tv BBC World News Outside Source PBS February 25, 2021 5:00pm-5:31pm PST
♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provided by.. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, "bbc world news".
ros: welcome to "outside source." the european union has made a slow start on vacnations and it's promising to do more. >> our top priority is speeding up the protection and delivery of -- production and delivery of vaccines across the european union. ros: there have been problems with supplies but there have also been problems with people refusing jabs, meaning vaccination centers in belgium are nearl empty. huge crowds in armenia. the prime minister called supporters out onto theeet to stop what he is saying is an attempted coup, though there is no evidence of an attempted coup happening. we will talk about facebook because australia is part of the law asking to pay for news content being shared across the platform, bringing up issues about facebook's power. and lady gaga is offering half $1 million after a gunman shot her dog walker and took her dogs
away. come to those of you watching on pbs in america and those of you watching on bbc world news. we are going to start with a stuttering roll out of vaccines in the european union. leaders have met to try to work out how to speed up the process and while they are facing a combination of problems, lower than expected supply, bureaucratic -- bureaucratic glitches and reluctance to take the british vaccine. mainland europe is lagging behind the u.k.. the u.k. has 27% of people with at least one dose of the vaccine. spain, germany, italy and france are between 5% and 7%. and from germany's biggest selling newspaper -- dear britain, we envy you.
while european leaders are acutely aware of this, here's the president of the european council. >> our top priority now is spding up the production and delivery of vaccines and vaccinations across the european union. that's why we support the commission's efforts to work with industry to identify and guarantee supply chains and scale up production. ros: well vaccine makers have been answering questions in the european parliament about why some supplies are lower than expected, here is the ceo of astrazeneca? >> lower yield and lower productivity than we expected, unfortunately. some sites ramped up late and some have gone slower, so there is a question of yield that has impacted us where we are looking for the eu ros:.
but let's be clear -- supplies only part of the issue with the astrazeneca jab. some europeans are refusing to take it because some senior europeans, including the president of france said things about the jab that were not accurate. a scientific advisor to the german government told the bbc they had 1.4 million doses of the astrazeneca vaccine and store and only 240,000 have been given to people. that's more than one million doses unused. the times is reporting officials in berlin may give surplus doses to homeless people. and there have been issues elsewhere -- ce is only used half of its vaccine supplies and these countries, including battle -- including belgian, -- belgium and netherlands. reporter: none of the cues that they planned for. inside, chairs sit empty. belgium's largest vaccination center finally oned last week, but there is barely a person in sight.
they have the capacity to vaccinate 5000 people a day, but today, they say they have only done 200. in the hour we have been here, we have seen just one person arrive. ros: what is going on here? officials blamed the lack of vaccine because even with shortages, they say they could do 1000 a day and that's five times what they are actually doing. let's hear from a medical advisor to the belgian government. >> may be 4, 5, six emails everyday of nurses and medical doctors saying they do not want thesther of attica -- 13 astra van eck want the astrazeneca vaccine. they say they want to better vaccine b that is not based on solid evidence or science. we want to keep people out of the hospital, out of intensive care, keep them from dying. as far as i can see, all vaccines on the market can do that. ros: some people blame this on
the decision of many european governments not to give astrazeneca jabs to older age groups. that has perhaps reduced people's confidence in it all around, even though studies have shown it is effective and safe. re is one doctor in germany. >> we have 1000 appointments and maybe 50 people saying we don't want to have this vaccination. ros: authorities in germany are recognizing the problem. they say they are working quite hard on this point, trying to convince people to build up trust in the vaccine in the population. here's more on the whole story from nick veeck in brussels. reporter: it is a big mess on the problem for the eu is turning around is going to be difficult and there are no quick fixes. the eu is facing a triple whammy -- distribution problems after the initial production problems and then the skepticism, particularly in germany and france.
