tv BBC World News America PBS February 4, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs ation from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news". >> this is bbc america.
international condemnation of china after a bbc report alleges women were systematically raped, tortured in uighur detention camps. america is back and diplomacy is back declares president biden in his first major speech on foreign policy. president biden: the eyes states will lead not just by the example of our power but the power of our example. anchor:nd an english street where after the lockdown, there is a baby boom. welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we start with the international combination of allegation of the rape and torture of uighur women in chinese detention camps. this follows a bbc report detailing the alleged abuse with
first-hand accounts. the u.s. state department u.k. foreign offe have urged beijing to allow independent investigators into the camps. china's reign ministry has denied the allegations. matthew hill spoke to several former detainees for his report. aarning -- you may find some of their accounts distressing. reporter: two days o, we broadcast the story. she described how she was held in this reeducation camp for months and it was a victim of repeated rape. x there were three men -- >> thereere three men. not one, but three. they did whatever their mind could think of and they didn't spare any part of my body. to the extent it was disgusting to look at. they did not just rape. they were barbaric.
they had bitten all over my body. reporter: we heard from someone living in the relative safety of this tumble have them fled china. she's a kazakh who said she was forced to be complicit in the rape that goes on in the camps. >> my job is to remove their close completely d handcuff them on their bed so they cannot move. reporter: reaction to our story has been global. the australian foreign minter says the united nations should be given immediate access to the region. the u.k. foreign office minister told lawmakers in parliament that the bbc reporter was chilling and said china needed to be open about what is happening. >> the evidence of this scale and the severity of these violations is now far-reaching. it paints a truly harrowing picture. if china wishes to dispute this idence, they must allow fettered access to the region
for the yuan commissioner or another independent fact-finding body. reporter: and there has been this from the u.s. state department -- >> these atrocities shock the conscious and must be set -- met with serious consequences. reporter: uighurs and other minorities are held in camps. china has said it's camps are vocational training centers designed to stop muslims from turning to extremism. it denounced the bbc report as lies and misinformation. >> there is no so-called systemic sexual assault against women. china is a country ruled by law. our country guarantees human rights and it is embodied in our legal system a the government's work. reporter: now we can show you new testimony -- a former inmate describes how regular rape was in the camp she was in and how it was used as punishment. >> one day, they assembled many
people in a large hall. then they brought a yng girl, 20 or 21 years old. she was forced to confess to a bogus crime in front of everyone. she pleaded guilty to the crime in a flood of tears in her speech in which she was forced to confess. after that, in front of so many people, the police raped her in turns. reporter: despite the huge internatiol outcry the testimony has evoked, it is unlikely china will act and allow independent scrutiny of what is going on inside the reeducation camps. anchor: the bbc's original reporting there is creating global waves. president joe biden has delivered his first foreign policy speech and set out his
vision for the road for the u.s. on the world stage. he says diplomacy is back, a contrast to the america first division of donald trump. he said he would not roll over for moscow and impose costs on russia for its actions. pres. biden: i made it clear to president putin in a manner very different from my predecessor that the days of the united states rolling over in the face of pressure upon aggressive actions, interfering with our elections, cyber attacks, poisoning its citizens are over. we will not hesitate to raise the cost on russia and defend our vital interests in our people. anchor: president biden had a strong message toward china and leaders in myanmar. let's go to the state department . in broadbrush terms, was this speech about president biden trying to draw a contrast with his predecessor? reporter: it was in some
respects. he was definitely sending a signal to the world and that's why he made his first visit to the state department and kept stressing that america's back, diplomacy is back, and he streed the teams that he's going to restore alliances and rejoin international organizations and the americans want to be globally engaged, and the way he spoke was a contrast to president trump, especially the white house because president trump was quite erratic. he was unilateral and very transactional. i think you could argue that there were policy that came through the state department, some that did try to use alliances, but not as effectively as they would have been if they were in sync with the white house and this is mething mr. biden stressed, that he was in sync with the state department and his secretary of state and that he
said this is us coming back to the world stage. anchor: thank you so much for joining us. the biden administration says it will restore america's role as a multinational leader, but after the insurrection on capitol hill last month, is the u.s. in a position to criticize others for not supporting democracy? joining us is the president of the council on foreign relations and author of "a brief introduction." president biden saysmerica is back and democracy is back, but it is not that simple, is it? gues if only it were. it's going to take us quite a while to establish our credentials and as an advocate of democracy. but even when we can and i hope today will come sooner rather than later, there is limits to our influence. the chinese, the russians,
everybody can push back and so we can advocate for the rule of law, but we cannot insist on it and, if countries push back, there's very little we cano. we can sanction them but that is not going to help people like at the uighurs in china. anchor: president biden talked about wanting to renew global alliances, but can america's allies trust that it won't be america first all over again? guest: i think your question reflects it. the seed of doubt has been planted. every national security adviser in europe and asia has a hedge against american uncertainty file. the eu going its own way with china a few weeks ago, i don't think the united states will get china to line up where we want on russia or on china, so i think it simply a fact that america's ability to lead is
somewhat compromised, not just by the example of january 6, but to be a great power, we've got to be productive will and reliable and we can no longer be. anchor: president biden said he's going to keep u.s. troops in germany. is that the kind of reassuring signal u.s. allies have been longing for? guest: absolutely. rather than banging nato allies over the head, i thought if there was one single, welcome part of the speech, i would have focused on that. i thought the support for secretary of state was very good. when people hear him, they know he's speaking with the full authority of the man in the oval office and will not be undermined by a tweet 30 months later. i thought there were some useful things in the speech.
