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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  December 3, 2017 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> sreenivasan: on this edition for sunday, december 3: from michael flynn's firing to the justice department to the media, president trump on twitter and on the offensive. and, jane goodall talks about a new film documenting her life and work. next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.b.p. foundation. the anderson family fund. rosalind p. walter, in memory of abby m. o'neill. barbara hope zuckerberg.
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corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening and thank you for joining us. friday former national security advisor michael flynn pleaded guilty to lying to the f.b.i. and today in a series of early morning statements on twitter, the president attacked both the f.b.i. and its former director james comey. the president reiterated his claim: "i never asked comey to stop investigating flynn," adding, "just more fake news covering another comey lie!" comey was fired by president trump in may. that's in direct contradiction to comey's sworn testimony to congress that president trump
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did ask him to drop the investigation into michael flynn. president trump also wrote tha"" after years of comey, running the f.b.i., its reputation is in tatters-- worst in history!" he suggested in a retweet that" wray needs to clean house," referring to the new f.b.i. director, christopher wray. the early morning messages come amid news that over the summer a top f.b.i. agent was reassigned from the investigation into russian election meddling after he sent text messages expressing anti-trump views. yesterday president trump tweeted, "i had to fire general flynn because he lied to the vice president and the f.b.i." which raises the question of whether president trump knew that flynn broke the law by lying to the f.b.i. in january. flynn was fired by the president in february. this new explanation is a shift from what the white house said at the time-- that flynn had been fired because he was untruthful with vice president pence. it's since been reported that yesterday's tweet was actually
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authored by john dowd, one of the president's personal lawyers. dowd told abc news it was" sloppy" on his part. senator dianne feinstein, the top democrat on the senate judiciary committee, said today she sees the beginning of a case for obstruction of justice against the president. >> i see it most importantly in what happened with the firing of director comey, and it is my belief that that is directly because he did not agree to lift the cloud of the russia investigation. that's obstruction of justice. >> sreenivasan: in michael flynn's "statement of the offense," filed friday, he described being asked by trump transition team officials to contact foreign officials, including the russian ambassador, and reporting back on his discussions. in a new story in the "new york times" this weekend, there's more evidence that michael flynn was acting on behalf of president trump's transition
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team when he was in contact with the russian ambassador to the united states. joining me now from washington, d.c. is one of the reporters on that story, sharon lafraniere. >> and what did the warehouse say at the time of -- white house say at the time of his are firing and what did you find? >> the fair tiff was that michael flynn had talked to the russian ambassador about the sanctions on december 29th and there was nothing illegal or unethical about that but he did not own up to it when vice president pence and others in the white house asked him about it. but what we learned on friday was that before he talked to the russian ambassador and after he talked to the russian ambassador, michael flynn was in touch with senior members of the transition team. so that raises the question of why were they saying that they were left in the dark, if others on the transition team knew what he was doing? >> sreenivasan: there is a tweet that one of your colleagues michael scherr put out, looks like an e-mail by k
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t. mcfarrland, my take. one of the phrased that stood out to people, is that if there was a tit-for-tat, it was his own u.s.a. election to him. the word thrown u.s.a. election, is this a phrase that somebody would say casually, is there something more to this? >> what the white house says is she was not saying that russia threthrew the election to trump. the democrats are spinning it that russia threw the election to trump. that's what she said but it could be a misreading. it is clear from the e-mails that she was very concerned about the sanctions. and the trump team was upset about these sanctions. they saw them as a last minute
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grenade that the obama administration was throwing in their lap on the way out the door and it was a way for the obama administration to discredit trump's victory because the sanctions were in response to russia's meddling in the elections. and they're trying to box him in diplomatic clally so he can't improve relations with russia, and overall this is a big problem for us. he ends that with general flynn will be talking to the russian ambassador tonight. that -- her ameliorat e-mail iso sean spicer, reince priebus and two days later michael flynn has another conversation with kislyak and he himself briefs senior men's of the transition team about that conversation and
