tv Hillary Clinton on Women Human Rights CSPAN February 11, 2018 12:44am-2:10am EST
he is constantly driving the message. having us around, really allows him to do that. night ona, sunday c-span. announcer: now, hillary clinton joins the discussion at georgetown university on the importance of women and girls working within their communities to fight for human rights. this is an hour and 25 minutes. >> crime against humanity continues around the world. the women we honor tonight challenge these abuses and work tirelessly to advance peace, justice and human rights. nadia is a human rights champion. she as part of a minority in northern iraq targeted by isis. in 2014, isis abducted 7000 women and girls in forced many
into sexual slavery. nadia is a survivor. she shares her story with world leaders at the united nations and beyond, she advocates for women who are still not free, still at risk and is still struggling. wai wai nu is a pioneering peace builder in myanmar. ethnic conflict continues in the nation and the formal peace process is at a standstill. on the western border, the minority are facing a textbook case of ethnic cleansing at the hands of the military. wai wai nu uses her status as a former political prisoner to advocate for women's equality, and it justice and peace in myanmar. lyse doucet is a canadian journalist covering conflict in some of the most challenging places. from syria to afghanistan and beyond, she has demonstrated a fearless commitment to telling
the stories of those caught behind the front lines. her reporting exposes the unique impact that conflict has on women and children and also the daring and vital work with are -- women are doing to build these. -- build piece. peace. they exemplify women's leadership in advancing human right, justice and peace. today, georgetown university is honoring these brave women. ♪ [applause] melanne: good morning, everyone. welcome to this awards program to honor extraordinary leadership in advancing women in peace and security.
i want to give a very special welcome to our remarkable honorees and to their relatives and friends who have traveled here to be with them. i also want to welcome the members of our diplomatic corps, ambassadors from finland, kosovo, the netherlands, sweden, albania as well as officials at the canadian and british embassies. georgetown has always recognized our obligation to engage with the pressing challenges of our time. and to seek ways to contribute to the flourishing of our global community. as our president has observed, there are many approaches to the complex work of building sustainable peace or realizing the full development of our diverse society.
yet one theme emerges, the importance that women are full participants and valued leaders in global affairs. and that is the focus of our coming together this morning. in december of 2011, then secretary of state hillary clinton came to georgetown to launch the u.s. national action plan on women, peace and security. on that occasion, the president of the university also announced the creation of the georgetown institute for women, peace and security. it would pioneer innovative research and scholarship, that is evidence-based. work to bridge theory and practice, and bring together global leaders to advance women's participation in peace and security. as the secretary said at that time, whether it is ending
conflict, managing a transition , or building a country, the world cannot afford to continue to ignore half the population. this is not a women's issue. it cuts to the heart of our national security and the security of people everywhere. the institute recently released a new global index on women, peace and security that was undertaken with our norwegian partners. the index for the first time ranks 153 countries on the status of women's inclusion, justice and security. we are thrilled that secretary clinton is back with us today. over 20 years ago as first lady, she made a historic speech on behalf of the united states at the u.n. conference on women that took place in beijing.
she said then, that it is no longer acceptable to discuss women's rights as separate from human rights. and went on to pronounce words that would echo around the world. women's rights are human rights, and human rights are women's rights. it was a key moment in the empowerment of women as women's rights were chiseled into international law. and it sparked a worldwide movement that continues to this day. those years found her traveling to over 75 countries on behalf of progress for women and girls, speaking out for example against the treatment of afghan women, leading efforts to combat human trafficking, helping to support
women in northern ireland who were involved in the peace process. and now she continues to champion these issues as the first elected woman senator of new york and then as secretary of state, she reminded us that women's issues are critical to national security and elevated them as a central component of u.s. foreign policy. and as you all know, in 2016 she became the first woman to run for president of the united states as a nominee of a major political party and won the popular vote. so please welcome -- [applause] please welcome the honorary founding chair of the georgetown institute for women, peace and security, secretary hillary rodham clinton. [applause]
hillary: hello. [applause] thank you. hello, georgetown. it is great to be back here and i am delighted to join you for this awards ceremony once again. i want to thank melanne, who has been my partner, colleague and friend for decades now. there's an old expression you probably heard. if you want something done, ask a busy woman. i have to say that is melanne summed up very well.
