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tv   Charlie Rose The Week  KQED  February 13, 2016 5:30am-6:01am PST

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syrian civil war. new evidence confirms einstein's theory of relativity, and ben stiller is back in theaters in "zoolander 2". >> he's derek zoolander. he has the chinese throwing stuff with a look. >> wait, magnum, now! >> you have this! yeah! tequila! >> maybe we could try a wash cloth! >> rose: we will have those stories and more on what happened and what might happen. >> funding for charlie rose was provided by the following:
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>> and so you began how. >> i like to have fun out there. >> rose: is it luck at all or is it something jeels it's super cutting edge. >> rose: what's the object lesson here? >> everybody wants a sequel million they get one. >> rose: tell me the significance of the moment. >> rose: hfts week berpy sanders and donald trump won the new hampshire primary. a team of physicists proved a theory predicted byine steen a century ago. and the denver broncos beat the carolina panthers in super bowl 50. here are the sights and sounds the of the past seven days. >> violence in hong kong. >> the clashes began when police tried to remove some food vendors from a busy street. >> in southern germany, two regional trains crashed head-on. reports of several fatalities. the cause of the crash not
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known. >> rose: north korea's failure to lawrve. >> north korea is facing new sanctions after state run media announced a successful launch of a satellite. >> reporter: the chairman of the federal reserve testifies on the economy. >> economic growth has been very slow. >> scientists say they found gravitational waves or ripples in the fabric of space time. the discovery is being hailed as the greatest scientific breakthriewft century. >> rose: trump and sanders take new hampshire. >> i am going to be the greatest jobs president that god ever created. >> we have sent a message that will echo from wall street to washington, from maine to california. >> the denver broncos have taken super bowl 50. >> charlie rose received a big honor for excellence in broadcast journalism. >> thank you so much for this honor. ♪ under the sea >> rose: a week-long cruise is a wash-out. >> 30-foot waves hit royal
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caribbean's "an themselves of the seas" off the carolina coast ♪ one more time >> marco rubio didn't exactly help hills. >> let's dispel with the fiction that barack obama doesn't know what he's doing. this notion that barack obama doesn't know what he's doing is just not true. >> there it is. there it is. the memorized 25-second speech. >> trotting out the same well-practiced line. >> he knows what he is doing. >> four times ♪ green acres is the place to be ♪ >> rose: a 600-pound pig escapes. >> in new hampshire, an escaped 600-pound pig at the door of aat polling location. ♪ ♪ >> rose: we begin this week with syria. world powers have agreed to implement a cessation of hostilities in the syrian civil war and to deliver humanitarian aid to areas under siege. u.s. secretary of state john kerry announced the decision from munich, germany, on friday.
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>> i'm pleased to say that as a result, today in munich, we believe we have made progress on both the humanitarian front and the cessation of hostilities front. >> rose: joining me from munich, germany, steffan de mistura, the u.n. special envoy for syria. he participated in yesterday's meetings. i am pleased to have him on this program. tell me what you believe we have achieved at these meetings. >> well, first of all, let's look at what happened yesterday. it was not a declaration. it was not a statement. it was a commitment. secondly, it was not a commitment about something generic. it was about concrete things-- humanitarian aid to reach those besieged areas, stopping the bombing, in other words, stopping the conflict. basically a cessation of hostilities. three air, deadline, seven days. and all that to take place based
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on a clear commitment. now, that is something that we can call an achievement. but as you know very well, you need to test it. >> rose: gifs us a sense of the atmosphere, of the developments, the give and take, and what finally led them all to come to this agreement. >> well, yeah, you will understand, and i know you are-- you understand. i cannot reveal too much at all about what happened inside a very closed and delicate meeting where countries were actually debate be intensely, about something which is a very-- well, a very controversial issue. but what i can tell you is that all of them were seriously engaged in talking about what can be done. secondly, there was a clear indication that there was no time to be lost. and, three, that the syrian people were watching them, more than once we were all telling
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ourselves, "look, we have been working now, talking for five hours, six hours, but who is outside this room? who are they? millions of people who have been waiting for this in syria and outside syria to see us, we countries who have an impact, to do something about stopping this conflict." >> rose: this is a human catastrophe. are you surprised that it's taken so long for the world to deal with it? >> i am particularly surprised and disappointed, because if we have dealt with this four years ago, that would have been much easier. now, look how many various groups and countries are involved. it's regional. it's proxy. it's internal, and potentially international. and on top of it, what we investor had before-- and i never had before-- if you think about the other conflicts, is this time we have a new disease
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which enters, which is fra jail, which is called isis, and that is a new factor which has made this conflict even more complicated but of but also more urgent to be solved. >> rose: we continue now way major development in the world of physics and astronomy. this week a group of scientists confirmed the first direct detection of gravitational waves. it was first predicted by albert einstein almost a century ago. for more, we turn to our panel. dennis, explain it to us. ( laughter ). >> they heard two black holes collide a billion light-year away from here. one was 36 times the mass of the sun. the other was 29 times the mass of the sun. these are, like, gigantic masses packed into a volume maybe the size of manchester. and they basically crashed
