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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 25, 2021 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler fodation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbc world news
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america. holding presidents to account even out of office. a single article of impeachment against donald trump heads to the senate as republicans fight over the future of the party. president biden pushes the benefits of unity, saying both sides need to eliminate the vitriol. president biden: we have to work our way through cause, as i have said a hundred times, there is no ability in a democracy to function without the ability to reach consensus. katty: human rights groups call on israel to do more to step up vaccinations in the west bank and gaza strip. and in a country where private investigators are in high demand, we meet kenya's spy quee she is armed and ready for action.
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welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. this is joe biden's first full week on the job and there is plenty of work to be done -- on the pandemic, the economy, and bringing unity to a divided nation. today mr. biden called for an end to the vitriol he sees in the current political world. pres. biden: i am optimistic that it may take some time, but if we treat each other with respect -- we are going to argue ke hell, i know -- but i think we can do it in a way that can get things done. katty: that call comes against the backdrop of donald trump's upcoming impeachment trial, his second such proceeding, this time for a charge of inciting the capitol hill riots. a bbc correspondent is on capitol hill and joins us now.
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unity is never easy in washington. how much harder is it for joe biden to achieve some kind of bipartisan cooperation from republicans when there is this impeachment trial happening at the beginning of his presidency? barbara: i think it is quite a bit harder. that is something republican lawmakers have seized on to argue against having the trial, saying this is going to pour gasoline on an inflamed situation, make divisions worse, and it should not take place. mr. biden is worried about his own agenda, getting cabinet nominees confirmed, getting his covid relief package to the senate and getting some debate on tt. there has been an agreement between democrats and republicans to postpone the trial for two weeks after the formal opening of it with impeachment articles being brought to the senate, with both
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of them getting something out of that. the republicans want to give mr. trump time to prepare and the democrats want to help mr. biden with his agenda. there is no doubt an impeachment trial is going to exacerbate divisions. katty: we had a problem with the line, the audio. we alogize for that. clearly unity is going to be difficult. it always is. earlier president biden reinstated coronavirus travel restrictions that had been lifted by the trump administration. the measure limits entry to non-us citizens from some countries. israel has been closing -- has been taking similar steps, closing its international airport as of midnight. the country has a successful record when it comes to vaccinating its population, but the situation over on palestinian occupied territories is different. hospitals in the west bank and
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gaza strip have only received a few thousand doses of the russian version of the vaccine. here is our correspondent. reporter: around the world, there are covid vaccine haves and have-nots. at this palestinian hospital, they are under one roof. these cancer patients come from the occupied west bank and gaza, so could be waiting months. >>t is disappointing. reporter: because the hospital is in east jerusalem, under israel's control, it has already vaccinated the doctors. >> we were not able to deliver vaccinations to our families on the west bank and gaza. it is a problem of equality. you don't feel happy that you are getting the vaccination and your people cannot. reporter: there's a hot debate about who should be vaccinating palestiniansn the west bank and gaza. those who think it is israel's responsibilitynt to the geneva conventions.
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those who say it is up to the palestinian authority look to the oslo accords. it all adds up to a long list of unresolved issues that experts on international law disagree on here. but at this building site, the nuts and bolts of the situatio are seen very differently. raul relies on workers from the west bank and is pushing for israel t vaccinate them. they are essential to israel's strongnomy, and the weak palestinian one. >> we are depending on the 5000 palestinian workers in jobs of construction. we need them because without them, we cannot construct. i think this is logic that also we have to vaccine the israeli people and also the palestinians that are working with us. reporter: mohammed has had to stay in israel for his job and is homesick.
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i ask if he wants to be vaccinated. >> [translated] of course. all of us are waiting, whether we are arabs or jews. if i took vaccine, that would mean i was immune to the virus and could go back to my family. reporter: this pandemic has been revealing. israel's international connections, its money, its reputation for science all helped it to get vaccines, while the palestinians, relatively poor, stateless, and a lot less organized, have been at a big didvantage. it has clearly shown the interdependence of both sides, but also the deep divisions. the palestinians are being helped by the world health organization and doing some their own vaccine deals. israel says it's prioritizing its own citizens, but isn't ruling out vaccinating more palestinians. >> we are living together. we almost have no borders. if you vaccinate the israelis
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and don't vaccinate the palestinian people, you cannot break the chain of infection, you cannot fight the pandemic very well. reporter: the goal of herd immunity could yet bring israelis and palestinians closer together. bbc news, jerusalem. katty: this year the coronavirus is dominating the agenda of the woeconomic forum usually held at davos. the evetarted today remote. china's president addressed the forum in a prerecorded message morning the pandemic could perpetuate global inequalities. >> [translated] as countries struggle with the pandemic, economic recoveries are falling -- following divergent trajectories. for developing countries, they are aspiring more resources and development and calling for a stronger representation in global economic governance.
