tv BBC World News America PBS February 15, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news".
reporter: to myanmar, thanks on the streets, partially punishments for those who challenge the country will. one of the highest vaccination rates in the world, israel reports eight 94% drop in cases. welcome to the uk's quarantine hotels. visitors from high risk countries must spend 10 days here. >> not particularly looking forward to the next 11 days. just hoping it goes by quickly. christian: it has been called to an end the world on drugs. by processing these narcotics is no longer illegal in the u.s. state of oregon. ♪ christian: hello and welcome.
myanmar's military as one protesters that they can face up to 20 years in prison if they obstruct the armed forces. demonstrators have been out after the army stepped in to overturn the reelection of the civilian leader to ask ago. -- two accidt. reporter: even for a country shocked, it has been a stressful 24 hours. rumors of a full-scale army operation were strong, and here in this town, repeated bursts of gunfire made people think it was already happening. most of the shots were fired into the air. then, an eight hour nationwide internet blackout, for what purpose, we still are not clear. this morning, the military was making itself visible in cities.
that did not stop people from protesting again over their power grab, as they have for the past 10 days. if anything, the soldiers provoked people to speak at even more after seeing their democracy crashed by the generals. this armored vehicle found itself surrounded by hosle traffic. the drivers talking their anger. here at the headquarters led by the party, more anger. release our leaders, they shouted. they have not forgotten that they reelected her by a landslide just three months ago. she is still in military custody, pretension extended todafor o knows how long. the military's plans are hard to guess.
the soldiers though are an ominous sign. these are combat units use to fight armed insurgents on the borders, and during previous unrest to shoot protesters. and they are back on the street again. christian: south africa has recorded the largest number of coronavirus cases and deaths on the continent. it has been hard hit by a new variant. officials temporarily stopped vaccine rollout over concerns the astrazeneca doses were not effective against the strain. countries are now reopening its land borders, but anyone crossi must provide a negative covid test. reporter: first, you need to present your own covid -- negative covid test. that you will have got from your country come again. if travelers do not have such test results, they will be tested on the spot, and they will have to wait for the
results before they are allowed into the country. at the beginning of january, when holiday makers were making their way back, there was a handful of fake covid-19 tests, particularly at border posts. that led to investigators believing that there was syndicates that were selling these negative covid-19 results. as a result, that minister announced yesterday that anyone who now presents a fake covid test will be barred from visiting south africa for five years. christian: the uk's prime minister says he plans to set out a roadmap for this track -- relaxing restrictions, now that 50 million people in the country have received vaccines. new quarantine rules have been put into place. travelers to inland now have to quarantine and aovernment
approved hotel. the list includes portugal, brazil and south africa. reporter: a different arrival to the u.k.. some of the first passengers destined for quarantine hotels, escorted to their hotels. coaches have been arriving throughout the course of the morning and passengers to the hotel. everybody on board from a red list country the last 10 days. guess what leave these balls for 11 nights. for those arriving today, there was company outside their windows. how is the room? >> good, thanks. reporter: he's is starting a new job. march, and his visa started today. he says passengers that travel from red list countries and those that did not work together
on the flight and in the airport. >> i was probably two seats from someone that does not come from a red this country. we were all in the same vicinity, breathing the same air. reporter: he split a room with a friend. >> we are either going to come out as good friends or hate each other. i guess only time will tell. windows, unfortunately don't open. wod be nice to get some pressure. -- fresh air. it is what it is. not particularly looking forward to the next 11 days. just hoping it goes by quickly. reporter: there are no international flights from northern ireland or wells at the moment, but those flight into scotland have to quarantine regardless. this man and his daughter fl in from america this morning. >> whatever it takes. i work in the medical field.