heine scenes, they are talking about new things they can do, intentionally new production sites where vaccines can get made, but that will take months to get up and running. the idea of speeding up the system of approving vaccines, but that's only going to help in the autumn wind second-generation vaccines created in response to new variants when they start to come online. eu leaders have been talking for more than four hours this evening and we are getting hints of wt they might have discussed. but in teof any new policy, this is going to make an instant reaction. something which really improves the situation, that's going to be tough. ros: let's be clear -- the eu has said they will not work on the over six t5's -- they expect it to work but don't have the data, is that right? reporter: that'sight. the powers that be in germany and france have said when it comes to the over six to five's,
they don't bieve there is enough evidenc to suggest it should be given to that age group, not because they think it is unsafe, but they want to see more data. the europewide body says it is fine for all adults and if you look at the data coming from scotland this week, they have said the astrazeneca vaccine really reduces the number of hospitalizations, particularly in the over 80's. the problem ayou have had the likes of emmanuel macron publicly suggesting this sort of skepticism that seems to have struck a cord with a lot of people in germany and france and we have heard from dr. saying people are turning up for their vaccine appointment or not turning up saying can i have another one, is there a better one, despite the evidence that says it is a good, efficient jab. ros: we bring you the biggest story from around the world.
we're going to turn to armenia because the fallout from its military defeat from azerbaijan continues. these two are neighbors and the armenian prime minister is attempd coup hours after the military called on him to resign. his supporters have been out on the streets. you can see the prim minister surrounded by supporters and plenty more joined him. in republic square, an estimated 20,000 people turned out and the prime address them. >> as an elected prime minister, i'm ordering all generals, officers and soldiers to do your job of protecting the country's border this is my order and no one can breach it. ros: the prime minister has been facing growing pressure to resign ever since he agreed to a deal last that ended the war over a disputed region that ended only by him accepting defeat and many people
considered that a betrayal. here's a statement from the military -- the government are no longer able to make reasonable decisions. it accuses him of serious mistakes in foreign policy and ys those mistakes have resulted in the armenian state being on the verge of destruction. within hours, the pri minister posted ts reply on facebook. >> i made decisions to dismiss the head of the general staff of armed forces and deputy head of staff after it followed the announcement of high-ranking military officials demanding my resignation. the most important problem now is to keep the power in the hands of the people because i consider what is happening to be a military coup. ros: behind all of this is a region recognized as part of azerbaijan but has been controlled by ethnic armenians for years and became part of armenia. these are some pictures from during the conflict last year and this was the aftermath of
the violence. but after six weeks, a peace deal was brokered by russia but only after azerbaijan was allowed to keep areas it captured and the reaction in armenia was furious and immediate. as you can see, protesters stormed the parliament within hours of that deal being announced. army is premised are announcing he had no choice because he feared his forces would suffer even bigger losses. since then, protests have been gaining momentum. these are members of an opposition alliance forcing their way into the university. we are told they are trying to gain support from students. i guess that is one way of doing it. there were a few scuffles along the way. they try to enter another university and more than a dozen opposition parties have come together to call on the prime minister to go.
relevant to the conflict and current tensions are two significant players in the region -- russia, a military ally of armenia is calling for calm. turkey, which backed azerbaijan says this -- >> coup attempts can only destabilize the region and that is why we are against it. in democracies, people can chris eyes the government and demand its resignation. this is natural, but the army calling on the government to resign when it came to power through elections, let alone to stage a coup, is unacceptable. ros: i should add off the back of that clip, there is no evidence of a coup taking place are being attempted. but he has been in power since 2018 and has survived several attempts in parliament to remove him. here is the bbc's reyhan dimitri assessing the future. reporter: it is still unclear
what is going to happen because he fired the head of the armed forces earlier today but the president of armenia is yet to sign that order. what appears to be happening now in armenia is the prime minister is on the other of the spectrum from the army generals, from the president and the head of the country's church. all of them demanded him to resign. ros: in a few minutes, we are going to talk about lady gaga. she is offering a half-million dollar reward for a gunman that shot a dog walkern los angeles and took her dogs. here in the u.k., the covid-19 alert level has been reduced from its highest level in all
four nations. however, current restrictions remain in place. here is our health editor to explain. reporter: it is in a way a nonindependent take of how serious the alert level is now. it was level 3 from may onwards all the w through september when it was moved to level four. that is when cases were beginning to accelerate and level five, the highest level on january 4, the day the prime minister announced lockdown restrictions for england and there were similar measures in other nations. the determining factor is a material risk of the nhs being overwhelmed within 21 days without further action. given that risk as they perceived it, the chief medical officers moved up to level five. they are new -- they are now moving back down to level four.