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together at half the speed of light, this really messed up space time, in a big way. and it created these ripples. >> rose: is that what we call gravitational waves? >> what we call gravitational waves, that einstein predicted hundreds of years ago, and physicist vbz trying to see if they could detect them ever since. >> rose: this needs to be confirmed or not. >> that's an interesting question. you can't confirm this particular event. the gravitational waves came and went. they have two instruments -- it came from the sowrnl sky, hit one instrument in louisiana, 10 milliseconds later, it hits another instrument in washington state. so the confluence of both detectors ringing and exactly the speed of light apart is tremendous internally. >> rose: why was einstein convinced this was true? did most people accept it once
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he proclaimed it? >> the general theory of relativity is 100 years old. and it just says, as bryan described, that gravity is the curving of space and time by massive objects. einstein's eenl great blunders are when he doubted his own theory because if you look at the theory of general relativity, people realized it would mean black holes existed. it would mean the universe was expanding. all of these things. and every time einstein said maybe that can't be right, but, indeed, general relativity, a century later, keeps being proven right. and it's just a most beautiful theory in the history of science, and it's just a miracle that, you know, after a century, we can still be discovering how correct it was. >> rose: i'm trying to figure out and kind of associate with th with another scientific discovery. is what we have realized yesterday about the
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gravitational waves similar to, for example, discovering the structure of d.n.a.? is it that big? >> this was not a surprise forfo us. everybody expected this to be the result. the surprise is that this team of scientists could pull it off and measure this tiny, tiny signal that confirmed ideas that the community basically had already agreed must be the case. but in terms of look into the future, then, yeah, i would say this is, like, the invention of the telescope. s. >> rose: it has been a busy week in politics. in tuesday night's new hampshire primary, bernie sanders won decisively over hillary clinton. donald trump won ahead of john kasich and ted cruz. chris christie, and carly fiorina dropped out.
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in thursday night's democratic debate, clinton and sanders traded barbs on race, foreign policy, and the president's record. abraha chelsea handler of the "w york times" and cnn gives us her take. >> donald trump and bernie standards, one hois a plutocrat making himself the representative of the oppressed, the other a vermont self-identified socialist, they share certain messaging points in common. one of which is a heavy focus on trade. anti-wall street. heavy focus on the work man. trump you saw reege started using the beatles' song "revolution" which was a song at sanders' rallies. there are forces at play which i think are making it harder for clinton. it is not a static election. there is a huge desire for ndscape on both sidesseninge ways we still don't totally
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understand, but are going to become clearer now that he's won something. >> rose: he changed the landscape because of his appeal, he cuts across income levels as well as-- >> because he is something we literally had never seen before. when i just mentioned he was a plutocrat who was able to make himself sound as a member of the 99%, you have never seen that before. we had mitt romney run in 2012 and vilified for his business record. i think the fiscal collapse, and the timing of it, combined with this momentous occasion of electing the first black president, i think the country-- there are a lot of people whole fiek they were disproportionately impacted by the recession, and feel that they have been disproportionately negatively affected by the slow recovery. and i think that all of those forces combned are creating this sense of sort of roiling turmoil that we see, and there was some suspicion for a while that maybe the polls were misreading this, or maybe the media was overstating what was going on. new hampshire would suggest
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otherwise. >> rose: and everything i hear is it is going for a long time. >> it's definitely going for a long time. i was thinking earlier it reminds me a little of the end of the movie "the candidate" when robert redford says, "what happens now?" the candidate is not asking that. we all are now. no one knows. i think you go into sout south carolina, where trump has a soiled lead in all public opinion polls, where ted cruz faceaise tough choice of who he is going to attack and how. and where you have this sort of three-man other race for who is going to become the non-trump or cruz. >> rose: size up that race for me right now. >> i would put jeb bush in the lead of that race right now, which is amazing to say. i think right to rise, the super pac backing him, still has some money, and they are buying ads air, lot of them in south carolina. they are going t to go scorched earth against marco rubio, and try to lay everything on him that they can after his rough
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debate performance. upon. >> rose: that was beethoven's symphony number 7 as performed by the new york philharmonic. its conductor is alan gilbert. he has held the podium for seven years. he recently announced he would step down in the summer of 2017. during his tenure, he has built a legacy as a contemporary music advocate, and he has pushed the bound reas of what it means to direct a modern orchestra. the president of the new york philharmonic said, "i think alan has fundamentally changed the d.n.a. of the new york philharmonic." if he's right, how have you done that? >>, you know, the style with which i've sort of worked at the