the principal position on yemen, it will not please the saudi's but i thought it was a pretty forceful difference between this president and his predecessor. anchor: what do you see as the biggest reign policy challenge? guest: securing the home front. i wrote a book called foreign policy begins at home. all the mastic challenges we face from covid to inequality to joblessness, unless we get that sorted out, we are not going to have the bandwidth to be involved in the world or the domestic consensus. we have a deal with china, yes we've got a deal with infectious disease, but we have to get the foundations of americ society. anchor: is that why we hear the
biden team talking about realigning foreign policy with the value of middle-class america? guest: in part, yes. i think they are also trying to impress the american people that foreign policy is not something being carried out unrelated to their self interest, but there is a correlation between what goes on in the world and what goes on in the u.s. and between what happens here in the u.s. and what happens in the world. the biden administration wants to reestablish that linkage which the trump administration did so much to break. anchor: thank you so much for joining us tonight. guest: thanks for having me. anchor: the authories in south korea have pledged to improve conditions for the countries 200,000 migrant workers. this comes after a cambodian woman was found dead. she lived in a greenhouse in subzero conditions. there are many migrant workers in south korea, most of whom come from southeast asia.
reporter: we are being led three maze of plastic covered farmland to discover a network of hidden workers. campaigners call them modern-day slaves. modern workers don't just toil in the fields, they must live here, too. inside this shipping container, he says he comes here to provide for his family. like thousands of other legal migrant workers, he is tied to a contract. >> the hardest thing for workers is that there is no freedom of movement and workers are bound entirely to the owners. a complete master-servant relationship. reporter: nearby, we found a group of young women in similar conditions. this is their bathroom.
three people will shower, wash and cook in here. this is basically where they shower. this is the bucket and water for this room. she pays the farmer $150 a month to live here. as well as, of course she works eight or nine hours a day. we are told it can be worse for undocumented workers. but there is hope south koreans are finally beginning to understand the hidden cost of their supply. in the south at this seaweed farm, we find aer escaping the crew contract with only one week a year, he raised his case with leading politicians. >> i want to tell korean employers that workers need rest
and off days. if workers worked a lot, the pay should be a lot. i want to tell other migrant workers that we need to be strong. we shouldn't give up. we need to face these challenges head-on. reporter: the labor ministry said they are working to reform the so-called slave contract and they are investigating all forms of housing. they say they are committed to helping migrant workers. with south korea's population in sharp decline, there is finally a realization that not only does this country need these workers, they also need to treat them better. anchor: the true cost of labor in south korea there. while in other news, president donald trump says he will not testify under oath at his impeachment trial next week. his lawyers called the invitation from the democrats a publicity stunt.
