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tv   Mad Money  NBC  February 16, 2016 3:00am-4:00am CST

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been taking care of their kids, trying to get back to the work force. >> go to our page and click. enjoy. my mission is simple, to make you money. i'm here to level the playing field for all investors. there is always a bull market somewhere, and i promise to help you find it. "mad money" starts now. >> hey, i'm cramer. welcome to "mad money." welcome to cramerica. other people want to make nds. i'm just trying to make you some money. my job is not just to entertain you. so call me at 1-800-743-cnbc. or of course tweet me me @jimcramer. anybody who has a high school diploma has certainly taken a course in chemistry, geometry, physics and a host of history classes. and you can graduate from
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and have a deep understanding of quantum physics. but you know the one thing they almost never teach you in high school let alone touch with a ten-foot pole in college? financial literacy. i'm not talking about economics here. you can be an econ major and learn how to invest your money wisely. money just not talked about in education. it's like the third rail of the whole educational system. and that's why i'm on a constant mission to teach you about every aspect managing your money so you'll be able to become a better investor both when it comes to retirement investing and what i call your discretionary mad money profile. which is a big reason why i begin with. even if you don't own individual stocks directly, you probably have some kind of exposure to the stock market. a 401(k) plan where you keep the
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which is i want to take a moment to talk about retirement. for those of you living in a cave 401(k) plans are the main way americans save. they're offered by your employer and they're among the great deferred tax investment vehicles out there, along with the i.r.a. i'm talking about the individual requirement account. wait. for those of you who are about to fall asleep or change the channel because the whole idea of saving for retirement puts you to sleep, hear me out. because you need to know this stuff. i'm going to tell you some things that you won't hear from the so-called experts. this show is different. at this point, it's pretty much become conventional wisdom that you have to invest in your 401(k). that only an idiot would not contribute to a 401(k) plan. a lot of experts will even tell you to max out your 401(k) if you make enough money for that to be feasible. the maximum contribution tends to be going up over time. 17,25, 18,000 in 2015. that's a big chunk of change. they come from your pretax income.
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people who thinks you should max out your 401(k). i'm not someone who is going to sing the praises of the 401(k) and tell you it's the key to your financial salvation. because the truth is 401(k) [ booing ] with a couple of really great features and a lot of bad ones too. and those bad features will eat away at your returns year after year, sometimes in fees that are almost totally hidden from you that are actually quite upsetting to me. let me lay out the good, the bad and the ugly of 401(k) plans, and then i'll tell you whether it makes sense to contribute more money to your own 401(k) or put that cash to better use somewhere else. first the good. the best thing about a 401(k) is it's a tax deferred investment vehicle. you pay no taxes on what you put in. you never pay a penny of capital gains taxes on the profits you make in your 401(k) which allows your money to compound year after year. compounding just being fantastic. decade after decade. totally tax-free until you decide to start making withdrawals. regular viewers of this show and readers of my books know i'm a
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compounding. let me give you an example here. suppose you're 30 years old and start investing $5,000 a year to your 401(k). remember, you're not paying any income tax on that pretax income. if you choose your investments wisely, you should be able to generate perhaps as much as 7% return on average. over the course of the next 30 years you'll be contributing $150,000 to your 401(k) plan. because that money is able to compound year after year without any capital gains taxes, by the time you're 60, that $5,000 preyear tax income, that could be worth over $511,000. if you had to pay taxes on dividends and capital gains, it would be a lot lower, perhaps as much as $110,000 lower. that's how important compounding is. and avoiding, well, let's say the tax deferred nature of the thing. you only have to pay taxes on your 401(k) money once. that's when you decide to withdraw it. that's when taxes ordinary income and since you'll likely
