tv BBC World News America PBS February 23, 2021 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
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katty: this is bbc world news americ annual warning from yemen. 16illion people will go hungry there this year. we have a special report on the children. south korea was one of the first country to be had by the coronavirus, but it has kept the country larger under control. >> south korea was focused on the three principles of testing, tracking and tracing the virus. we do not realize how well we were doing. katty: top officials testify as they tried to explain law-enforcement values that lead to the deadly riots in the u.s. capitol. ♪ katty: welcome to world news america on pbs andround the globe.
the united nations as 16 million people in yemen will go hungry this year and the country is at risk of the worst famine in decades. it is projecting 400,000 children will suffer from a cute non-nutrition and they could die if they do not get treatment urgently. our correspondents begin this report. we should warn you that some viewers may find these scenes distressing. >> every breath is a struggl and he is dangerously thin. mohamed is 12 months old, but too weak to hold his head up. he is in the grip of severe acute malnutrition. mohamed needs to go to hospital urgently. his mother knows but can do nothing. >> [speaking foreign language]
reporter: this rural clinic could not provide transport for mohaed. we were able to give mother and baby a lift to the hospital an hour away. this was a chance encounter. an area ravaged by hunger and one of the world's poorest countries. malnutrition was entrenched in yemen for the war, but has increased every year since. at thi hospital, doctors do what they can. they say the boy's weight is about half of what it should be, and he has a chest infection. he is put on oxygen. a lifeline for now. >> we can help the case when it
reaches our hospital. this is the problem. reporter: are you afraid that there are children dying at home? >> yes. a lot of cases die at home. a lot of factors, a lot of causes. reporter: those causes are complex but do not include lack of food in the markets. there is plenty to buy but many cannot afford it. six years of conflict have taken their toll. food prices have risen about 140%. the yemeni currency has collapsed, along with the economy. and, the youngest here are heartbreakingly vulnerable. >> she came because of -- she is four-month-old. reporter: she is deteriorating rapidly. for her mother, displaced by the
war, seeing her like this, rigid with pain, is another trauma. she has severe acute malnutrition and is running a high fever. the doctor tries to cool down her tiny body with a cold cloth. some of the test results come back. it is not good news. >> when i find really sick children, when they are not responding to treatment, is very hard. i do not sleep some nights. it's very hard. we have no time to change the sheets on the bed. just to change the sheet,
another patient is coming. reporter: doctors are now extremely concerned about data. they state her case is critical. she needs an x-ray but it is too far away across the hospital. they can stick the chance of moving her now. she is on oxygen at the moment they are trying to stabilize her. at the specter of famine hangs over yemen, those in nd are getting less aid because of cuts in international donations. that you and, needs are not starving, they are being starved. since we filmed these pictures, the girl has died. katty: the story of one little girl who has now died of malnutrition. there are 400,000 children who urgently need medical care, in a country where the war has gone
on for six years but is being so underreported. please spare thought for the peoplef yemen tonight. today, lawmakers in the united states held hearings to try and find out exactly what happened during the insurrection at the u.s. capitol. there is still a lot of unanswered questions. how much did law enforcement now? with the intelligence properly shared? and how were papillae's -- police left so ill-prepared? among those testifying were two of the top security officials that they. the former u.s. capitol chief of police had this to say. >> it was more than just the norfork letter. we have to look at the intelligence community and the view they have on domestic extremists. i look at this as an intelligence problem that impacted this event, yes. katty: joining me now is dr. cynthia, a director of research
at american university. thank you very much for joining me. i don't know how much of the hearings you heard today, but it seems to me that the intelligence was there, it was a lack of imagination in interpreting that intelligence. >> thank you for having me. i was teaching during the hearing today so i was not able to listen live. after class my students that i. tuned in. . what is clear is that there was sufficient intelligence both from within the reports and other agencies, that did not make the connection, for it i think the failure here is both in connecting the intelligence reporting to the decision-makers, but also taking it seriously. katty: at one point the chief, who has since resigned, did say that he felt there was, a
security officials, a need to broaden the scope of who they see as a threat to u.s. security. as somebody who studies right-wing extremism, do you think u.s. security forces are taking the threat seriously enough? >> i think prior to january 6 they absently were not taking the threat seriously, even though there were plenty of warning signs, including department of homeland security's on report in october of 2020 that said domestic violent extremism is the most lethal threat facing the nation, and essentially drew on looking at the lethality numbers, and other documentation we have seen on every measure, propaganda, disinformation, and the actual plots being foiled. we knew th this was a threat. i think it haseen very