ros: we are live here in the bbc news room. the lead story -- eu leaders say they have to speed up the delivery of vaccines after a rollout which has been hit by problems with supply but also problems with take-up of certain jabs. facebook has been at the center of the news in the last fortnight in a stroll you and. let's take the next few and it's to look at its position in the world. consider facebook's scale -- the world population is over 7 billion. close to 3 billion of us are active facebook users and that scale gives it great power. some -- too much power, some would argue and we see this issue arise around the world. take myanmar, where the village terry has overthrown aung san suu kyi and her government. the man who led the coup, the commander in chief of the military has been a user of
facebook for years, but facebook has taken down some of the militaries pages. this matters because around half the population has a facebook account. too many, it is the internet. which is why facebook's role in myanmar is relevant. we saw it when hundreds of thousands of rohan goes fled to bangladesh. facebook dominates what information is shared online in myanmar and if it can take down the burmese military, it could take down news for australians. >> this is an assault on a sovereign natn, and assault on people's freedom, and in particular, it is an utter abuse big technologies market power and control over technology. ros: it is being resolved but the show strength remains and it is a problem says this former facebook executive. >> i think it is too much power.
we see sovereign nations having to go up against facebook, yet we are not of the same playing field as facebook's power. ros: this is the head of the competition of markets watchdog talking to the bbc this week. >> i think it is a worrisome development and shows we need to urgently do something to reduce this imbalance of power. ros: none of which fits with facebook's view of itself. let's hear mark zuckerberg describe it. >> facebook is about putting power in people's hands. ros: the power would appear to be primarily in facebook's hands. donald trump can attest to that. he has been banned from facebook . an unnamed user has lodged an appeal. such is the scale of the platform that the decisions around what stays and goes have enormous political and social consequences. the australian prime minister puts it this way -- they may be changing the world, but that
doesn't mean they run it. facebook says it doesn't want to but governments are increasingly focused on whether it has become too powerful. you can seeore analysis from outside source on the bbc news website and the bbc news app. we have lots of reports you can watc you will find in-depth looks at some of the stories we cover on the program, including the choices facing the republican party the trump europe. let's wring you more on the coronavirus pandemic as the number of deaths around the world has now surpassed two point 5 million according to johns hopkins university. part of the way out of the pandemic may involve vaccine passports. we have talked a lot about it recently. the concept is simple -- to stop new cases entering a country from abroad, some countries will require anyone coming in to pride proof they have been vaccinated. one country looking to implement
that idea is greece. it has an agreement in place with israel and they are leading the world in terms of vaccination rates. but in that agreement, vaccinated citizens can fly between the countries despite the nations heaven close their borders. greece is in talks with u.k. about a similar plan for the summer. the u.k. hopes lockdown restrictions will be lifted. greece is pushing to adopt digital vaccine certificates to gain freedom of movement across the eu. let's hear one greek minister talking about the approach. >> we know the european union has reached an agreement on the digital vaccination certificates . we need to move faster and bolder on the political level to plan the resumption of travel in the summer. we are not desperate but this is a big component of our economy. we want to double what we received in 2020 and w think by
using these digital tools, this will be achieved. ros: eu leaders have agreed on a a sick coronavirus passport scheme to help the tourist industry the summer. the european commission president says it will take three months to set up the system. there really plenty more on the bbc news website. let's turn to israel. it's vaccination program is leading the world. one third of israelis are now fully vaccinated and on top of the travel agreement with greece, the israeli government is going further, using vaccine certificates to ease local restrictions. reporter: after nearly a year, this vaccine passport app gives the green light for israelis to go back to training. it's not been easy keeping a gym body without the gym. >> i have been close for 11