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we should recognize that with the growth of developing countries, global prosperity and stability is put on more solid footing. katty: the chinese president speaking about developing countries. in a recent study commissioned by the global chamber of commerce, they found we will all pay the price if poor countries go unvaccinated. they say the global economy stands to $9.2 billion. a professor of economics and finance at the university of maryland joins us live from washington. why t going to cost developed countries billions of dollars if developing countries don't get the vaccine? >> thank you very much for having me. the reason why this is still going to cost developed countries is very simple. it is the global interconnections between countries.
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we show in our study that even developed economies end up vaccinating a large fraction of their populations and pretty much smooth out the effects of the pandemic in their own countries. they still have global interconnections to developing economies, mainly in the form of export and import linkages. as long as the pandemic is ravaging developing countries, those linkages will be impaired and that is going to have a direct economic impact on the develod countries. katty: do you think this is something that is understood by developed nations? we have seen a spurt of what is known as vaccine nationalism over the last year. do you think developed nations are fully aware of the cost to them if they don't make more effort to get vaccines to developing countries? >> i think this has been understood.
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there has been a lot of calls for a multilateral approach, a global approach, but may be the size of the developed economies, they didn't think it is going to be that large. ouudy is bridging the gap and saying they can be very large. it doesn't mean they are going to end up being very large. there are a lot of scenarios. economies go to lockdown and have no vaccinations. it may not come down to those numbers,ut it is possible the cost to develop economies can potentially be large. i believe they do realize there would be costs, just maybe they don't realize how large they can be. our study shows that. it shows how large they can be, upper boundaries. katty: there are some estimates that suggest that some countries
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might not get vaccines until 2024. that is a long time away. do you think that sounds realistic, given your work? >> i think that's too late. if that happens, that means globally we are in bad shape. if there are countries that have to wait that long, that means that not enough countries are being vaccinated. i don't think that's that realistic. there are going to be vaccinations in many entries. if that happens, the economic costs are going to be very large for sure. >> thank you very much for joining us. katty: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, cairo's tyree esquire 10 years later. theownfall -- the uprising
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that led to the downfall of hosni mubarak. what did the arab spring actually achieve? indian defense sources say indian and chinese troops have been injured in fierce hand-to-hand fighting along the disputed border. the brawl reportedly took place five days ago. our south asia correspondent has more. reporter: we had an indian army statement that described whatever happened as a minor face-off, saying it was resolved by local commanders. defense sources have been giving a different picture in briefings across the record -- briefings off the record. they talk about a situation where a chinese foot patrol crossed the line of control, went into territory india considers its own. they were confronted by indi troops. they say there were injuries on both sides before the chinese
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went through. it is always hd to get independent verification, partly because this is a remote, mountainous area so it is hard to get access, a it is very sensitive so there are a lot of restrictions on access anyway. katty: it's been 10 years since egyptians went to the streets to unseat hosni mubarak. there uprising was part of a movement of pro-democracy protests in the arab world to end autocratic rule. although mubarak left power, many believe the dreams of a democratic egypt have since been shattered. we have more from cairo. reporter: tahrir sare in cairo a decade ago, an overflow of hope. in 18 days, president hosni mubarak was gone after three decades in power. in the following years, egypt
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goes through extreme political upheavals. but what has become of the big dream of a free democracy? >> [translated] what happene seven or eight years ago won't be repeated again. reporter: egypt's current military backed president is referring here to the january revolution. he sees it as the cause of any of egypt's political and economic woes, but for protesters like mohammed, the revolution is not to blame. he fled egypt after spending a few months in jail for taking part in an antigovernment protest. >> the revolution was not defeated, it is just facing an oppressive regime that wants to strip us of what we have achieved. reporter: i asked him about his dreams now and back then. >> [translated] i once wished
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for a free democracy. now what i want is even to go back to egypt. reporter: in 2013, mr. sisi led the overthrow of an islamist became the country's first democratically elect to protest -- elected president. thence president sisi came to power, human rights groups have warned of tens of thousands of political prisoners. the government has always denied that. for mr. sisi's supporters, he simply saved the country. >> [translated] free speech without legal parameters is not helpful to any country. before no one felt unsafe in egypt. the egyptians' top priority now is security, then economic
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stability, then democratic and political practice. reporter: journalists are not in a better place. egypt ranks as one of the worst jailers of journalists. this person has cofounded three news websites. all of them have been shut down. >> [translated] this is by far the worst era for the egyptian press. the state doesn't want us to speak, but what's left of our dreams as we have journalists who are still willing to. reporter: the 2011 uprising will always be an reminder of a strong call for change, but freedom now seems to be a faraway dream. even the face of tahrir square has changed, repainted with sparkling lights, bumany hopes have dimmed. bbc news, cairo.
