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tv   DW News  PBS  February 10, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ brent: this is "dw news" live from berlin. in a level cover the death toll can rise -- in aleppo, and tens of thousands of refugees have fled to turkey's border, and tonight, nato is discussing what it can do to ease the crisis. also on the show, the road to the u.s. presidential elections. outsiders triumph in new hampshire. self-proclaimed socialist bernie
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sanders wins the democratic primary, and on the republican side, tv star donald trump scores a decisive victory, and more than 70 years after the closure of auschwitz, a former ss officer and three camp guards are in court for war crime charges. ♪ ♪ brent: i am brent goff. it is good to have you with us. as turkey faces mounting pressure to open their borders for serious fleeing violence, word is more than 500 people have died in the ongoing bombardment of aleppo. syrian forces are pounding bases in and around the syrian city with support from russian warplanes. u.n. has called on russia to end their strikes, but there is no
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sign of that operation ending. report: just north of aleppo. russian bombs hit the city. this video purports to show the latest offensive by the syrian army and its ally russia, causing a humanitarian crisis, the west says. "we were forced to flee from the russian bombings. my foot was injured. we need places to stay, medicine for the children, clothing, food, and medicine." the heavy fighting has put peace talks on hold. "we are being blamed for the cause of the collapse of the talks, but that is a lie in its lowest form." as the war continues to rage, the u.s. has already back down on its assistance that any peace
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deal must include the ouster of the russian ally assad, and russia support of assad has allowed so-called islamic state to expand. the u.s.'s anti-is strategy pertains to kurdish forces. they are engaged in territorial battles with is to the east of aleppo. washington's alliance with the kurds is now causing a rift with its other key ally in the conflict, turkey. >> we say the rebel group is a terrorist organization, and u.s. officials are saying they are not a terrorist organization. i call on america. how many times have i explained this to you? are you on our side or on the side of the terrorists and the pkk?
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the diplomatic situation is growing increasingly intractable, but they remain the only hope of peace for the displaced people and those trapped in the besieged towns of war-torn syria. brent: nato officials are looking to see how they could help stem the increasing flow of migrants, and that request has come from turkey, which is become inundated with its border with syria. using ships from nato countries to intercept people smugglers involving turkey and greece. reporter: nato defense ministers were faced with an improv joe -- and impromptu proposal. the countries are asking nato to take on a new role in the refugee crisis. >> it is unbearable to see how the assad government is bombing its own people and forcing hundreds of thousands to flee.
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we have to work closely with turkey, where people are heading for protection. reporter: the joint proposal would pave the way for nato forces to take steps to identify and dismantle human trafficking networks. >> to help save lives in the eastern mediterranean and help disrupt the criminal business models behind this trafficking is extremely welcome, and we will be looking at that proposal very seriously. reporter: the overall response was polite but reserved. many say nato will not rule out providing some sort of assistance, but the european union would have to shoulder the brunt of the burden. benrent: we are covering the meeting. reporter: on the table are the plans to use the existing nato ships that are stationed in the east mediterranean to calm turkey's nerves.
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we have seen and heard all of this, and to use these ships to support the turkish and greek navy in their hunt against people traffickers. however, practically, this does mean, of course, that shots will be fired. those ships are along to save the refugees from them and then take them directly back to the turkish coast. that is at least what the germans are draining of. we do not know yet whether this will come to fruition and whether this will be agreed upon, but that is the plan theoretically, which would then, of course, leave turkey again with more refugees, so it seems that this game is being turned around and around. they are trying to stem the flow across the mediterranean, and everyone knows that the refugees would just be looking for another road to get into europe. it is not quite clear where this will be ending. brent: there is trouble tonight
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within germany's governing coalition, and it has all to do with the growing number of migrants in the country. german chancellor angela merkel has offered refuge to those fleeing syria, but her junior and and other partners are deeply concerned about how the country will cpe. the premier of bavaria has come out with a statement so harsh that it threatens to rock the government. reporter: keeping up his provocative rhetoric. on a visit to moscow, the bavarian premier emphasized common interests with russia, but he seems less interest with solidarity in germany, once again attacking the refugee policy of angela merkel. "what we have is the rule of injustice."
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germany, a lawless state? the head of one party apparently agrees. "we have always said there is a lawless area along our european and national borders. we want to return to law and order both in germany and in europe." others are outraged. the east german regime may have been lawless, but germany today? "either he does not know what he is saying, which would be quite problematic for a leader, or he knew what he was saying, which would make it even worse, because then it would be a provocation that went too far and that ultimately can harm all democratic parties." critics say he seems willing to discredit the refugee policy of angela merkel by any means necessary.