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orchestra i think has been with a kind of soft touch. i've not been prone to histrionic fits and call it typical maestro behavior. so in that sense, the how has been notably calm and maybe deceptively calm. >> rose: and the what is? >> i have worked on changing the expectation of what the muvisions have of what their jop jobis, breaking down the fourth wall on the stage, how we interact with our audience off stage. the expectations that musicians have to do more than play music and also advocate for music itself. all of these things have little by little-- and it's interesting to me now after almost eight years-- to look back. pause there has been a progression. things have changed fip say to the musicians we're going to do a project and you're going to have to wear cost iewrnlings that's par for the course now. that's something we've had to build up to. and from the audience perspective, they're also not
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completely shocked to see that. they understand that within the walls of david geffenhall, unusual things happen. >> rose: you have said musical quality, contradiction criz ma, and artistic magic are among the desirable qualities for a conductor. what is artistic magic? >> there was a period about 20 ars ago when i was-- when i was studying in school in which there was-- there was a strong sense that there was a right way to approach a-- approach music. the early-- the original instruments movement, original style, performance practice. there was a very dogmatic approach that happily, i think, has kind of swung back to a more reasonable approach. i actually think that you can learn a lot from these scholarly approaches to music making, phrasing, boeing, the right way to do it. but at the end of the day, it doesn't really matter how you
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play something. it's the fact that you give it your full measure of sincerity, and you bring something fresh and magical to the equation. there are so many different ways to be a musician. there are so many different ways to be a conductor, so many different ways to approach any given piece. what i mean by artistic magic is something that is fresh and convincing, whatever that means. >> rose: the denver broncos beat the carolina panthers 24-10 last sunday to win super bowl 50. the broncos defense anquilized the league's top-scoring offense and quarterback cam newton. von miller led that effort and
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named super bowl m.v.p. tell me about the broncos defense? >> we spent a lot of time affect. it's not just about xs and os or a scheme or anything like that. we spent a lot of time together. it's not a seven to 5:00 p.m. thing and that's where we got our success from. >> rose: designed by wade phillips. >> designed and managed by coach phillips. i'll tell you something about coach phillips, he's very, very into his players. the connection he has with his players is something i have never seen perfect. >> rose: what are the principle he's instilled in you and your teammates about playing defense. >> defense say little easier than offense. on the defense vuf to see ball, get ball. he tells us the mistakes are on him. he wants you to play fast. relentless pursuit. >> rose: you're an outsider linebacker. >> yes, sir. >> rose: and you're watching, first, tom brady. then when you're watching him, a great quarterback, what are you
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watching? >> it's a lot-- you can get lost in some of the things that he does. he's just-- he's so-- he's the leader of the offense. he controls everything. if you get caught in between some of the signals and all that stuff, you can get lost very quickly. so for me, i look at the center and quarterback exchange, the cadence, so i can get a great jump off the ball. >> rose: and cam newton the same thing? >> cam newton is a little more dangerous. tom will run away from you, but not like cam. cam has a unique set of challenges to face as a defense. >> rose: is he the toughest quarterback for an outside linebacker. because he's so mobile. >> all of them are tough. >> rose: otherwise they wouldn't be there. >> all of them are tough. he's definitely unique in what he does. there are a lot of quarterbacks that have very, very unique. >> rose: they say, "see ball, get ball." they say you have an uncanny sense of knowing where the ball is. can you explain that? >> i can't. i like to have fun out there.
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it's not really-- i don't feel like it's a job or work. i like to have fun. i like to be out there with my teammates and when there's an opportunity to go get the ball. i like to do it. i like to get my offense the ball whenever possible. >> rose: i was told he asked you to finish this sentence right before you played the patriots, "to win, i have to do this." and he said you said,"get two sacks or more." and you got two and a half sacks. >> yes, sir. >> rose: why was that a telling number for you? >> for one, if i'm getting two sacks, the odds are in our favor. >> rose: because you had 11 in the year. did you get about 11 this year? >> yes, sir. >> rose: if you get two-- >> if i'm getting sacks, it means malik is getting sacks and demarcus wear. he might as well have two as well. i was predicting a great, you know, rush from our defense.
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♪ ♪ >> rose: magnum, blew steel-- derek zoolander is back on the catwalk and on film. owen wilson, wilferrell, and ben stiller return for "zoolander 2". this time derek and hansel are joined by an interpol agent played by penelope cruz. ben stiller directs and says he wrestled with the idea of make a sequel. >> it was one of those things that i had always loved the first movie but nobody really discovered it when it first came out. i talked about it with owen, i talked about it with will ferrell. we enjoyed playing those characters and it was just a chance to say, hey, there might be people out there who would like to see this and it would be fun to explore it. i didn't think it was going to happen, honestly, because it took so long. after we did the first script and it didn't come together. we went forward in our lives and then it just eventually felt like the constitute stooudio started to get interested in it.
