the landing. >> you know what i feel like? did you ever see those pictures of the raw giraffe running in slow motion? that's exactly what i feel like. >> i'm going to sleep tonight. they arrived at surveyor, their targets. while the surveyor activities were a bonus, they were symbolic, symbolic of the success of apollo 12. >> we are just going to move
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into the area, i don't know if you could see which way came in. dug up dirt, it's still settling in there. >> okay, houston, i'm jiggling it. the server is for america late planted here, that's no problem. okay, we are ready to start getting the tv camera. >> okay. you see that material disintegrate? that's easy. >> okay, two more cubes on the tv camera and that baby is hours. >> there you go, in the bag, in the bag. i have to zip it up. let me cut this scoop off. >> i thought you were just gonna leave it without a scoop. >> okay, this is the creator. >> they left surveyor and after a stop at the creator, they were back at the lunar module. selecting the solar wind experiment and stowing the rock
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boxes. >> this is ridiculous, i'm trying to blow off the dust. it's all over the box. >> been re-entered the lunar module first, congrats using a transfer apparatus, have a samples up to him. then conrad also left the lunar surface. >> okay. you can mark me off the lunar surface. >> roger, three hours and 15 minutes. >> up the ladder i come. >> but there was no time to rest, the lunar module had to be prepared for lift off from the moon and rendezvous with yankee clipper. >> looking good, pete. >> three, two, one. lift off. away we go.
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half a mile. 19 feet. three feet a second. >> and trump in keeping with -- >> the two vehicles moved
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together. [inaudible] now comrade and being rejoined -- bringing with some of the samples, experiments, and photographs to be returned to earth. the next step. the module. then crashing into the moon to help calibrate them under left on the surface. this is designed to measure the intensity of moot impacts, and -- , and similar phenomenon. >> the report says that the two spacecraft are separating. >> it's on its way down.
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>> the man on earth monitor the outcome of the size amir waiting for impact. >> three, two, one. impact. >> i asked for the meaning of it. i would rather not make a interpretation right now. but it as the one has struck a bell. it returns a single blow and finds that the reverberations from it continue for 20 minutes. >> after 55 minutes, the river still had not -- apollo 12 continued its orbit in the moon, gathering photography for scientific study including the -- the landing site for apollo 19. then it was time to head back to earth. >> roger, bye-bye.
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>> the burned to send them home would take place, on earth we waited. we waited for apollo 12. >> polo 12 houston. >> apollo 12. >> shortly before reentry, the crew of apollo 12 watch the earth move to blot out the sun. >> -- unbelievable. >> apollo 12 hit the atmosphere of earth at 25 miles an hour.
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but the law of a paul 12 dozen and with splashed down. it only begins. [inaudible] put them in a box that has crystals in it. >> i'm, an experimental station called -- since back its data. each experiment representing a milestone in our journey to the moon. >> it has been turned on. i'm very happy to say it's been functioning perfectly. >> it's been turned on. the seismic experiment as has been reported is functioning in
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all respects properly. >> i think it represents a discovery of the moon. >> we will have to throw the book away, and get over it again which seems to be the case for the moon in general. >> apollo 12 was a milestone in man and extra struggle exploration. it's achieved its landing as close as possible to selected targets marked by a surveyor. it's set of pace and pattern of scientific exploration that missions will not only follow, but will go beyond.
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weeknights this month we're featuring american tv programs as a preview of what's available every weekend on c-span 3. tonight we feature programs featured by the history makers. the largest collection of oral videotapes interviewed by black americans. we start with the julianna richardson, who marks her organizations 20th anniversary with a look at his founding, history, and current projects. watch tonight beginning at eight eastern and enjoy american history tv every weekend, on c-span 3. [inaudible] it's rather hard to see footing like this. honestly, while it is playing


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