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again about sanctions, so it begs the question if sean spicer priebus and bannon all new that he was talking to the russian ambassador about sanctions, who was being left in the dark? >> sreenivasan: so what do these e-mails show? is it a matter of impropriety, going against the wishes of the obama administration or is there something illegal about having these sorts of conversations? >> no there isn't any -- the obama administration at any time want them to have these conversations right? they had asked them you know please don't subvert u.s. policy, there can only be one president at a time, if you are going to have conversations with foreign officials, and stakeholders that's fine but bring along a state department person so there's a record of that. and none of that happened. >> sreenivasan: all right,
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sharon lafraniere one of the team of reporters who worked on this thanks so much. >> sreenivasan: this week the process of working out the differences between the house and senate tax bills begins. both the house and senate bill cut the corporate tax rate to 20%, but the president indicated yesterday that it could go up to 22%. this morning white house budget director mick mulvaney said he doesn't expect any "significant change" on that issue. senator susan collins of maine wants to see if amendments she fought for make it to the final version of the bill. >> i mean obviously i want to see what comes out. i believe that the amendments that i added on medical expense deductions, on property tax deductions, on helping retirement security for public employees improve the bill. >> sreenivasan: congress is also facing a government shutdown if a budget or a short term spending bill isn't passed by this friday. democrats have said they would vote against spending bills that don't address the legal status of immigrants under the deferred action for childhood arrivals program, or daca. president trump says he will let
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that program expire in march. senate majority leader mitch mcconnell said he is confident there will be no government shutdown over daca. >> there's no emergency. the president has given us until march to address it. i don't think the democrats would be very smart to say they want to shut down the government over a non-emergency that we can address anytime between now and march. >> sreenivasan: new york's metropolitan opera is opening an investigation into allegations that longtime conductor james levine sexually abused a person under the age of 18 back in the 1980s. levine served as music director at the ravinia festival near chicago from 1973 to 1993. the male accuser said the relationship extended into adulthood and that levine gave him money over the years amounting to more than $50,000. he also said that they last spoke in 2014. president trump is scheduled to visit utah tomorrow where he is expected to announce a nearly two-thirds reduction of protected land at the bears ears and grand staircase-escalante national monuments. the reduction will cut monument status protected land in utah's
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red rock country from more than 3.2-million acres to about 1.2- million acres. mr. trump's decision follows the recommendation of interior secretary ryan zinke. thousands of protesters rallied at the utah state capitol yesterday against the president's plan. environmentalists and tribal leaders are calling the first such reduction by a president in over half a century, as an affront to native americans. we took your questions about the senate tax bill. read the answers from the newshour's lisa desjardins at pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: michael flynn pleaded guilty. the senate passed the biggest tax bill in decades, and president trump has his first legislative victory. and then, the president launched a tweet that sent shockwaves, using language that suggested he knew flynn had lied to the f.b.i. before he fired director james comey. newshour weekend special correspondent jeff greenfield is here to try to make sense of it all. >> you have been saying this for
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a while. is there a common thread throughout this administration? >> yes, it's like the best of days and the worst of days. you've got an historically unpopular president, in gallup never seen that one. his agenda has to die right? well he's on the verge of getting the biggest tax change in a generation. the senate just confirmed his ninth court of appeals noms nation, that's more than obama got. >> court of appeals is right below the supreme court right? >> right below the supreme court, the bench is redefined, net neutrality, affecting how the internet works, all of this in part because what is his base is big enough to tell the republicans you've got to stick with this guy. and so the number of political