even though i got my covid shots already, whatever it takes to make everybody safe. i am all for it. reporter: early indications suggest the number of passengers flying today was low. there are concerns that you check swimming delays which could be a risk to passengers and staff. >> every check the officer has to do slows up the transaction, increases the risk of infection, and then as those built, that builds up and increases the risk from traveler to traveler. reporter: the government has previously said that every airport has a responsibility to comply with measures. the policy does not have an end date, the number of countries on the list could still get longer. these hotels may well see more passengers through their doors in the next few weeks and months. christian: insert israel's
efforts conduct -- among people who have been fully vaccinated. the results involve one of the biggest real-world studies so far. the analysis compared 600,000 israelis who have received two doses of the pfizer jab, with an unvaccinated group of the same size, matched for age and medical history. it reported a 94% reduction in symptomatic infections among those immunized, a result similar to pfizer's clinical trials. the result has yet to be peer-reviewed. israel has immunized more than one quarter of its population with two doses. joining me now is a writer and political analyst based in jerusalem. why has the vaccination program been such a success? >> israel has a few advantages. it has an extremely young
population, a lot of people here under 16, which was a big advantage at the beginning of the program. at a certain point it will become a disadvantage because there will be people who cannot be vaccinated. the otr factors are, israel was able to secure enough vaccines for everybody because of its small population, and it's very centralized health care system with four large health care management organizations. because they have data, they can roll out the vaccines extremely quickly. christian: the results speak for themselves. there concerned that the astrazeneca vaccine one be as effective? >> israel is not using the astrazeneca vaccine at all. it had contracts with pfizer, dharna -- moderna, as it needed it. also because it is a smaller country, concerns about the travel is less of an issue. christian: is there a discussion
about the need for blisters -- boosters? >> there absolely is. israel has been extreme a concerned about variants? it did not move fast enough to stop the british variant, which is now the mainstream in israel, martin fact that it is in britain. close borders completely. even israeli citizens have to get special permission to come into the country and a mandatory hotel quarantine. christian: how much competence is there in israel? i know the government is very keen to open up and get businesses reopen. our the public on board with that? >> it is very interesting. all of the party support reopening as fast as possible,
tending to oppose any type of closures or lockdowns in the first place. when you look at poland, -- when you look at polling, it is more mixed. israel is opening pretty much everything on sunday. there is a question of whether or not we will be ready even the extremely high continuing rates daily coronavirus cases. christian: it is a full reopening. it is not going to be staged or staggered. >> it was supposed to be. like all of these things they make a plan, then there is pressure to move things up. it's not a full reopening. restaurants are not opening just yet and schools in particular are being delayed. but almost everything else, shops, shopping malls, for people who are vaccinated, they will be allowed to go to jim's, cultural events, even sports
games are coming back. christian: very good to talk to you. chinese state media says authorities have arrested 70 people suspected of producing industry-leading a coronavirus vacces. one group is reported to have made a profit of $3 million on bottling saline solution and mineral water and selling it as a vaccine. french health workers have started working in portugal where hospitals have come under pressure with high levels of covered cases. other eu countries are also helping portugal. a team from luxembourg is due to start at an icu shortly. german health workers have already been deplod. the who says it is coordinating support for guinea, where any ball academic has been declared. assistance would include access to vaccines and treatments. the group says it is now better
prepared to de with an outbreak that in 2013 when more than 11,000 people die from ebola across the region. nigerian economist has been named as the new director general of the wto. she is the first african and women to lead the globalody. rising to the number two position as managing director, amp is also nigeria's first female finance minister. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program. inemen, we report from a city and the horrific plight of children in the country's long-running civil war. former south african president may receive hl term after being accused of contempt of court or refusing to appear before a corruption commission.
he refuses any wrongdog. our correspondent says it seems he is running out of patient. reporter: this was his most scathing rebuke against the former president. let me read you quickly some of what he said. he said the former president was not entitled to refuse to comply with the summons, and also had no valid reason to not appear. one of the main things he has beenalled to give evidence to, widespread allegations that when he was president, he presided over a widespread network of corruption where his allies use influence to get access to lucrative state contracts for his benefit. he has repeatedly denied any wrongdoing, except he refuses to stand before any legally constituted body to testify to this. and for the legal team, that is a big concern. christian: yemen's southwt is
home to one of the longest running battles of the country's ongoing civil war. it's under siege, divided between government forces, and the iranian back to these -- who these. national. we are warning some viewers, you might find this distressing. >> the city of snipers. a family on the frontline. this is a years old girl. her big brother is 10. she probably owes him her life. here she lay last august, after she was shot in the head.