months and am very excited. i went to reopen my place. reporter: but without vaccination, you are left outside. it it raises ethical questions. >> i don't think we have to be discriminated for our choices. it's not going to affect my choice. i'm still not going to get vaccinated. reporter: simple pleasures like having friends around for a catch up over coffee haven't been possible for many older israelis until now. >> i'm so glad after a whole year of living in the same building we are able to get together. reporter: small things mean a lot after a year of shielding. >> i feel like a free bird. i know what solitary confinement feels ke now and it is great to be able to have the freedom. reporter: israel's rapid vaccine
rollout is offering a taste of returned normality, but numbers getting the jabber dropped off. >> i'm going to count to three and you will feel a little prayer can we will continue. reporter: that is my second shot of the pfizer vaccine. reporter: medics think it could give younger israelis the push they need. >> hopefully when they open the markets and shows and everything, i hope more people will finally realize this is good for them and start coming here. reporter: you think when people see this is the ticket back to normal life, they will come? >> of course. we are israelis. we need a little boost before we do something. reporter: in tel aviv, there is
a carrot as well as a stick. a free drink for those getting a job. israel has been a living laboratory for other countries to watch and that includes the moral quandaries and legal challenges over its new vaccine passport. ros: let's turn to the u.s. -- lady gaga is reportedly offering half $1 million in return for the return of two of her dogs. they were stolen by a gunman who shot her dog walker in los angeles. these pictures have come into us. this is where the shooting took place in hollywood. the dog walker is being treated and is recovering. we think the french bulldog -- the dog managed to escape. for more, here is peter bowes in los angeles. reporter: a very worrying story for lady gaga and dog owners
across the city of los angeles because there have been reports of similar incidents. these french bulldogs are very valuable, was a very high profile case a few months ago in san francisco. a woman was attacked in the streets and her french bulldog taken. this was before 10:00n the evening in the middle of west hollywoo in the center of los angeles. a dog walker leapt to be a good friend of lady gaga was walking the three dogs. one managed to escape and was caught by police and returned via bodyguard. the other two dogs were stolen and this led reportedly to this half $1 million reward put up by lady gaga. no questions asked for anyone that has information leading to the return of these dogs. ros: more broadly, what kind of
crime is common? is it that dogs are taken in return for money or are they simply being stolen for someone else? reporter: generally being stolen for resale, so for someone else. i have not heard of any cases of ransom being involved but this is a very popular breed of dog. the foth most popular in the united states according to the american kennel club. the reason they are valuable is they are very difficult to breathe. the puppies almost always have to be born through cesarean section and that is in large part because of the structure of this particular breed, very broad shoulders and large head makes it difficult for a natural birth so that adds to the expense of breeding these dogs. i was talking to a dog walker not connected to this case who works in los angeles and he looks after a french bulldog and said on occasion, he has been walking this particular dog and
has noticed vehicles slowing down in the road to get a closer look at the dog he was walking. they found that quite disconcerting. so this is an issue, a much sought after breed and it is clearly leading to these very difficult situations where they are being stolen. ros: president biden is speaking -- this is an event to mark the united states delivering its 50 millionth dose of the coronavirus vaccine. the president is keen to emphasize his response to the pandemic. his big pitch to americans was he would take a more thorough and serious approach to the pandemic than his predecessor, donald trump, and the vaccine rollout is one way he is seeking to make the case he has done that. thank you for watching. see you soon. narrator: funding for presentation of this program is provid by.. the freeman foundation.
by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. ♪ ♪ man: youe watching pbs. narrator: stream the best of pbs on any device with the pbs video app. all your favorite drama, history, science, news, and documentaries all in one place. watch your pbs station live or catch up on the shows you missed. support your pbs station and you can get "passport" giving your full seasons, early releases, special collections and more. get the pbs video app now and stream the best of pbs anytime. anywher