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will end up paying a lower rate than if you had been taxed on the higher rate levels. so that's one major reason to like 401(k) plans. the second, many, but not all employers will match or partially match your 401(k) contributions. in other words, for every dollar you invest in your 401(k) plan, your employer might throw in 50 cents up to a certain point that is free money. and you must almost never want to walk away from free money. especially again, when it's also untaxed. but if you don't get free money from your employer for contributing to a 401(k), i think it's a much less compelling option, frankly. as i said before, there are a lot of things about a 401(k) plan that can be really bad. which is why if again you don't get a match from your employer, i believe it's a better idea to save for retirement via the individual requirement account, or ira. the same exact tax deferred status as a 401(k). you can only contribute 5500 or 65 if you're over 50. when you change jobs, you can roll over all the money in your 401(k) to an ira. that's exactly what you should
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employers or find yourself out of work. why do i think an ira is a better option? 401(k) plans vary widely from company to company. some give you terrific range of choices and even let you pick individual stocks. but many more companies give you a 401(k) plan with limited options. sometimes you only get to choose between a dozen, maybe a couple dozen at most different mutual funds. so for those of you who can't pick your own stocks this your 401(k), my number one rule is before you contribute money to your 401(k) plan, you have to make sure it gives you the option to put your cash into something that is actually worth investing in. i'll make this very simple. you can't pick your own stocks in a 401(k), then you want a nice low expense index fund that mimics the s&p 500. however, if your 401(k) doesn't even offer that, shame on your company. then go with the self-directed ira from the full service discount program. i talk about fidelity so you can have control over your money. one more negative. within a 401(k) when you invest in a mutual fund you, have you to pay that mutual fund's fees.
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but your 401(k) administrator, the company you're -- the people your employer hires to run these plans, they will also charge fees. [ booing ] meaning that all the money 401(k) saves you on taxes, a great deal of that can actually be called back by these fees. you ever looked at your statement and wondered why the heck your 401(k) holdings aren't increasing in value like they should be, fees are probably the reason. so where does all this leave you? here is my bottom line on retirement investing. the company you work for offers an employee match, you want to put money into your 401(k) until that match is maxed out. no reason to pass up on free money. after that put any additional retirement savings into an ira. if there is no employer match or an employer match but your 401(k) doesn't give you any options to invest, in you would do better to skip the 401(k) and go straight to an ira immediately. deborah in california, deborah? >> caller: hi, jim. thanks for taking my call. >> quite welcome.
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question regarding the value of listening to a company's earnings conference calls. >> okay. >> caller: the first part is how can we decide what we want to do, in other words, what action we want to take based on the earnings report since the stock frequently will behave in a contradictory fashion to the report. for example, company can report good earnings, but guide lower on the revenue and earnings going forward, and the stock will go up. the second where you might think it should go down, right? the second part of my question is i'm on the west coast. so the calls frequently are at 7:00 and 8:00 a.m. eastern time. so for me, the value of listening to the call is diminished because i'm not going to get up at 4:00 or 5:00 a.m. >> right. >> to listen to it. so i'm not really going to take any action on that. >> here is the solution to, this deborah.
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unlike the hedge funds. you can listen at your leisure. i'm not trying to get anybody into a quarter to buy a stock ahead of a quarter if you can avoid it. longer tomorrow view in the comfort of your home, without any noise. go listen to the call or read it. go to yahoo finance. get some of the research,, cnbc, get some research. match the expectations with what was said. take a longer term view. that's the advantage of the individual investor. you don't have to play that day. doug in nevada, doug? >> caller: boo-yah, mr. k. >> okay. >> caller: yeah, my question is i have a 401 that is fairly substantial. would it be advisable for me to change that to a self-directed a? >> okay. well, what matters is the match.
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you want to get the max match, so to speak. and after that, yes. but if it's just six and a half or one-half dozen of the other and the funds aren't that good that you're allowed to be in your 401(k), then yes, i want you to choose the self-directed ire rachlt ira. when it comes to retirement, if your company matches the contribution to 401(k), max that out. that's really important. but if you don't get a match, you don't have investful option, go straight to the ira. on "mad" tonight, you just got your diploma, so now what? don't miss my investment advice for recent grads. i'll put your money behind the next best thing. plus, there are many roads to a healthy retirement. let's chart your coast. stick with cramer. >> don't miss a second of "mad money." follow @jimcramer on twitter.