the institute for women, peace and security is a testament to her vision as well as her sheer determination to make that vision a reality. i also want to thank president joya. he truly embodies the georgetown motto of men and women for others and his leadership about so many important matters but particularly this institute is absolutely extraordinary. you know, this university and this institute have flourished because so many people have seen its merits and have understood that it was filling a gap that many didn't even know existed. so i always am delighted to return to the hilltop and to sing the praises along with all of you of heroic women and men who have been been recognized over the years for their commitment to advancing women and peace and security. so be prepared to be humbled, inspired and energized. they are particularly relevant this year, when the steady
drumbeat of women speaking out about their own experiences has never been stronger. i think this is a watershed moment. and a powerful reminder of how important it is to make sure that women have a place at any table where decisions are made from the c suite to media to government to the peace table everywhere. we can all do a better job of making this a priority every day. and as americans, standing up for human rights and against injustice around the world is vital. i would argue it is part of the american dna. it is also, however, important to be clear eyed about the challenges we face in our own country. that is true whether we are grappling with endemic harassment and assault, threats to women's health and reproductive rights or pay disparities and other persistent inequities in our own economy.
but no one should ever underestimate the power of women and girls, not only to improve their own lives, but to help lift up families, communities and entire nations. the extraordinary courage and resilience of women and girls in the face of vast inequity and injustice is humbling. i've listened to girls as young as 12 argue forcefully and passionately against child marriage. i've met activists who risk their own safety to speak out against honor killings. i've held the hands of women and tiny little girls who lived through unimaginable horrors, and emerged determined not to be destroyed by what was done to them, but to do everything they could to prevent others from facing and enduring what they had.
through it all, i have seen that women are not only victims of war and conflict, but they are agents of change, makers of peace, and drivers of progress. that was truly the belief behind the creation of the georgetown institute for women and peace and security, the first of its kind in the world, back in 2011. we came together to declare that the issue of women's full participation in peace and security could no longer be relegated to the margins of international affairs. and in the years that followed, the institute has gathered the data to support what we knew in our hearts, that encouraging women's participation is strategic and necessary to peace, prosperity and security. the tradition of women standing up for human rights and democracy stretches across centuries and continents.
from the british suffragettes who fought for and won the right to vote 100 years ago tomorrow, before we did, to the women around the world who are at the forefront of taking on urgent global threats, like climate change and violent extremism, to today's honorees. there is nadia murad, an activist working to bring isis to justice while helping survivors of genocide and human trafficking heal and rebuild their lives and their communities. nadia's work is close to my heart because for decades, we have tried to take on the global scourge of human trafficking. i started working on it as first lady, as a senator, and as secretary of state. in fact, it was 20 years ago this march that with the help of your professor, secretary of
state madeleine albright, we worked with the clinton administration to help change the way that america saw this issue. to recognize human trafficking for what it is, not a cultural artifact, not collateral, but a crime that deserves to be prosecuted. when we first took on this issue , we addressed what we called the three p's. during my time as secretary of state we had a partnership. -- added partnership. we brought together ngo's, governments and the private sector to fight together against human trafficking and forced labor. and because we know that this is not an issue that affects only the far-flung corners of the world, we made sure that for the first time, the 2010 trafficking in persons report included data on human trafficking here in the united states.
this is not just someone else's problem. this is all of our problem. our second honoree, wei wei nu is a human rights activist and democracy activist in myanmar. she spent years as a political prisoner under the burmese military government. one of the horrors of her imprisonment was being cut off from everything that was going on in her society. so, out of that experience she has worked to raise awareness and mutual understanding and improve human rights of the rohinga. as secretary of state, i introduced resolution 1888 to the security council of the united nations, it was months after visiting with survivors of mass rape and brutality in the democratic of the congo. we wanted to bring together the international community to
expand our commitment to combating sexual violence in conflict zones that we created the first national action plan on women, peace and security to do just that. it was gratifying to see the congress pass a law to codify that national plan just last year and i look forward to seeing our government implement it. in recent years, the evidence has only grown to support the fact that sexual violence in conflict is both a gross human rights violation and a security challenge. it fuels displacement, weakens governance, destabilizes societies. it inhibits post-conflict resolution and imperils the long-term stability of countries. clearly, we still have a urgent work to do. just last fall, the current u.n.