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katty: events that seemed so transformative at the time. private investigators are arriving in kenya. with police mistrusted, many people are turning to private detectives to solve crimes. none is more famous or controversial than jane mugo. she claims she has solved hundreds of cases, putting 70 criminals behind bars. but does jane play by the rules? this is the story of the woman known as kenya's spy queen. reporter: in kenya there is a deep distrust of the police, and someeople are turning to private investigatorsn search of justi. jane mugo is one of them. she is my country's most famous private detective. people come to her wanti information on cheating spouses, stolen items, and from time to time, violent crimes. in total, she estimates that her team have solved within 300
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cases, putting over 70 criminals behind bars. >> i love justice. i was born for it. fighting for justice is in my blood system. reporter: but jane is a controversial figure, whos unconventional methods have led to repeated brushes with the law, including charges of extortion. >> private investigator jane mugo has been listed as a wanted criminal by the directorate of criminal investigations. >> jane mugo this afternoon denied charges of threatening to kill. reporter: the charges against jane have nce been dropped and she claims the case was a witchhunt. >> people who responded negatively are the people i am investigating,ther suscts riding in jail or corrupt police. reporter: investigators like jane are allowed to carry licensed weapons and are increasingly involved in police operations.
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her team regularly work for high-ranking politicians, which gives them a degree of political protection. critics say this makes them touchable, but it also blurs the lines betweeprivate investigators and vigilantes. >> some of these private investigators are former military officers, former police officers. they know how to work through the system. they know how to subjugate the system. they know how to corrupt the system. so even if you would wish to sue them for violations on your privacy, for human rights violations or whatever it is, it will be arguably very hard. reporter: during our research into private investigators, we discovered widespread evidence of unethical activity by a number of individuals. one of the companies we approached was nairobi-based silver edge investigators. their website advertises a range of dubious services, including mobile spying. we sent an undercover journalist to meet with them.
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she posed as a woman who suspected her husband was cheating. >> so, do you think you will be able to prove if he is cheating or not? >> [inaudible] reporter: martin told her he could hack her husband's phone after installing so-called spy software. >> [inaudible] >> the things he is willing to do are completely illegal, and it is troubling becae private investigators are actually meant to be solving crimes, not seemingly willing to commit a crime. it just shows you how broken the system is. reporter: we sought comment from martin and silver edge, but they didn't respond. the jury is still out on kenya's private investigators, but next
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say reform -- but critics say reform and regulation is needed to keep this secret industry in check. bbc news, nairobi. katty: solving crimes, or committing them? spacex launched a record 143 satellites this weekend, the company's first so-called rideshare mission, a chance to put more hardware into space in one go. it is an accomplishment that raises questions as to who is monitoring the satellites and how routed it is going to get up there? >> 3, 2, 1, 0. reporter: spacex's record-breaking rocket leaving cape canaveral in florida. it is quite a sight. but is the path ahead for satellites coming more clouded? the launch of 143 satellites used to take a year, not a single moment like this.
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this load, a veritable airborne vendin machine from multiple customers, will spew into orbit broadband boosters, cogs that connect the internet of things, and dozens of satellites taking pictures like these from san francisco's planet company. >> they scanned the whole earth looking for changes. that's used by a variety of people in commercial areas like agriculture to understand crop yields, forestry to understand deforestation, mapping to improve maps, humanitarian use cases like disaster response after floods and fires and earthquakes. reporter: there are over 3000 working satellites in orbit. that is causing some consternation first base consertion. >> satellites going in different directions at 18,000 miles an hour. there is a serious risk of illusions -- collisions. modern satellites are
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maneuvering and changing their orbits. it is a challenge because nobody is really in charge, like with airplanes, with air traffic control telling each satellite where to go. reporter: that's because the last leasing manual for outerspace was written over 50 years ago. earlier this month, average in orbit showed that satellite fact rockets can now be launched from a jumbo jet. the size and price -- with the size and rise of spacecraft shrinking and the demand for bespoke orbits and launch heights growing, are we witnessing a burgeoning space economy that risks crowding certain altitudes out? >> falcon nine returns safely once again, the fifth time for this particular booster. katty: before we go, the white house has two new residents.
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we are not talking about the president and the first lady. meet major and champ, the bidens ' two german shepherds arrived weekend. champ has been there before because he was with the bidens in 2008 when joe biden served as vice president. major came from a shelter two years ago, so he becomes the first rescue dog to move into the white house. how are they settling in? we hear champ is enjoying his new dog bed in the fireplace and major loves running around on the south lawn of the white house. i have a rescue dog. i am all in favor, whether in my house or the white house. you can get more of the day's news on our webs narrator: funding for presentation of this program is proby.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. l your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. awhere.
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♪ judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the "newshour" tonight -- the biden agenda -- the president lays out his plan to push to buy american-made products and confront the economic crisis. then, the pandemic persists. infections and deaths continue to rise as the vaccination plan lagged behind projections. taking to the streets. hundreds of thousands of farmers protest laws against deregulating agriculture in india. all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour.” ♪ >> major funding for the "pbs newshour" has been provided by --

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