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tweet cramer, #mad tweets. give us a call at 1-800-743-cnbc. miss something? head to i'm going to share a photo of my eggo waffle when it pops up. that's so interesting honey because i'm going to share a photo of my eggo waffle when it pops up. l'eggo my eggo l'eggo my eggo (answering machine) hey! leave a message. hi, i know you're there, 'cause i can see you. i'm calling you to tell you to l'eggo my eggo! anncr: some things are too delicious to share. golden crispy, warm and fluffy eggo waffles.
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boo-yah! if everyone in this country went insane and decided to turn american into cramerican with me as your king or grand pooh-bah, you better believe i'd be making changes and pronto. because this is a show about money, i'm going to stick to financial element to the regime. it drives me nuts that we don't really teach our young people about how to handle money. and i'm talking early, too. not just college. would it be so crazy if you had to take a class in personal finance before you graduate from high school? i think it should be mandatory. like the awkward health classes. sadly, i'm nobody's dictator. i don't have any influence over educational policy. but i do control about what we talk about on the show. can i take a moment to speak some words that we all believe
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conversation? look, money is important. it's really important. and caring about the state of your finances does not make you some kind of superficial bourgeois monster. let's say you have a really lousy credit score and you want to get married. congratulations. you just inflicted your horrible credit on your new spouse. now neither you nor your partner will be able to qualify future a loan to buy a home or just get a darn credit card. they say money matters in life but that's the conventional wisdom at best since being broke is indeed a major buzz kill since i know firsthand from the time i spent living in my 1978 ford fairmont. i sure wish i had an expert to guide me through all this stuff way back then. so let me answer one of the most important questions out there. what the heck should young people do with their money? first and foremost and always,
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that's the only way you're going to be able to achieve financial freedom. by freedom, what i mean is living a life where you're not totally 100% dependent on your paycheck. i'm always thrilled when i see members of the younger demographic who are taking an active hand in managing their own money. too many people start saving and investing way too late. that makes their lives a lot more difficult than they need to be. but i also know many young people feel like they have all the time in the world. many more start investing before they're truly ready when they are in fact better things for them to be doing stuff with their money. so we have to really drill down. this i'm going to give you three lessons, and a caveat for all those who are recently out of college. let's start with the caveat. before you can start investigating, you need to pay off your credit card debt. this is something i mentioned before. but it's especially true for younger people, particularly since credit card companies have gotten really aggressive about offering credit to college students. no matter how much money you rack up in the stock market, if you're carrying a balance on your credit cards, it's going to
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i know this myself firsthand. and long-term the interest on the credit cards will probably be greater than the profits you can make from investing. at least on a percentage basis. so just pay your darn credit card balance in full every month. automate it with your credit card company. you'll be tempted not to. i can't defeat that credit card debt with no matter how many great stock ideas i have on the show. three lessons for young investors. first, this is really for all young people who recently graduate and actually for everyone out there, regardless of age and edge indication level. you need the save money. but i recognize not everyone has an inherent predisposition to save. we can't all be natural cheapskates. and i acknowledge that telling you to save over and over again won't necessarily do any good. however, the stock market is a great way the trick yourself into saving a part of your paycheck that you might otherwise spend. investing in stocks can actually be a lot of fun. we tried that on the show. we try to do some entertainment within the teaching, whereas leaving money in a savings account or sticking it in a deposit feels kind of joyless