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rules keep over an over again are rendered inoperative. >had.>>.>> sreenivasan: to get e disclose ore and closers to the target to turn on them. >> it is clear if they are moving towards an attempt to say that during the campaign the trump campaign was playing footsie with russia, was trump's campaign part of it? saying yep we got it, the smoke gun, concluded with russians, do you think those who are still concluding with l russian, i think he has succeeded in telling his supporters it doesn't matter, i'm your guy.and until that changes if it ever does i'm not sure what a finding would even mean politically. >> sreenivasan: speaking of talking to his base every day
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one of the other narratives he likes to talk about is the mainstream media is, the fix is in, the abc news report that actually sent shock waves to the stock market for a few hours that said that he has, during the campaign, in sort of conclusion mode right? and then we also have the issue about the individual inside the fbi that robert mueller took off the case for sending disparaging texts about trump. >> it would seem to me that that would send mueller not allowing antitrump people having anything to do with this. trump hater in mueller camp, fox news would be all over this, that's one. the story a really serious error not because of away was sed, suggesting that somebody had told him somebody had directed,
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engagement with russia, to be blunt with you, this is not brian ross's first experience at a turned out not to be the case. >> sreenivasan: finally small matter of the government shutdown, how likely? >> i don't know if it's likely but once again there's a political assumption that 2013, the government shuts down for 16 days partially, the majority of americans blame republicans, what happens a year later? massive gains in republican office, this will lead to that politically that's when i say hold it. that's not what we've learned from history. we've learned in history, caution, we don't know. >> sreenivasan: all right, jeff greenfield, thanks so much.
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>> sreenivasan: jane goodall is one of the best known scientific researchers and conservationists in the world. she became famous in the 1960s for her studies of chimpanzees in africa. goodall's work there made her a pioneer in the field and an inspiration to young women around the world. now, at 83, jane goodall is the subject of a new documentary simply titled, "jane." the film revisits her early years in the forest with chimpanzees and draws on more than 100 hours of previously unseen footage. newshour weekend's christopher booker recently spoke with goodall and the film's director, brett morgen. this segment is part of our ongoing series of conversations with documentary filmmakers. >> reporter: jane goodall is best known for her groundbreaking studies of chimpanzees. her observations in 1960 that they eat meat and make tools, transformed the world's understanding of humankind's closest relative. the photographs, magazine articles and films that followed made goodall famous. >> you know, i was shy basically, and i wanted to be
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out in the field. and then this media started coming at me in all directions. and, of course, in the beginning it was kind of pathetic, really, you know, beauty and the beast, and geographic cover girl, and all that kind of stuff. but as soon as i moved into the realization that nature and chimpanzees and all the things i loved needed to be protected. then it was very obvious that we needed the media. the animals, nature, needs the media. >> reporter: in 1962, "national geographic" sent photographer hugo van lawick to document her current research and reenact for the camera, her earliest months in the field. the resulting 1965 film, miss goodall and the wild chimpanzees, has been seen around the world for decades. three years ago, van lawick's footage, was rediscovered in a pennsylvania warehouse. director brett morgen has brought this material to life in the new digitally retouched
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feature length documentary, "jane." >> i received a call from "national geographic" in early 2015 that they had recently unearthed 140 hours of never before seen footage from jane's earliest expeditions in africa. it's interesting, because i am not sure if we should say the footage was lost or it was forgotten about. >> i wasn't expecting to see what i saw. and it moved me in a way that none of the other documentaries have. it seems to be very honest. it's not contrite. it isn't, you know, it isn't sanitized. it's just as it was. and so i'm back there with those chimps. >> reporter: the story of jane goodall and those chimps starts with her english childhood experience in world war ii and the influence of goodall's mother, vanne. >> i was just an ordinary little girl, born loving animals, loving nature and i think, you know, the importance of my mother's role is that when
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everybody else laughed at me when i wanted to go to africa and live with animals and write books about them. i was 10. instead of laughing at me she just said, "if you work hard and take advantage of opportunity and don't give up, you know, you'll get there." >> it's a very advanced, mature parent who can recognize that their child needs to be nurtured for who they are and what they have to offer this world. and vanne clearly understood that in jane, and as a result we're sitting here today. >> reporter: motherhood also plays an important role in jane's research with the chimps. >> well, she was all the things a chimp mother should be. she was protective but not over protective, she was affectionate, she was playful, but being supportive that was the key and of course that's what my mother was. she supported me. >> reporter: when she arrived at
