tv BBC World News America PBS February 3, 2021 2:30pm-3:00pm PST
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news".
america. man must military has filed several charges against, among them she is accused of illegally importing two-way radios. portugal hospitals are struggling as the country suers some of the world's highest rates of new covid infections. it has been a quiet year for hollywood. female directors are making history. three women are nominated for best director. ♪ welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. police in the mr where a military coup took place early this week have filed criminal charges against the country's elected civilian leader. for a second day, protesters pains pots and sounded car horns.
neither have been seen since the army seized power on monday. the u.s. and the eu have called for their release. joining us now from brussels is our correspondent who was previously based in myanmar. thank you so much for being with us. chemist pressure from the u.s. do anything to secure the release? >> it is looking unlikely. in the military, they are a force to be reckoned with. we saw that therwas a big election back in november, the national league for democracy 183% of the votes, and yet the generals are willing to tear that up. toy we see the charges which a lot of people see as trumped up charges. walkie-talkies and radios were deemed to be evidence sufficient to keep her in custody, to be
under house arrest for at least another two weeks. she could potentially phase three years in prison. laura: how did her relationship with the military unraveled to this point? >> it was never that close, and that is the thing. on the one hand, she stood up for the military, in particular, she came to the main tribunal in december, 2019. she became the public face of what the army had done, the alleged genocide. she was really taking the flak for that, and stood up instead i am the face of myanmar. but at the same time, there was an easy relationship between the military and the elected party. all along, the army was still in control of three militaries -- three ministries. i think what happened on monday,
as the army was biding their time, they did not like the idea of being out of office for another turn -- term. laura: like you, i have reported from that strange capital that man and most generals built for themselves. do you think the threat of sanctions will do anything to change their behavior? >> it's a really weird place, the capital city that was carved out of burmese jungle about 15 years ago. if you go there you have parliament, massive military barracks, a few five-star hotels that are nearly always empty. 20 lane highways without any traffic whatsoever, and they are in isolation, these generals. if something is going to hit them, president biden has been talking about sanctions, it would have to be something that hits them where it hurts, that is in their pockets. they still have huge business interest in the country, they
make so much money, their sons and daughters rate in huge amounts. their families go to singapore on spending sprees. if you are able to limit their assets, or the potential to travel, that would be a big thing. but if we are talking about assets they have in u.s. banks, that will not hit them at all, because all of their wealth is tied up in other places. insofar as the likes of other southeast asian countries, going as far as the likes of president biden in the west would maybe like to take things, i think that is unlikely. any impact which really makes the general change course is really difficult to achieve. the last time they had big sections back in the clinton era, everyone said that a lot of people, the poorest people in myanmar, the people on the streets were the ones who really suffered as a consequence. laura: thanks so much for that
analysis, drawing underreported. the peace process is facing a high probability of failure. a stark warning coming from the eu's commissioner of crisis management, visiting the country. our chief international correspondent has been speaking to him. >> i am very worried about the high probability of failure. this high probability is primarily due to the continued violence. the attks on civilian infrastructure, hospitals, and other facilities. this does not increase the chances of a peaceful solution. reporter: many talk about the fear of civil war. >> this danger is real.
that is why every effort has to be done to prevent the collapse. laura: she joins us now from london. it sounds like eu officials are really worried about what might happen if the americans do withdraw all of their 2500 troops at they are due to from afghanistan on may 1. >> many are worried, including the americans. this is a deal, a historic deal reached between the united states in february of last year. it has commitments on both sides. the u.s. was going to pull out, and nato forces as well, the last of the troops, together they make up about 10,000 troops in afghanistan. 2500 of the americans by may the first. but the taliban have commitments to keep, and that was what the eu commissioner was underlining.