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not to mention that the returns so-so small that they're yes, indeed, i'll use the word meaningless. if you investigate your snaifgs the market it will be a lot easier to resist the temptation to spend that money on things that you might not need. because it will be sitting in stocks that you like. you'll have to sell the stocks to get your money become. and there is a natural predilection to not sell once you buy. not only is this a terrific way to trick yourself into saving, but also the added advantage of being the smartest place to put your money. traditional saving vehicles like money market funds, wow you see the rates? check them every week, cds, they give you hardly any return at all. it's a waste when the ash could be making you a lot more money by owning stocks in a brokerage account and working with your money. get your hands dirty with your money. second lesson for young investors, this is a much more targeted piece of advice. while you're still young, you can afford to take a lot more risk than an old fogy like
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when your in your 20ious can get away with more reckless where the potential upside could be huge. downside. or playing with options and aggressive with your money. why is that? it's not because young people are naturally better speculators. not at all. it's simply because when you make a mistake in your 20s with your money, you have the whole rest of your life to fix it. you can afford to buy more high risk stocks and end up losing your money when you're young because you have 49 years to earn back your losses. so you have to take the risks. older investors, you to be more cautious. the closer you get to retirement the more conservative your investing strategy has to be. more bonds, fewer speculative stocks trading in the single digits. if you're in your 20s, you should invest like a young person, not an old person. forget about bonds there is no reason for someone in their 20s to have bond exposure when that money could be invested in stocks which will make you a higher return year after year. young people, i want you to take this advice to heart.
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that the recent college grads most likely to invest in the market are also the ones that are the most responsible, the most prudent about their money. are and prudence is great when putting together a budget to live within your means or deciding how much of your paycheck to save every month. but for young investors being too prudent is actually being reckless. 20-somethings, live a little, at least if your sock portfolio. take some risks. play around with some speculative names. maybe biotech companies with a lot of potential. even if they blow up on you and go all the way to zero. you've got your whole life to make that money back. final lesson for young investors, it's never too early to start investing for retirement. use your 401(k) if your job has one. especially put some money in a roth ira which is ideal for young investors. more on that later. for young people just out of college, investing is a great way to trick yourself into saving money you. might otherwise spend that money. beyond that, remember that when you're young, you can afford to
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and it's never too soon to start contributing to your 401(k) or ira. especially if that ira is a roth. let's go to mike in tennessee. mike, mike, mike? >> caller: hey, jim. how you doing? i love your show. >> thank you. >> caller: we watch it all the time. >> thank you. >> caller: my question is a few episodes ago, you said that you did not like buying a stock if the peg ratio is above 2. >> right. >> caller: i'm wondering whether or not you use peg ratios as a sell signal? and if you do, how high will you let it go before you pull the trigger and sell it? >> more than two times the growth rate, i do get nervous. now there are some stocks that don't trade on earnings. and you've got to be careful, like a cold stock there is a bunch of cold stocks. but the typical stock, if it trades for lower, great. lower than two times at that rate of growth, i'm fine with it. but it is a red flag once it gets higher. a penny saved is a penny earned. investing is a great way to