difficult for intelligence and law enforcement to recognize that in the same way that they have been trained to recognize international terrorism as a threat. katty: you spend your time studying these groups. since the attack of janry the sixth, what has happened to them? how has the events impacted the threat? >> the far-right spectrum have always been very fragmented. they tried previously to unite in the unite the right rally in charlottesville which failed. in many ways, this loose coalition that formed on january 6 was the first time that they were able to come together from across the spectrum. i think the question is now, does that coalition hold? we are seeing signs of ongoing fragmentatiowhich is encouraging, because it is they are not necessarily operating across the militia, like conspiracies. we see a split reaction. some people have double down, who still believe that trump welcome back to office, do not
believe -- they are postponing. some other date will come. others believe that they have been tricked, and understand that there was some wool pulled over their eyes. the coming weeks will tell us about how many more people leave these movements as a result of realizing that this was a masters information campaign. on the extremist fringe, within those militants who are really organized and came tacticall prepared, those groups have celebrated this as a success, and i think we'll see it as a marker, a celebration of things that could come beyond this, with new kinds of activities. katty: so interesting. dr. cynthia, thank you so much for joining me. south korea's prime minister says he is confident that the country will achieve heard
immunity from covid-19 the autumn. it was one of the first countries outside of china to be hit by the virus, and has become a role model for its massive sting and aggressive contact tracing measures. speaking to bbc, the prime minister said he was surprised that other wealthy countries had not followed their example. reporter: south korea was quick to act when the pandemic hit. the first outbreak was brought under control with mass testing and aggressive contact tracing. in contrast, the vaccine rollout has been slow. it will start this week but only in small numbers. the general population will have to wait until at least july to get the jab. but, the prime minister is confident this country will achieve heard immunity by the autumn. >> you know that koreans are the masters of speed. yes, it is not an easy goal to
achieve, but we aim to complete 70% of the population by the end of the third quarter in september. i believe it is possible. sure, some may resist getting vaccinated, but this government will encourage more people to get the jab. reporter: just over 1500 people have died from covid-19 in south korea, and infection numbers have remained relatively low. there has been genuine surpris here tothers failed to follow this country sleep. -- this country's lead. >> south korea has learned about democracy and technology from advanced country like europe and the u.k.. i never would have thought that theyould suffer so much from covid-19. south korea was focused on the three principles of testing, trackingand tracing the virus. the three dies of democracy, transparencies and openness. we do not alizw well we were doing.
it was only later that we learned that we were managing better than others around the world. reporter: south korea's northern neighbor is struggling with the economic fallout from closing exporters to prevent the spread of covid-19. and also harbors hopes for more talks. >> north korea must also be contemplating a variety of options. what has to be done to keep the regime stable? north korea also has to feed its people. whether the oven picks will take place this year in japan depends on the pandemic. but the start of inter-korean talks arose from last winter of convicts -- winter olympics. reporter: you have said now is not the time to answer whetr or not you are going to run for president.
when will be the time? [laughter] katty: south korea has got a lot right during this pandemic. let's turn to georgia and east europe where the opposition has demanded the release of the country's leading opposition -- forcefully arrested on tuesday. authorities have described him as a criminal. western diplomats have criticized his arrest as a backwards step on george's path towards democracy. bbc sent as this rept from the capital. reporter: outside the prime minister's office, hundreds of demonstrators have gathered to protest the arrest of the leader of the country's largest opposition party. he was forcibly detained in his rty headquarters on tuesday morning. there are live pictures,
broadcast on many stations across georgia, and people were shocked to see the force that was used to detain him. he has been sheltering inside his party office for the past seven days. last week, georgia's parliament stripped him of his immunity, followed by a court's decion which issued an arrest warrant against him. the charges stem fm his role in antigovernment protests in june, 2019 which turned violent. but, his arrest has really been a very contentious issue here. because only last week, georgia's prime minister had resigned over the matter to avoid further polarization in the country. however, has a successor who stepped in and was approved by parliament on monday, moved quickly to carry out what he described as the restation of law and order in georgia.
laura: a quick look at other news from around the world. tiger woods has been hospitalized after a car accident in los angeles. fire crews had to pull mr. woods from the vehicle after it rolled over. he was then taken to a local hospital by endless. -- by ambulance. a court has granted bail to a young indian climate activist whose arrest cause a public out cry. she is accused of a conspiracy to undermine india's reputation i sharing and online toolkits to help farmers protesting agait agricultural forms. you are watching bbc world news america. facebook read friends australia. and a text and up and makes a deal with the government to restore news content to its platform.