special representative on sexual violence in conflict traveled to where hundreds of thousands have fled to escape the crisis in myanmar. she reported that every single woman she met had either witnessed or endured brutal sexual assault. the stories of the atrocities being committed against these women and girls, some very young girls, should horrify each and every one of us and more than that, should spear all of us to action. this is not a partisan issue in this time of such great partisanship. in fact, it's not even a women's issue. it should be an issue that goes to the very heart of who we are as human beings, to our common humanity. our third honoree, lyse doucet, is a reporter who has worked to shine a light on the experiences of women and children in
conflict, telling the stories that are too often overlooked. she has reported from some of the most important and dangerous areas in the world and done so with courage, compassion, and clarity. good reporting is not only compelling and and lightning, it is absolutely essential. i still believe in truth, evidence, facts. there is no such thing as alternative reality and we have to make sure we do not try to live in it or let anybody else push us to live in it either. [applause] at a time when expertise, truth, and facts are under siege, the work of journalists like lyse is particularly crucial.
it is easy to be overwhelmed by all that is going on in the world and on the world's stage and here at home. i know that. i get overwhelmed at least a dozen times a day. i have spent the last year traveling the country, meeting people at signings for my book and other events, listening to what is on their minds, and i have been asked more times than i can count, what can we do? one answer is clear, advancing the rights, opportunities, and full participation of women and girls is the great unfinished business of the 21st century. i intend to keep fighting to pursue this agenda and remain on the front lines of democracy. the most important question for everyone here is what can you do? what will you decide to make
your mission, your purpose, your passion, to use your education, your mind, your resolve to make our world a better place? in particular, what can you do to make sure the lives of women and girls is never again relegated to the backstage somewhere, seen as frivolous or a luxury that we cannot afford because of all the other important matters that are facing us. i think the stories of today's honoree are proof of what is possible. when we refused to give in or let our voices be silenced, it is hard to continue to speak up, speak out, stand up against what you think of as obvious wrongs,
but do not grow weary, bring a sustained commitment, think of these honorees, don't get discouraged. draw hope and inspiration from each of them and leave here today with a renewed commitment to making your own mark on the world. i know that is what we need more than ever and i am very confident that this university, the students, and all of you here today can really make a difference. thank you all, very much. [applause]
>> thank you so much, secretary clinton, for your inspiring words and for your ongoing commitment on these issues. it is now time for our honorees. imagine you are 19 years old, as probably some of you are, you are going to school, you have aspirations for your future. however, one day, terrorists come and subject you, and your entire family to unspeakable horrors. that is what happened to nadia when the islamic state raided her village and rounded up a kurdish minority.
isis killed many members of nadia's family and then abducted her. thousands of men, women, and children were massacred or kidnapped by isis and hundreds of thousands have been displaced by the violence against their religious community. the women have faced additional abuse, the abuse of sexual torture at the hands of their captors. many were sold into sexual slavery at slave markets. nadia is a survivor. she was one of the fortunate who managed to escape her brutal captivity and has since devoted her life to being a voice for those left behind. she said it never gets any easier to tell her story. each time, she said, she relives it.
she added it is the best weapon she has against terrorism and she plans on using her voice until the terrorists are put on trial. she has recently written a book about her experience entitled, "the last girl: my story of captivity and my fight against the islamic state." i hope you will all buy it. she has joined forces with amal clooney to insist that the international community bring the perpetrators of these crimes against humanity the justice. she has also founded an organization, nadia's initiative, to help women in marginalized groups to have a role in stabilizing and rebuilding their communities. in 2016, the united nations named her the first goodwill ambassador for the dignity of
survivors of human trafficking. she has experienced, in her life, unimaginable brutality, yet, despite that pain and suffering, she is determined to ensure justice for her people and she truly wants to be the last girl in the world with a story like hers. as has been said of her, nadia's resilience and dignity are the most powerful rejection of what isis stands for. now for the citation. for her powerful efforts to advocate for her people, urging that isis terrorist who perpetrated the atrocities committed against them are brought to justice, for helping survivors by bringing their voices to the world and working
to break the stigma of sexual violence and human trafficking that continues their nightmare. and for her determination to make it possible that other girls never have to endure the experiences she faced, georgetown is proud to present the 2018 hillary clinton award for dancing women in peace and security to nadia. [applause]
made possible her release from prison. she was then 25 years old. it was a historic time. myanmar was embarking on a democratic transition and at the same time, the country was still mired in struggle in the armed ethnic conflict. she embraced democratic reforms. she wants to be an agent for change. determined to address the violence, intolerance, and inequality afflicting her country. she founded two organizations, the women's peace network and justice for women. through the women's peace network, she is focused on peacemaking and efforts to build bridges across at the religious divisions, particularly among young people.
as a rohingyan, she is working to help combat domestic violence. her work at myanmar is critical. as a formal peace process between the government and various ethnic groups stalls, as the persecution of the minority goes on and all of its horrific forms, and as it displaces tens of thousands of rohingyans, she works through training programs to promote understanding justice and the possibility of a brighter future for her country. now, the citation.