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i think it was sort of this culmination -- >> a momentum of its own. you know what they say about sequels -- they're great until you see it. >> yes, everybody wants a sequel until they get one. that's the challenge with these things. and i think especially comedy sequels. un, you want to try to give the fans the first one what they liked about the first one, but then interesting thing is you don't necessarily know what they liked. you can try to analyze it. everybody has their own personal connection with the movie. >> we need to you infiltrate the world of high fashion. >> we're back! >> rose: the fashion world and satirizing the fashion world, there was feedback from the first time did you that? the idea of celebrity ego, fashion character. >> yeah. the first time we did it, nobody really knew what it was, and nobody knew the characters. so it was a new thing, and we didn't really have the cooperation of the fashion world at all because they just didn't know what it was. >> rose: wasn't tom forward in
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it? >> we did this sketch for the vh1 fashion awardses and we did it to years in a row. when we started to make the first movie we filmed on the red carpet at the vh1 fashion awards. i think it was 2000, and we just grabbed interviews with people saying, "what did you think of derek zoolander?" tom ford, donald trump-- donald trump is in "zoo 1." >> without derek zoolander, male modeling wouldn't be what it is today. >> they knew about it but they didn't be what it was. as the years went by and the movie sort of lived on, i think the fashion world sort of embraced it. so this time around it was great because we really were able to reach out to everybody, the fashion icons and have them be -- >> hello! anna winter. >> anne afs very important. you know, she was always a fan of the first one, and whenever i would see her, you know, over the years she'd say, "hey, are you ever going to do a sequel?" >> rose: that's a good clue
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right there. >> she was one of the first people i called and we sat down and she said, house, can i help with you this? that was a huge thing and she opened so many doors for us. >> rose: here is a look at the week ahead. sunday is valentine's day. monday is president's day. tuesday is the day the eagles of death metal return to perform in paris. wednesday is the 20th anniversary of gary kasparov's victory over deep blue. thursday is the 85th birthday of nobel prize-winning novelist tony morrison. friday is the start of london fashion week. saturday is the day of nevada's democratic caucuses and south carolina's republican primary. and here is what's new for your weekend. "vineil" the new hbo series, executive produceed by martin
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scorsese and mick jagger, premieres on sunday. >> you think they have something and i do, too. >> is this the band that will lead us into the future? >> i need you to reinvent this business. >> rose: ben stiller and owen wilson are back in theaters in "zoolander 2". >> are you sure zoolander is the right man to help us. >> hey, handsome! >> what's your problem! >> god help us all. >> rose: and kanye west has a new album out "the life of pablo." ♪ ♪ >> rose: that's "charlie rose: the week" for this week. just ahead on pbs, "american masters" presents, b.b. king, the life of reilly, a profile of the great blues guitarist who died last year. we leave you tonight with a clip of the music legend from this program from 1996.
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thank you for watching. i'm charlie rose. we will see you next time. >> we've got a lot of young people today that are really getting into the blues. they have blues societies. they have blues clubs. they play blues and support them. we find this around the world now. >> rose: what do you think it is? >> i think a lot of it has to do with a lot of the young people playing the blues today. we've always got support from a lot of the superstars that did play blawtz one time, rock stars. being mentioned like, that a lot of young people started to know about us, and when they got a chance to hear us, some of them weren't disappointed. >> rose: funding for charlie rose was provided by the rose was provided by the following:
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[ mid-tempo music plays ] steves: riding this gondola, you soar, landing in the sleepy, unpromoted village of gimmelwald. in 30 years of researching guidebooks, i've found hidden gems like this in every country. gimmelwald would have been developed to the hilt, like neighboring towns, but the village had its real estate declared an avalanche zone, so no one could get new building permits.
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the result? a real mountain community -- families, farms, and traditional ways. choosing places like gimmelwald and then meeting the people, you become part of the party rather than just part of the economy. this is a realistic goal for any good traveler. eins, zwei, drei. man: [ chuckles ] steves: take a moment to appreciate the alpine cheese. so, older is better? man: oh, yes. -woman: i don't know. -man: oh, yes. woman: for me, it's the younger one. steves: once you're off the tourist track, make a point to connect with the living culture. pitch in, even if that means getting dirty. here, farmer peter is making hay while the sun shines.
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funding for arthur is provided by: when you encourage your children to learn, wonderful things can happen. abcmouse.com early learning academy-- proud sponsor of pbs kids and arthur. and by contributions to your pbs station from: ♪ every day when you're walking down the street ♪ ♪ everybody that you meet has an original point of view ♪ (laughing) ♪ and i say hey hey! ♪ what a wonderful kind of day ♪ ♪ if we could learn to work and play ♪ ♪ and get along with each other ♪ ♪ you've got to listen to your heart, listen to the beat ♪

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