who took aim and pulled the trigger? her family have no doubt. a houthi sniper. it was he who dragged her to safety. >> [speaking foreign language] reporter: she arrived in the house -- arrived unconscious. we reported her story then but could not feature her. now, we have. she is still trapped in a city of war and it is taking its toll says her father. >> [speaking foreign language]
killed or injured more than 450 children. officials say allegations are false. the barricades to block the line of sight. we have to move carefully and take cover. nowhis safe, but no one is spared, especially it seems the children. you can go from building to building, family to family, and hear horror stories of children that have been delivered we targeted by snipers. one father wanted to tell us historic so we followed him to his home. he runs this risk every day.
this photo was taken last april. days later, he was dead. he tells me he was shot out of a tree,fter climbing to pick fruit. the bullet passed through his body. his younger bther was there and saw him die. he got shot in the stomach. the seven-year-old made it home and hid under a blanket, too scared to tell their mother they had climbs the tree. >> [speaking foreign language]
reporter: his mother says when he is not happy he tells her, i will go to the snipers so he can shoot me again. across yemen, the young are at risk, and death often comes from the skies. airstrikes by the saudi led coalition, which supports the yemeni government and is backed by the u.k., kill many children. human rights workers here say the differences, who the snipers -- houthi's fibers trying to kill them. a young boy plays dead. hard to watch. too often here, it is not a game. christian: in the united states, the so-called war o drugs has gone onor decades and shows
little signs of success. oregon, a pioneer state has now decriminalized drugs. someone found with a small amount of heroin, meth, and crack cocaine will be offered treatment for addiction. our west coast correspondent reports. reporter:hen crack was here it was really bad. larry is a former addict. >> i was a heroin addict. i do not en know i was a heroin addict. a lot of people here are hopeless because they do not have any place to live. reporter: he is now clean and lps others to follow in his footsteps, to freedom from drugs and crime. >> hello -- how long? reporter: t says the new low would have made a massive difference to him. >> i would not have to have gone through all of these legal hoops that i had to jump through in
order to get a job. measure 110 would eliminate that. reporter: iris experience is not unique. >> the last decade of my adction cost me the ability to raise my children, i was not employed, i committed other crimes as well. reporter: she was arrested more than 30 times in four years. >> i was living in hell. i did not want to live. i paid for death everyday. -- i begged for death everyday. reporter: and now? >> no words. i didn't even know this was possible. reporter: now she is remarried, reunited with her children, and helping others to recover. she believes the allies asian will give them the time to heal -- decriminalization will give them a time to heal.
this is where success or failure of the measure will be seen. change is not going to happen overnight, but the hope is the more people that have access to help, ultimately will be released from the holds that hard drugs have on their lives. >> this is suspected methamphetamine. reporter: i asked the chief of police if measure 110 will help do that. >> no. not at all. th what happens? overdoses go up. erdose death goes up, crime goes up, theft, burglary, robbery, assault. if people are not being treated for their addiction, they still need drugs. how do they get them? they commit crimes to get mone to buy drugs because the supply is still existent. this will do nothing but exasperate the drug supply. reporter: those familiar with the streets know when it comes
to getting the drug problem here under control, there is a mountain to climb. christian: such an active debate. before we go, archaeologists in egypt have uncovered what could be the world's oldest brewery. the site is said to be about 5000 years old, discovered at an ancient burial ground. the joint egyptian american team found a number of units containing 40 pots to heat a mixture of grain and water to make beer. this supreme council of antiquities believes the finds to be the oldest brewery in the world. how amazing. remember, you can find more at our website. plus to see what we are working narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation.
by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favoritdrama, histor science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. discover new favorites from pbs and locally produced shows from your station. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
judy: good evening. i'm judy woodruff on "the newshour." the wrath of winter. an unusually large storm causes freezing temperatures, power outages and extreme weather across the u.s. then, getting to zero. we discuss general motors' big push towards zero emission vehicles. and the crackdown continues. the chinese government uses the controversial nation security law to overhaul hong kong's education system. >> the courts will have to decide whether this national security law trumps basic rights. judy: all that