>> if you follow the news on bbc, lyse doucet is a familiar voice and on the set. from the arab spring to all of the major wars in the middle east. from conflicts in africa to the wars in afghanistan and iraq, lyse has been there. she was in syria during the early hopeful days of the pro-democracy protests. she has been there ever since. she has returned time and again to cover the unfolding catastrophe. when i reached out to her about this award, i found her in aleppo on her way home. through her reporting we have witnessed the worst humanitarian
crisis there since world war ii. lyse takes us beyond the front lines to see the toll on civilians, the intensity of the refugee crisis, the plight of women and children. such as the suffering in syria that she has made a documentary on the children there to see through her eyes what is happening to them through their descriptions and experiences. she has described her reporting approach in this way -- i want you to come out of your living rooms and let me take you with me. and it has been a hallmark of her reporting to tell the stories of marginalized and silenced communities. to show the human face of conflict. among her stories are the
stories of women which are often ignored in the geopolitical narrative of conflict and security. brave women like nadia who is here with us today. the everyday lives of women in afghanistan. or the remarkable women fighting for democracy home she is highlighting in a new radio series called "her story made history." she never forgets their role in war and peace. when asked if her role as political, she says i have no problem with taking the part of the children or women because they are caught in politics. my politics is humanitarian politics. now for the citation, for her
reporting which has been characterized by authority, passion, persistence, and humanity, for telling the stories of the people behind the headlines, particularly women and children. to ensure that their experiences are reported and their voices are heard, the better we understand the consequences of war the harder we work to achieve peace. today, georgetown is proud to present the 2018 global trailblazer award to lyse doucet of the bbc. [applause]
melanne: now we will have an opportunity to hear from the nominees and hillary clinton. as they are engaged in conversation with a very experienced interviewer. when the discussion concludes, we ask that you remain in your seats until our guest have left the room. but lyse, before we turn it over to your questions and those the students have put forward our like to ask you a question. whether it has been in afghanistan or syria or so many other places, you have highlighted the stories of women. why do you believe in war coverage that it is important to
amplify their voices? lyse: thank you for that question. thank you to all of those here today. i would simply say that is not up to me. i am just the storyteller. wherever i have gone, whether it is in the darkest and most forbidding places, women always want to tell their own stories. sometimes they need journalists like me to amplify the voice, but there is no doubt in my mind that they have their voice. let me give you one short story from afghanistan and went from syria. the lessons i have learned. i was in a remote corner of northern afghanistan in a small tribal community where, sadly, men controlled all access to the women and me and my colleague, a female, had negotiated long and hard to get access to the women.
it took hours. then at the end, because we are women, i found out why the men did not want to give us access. because all the women did was criticize the men. they criticized how the men did not work, women had to work long into the night. they criticized the money, the family, the banks. even where we think the women do not want to speak, they do. you just have to open the door and sometimes adjust the window. in syria i learned another lesson in the last seven years, this is a lesson about even the youngest of voices. a 12-year-old child bride who knew exactly what was happening to her and what should happen to her in another mind of society.
after the syrian war, after every visit to syria i would think, what is the story that stays with me the most? who showed the most courage? almost without exception or was a child, a boy or a girl. what i learned was the children, the youngest voices, the tears come the smiles, the cute faces, not only do they have a story to tell but they have been through some of the worst of our times. times where women and children are not just on the frontlines, they are the frontlines. in times such as ours, we talk about what is sacred. the right to tell our own story. [applause] lyse: that is it for me. it is good to see you again, nadia. to see you again.
but i should say i am doing well because i'm hopeful we still have energy to fight and bring isis to justice. lyse: so many times you gone to the top world bodies and ask for help and i think were frustrated because it did not come. last september, you scored victory. you got the security council to an investigation into war crimes. what has happened in the past five months? are they moving ahead with the promise? are they keeping it? nadia: [speaking foreign language]
translator: first of all, i want to say thank you for relentless effort, continuous support for myself and other victims trying to bring isis to justice every day and she is still trying out with all of her ability. second, ever since we have started and after september 22 until now, we're working toward that goal to be achieved. the last updates are from the team dedicated to do the investigation in iraq to bring isis to justice.