house last month impeach trump on a charge of inciting insurrection, urging followers to fight his election defeat before they storm the capitol building. this to trump's attorneys rejected the charge, contesting he fully and faithfully executed his duties as president. myanmar's military leaders have blocked facebook, the main source of internet access in the country. officials say it was shut down to boost stability. the secretary-general pledged to mobilize and national pressure to ensure the military to in myanmar fails. there has been no word on the merit -- on the whereabouts of aung san suu kyi and the president since monday. a brazilian mining firm has agreed to pay $7 billion in compensation after the collapse ofhe dam two years ago. 270 people died when it gave
way, unleashing a torrent of mud. the company says it will pay socioeconomic and socio-environmental reparations by families hit by the disaster. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come tonight, there must be something in the water -- an english street whereafter water, there's suddenly a baby boom. the australian open will begin as normal despite the announcement that hundreds of players and support staff must self isolate after a security guard tested positive with covid. >> the main event is going to go ahead on monday but right about now, so money people are coming and going and events are happening. we are expecting some top names to show up for a warm-up of
events that have been canceled. this was a chance for practice, badly needed for some of those players already cooped up in quarantine when positive cases were reported on the planes that got them here to us trillion. this is another blow to the australian open. officials say despite that, it is going ahead. it is frustrating not just for the players and officials but for the people of melbourne, tennis fans who are quite excited. anchor: returning to our top story -- president biden announce his state department meeting today that he is ending the u.s. support for the saudi arabia lead war iyemen. former president donald trump provided assistance and weapons to the coalition. houthi rebels have welcomed the news. joining us as our correspondent
who has reported widely from yemen. do you think this could change the course of the war if the u.s. is pulling its military support for the saudi led coalition? reporter: that is very big ask. everyone knows those neighboring countries, the yemenis themselves no how long and difficult eroded will be to reach a peace deal. but the most important thing is to try and end the war. this is what we heard very clearly from president biden in hi speh. he will stop all u.s. military support for offensive operations. that means support to the coalition led by saudi arabia. he wants there to be a cease-fire. he wants the united states through his newly appointed -- the first time there has been a u.s. envoy to yemen. esther bidens sent -- said he
wants his new envoy, very experienced and very well liked american diplomat to engage with the united nations in an effort to get political talks underway. this is a very clear signal, a departure from president trump's time. at there has been for many months, very strong bipartisan support to stop american military support for this war, to bring the war to an end and there has been a criticism of saudi arabia, so that is not a departure, but it is a departure in how it seems president biden is going to pursue these objectives. anchor: when president biden says america is back and diplomacy is back, can american diplomacy play a role in bringing this to an end? reporter: i think we have to ask
that question of every single crisis you mention. will the generals in myanmar listen to the united states? will they listen to criticisms of what is happening to the uighurs and will russia listen when they call for the release of alexey navalny and will america make a difference and it comes to yemen? of all the crises i mention, yemen is one where americans can make a difference. western diplomats have been struggling to get talks underway and told me when i contacted them tonight that they really do welcome more robust american engagement. the regional players also want american involvement. the saudi's and emma rathi's have been trying to extricate themselves from this war. they see it that the main reason they are so concerned is what they see as decisive iranian support and they need an outside
player like the united states to come in. so it will be welcomed but six years into the war, the yemenis are much further apart. it's going to be really hard to bring them together. anchor: thank you so much for joining us with that analysis. households hunkered down during the first lockdown. many asked if it would lead to a baby-boom boom nine months later. we don't have the official data yet, but the signs so far suggest otherwise. one street in england is bucking the trend and it's about to get very noisy with the sound of newborns. reporter: first it was jenny, then catherine, then caroline, followed by victoria, then ellie and now haley. >> it started with a couple and then we found out we were due and every time i speak to someone else, it's like t number basically increased.
there's something in the water. >> there's just women popping up every day. it's fantastic. >> i can't believe it -- this little street. >> not just on the same street, but the same side of the street. >> if it matches -- >> we are all friends as well. >> the first lockdown, lots of people went out and got dogs. we didn't want a dog. [laughter] >> we have been going running, baking bread, we've been making babies. >> you can't really see people as much, so maybe a time to settle down. >> it is so nice to connect with other women going through a
similar experience at the same time. >> not having any kind of the baby groups that would normally be happening. >> so much for the rule of six. i can't give you any names, but there will be more announcements on this street very soon. >> with babies arriving all the way through august, it feels like an exciting and positive time. >> where is jenny? tonight, some breaking news -- jenny and rick have a baby daughter, summer born this afternoon. the lockdown baby boom is underway. anchor: bristol's baby boom -- completely adorable. before we go, juran scientist
says found what could be the world's smallest reptile. so small it can fit on your fingertip. discovered in madagascar are, the nano chameleon is less than 30 millimeters long, making it the smallest of the roughly 11,005 hundred known species of its kind. scientists say it's natural habitat is under threat do to deforestation. but now ty have placed the area under protection. the idea is the species will survive. quite amazing. nano chameleon's come up baby booms, president biden's first policy speech, we've got it all going on tonight. thank you so much for watching. do enjoy your evening. narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation.
pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. support your pbs station and you can get "passport" giving your full seasons, early releases, special collections and more. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, president biden and congress face major divides-- negotiations over covid relief and other urgent issues illustrate a stark political split. then, chaos and consequences-- we examine the ongoing aftermath of arrests and accountability in the wake of the capitol insurrection. and, getting the vaccine-- a disconnect between supply and demand prompts confusion for the inoculation rollout in virginia. >> while every bit helps, are in a situation where we have far more capacity to vaccinate individuals than we do supply. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.