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brent: the inquiry into the deadly train crash in germany is investigating whether safety measures failed. now, reports have suggested that human error could have caused two commuter trains to collide head on. everyone involved in the accident is now accounted for. the town is in mourning. reporter: flags outside the town hall decorated with black ribbons. the search for the cause of the crash continues. criminal police are gathering evidence. they have found two of the black box recorders and are still searching for the third. media reports have suggested the crash may have been caused by human error, but the police here reject such speculation. "we can only make an assessment when investigations are completed. that can take days, but more likely weeks or months."
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the german transport minister says one blackbox has already been examined, and it appears there was no technical problem, but investigators are continuing their investigation. here at the side of the crash, the operation has very much been shifted into a salvage and clear up operation, a very tough challenge for those here responsible to try to free this track of this complete metal wrangling behind me. also, they are still trying to find that third black box, which is hoped to give vital clues to what could have led to this fatal crash free of the speculation, of course, is going on, whether this could have been human error. from the official site, there is no confirmation pointing to the fact that it is simply way kilos early -- way kilos early -- too
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early, and there was a security procedure in place which was put in place a few years ago, and for some reason, it did not work, or it was switched off. that is the question as this operation continues, and that could last several more days. brent: our reporter from southern big area. now, here are some of the other stories. lawmakers in france have voted to change the constitution in order to strip terrorists of their french citizenship. the national assembly debated this, and this has been hotly debate since the terror attacks, but before the constitutional amendments and the adopted, they still have to pass through the french senate and congress. medical and scientific teams around the world have signed an agreement to share all of their data of the zika virus with one another.
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researchers want to step up efforts in finding possible vaccines or treatments to fight the virus. health officials have linked it to severe birth defects in brazilian babies. police in sicily have arrested more than 100 suspected members of an impetus -- infamous mafia gang, with possession of illegal weapons among other crimes. the family is considered one of the most dangerous sicilian mafia clans. all right, to new hampshire now, voters there have sent a strong signal to the political establishment, both democrats and republicans showing their dissatisfaction with the status quo by handing victories to outsider candidates. senator bernie sanders, a 74-year-old self-proclaimed socialist convincingly beat hillary clinton, and the real estate tycoon and the reality tv star, i do not have to say his name, but i will anyway, donald
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trump, he got twice as many votes as any of his republican challengers. reporter: a selfie with the women. many of donald trump's supporters want a picture of the victory. they do not want politics as usua>> the same old political regime. we what to change it. reporter: and that is exactly what a triumphant from -- trump said he would do. mr. trump: we are going to do it. we are going to beat china and japan and all of these countries that are taking so much of our money away from us on a daily basis. it is not going to happen anymore. reporter: after his victory,
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democratic candidate bernie sanders focused on one thing, taking away the economic ills, a message clearly aimed at wall street. mr. sanders: the american people will not continue to accept a corrupt campaign finance system that is undermining american democracy, and we will not accept a rigged economy in which ordinary americans work longer hours for lower wages while almost all new income and wealth goes to the top 1%. reporter: a stance that is proving very popular with younger voters. >> i think he has just stopped being what is perpetuating the cycle of whoever has the most money wins. reporter: despite sanders's triumph in new hampshire, hillary clinton remains in the
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race. now, there is the primary campaign in nevada. brent: all right, we are going to take a break and come back with business news. we are back in about 65 seconds. ♪
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ben: welcome back. you are with "dw news" live from berlin. nato ministers are discussing ways to help slow the number of people trying to make it to europe by c -- sea. democratic socialist bernie sanders and republican donald trump both scored big wins at the new hampshire primary, and hillary clinton remains the narrow favorite in the race for the nomination, and some news just coming in.
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reuters is reporting that new jersey governor chris christie is ending his campaign for the 2016 republican presidential nomination. that announced coming just a day after his disappointing sixth place showing in the new hampshire primary. again, the new jersey governor christie ending his bid for the republican nomination for the white house. all right, moving on now, more than seven decades after the end of the second world war, german courts are still reviewing atrocities carried out by the nazi regime. last year, a former auschwitz guard was found guilty of accessory to murder in hundreds of thousands of cases and sentenced to a far years -- to four years in prison. there are other low ranking nazi functionaries who are facing charges. this is all because of a small office in southern germany, making sure that the crimes are not forgotten.
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reporter: no one here really likes the term nazi hunter, but if it was not for people like this man and his team, there would be no more prosecutions of nazi war crimes. the investigation of the nazi war crimes is still looking for those who still have never been brought to justice. most are now dead, but four suspects are currently facing trial. >> the nazi's had crimes organized by the state or at least sanctioned by the state, and that means today's judicial system, the german state, has a responsibility to investigate the crimes. i would also say we owed to the victims at home and at broad. auschwitz, the largest nazi concentration cap, between 1942 and 1945, more than one million people murdered here.