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money. it's never too soon to contribute to your ira or your 401(k). i have a lot more tonight on this deep dive into the pros and cons of index funds. hey, which way do i come out? don't miss my case. and income is a huge factor in retirement. i'm going to push you in that direction right here right now. plus, i would wouldn't wish student debt on my worst enemy. i'll help protect your family from this expensive burden. don't go away. stay with cramer. it just kinda like...wiped everything clean. 6x cleaning my teeth are glowing. they are so white. 6x whitening i actually really like the 2 steps. step 1, cleans step 2, whitens. every time i use this together, it felt like... ...leaving the dentist office. crest hd. 6x cleaning, 6x whitening i would switch to crest hd over what i was using before. a heart attack doesn't care if you run everyday, or if you're young or old. no matter who you are a heart attack can happen without warning. if you've had a heart attack, a bayer aspirin regimen
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we live in a world where you have more choices about where to invest your money than ever before. a virtual infinity of etfs, mutual funds, but more choice isn't always better. sometimes having more options just makes it impossible to decide which ones are right and which ones are wrong for you. and you've never had more options when it comes to picking exchange traded funds and mutual funds than you do right now. they're everywhere. at this point, there are so many different kinds of etfs that it can make your head spin. as a side note, i hate the way many of the sector based etfs, the ones that let you buy and sell an entire group like banks and home builders, i hate the way they have been warping the way the whole stock market trades. that's something you can find out more about in "get rich quickly." i have to urge you to find out about them. but the important thing is this, you have all sorts of etfs and mutual funds out there and they
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the companies that run the funds, they want your money. one of the biggest mistakes you can make as an individual investor is to give it to them with a few exceptions. unfortunately, this is one of the most common money mistakes out there. many people in the country simply equate investing with putting their money in a mutual funds. some 80 million people have exposure to a mutual fund. many of you don't have a choice. a lot of 401(k) plans don't let you pick individual stock. they just give you a menu of mutual funds to choose from. which is one major reason i think all else be equal, an individual requirement account, or ira is a better way to invest for retirement for you. what exactly is so bad about most mutual funds? why am i railing against something that is an institution in this country? simple. if you're investing in mutual funds, you're most likely well to put because let's say you're getting hosed. now, i don't want to paint with too broad a brush here. there are some worthwhile mutual funds, and i'll tell you how to find them in a minute. but first, you need to
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mutual fund model. my main beef here is that with actively managed mutual funds, mutual funds where there are people deciding which stocks or other securities to buy and sell, we've got some problems. unlike hedge funds, mutual fund managers don't get paid for delivery of performance. they collect fees from their investors, people like you. and the amount of money they make dependsdsntirely onn the size of thei investmts under management. aum, we call it. which means the biggest incentive is not necessaly to do well, something that good performance can really help with. but what they're really being paid to do is bring in more money from more investors, salespeople for the fund. and that's part of the reason why in study after study, year after year, it has been shown that the vast majority of actively managed mutual funds underperformed their benchmarks like the s&p 500. in other words, if you invested in actively managed fund for large capitalization u.s. stocks, then its performance will most likeke fall short, fall short of the s&p 500. to make matters worse, even though actively managed funds
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market, they have some of the highest fees in the business. how do you like that? they don't do as well as the benchmark, and they chargeore. [ booing ] so even n your fund does manage to beat benchmark, it could be eat under up by fees. you'll end up with an underperforming market. of course, there is some actively managed funds with fabulous managers who consistently driver terrific results. i'll tell you how to find them another time. when a mutual fund delivers such great results for long, if a manager is a decent person, they'll stop accepting new investments. put their foot down. at a certain point it becomes incredibly difficult to beat the market. that's the law of large n nbers. asas general rule, if yoyore ing to invest in mututl funds, you daytona want to be in an actively managed ones. the fees are too high. and the evidence that the bulk of them underperform is frankly too staggering to keep going that way.