the iraqi government is right now taking some charge on that and has started forensic investigation into mass graves in iraq, there has not been any trial yet. there is a tribunal trial but in the iraqi court there is still some investigations and nobody has been sentenced so far but we are hopeful this will happen in the future. lyse: i hope so, too. today is one of those most extraordinary moments when everybody comes together bound by common belief, but how to even begin to stand in the shoes of someone like nadia or someone like huawei who has spent their childhood growing up in a prison. sitting in front of us today with your shining spirit, how
did that shape you, wai wai, into who you are today? wai wai: thank you. that is a great question. only you know how to overcome that, right? i will try to explain how it is. i think it is fundamentally knowing yourself what happened to you. and knowing it is injustice that should not happen again to you or anybody else in your country or in the world. also having a good mentor. especially, i realized i have the privilege to have very inspiring parents and my father is the one who taught me humanity.
so that taught me even if your life and conditions is hard, at the end of the day if you know what is going on it is sure responsibility to respond to it and to work on it. lyse: i think there should be another "w" in your name. www, wise wai wai. you were set up for justice and human rights in myanmar. many of you will be following the progress of myanmar. it is not easy for any country to emerge from a major dictatorship. is this harder than you imagined? wai wai: yes, of course because when we were released for the presidential amnesty, we were released at like -- by the president -- political prisoners
will be able to involve in the country's transformation, i mean democratic transformation. we were very hopeful to get involved and to enjoy freedom, which we did not have for more than five decades. and, i really thought we would have more freedom like freedom of expression's and freedom to practice human rights and live a more dignified life they and previously under them -- then previously under the the dictatorship. but instead i had seen -- at the beginning i did not realize -- but later on i was talking to, i was joined in the program and talking to different minorities and people in the capitals, in the cities.
and people in the ethic areas, and i was specifically talking to my families extended families and i realized that their lives remained the same or got worse. we have seen the violence against muslim communities which is portrayed as communal conflict. of course in our understanding today it is not. so the situation has deteriorated tremendously and now it is like very worrisome and very horrific, what is happening in burma. not only in that community but all ethnic communities. and freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and
association have been severely and the journalists have been targeted. it has been getting worse. at the same time like, you know, like people are not even secure. we have been securing increased numbers of people under attack or attacked to death. it has been increasing. it has been worrisome. not expected. this is the time to reflect and move forward again. lyse: we have heard somebody over so manyories years, and we are still sitting , waia's story
wai's story, do you believe it is actually getting worse for women? sec. clinton: i believe that certainly over the last 25 years, in many ways it has gotten better but the work, as i said in my remarks, is unfinished. then, when we meet young women like nadia and wai wai we understand even more viscerally how that were cast to stay in our efforts. i think the progress made has been made in laws being changed and greater awareness and shining brighter lights in journalism, like yourself, to listen to the stories and repeat them to the rest of the world. so i would say it has gotten better but we are at a flexion point where i fear it could
begin to deteriorate and become worse again. when you listen to nadia's story, you realize the importance of law, the rule of law, due process, judicial systems, international organizations that have to be sustained and supported to set standards and hold people accountable and service places of recourse for the nadia's of the world. and when you listen to wai wai, here about her father, we need people in all walks of life to stand up and speak out but also to demonstrate, to live tolerance and respect for human dignity and our common humanity. i think her at this point where
there is a premium on top-down authority where there seems to be a global turning away from international organizations, from the rule of law, and the united states is not playing the role that historically we have played which is such a critical role. i have talked to scores and scores, maybe hundreds and hundreds of people by now who spent time in prison in the former soviet union, behind the iron curtain. in china, other places. not just the current hotspots and conflicts. almost to a person, they have whenhow important it was the american president or the american secretary of state or
the american first lady or the american anyone who spoke out about the importance of justice and treating people with the kind of care and appropriateness that was called for. if you do not have that echo in your ear, if you are not afraid of being called out and held up as not caring or even being an different and rejecting these fundamental principles of human rights and the institutions that support them and being a real beacon for those that are under the whip and the gun to look to, we begin to lose balance. and, i am worried about that. so, i see an upward trajectory but i do not want us to plateau. i do not want us to grow tired or feel like it is none of our business anymore because we have to support such individuals as nadia and wai wai and herself
because of the important role that journalists must play in speaking truth to power, but that we have got to do more to reestablish america's voice in this arena. lyse: anniversaries are often moments for everyone to reflect. i want to take this opportunity, as you mentioned in your speech, 100 years, one century since british women one the right to vote. yet we would say, even in developed societies, women are fighting. what is your take on women and
initics as someone who has through it all. sec. clinton: look on my think you are right to raise that. it is not just the issues we are talking about here in places like iraq or myanmar are some many others. we have to protect and nurture the progress that is been made over the last 100 plus years. and, i am grateful right now there is a very vigorous debate in our country about a lot of these important matters in women's autonomy and women's right and the protection of women and the right to speak out and speak up on a range of important questions. i also feel like there is a lot of pushback going on. i think it is important that just as we need to stand up and speak out for women and girls, elsewhere we need to do the same here. within the framework of democracy, the rule of law, and all that goes with it, we have our work cut out for us. we do not celebrate our 100 anniversary for two years.