the europeans and many others holds the taliban responsible for a wave of assassinatis. there is strong criticism that they still have not severed eir ties with al qaeda, and that they are not making an effort to engage in a peace ocess, which is why many are now saying, that this is a conditions based process. and the conditions have not been met. the taliban are warning, we don't know whether they will budge from this, and if the united states and the rest of nato forces don't leave by may first and everything is off, and attacks will begin again. laura: you have reported so much from afghanistan since 20 -- 2001. this is america's longest war. how do you assess the status of those talks between the afghan government a the tell about? whether they are even close to providing some kind of lasting peace. reporter: they are certainly not close, but it was hugely
significant that the talks started at all. i was there when the talks opened in september of last year in the gulf state of qatar. you could deal -- you could feel afghans daring to believe that the worst of the war was over. we were surprised in qatar. the afghan negotiating team was surprised. they started going better than expected. but right now, they are stalled. and the taliban, instead of talking, are going from capital to capital, from moscow to beijing, to iraq, to islamabad -- we are not quite sure why they are doing that. they try to get other allies in case they have to stand up to the americans? many now, including the eu commissioner, the americans and many others, many afghans are now saying stay at the table. let's try to find a negotiated way forward. because the fear, and be heard
this from the commissioner, the fear is if not, there could be a fighti season this year in the summer, as afghanistan has never seen before. laura: thank you so much for joining us. china has announced a plan to provide 10 million doses of coronavirus vaccine to developing nations through the global kovacs program. it's part of patients push to increase its role and visibility in global vaccination effort. but we know about the two leading chinese vaccines? our correspondent now reports. reporter: could the country where covid-19 was first detected be the same one that plays the biggest rolen vaccinating the world? china has been developing multiple vaccines. the front runners are from two companies, sinovac and sinopharm. they have been approved for years in places such as turkey,
brazil, the uae and indonesia. >> finally by your without hope to end this pandemic. i am excited to get the shot. reporter: but what do we know about them? and can we trust them? these two vaccines work in the same way as the ones for hepatitis a and rabies. first, the virus is killed and given to individuals. because the virus is dead it can't cause covid-19. once injected, the person's immune system response and produces antibodies ready to fight off any church coronavirus infections. like the pfzer and moderna vaccine's, two doses are needed. but unlike the pfizer and moderna vaccine, which in extremely cold freezers to be stored in, sinovac and sinopharm only require a normal fridge. this is a key advantage when it comes to storage and distribution, espeally in countries around the world where temperatures really drop. and roads can be nonexistent.
what is not clear is how well these vaccines work. we only have partial data so far. sinopharm says it's vaccine is 79% effective at stopping symptom of covid-19. sinovac sachsen, called coronavac was initially thought to be 91% effective. but further trials produce other results. recently, figures from brazil were downgraded to just 50.4%, barely above the threshold the who says is needed for a viable vaccine. but sinovac says, when it comes to stopping people from boming seriously ill, it's efficacy rates are much higher. >> the goal is to ensure people do not develop severe disease and end up in hospital. ife consider it from that perspective, it is a very useful tool that will save lives. we should be using all of the tools available to us. reporter: some are so concerned about whether these vaccines and the companies behind them can be trusted. the thing is, it is in china's interest to have a working
vaccine. there is a lot of politics at play here. china is keen to export to as many countries as possible, and is even giving some doses for free, and what many see as an example of self power. >> i do think seen a farm sinovac vaccine is critical for china's diplomatic efforts. we have seen china invest in energy and infrastructure all over the world, and this vaccine will continue to build china's reputation as a technical giant. reporter: the who is due to decide whether to approve the vaccines by march. the more vexing that work, the center of global pandemic will be over. but a rejection what her china's pride, and would be even more devastating for the growing list of countries getting their hopes and futures on the shots. laura:, hospitals are struggling to cope with a sharp rise in run virus cases.
in fact, the nation has seen some of the world's highest rates of new infections in recent days. nearly half of portugal's 13,000 covered fatalities occur just last month. it is a whirring turn for a country that had been doing better than its european neighbors in valley the outbreak. reporter: she's weak, exhausted by just a few steps. but overwhelmed by the third wave, particle had no ambulances to bring her and. her husband had to take her to the country's largest hospital, close to collapse. portugal currently with the world's highest rate of infections and deaths. >> the main problem is the fact that i could hear about another person'sanger, because there is always the situation.