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out of the 6005 hundred ss soldiers who served at auschwitz, only 21 were convicted after the war. the vast majority of them did not even face charges. in the 1950's, a consensus emerged among the allies and the german said it was better to ignore the past and look to a common future. remember, this was the period of the cold war. this attitude began to change in 2009 with the trial of a man, the first time a low ranking nazi official had gone on trial in germany with no direct evidence linking him to specific killings. instead, the fact that he served as a guard at the extermination camp was enough. he was found guilty of more than 28,000 counts of murder and sentenced to five years in prison. he died before the federal court of justice could make a final decision. then, last july came the
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conviction of a man who still says he was just a caulk in the system, a 94-year-old, dubbed the keeper of auschwitz. he was sentenced to four years in prison for the murder of 300,000 people. he also appealed to the federal court of justice. that ruling is expected in the next few months he or his day sees the start of proceedings against a 94-year-old guard at the auschwitz concentration camp. it is another case for the nazi hunters who say addressing the crimes is still crucial for germany's judicial system. better late than never. brent: south korea has denounced north korea's long-range rocket launch and is also taking action regarding business relations between the two countries. more with the details. reporter: after the recent rocket launch, not surprisingly,
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tensions are creasing -- are increasing again. now they are affecting diplomatic ties. south korea has announced it is ceasing operations at its industrial plant with north korea and that it will remain in effect until north korea dispels the international fears around the rockets and nuclear development. reporter: this was one of the last points of contact between north and south korea, cooperation with the textiles and car parts industries. more than 100 companies employ 50,000 plus north koreans here. once seen as a win/win arrangement for both sides, but now, political concerns are overtaking the business once, and that cooperation has come to an end. "our government decided to completely suspend the kaesong
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park, being used for the development of north korean missile and nuclear programs. while north korea has already seen the benefits of kaesong, a source of badly needed cash for pyongyang, which is now will have to do without. but the north is not the only loser. south korea has invested millions of dollars in the park, and with doubts looming as to if or when kaesong will open again, there are also questions as to whether civil, korea, will see a return on their investment. reporter: fed chair janet yellen said the u.s. economy was threatened by tightening conditions at home as well as mounting turmoil in the global
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economy. she was expressing more concerns than she had two months ago. that was the last time she spoke publicly. she said the outlook for the u.s. economy is now cloudy again, and analysts are concerned it is a sign the fed would not move to increase interest rates at its meeting in march. the german president continues his four years -- a four year -- his trip with a nigerian businessman with an estimated fortune of $15 billion. he is one of the richest men in africa, and it seems that he and the german government are finding ways to collaborate. reporter on this signing signals the beginning of and in bishops roger it the nigerian cooperative with the german engineering federation are planning to train 300 young nigerians.
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their goal? to prepare patricians and mechanics to meet germany's strict engineering standards. >> there is no way we will continue with the interests, to be able to train our workers for all over. reporter: he made his fortune producing cement. since then, his company has grown to be nigeria's largest. "we see a good product, and if we want to be successful, we have to have partners who work to the same professional standards we do." it will be partly funded by germany's regional development fines. the scheme will be the first training initiative of its kind for nigeria. reporter: in moscow, activists
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and ordinary citizens were outraged when the government of the russian capital city took a bulldozer to many structures around the city metro stations. about 100 small shops and restaurants were taken down. the city maintains that the structures were illegally built in the 1990's. business owners said they had valid property owner documents and leases and that some were confirmed just weeks ago. reporter: most of the razed stores sold household items, and some were three stories high. it affects access to gas and telecommunication lines. the bolder overs -- bulldozers were accompanied by riot police, and the owners were not even able to save their equipment and supplies.
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"this is a military action. what have we done to be destroyed in such a barbaric way? i have no words." quite a few moscow residents sympathized with the shop owners. "look at this. people are all mad. no place to put credit on your phone, no toilet. really, who had a problem with all of these places?" " who did they do it for, and what for? they just made it harder for everyone. quote many see this is just another sign that the rule of law has little respect in russia. the main thing is they did in such a barbaric way that any business understood that they will never invest in this country again. local analysts say moscow could face hundreds of millions of dollars in legal claims. the city also stands to lose millions in taxes from the businesses that operated in the destroyed buildings.
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reporter: all right, that is the latest business news from me. back over to you. brent: republic billionaire donald trump and democratic socialist bernie sanders both scored big wins in the new hampshire primary on tuesday. hillary clinton remains the narrow favorite in the race for the nomination. you are watching "dw news live from berlin." after a short break, we will be back to take you through the day. i hope you will join me.
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♪ ♪ recently, an increasing number of hong kong citizens have been moving to taiwan.


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