look, misogyny and sexism is still a problem. it is not only blatant in many ways, it is also attitudinal and it suppresses a lot of the opportunities and potential of young women, so our work is not finished here. it may not appear to be or feel like it is urgent. we hear about the problems facing ethnic groups in myanmar or others whose lives are assaulted in many cases and destroyed by isis. fighting for women's rights, justice, equality, should be one
of the common endeavors that brings us together regardless of which society, country, ethnic, religious, nationalist group it may be part of. i think the united states has a particular responsibility to help lead that. lyse: thank you. some people say this is the year of women, and it that is the true it should also be the year of young women. we have some students sent us some questions. i would ask all of you, we have a question from the class of 2019, ali. is ali with us? oh, ali isn't a woman? great! i will put your question to nadia. what have you found to be the most effective way to mobilize
isis for the past 3.5 years and in addition to over 5000 people killed, nearly 7000 women and female children were abducted by this group. the entire community was displaced into refugee camps. the only thing also i have been telling people over time is the synergy, a uniting the efforts of all the members of the community. what a challenging this has been and very effective and very effective in telling terrorist organizations we are united. lyse: i think that is something you can all support you one. thank you for that bit of advice.
wai wai, you said during your organizations we are united. imprisonment your father helped you and your mentors. we have a question. i think it is from celia, may be she had to go back to class. how do you maintain enough optimism to keep fighting for human rights? wei wei: yeah, i think -- how do you maintain hope? i think, i forget to mention that while i was in the prison i was able to read some books after two years. for two years we were not allowed to even get a book.
i have been reading about the struggles and biographies of people like martin luther king, nelson mandela, other leaders round the world. i found resilience and strength and encouragement and even today, i see a lot of the struggle that has been faced by many, many people around the world including my own community. mainly when it comes to life is not easy. we have to be able to bring equality and peace and justice
for those people. i believe today we can try and one day in the next generation we will really bring justice for those people. i think my hope is just like being resilient and keep trying. hoping that one day we will achieve, and we did achieve in the past. all this history witness that we can achieve. and it can only be achieved at the same time by manpower. people power. men and women in power and solidarity and education. together i think we can really bring the mission that we want to bring for the futures of our communities and human beings. lyse: thank you, that is very
good advice. this leads us to the next question. in my work i often say questions can be more interesting than the answers. siddarth, great question. this is a question for secretary clinton. what role can and should be played for the advancement of women and the issues of peace and security? sec. clinton: thank you frasca me that question. -- thank you for asking me that question. as big a role as you possibly
can. there are many ways to support this unfinished business. you heard from wai wai the influence of her own father. i mean, do not discount the influence of personal support and interest, and encouragement, action, that sounds simplistic but it is probably the most profound thing you can do in helping women and girls be given the support, the tools they need. the confidence it is often necessary. the resilience which is essential. also, if you are interested in these issues beyond the personal, there are so many ways to serve. there are all kinds of ngos and nonprofits, government organizations. nadiaeard nokia
mentioned the u.n., the important work of trying to bring isis and the leader suffices to justice is work -- and the leaders of isis to justice is work that will never end. i think also politically, voting for people who care about these issues and taking a hard look at your own really personal views. i mean, i think everyone has to of prejudicials thoughts, worries about who's on top and who is not in the world as it is today, you heard wai wai say being born into a minority is hard. it is hard everywhere. and, it if you find yourself in a role where you can speak out and speak up and not go along with either remaining silent or even chiming in about derogatory remarks about women and girls and also minorities, but focus