buckingham palance announced that the duke of edinburgh will remain in hospital for several days, saying he was comfortable and responding to treatment for an infection. our correspondent has more for us. reporter: unclear exactly what type of infection heas, but understand he has been treated for a bladder infection in the past. the statement from the palace is very measured, very calm, this is t feel we have been getting since prince philip was admitted to the hospital seven days ago. we were told he arrived, he walked in unaided, he was in good spirits. he had just been feeling unwell and came in for precautionary measures. it was only over the weekend concerns were heightened while we were told that prince philip would be kept in for rest and observation, and then prince charles came to come and visit his father. he made a 200 mile round-trip to come see his father for just 30 minutes. we are told by the hospital that
their picy is to about these kind of the visits only an exceptional start -- circumstances. katty: it was a standoff that could still have global implications over the way we all use the internet, but it now seems facebook and australia have come to a resolution. facebook says it will restore news articles to its site in australia after blocking them last thursday. the band was in response by a law from australia. . is our report. reporter: after the shock and anger about facebook's action, the treasurer said that the company has come around and it is reversing its move. >> facebook has refriended
australia, and news will be restored to the platform. facebook has committed to entering into good faith negotiations with australian news media businesses. reporter: facebook also mentioned that under the agreement, it now has the ability to decide if news content is carried on its atform. it also said it will support news outlets and publishers that it shows, whether it was big national publishers or small, local ones. it is not clear how this is going to workn practice or what their choices are going to be based on, our who decides the value of each publisher. there is a lot of detail needing to be hammered down, and a lot of problems of course on the way. all in all, both sides have reached a compromise of some sort, and both can claim victory. the government can say they have convince facebook to come around and restore news in australia, and facebook can say it convince
the government to compromise and amend the law. the reaction among users has been mixed. >> it did not allow me to interact and be able to share the news with other people. at sexually great for it to back because i can share post with my friends. i log onto the news every day. it is good for me to interact and see what is happening. >> i think in general, facebook is kind of dying out. i noticed that it is more my parents generation. reporter: backlash against facebook when it blocked the news here brought the government the opposition, the users, and publishers all on the same side. which is safe to say does not happen often. it was not just here in australia. this happened across the globe. facebook was called a bully, antidemocratic, authoritarian as well.
its power and influence -- facebook also did its reputation a great deal of damage. katty: when i mention facebook to my teenage daughter she looks at me like i am talking about fax machines. the leader of britain's fashion industry say they need help from the government to deal with the twin eects of brexit and the pandemic, it has meant additional paperwork and costs, and covid has stopped showcases. along with new york, milan and paris, london's fashion because one of the industry's largest events. -- london's fashion week is one of the industry's largest events. reporter: and online only oven this year. they know how to put on a good show, even in the bad times. which these certainly are for the uk's multibillion pound
fashion industry. covid has dealt it a huge low. spreads it they say is the sucker punch. -- brexit they say is the sucker punch. >> my collection has arrives too late. it got stuck between documentation. there is no deal as far as the textile industry is concerned. it is a disaster. i just believe it is going to get worse unless something is done, and the double duty. that has to change. reporter: a luxury fashion brand is sharing its winter collection. it is looking great. but business is not. >> it is extraordinary. thoughtlessness that what is happening with brexit. it has resulted in increased costs.
>> if they don't materialize, what is the outlook? >> one outlook would be to set up a subsidiary business, a company in europe. the government is making it increasingly difficult to produce it here in the u.k., which is such a shame. it's very sad, actuall reporter: a government spokesperson said we are working closely with businesses to ensure they get the support they need. british fashion designers have a global reputation for their creativity and enterprise, attributes supported by this year's winner for british design. >> i am optimistic, but i have to be. for me, this is a way i can tell stories that are authentic about different cultures, my hitage.
also, it is a driver for change, in terms of showing better practice, how we can manufacture clothing. reporter: sustainability, covid, brexit are all big challenges. katty: that addresses our beautiful. 10rangutans reentered the wild in indonesia. the eight adults and two baby apes were taken by helicopter, truck and canoe into a remote spot on the indonesian side of borneo island. the journey had been delayed because of the high risk they could be acted by the virus. rescuers themselves also were protective equipment. narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation.
by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: you're watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. support your pbs station and you can get "passport" giving your full seasons, early releases, special collections and more. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywhere.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: lessons of the insurrection. law enforcement officials testify on the many security failures that allowed a violent mob of trump supporters to storm the capitol. then, getting the vaccine. manufacturers face questions about supply and efficacy of treatments, as the inoculation campaign accelerates. and, a generational gap. thpandemic exacerbates the many health and economic stresses of grandparents raising children in the u.s. >> it's just not something you economically plan for. i'm a single grandmother rolling the rock back up the hill.