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strategy is to manage your own portfolio of individual stocks. that's what i talk about night after night on "mad money." for those who don't have the time to research individual companies, or if your 401(k) plan won't let you own them, let me tell you the smart way to invest in mutual funds. you want, you can write this down. a cheap low cost index fund that mirrors the market as a whole, one that mimics the s&p 500. index funds of ultra low fees and with an s&p index fund, you have a vehicle that will let you participate this the strength of the stock market without having to spend the time picking individual stocks. now this may sound like a real simple solution. don't overthink it. the whole point of putting your money in a fund is to save you the time and effort to manage your own portfolio stocks. that's why i think it's insane when people start owning multiple funds. by its very nature, a fund should be diversified. ly the is really no reason for home members like you to have any exposure to them. if you're going to take the time
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sectors that a athat time would really be muchch better spent picking individual stocks. as for etfs, these vehicles are for trading, not investing. i don't like them. many etfs rebalance every day and that can take a toll on a long performance. they'reot set upor long-term performance. in general, if you're not a pro and not managing a portfolio of different stocks a not day trading every single day, you probably shouldn't be fooling around with the etfs either. here is the bottom line. at the end of the day i think a cheap s&p 500 index fund is the least bad way to manage your money better than the vast bulk of managed mutual funds. but an index owns everything, the good, the bad and the ugly. if you do have the time, you can beat the performance of an index fund by picking stocks yourself. which is the entire reason i do the show every night. if you don't have the time, don't overthink it. just one cheap s&p index fund is
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mary in maryland, mary? >> caller: boo-yah, jim. jim, i started listening to you then i started buying stocks on your advice. >> thank you. >> caller: now i'm looking at my portfolio here. and jim, jim, mine eyes have seen the glory. so i want to get a little fancier and perhaps buy some china stocks. however, i'm curioio about adr and possible exposure to foreign currency exchange rates. so can you edge-u-kramer on exchange rate exposure? >> sure. we have the battle hymn of the republic going overseas. i don't know if i want that if you want to own individual stocks andndhe businesses are good, i don't really care where they are. i don't even care about the currency. if the business is that great,
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if you're buying an adr and it's a european company and the euro is being weakened by central bank issues, you will not do well. all things being neutrtr and you don't have a country or concerns circumstances i'm fine with it. if they are, you have to stay away and stay in the good ol' us of a. which is a mart way to invest. matthew in new york? matthew? >> caller: ba-ba-boo-yah, jim. >> ba-ba-boo-yah back at you. >> caller: i'm 23 years old, a recent college grad and new to the workforce. and i just started to max out my ira. realizing i want to kind of go for an aggressive allocation for growth to take on risks. but i'm unsure of how to do that exactly. i want to get your suggestions for someone starting out to the retirement investing. how would you about doing it? >> you want t have the fastest young growth stocks. and those are -- tend to be
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but also, of course, in biotech. now, don't go too crazy. i'll have one or two stocks of company tass aren't making money. no more than that. those are the most fertile areas. junior growth stock, companies that are worth a billion dollars or less. a lot of them that are too small to talk about. one of those two. these are all fine. you can do those because if you lose money, you've got the rest of your life to make it back. sorry, not so much mutual love here. piing stocks is still the best way to manage your money. if you dent have time, just please, please, please go with the cheap s&p 500 over most actively managed funds. now there is much more "mad money" ahead, including how to find the best path to a healthy retirement depending on your inme. then don't forget your kids, please. protecting your children from student loan debt will put them in a better position to build their future. plus finding your tweets without the 140-character restriction that so hemmes in.
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let me tell you about whether it makes sense for you to use a regular 401(k) or an ira, or for you to go with a roth, which is a term i'm sure you've heard countless times but may not understand. i know i talked endlessly about the benefits of using an individual retirement account and a 401(k) plan to invest for retirement. i'm not going to beat a dead horse here. this is the subject i get a ton
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should i put my money in a roth account or a regular one? so why don't we start with a roth ireaira. it may be the single greatest thing our government has done for low-income families since the end of the war on poverty, which at best ended in a draw. poverty possibly winning. i told you how about a regular ira lets you take preincome tax invested and then your gains year after year, decade after decade totally tax-free until you decide to withdraw that money when you retire. a roth ira works different. with the roth, you make income. so in other words, unlike a regular ira, putting money into a roth won't decrease your tax bill. on the other hand, once your money is in a roth ira, you will never pay taxes on it again. as long as your cash remains in your account, you don't pay capital gains tax. you don't pay dividends tax. when you withdraw it which you can do without penalty at age