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the gombe stream reserve in what is now western tanzania in the summer of 1960, she was a novice, specifically hired by famed paleoanthropologist louis leakey, who'd been looking for a mind unbiased by scientific theory. but british authorities wouldn't allow then 26-year-old goodall to go alone. her mother volunteered to chaperone. >> she actually came with me for the first four months. she was the brave one. she had to be left alone in the camp while i went into the forest. she was left with spiders, scorpions, slightly aggressive baboons, and a slightly inebriated cook. >> reporter: when lawick arrived, to film goodall's research, what neither of them knew was in addition to the chimps. he'd capture the earliest moments of their love affair. >> it's a movie about passion, and love, and love for their vocations. and i think every frame of this film is a testament to hugo's
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passion for cinematography and filmmaking, and jane's passion for her work and the natural world. >> reporter: the couple married in 1964 and had a son, but divorced in 1974. >> it's amazing to have a love story in which at the very end the couple doesn't stay together. yet, it's a happy ending. jane and hugo, i think, have larger purpose on this earth than their own romantic endeavor, if that's fair to say? >> probably. >> yeah. >> reporter: while goodall's methodology changed the way the world viewed chimpanzees, her nearly 60-year career has not been without controversy. the practice of giving names to the chimpanzees was criticized by scientists and a 2013 book she co-authored had to be reissued after the "washington post" found it included unattributed passages. but in 1977, goodall began shifting her time from science
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to activism, founding the jane goodall institute, dedicated to environmental education, wildlife conservation, and saving declining primate populations from extinction. while the institute continues the field research that she began 57 years ago, goodall spends the majority of her time on the road. what keeps you getting on those airplanes? >> well, one, i jump on the airplanes because i have a message to give and because i know it makes a difference. even as we speak now in some parts of the world that, that they're doing all kinds of projects that are making a difference. we're beginning to use our brain to come up with, with technology that can help us live in greater harmony and to live our lives with a light, ecological footprint. >> reporter: do you think a 26- year-old version of yourself in this contemporary world would be able to or inclined to take that same journey that you took? >> i think there's actually
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quite a lot of young people dying to take that journey. half the people who are going out in the field, when i meet them they say, "well, i'm doing this, because i read about you when i was seven or eight," or something like that. whereas i read about tarzan and dr. doolittle. >> reporter: "jane" premiered in october and is currently playing in select theaters nationwide. finally tonight the nation's largest drugstore chain cvs has agreed to buy the largest heart provider, aetna, to change the landscape of the health care industry.the deal is expected to close in the second half of 2018, once cleared by shareholders and federal regulatorrors, service to
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aetna's l pharmacies and walk in clinics million shrinking of two of the nation's monument areas. that's all for pbs nufers weekend, i'm hari sreenivasan, good night. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. the cheryl and philip milstein family. of abby m. o'neill. in memory. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs
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station from viewers like you. thank you.
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for several centuries, scotland was ruled from london. parliament hadn't met here since 1707. recently, the scots voted to bring their parliament home, and london didn't object. in the year 2000, edinburgh resumed its position as home of scotland's parliament. scotland's strikingly modern parliament building opened in 2004. the catalan architect enric miralles mixed bold windows, wild angles, and organic themes into a startling complex that would, as he envisioned, "surge from out of the rock and into the city."
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>> if i had a secret as to how you could stop yourself from aging badly and actually turn the clock around and feel younger, wouldn't you like to know it? i'm miranda esmonde-white, and i'm going to share that secret with you today. >> miranda esmonde-white is host of the long-running public television fitness show "classical stretch" and author of the book "aging backwards." miranda has been training professional athletes since creating her own fitness technique 15 years ago. >> as i've aged, and i'm now 78, my body feels like i'm, i don't know, 60. >> people are always commenting on how fit i look, and i say,

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