my sickness or my wife's sickss. reporter: the bbc was taken inside santa maria hospital, and to the front of portugal's battle. beyond these doors, and intensive care unit with just seven of its 70 beds still free. one medic film for us, and the hell of the storm, some working 18 hour shifts. the british variance is spreading like wildfire, behind half of portugal's cases. one of the eu's most fragile health systems is now critically short of resources. this nurse says only covid patients are coming. while other surgery has stopped. the emotional burden is immense. >> i remember all of my patients who died. i remember their faces, i remember their names, i remember their families, i remember the 22-year-old who asked me what
happened to my legs? i get so frustrated and so sad when people tell me this is not happening. sometimes i want to take them by the hand and say come with me. reporter: today, germany flew in doctors, ventilators and dozens of beds to help. european partners keen to show they are pulling together after being criticizedor throwing up walls in the first wave. portugal has not tightened a lockdown that it briefly lifted over christmas, a move partly blamed for the new search -- surge. i think responsibility is on people and less on the government. >> there are many people dying per day. something is not normal. honestly it is very scary. reporter: portugal has gone from weathering the early pandemic to an unlikely global epicenter, as
the virus rages through europe's westernmost shores. laura: portugal's desperate struggle with coronavirus. in other news. president joe biden wasmong those to pay their respects to brian sicknick, the police officer who died after the siege on capitol hill. it is only the fifth sibling to receive the honor of lying in the capitol rotunda, the highest tribute commerce campus domani citizen. his remains are now going on to arlington national cemetery. the top republican in the u.s. house says he condemns unequivocally passed comments by freshman lawmaker marjorie taylor greene. short of taking direct action removing her from posts. before she was elected, she supported qanon conspiracy theories. the former head of the u.s. --
european central bank will try to form a new government in italy. he would replace just happy, they who resigned last week after his coalition fell apart. the president says he wants a high-profile government to try and bridge political gaps during the coronavirus pandemic. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program. the ghosts of segregation. how the legacy of racial divisions in the united states have been hiding in plain sight. ♪ laura: the swiss government says there is insufficient data. in order to clear it for the use
in switzerland. >> the swiss government has a contract to purchase this vaccine, but what is wanted is more data. i think the focus is on the over 65, because we do know the existing data in that group for this particular virus vexing is quite small. it does not mean the vaccine does not work, it means for the over 65, it was a vy small group that it was tested on. there are bigger studies going on in the united states and in africa. what swiss medic has said, is let's wait for those. ♪ laura: a photographer has traveled the united states documenting traces oracial oppression in the buildings of small-town america. physical reminders of an era that many would prefer to forget. bbc spoke to him about what he
calls the ghosts of segregation. >> i am just fascinated about what landscape says about us as human beings. i am focused upon how these vestiges of racial oppression occur all over and surround us. i wanted to find more of these traces. i started seeing first, segregated entrances that were bricked over. i just thought, these are like ghosts. they are specters that are almost invisible, unless you try and bring them forward. when you startnowing what to look for, you start finding these things even when they are not properly noted online.
i have been in new orleans. i know this is curious, an inscription that said change. don't know what that was, it was easily missed. that is a vestige of a slave exchange. the fact that these places surround us and we don't realize it. they are often in the background and we d't think about that history. i went to great lengths to try and document that. in looking from the street, you see this window off to the right. its purpose is unclear but it is probably an old drive up window. in fact, it never was a drive-up window. it was a window where people of
color had to order. the owners of the drive in had chosen to keep it, because as she said, if weorget where we have been, we may get lost again. laura: rick on our segregated past. the hollywood award season began in earnest today, with the announcement of the golden globe nominees. history was made with three women nominated in the best director category. among them, the director of nomad land. our entertainment correspondent spoke to her earlier. >> i am not homeless. reporter: nomad land is a contemporary western, the story of a woman who leads a nomadic life in america's heartland. it is being played at festivals and at drive and then use, has generated a lot of award buzz. the 38-year-old said her third firm -- film is a major
achievement. she has big fish made history to land a best director nomination. she is pleased by the recognition. >> i think it's great, very happy. i love what i do, and anything that can help me keep doing what i love to do i will take it. reporter: last year, the south korean movie parasite one top best picture trophat the oscars. now with the globe in a -- golden globe nomination, hollywood is becoming more open to embracing asian storytellers, long marginalized byhe industry. >> these things does inform investors and gatekeepers to look at what kind of stories and talent they invest in. this means that more people that look like me get to do it, then i think that is great. reporter: she can also make history by becoming the first asian woman to be nominated for an oscar for directing. some critics see the recognition
very significant. >> it's a huge breakthrough. asian people have been really marginalized in hollywood, and it is proven that they no longer have to adhere to certain rules and regulations. they can do what they want and show all that they are, all of the texture and color. reporter: the awards recognition is going to help post -- boost profile. >> i think it is for anyone feels like they are weighted down. how do you keep going? >> hello. coffee? reporter: she developed fil shaped by her artistic choices. her next movie is a big-budget marvel superhero extravaganza. it will be interesting to see it
for single or vision prevails. laura: we go, this year's super bowl stadium will be rather empty due to covid health and safety protocols. the nfl has launched a fan in the stand cut up program. abbott's people upload a photo of themselves or someone else, which is then printed and put in the stands. the cut outs cost $100 with a portion of the proceeds going to charity. unfortunately, the program is widely popular and it is already sold out. the rest of us will just have to watch on tv. i am already looking forward to that halftime show. i am larch of i am, thanks for watching brothers america. -- i am laura trevelyan. thanks for narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation.
pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, dividing lines-- even as lawmakers pay respect to a fallen capitol hill police officer today, republicans face a defining moment for the party's future. then, a new start-- the u.s. and russia agree to extend the last remaining nuclear arms control treaty. plus, immigration reset-- policy changes leave the future of former president trump's border wall and migration to the u.s. in question. >> we're a nation of immigrants. and that's true. and at the same time, we're a nation that has typically always rejected the newest immigrants.