on women and girls, you will be that person. be that woman or man who does not let it all on. who stands up or speaks out. and use your voting power as a toizen in a democracy register your feelings about these issues. business, make sure women are treated equally and paid equally. [applause] a good friend to runs a huge tech company, he runs this huge tech company, a wonderful guy. he has two great daughters. he kept hearing about how there was not equal pay for legal work
and he thought to himself, that cannot possibly be true. not in my company. and he actually launched a total analysis of comparing years of service, levels of education across his entire company. thousands of employees. guess what he found out it was? absolutely true in his own company. and he was embarrassed and really surprised. and it was not that people were sitting around saying, ok we have two college graduates, they start out as the same but over the next four or five years, the man is going to go better, he is going to do more, we are going to reward him, we have to phd computer scientists and after the same number of years we will give the guy more chances. it was not that explicit. it was much more, you know, almost just implied by its about women and women's roles and women's success. -- implied bias about women and women's roles and women's success. so there are so many ways to be
an ally, a friend, a supporter in these causes in this country and around the world. lyse: if you forget anything, it is all recorded. you get the recording from georgetown and study it. we don't want everything to go one way. i want to get a sense of who you are at this moment. this is an important moment for our world. how many of you came here on this sunday morning and washington with a sense of hope. more hope than anxiety and fear. how many came here with hope more than anxiety and fear? how many of you wake up in the morning with the dread and fear that this moment is actually a moment fraught with risk. and how many of you are going to
go home more hopeful after today's session? [laughter] this is a question for knotty at and wai wai. this is your moment. you of all these students here. you are from the school of foreign service, 2021 asking this question. where are you? there you are. a do-er. what can college-age women do now to promote peace across the globe from the united states. so, sitting in the united states, what can they do to help peace? the world is a lot closer these days. >> thank you for that practical question. i think young people, i mean
everybody can do things if they care. the only thing is, we need to care and we need to learn and understand and respond. i think today's young people have better chance than any other age because of the advancements of technology. with these that technology in effective ways. basically, you know, social media and the digital platform is to our advantage. so i would encourage everybody to learn beyond your community, your country, and what is happening in all of the corners of the world and really respond whatever you can by using technology. there are many other ways that
you can respond to. for example, mobilizing in your country, in your college, doing events and discussing them among each other and how we can best respond. in my experience, one of the ways to take action and to respond is by actually taking advice and consulting with different people. you never make a mistake if you consult with others. among ourselves as shown people, we have to discuss and come up with a great, great ideas even better than mine or not he is or any other actresses. i would say, like that. nadia: [speaking foreign language]
children, including the children that were abducted to indoctrinate them and brainwash them and teach them how to kill. so i think we can reverse that by teaching them how to love one another and spread this education and make sure that this is a top priority and peace. and for those people of the united states and other parts of the world, i think learning about other people's cultures is very important because isis did not want to learn about the yehzidi culture. you accept the other cultures , way of life, so they can appreciate your culture and there can be a peaceful coexistence. [applause] lyse: the questions are getting tougher as we go on.
the next question is so complicated i need to have a policy nerd. do i have any policy nerds on my panel? secretary clinton? this is one i know you know the answer to. climate change. scarce resources. worsen the risk of certain natural disasters. women are disproportionately vulnerable. how can students -- i like bringing your questions back to you -- how can students help other women around the world face these risks? sec. clinton: you are absolutely right. i think america needs to get
back to the table on the paris agreement. i think we're the only country left in the world, syria actually was the other holdout and they have joined the paris agreement. i think that there has been so many issues that people are concerned about that it is easy to get spread so thin that we do not make a significant impact on the political calculations in thinking about the administration and congress. i think there should be a lot more activity around climate change with a specific goal in mind. my suggestion, although there could very well be others is to get the united states back into the paris agreement. lots of student activity, lots of old-fashioned stuff like phone calling and everything, but also a consistent presence trying to make that case because that will enable us to try to do
more as a country, even though it is going to be difficult i admit to try to change this policy. i recently met with the u.n. official responsible for implementing the paris agreement and she is optimistic about the work that is being done between other governments and not for profits and private businesses and in our country a lot of mayors and governors are stepping up. so in addition to trying to put pressure on government, there is much to be done at home that will be beneficial globally. so looking forward ways to work for nonprofits, private sector businesses, and certainly government. volunteering, doing whatever you can to help us organize ourselves here on the local and
waiting until we get back into a national commitment. with respect to the rest of the world, would say that particularly for women, you are absolutely right. they will bear the brunt of looking for the food, looking for the firewood, looking for a place to migrate to when all of the grass is finally gone as the desertification moves forward. the intense heat now being reported across north africa into the middle east and india. so yes, women will be the primary bearer of the burdens of the problems of climate change. so look for international organizations to support. there are some groups that are
planning trays. -- planting trees. people say, that is a simple thing. i want to do something important. planting trees is really important. helping to move toward more drought resistant kinds of trees and shrubbery to try to save the soil. try to create some shade. try to get something to eat. agitating for drought resistant trees and seedlings that can be planted and nurtured. because remember, 60% of the small farmers in the world are women. i am talking about less than an acre and most instances. they are out there toiling to grow enough to feed their own family and maybe have a little extra to go to market. the global alliance, helping with that cook stove. something i kicked off as secretary of state because changing the way women and girls cook is good for the environment and good for their health.
the fourth leading cause of death in the world is respiratory illness is largely driven by cooking and enclosed spaces using fuel that affects your lungs. so there are lots of ways, from our own challenges here at home all the way to supporting programs and projects that are taking place around the world that can make a difference in women's lives. there is some progress, not nearly enough and without the united states government, the national government, being a leader i think our efforts are going to be certainly hollowed by our lack of involvement. but we cannot let that stop us from doing everything we possibly can to try to make a difference and climate change in the united states and around the world, knowing full well it will
have and is having already a very important impact. the burden is disproportionately falling on women and children. lyse: last question, where is chris? he is going to graduate in 2021. where's chris? maybe he had to go back to class. chris, you are going to get all of us in trouble. there is no way man we can answer this question in. who is the woman and global politics who inspires you ? all of us here know so many global politics who inspire us. so now let's talk about all the
women in politics who inspire us. [applause] lyse: so chris, you are going to get together and go over those lessons under that tree you will plant and discuss those women's issues. secretary clinton if you can leave us with one last word. you talk about a backlash, how do you see this backlash against women's rights and what can be done about it? sec. clinton: i see it as a reaction that is driven by lots of different motives. some of them having to do with people feeling insecure, frightened, disappointed, discouraged. name whatever emotion you want , about their lives and the ongoing globalization of the economy which is leaving many people out and we have not seen
anything yet. wait till robotics and ai really take off. so when people are insecure and anxious, they often defend against their own feelings by rejecting others. that often happens with minorities. it happens with ethnicities, races, religion and it also happens with respect to women. so any of you have read my book, about what happened know that i think misogyny and sexism was part of that campaign. it was one of the contributed factors and some of it was just old-fashioned sexism and a refusal to accept the equality of women and women's leadership and some of it as an outgrowth of all of this anxiety and praying onthat is
in theand leading them hunt for scapegoats. we have to deal with that here at home and i think that comes from the ballot box. this is an election year, 2018 in the u.s. there is a lot that can be done to say wait a minute, we're not going backwards when it comes to race, religion, sex. we are going to keep moving forward because we want an inclusive tolerant society. that includes everybody, not just some of us but all of us. certainly, voting remains the principal way that every individual can express an opinion and anyone who chooses not to vote basically sees that opinion to others who perhaps don't hold your values. speaking up and speaking out against the atrocities being committed against women and girls elsewhere is critically important as well.
and we talked about some of the ways of doing that. but remaining vigilant, remaining a very committed advocate on behalf of women and girls here at home and around the world and helping others understand why you feel that way. why it is important. why you took out time to come to this event at the institute all has positive incremental effect. there is a lot of work to be done. we are not going back. women's voices are not shutting up. [applause] lyse: thank you secretary clinton. wai wai, and nadia, thank you. [applause]
we knew that we had to get people involved. challenging people in our own movement sometimes and people that we love and artists do not say that our lives matter, to not use it to say that other committees matter but to really focus on the black people. to be in solidarity with black people. then, we took it up with the world. sunday night on c-span's book tv. >> this is just over 90 minutes.