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tax on your withdrawal. this is fabulous. in other words, with a roth, you pay taxes now so that you don't have to pay income tax 30 or 40 years from now when you retire. there is one more positive point about a roth. you can withdraw the money you've invested, note your gains, just the amount you contributed and you won't get hit with a 10% penalty, which is what happens when you try to withdraw money from a regular ira before you hit that magic age of 59 1/2. that's very different from a regular ira where you don't pay any taxes or contributions now, and your gains don't get taxed within the account. but once you start withdrawing the money, every penny you take out is taxed as ordinary income. it can be a very high rate. which means when you're trying to decide between a roth ira and a 401(k) or a regular ira and a 401(k), you're basically deciding whether it makes more sense to pay income tax now with a roth or pay income tax once you retire with a regular account. you have to figure out if you'll be in the higher tax bracket
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this is a complicated question and has a lot to do with the specifics of your situation, your career and how old you are. a quick rule of thumb. for anyone's marginal tax rate is 25% or less, which is most of america, i think you ought to go with a roth. better the take the hit up front than allow your roth ira to compound tax-free the rest of your life. remember, for those who don't have the time to pick their own diversified portfolios of say five to ten stocks, park your retirement money in a low cost index fund that mirrors the s&p 500. as you get older, you can add some bonds. but really, until you retire, stocks should make up the majority of your investment. i noticed this before. i'm going to keep repeating it until they take me off the air. so it's necessary. but it's contrary to conventional wisdom. i want stocks, not bonds until later. how about a roth 401(k)? this works like a roth ira. meaning you make contributions and never pay taxes again except
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a much higher contribution limit than an ira. the government says the 401(k) contribution limit is $18,000. whereas an ira annual contributions are capped at a mere $5,500. and there is one other big difference. a roth 401(k) deputy have any kind of income tax. no matter how much money you earn, you can take advantage of these as long as your player decides to give you the option. of course, all this depends on what you think the future is going to look like. if you think taxes are headed higher over the course of your lifetime, then a rh 401(k) where you pay taxes now and not in the future, that is so the way to go. even if you're making a lot of money in the present. i think that belief is mistaken. for those of you young people who only become politically conscious under the obama seem there is no way to stop the tide of higher taxes. but history series different. and i believe we can close the deficit without substantially raising taxes, about as political a as i'm going to gets on this show. at the end of the day, this is
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therefore beyond our ability to predict. the bottom line, the lower your present income, the lower your taxes. a roth 401(k) or roth ira lets you pay those low rates now, and never worry about taxes again for your retirement money. the less you make, the more likely this roth is for you. it's that simple. and when you're saving for retirement, don't worry about what could go catastrophically wrong 30 or 40 years in the future. just worry about making the best choices right now. "mad money" is back after the break.y, you forgot the milk! that's lactaid. right. 100% real milk, just without the lactose. so you can drink all you want... ...with no discomfort? exactly. here, try some... mmm, it is real milk.
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we read a lot of stories about the crushing burden of student loan debt. right now 10s of billions of americans owe more than a a trillili dollars in student debt. that's an incredibly high figure. and it's not just that it really stinks to graduate from college or graduate school and immediately realize that it might take decades to pay back the loan. in study after study kids who graduate with no debt end up being worth a lot more monon than t tir classmates w have outanding student loans. now i'm a big believer in social mobility. which is why i'm confidently coming out here and teaching you how to use the stock market because it's the greatest engine of wealth every create and i want to help you use it to make serious momoy. for any of you who are p prents or thinknkg of becoming parents, let me tell you right now there are very few things you can do
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better than paying for as much of their college education as you can afford. we know college graduates have a much better time getting jobs, especially in our cucuent environment where unemployment is still toooohigh. and welso know t ty ultimately make more money. if i were abe maslow style hierarchy, you can google that, it is more important for you to save and invest for retirement, which is why i talked about it earlier in the show. for those of you who are parents, how could your own retirement possibly be more important than making sure your kids have the best future possible? simple. because believe me, if you reach retirement age and don't have enough money to pay for your kids? who do you think is going to support you? your kids. you don't want to be a burden on them. take care of yourself first. after you saved enough retirement, then it's time to start thinking about college. even if your kid is only a toddler. heck, even if your kid is kind of a gleam in your eye so to speak. and the best way to save for college hands-down is what is
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these plans do vary by state. t the generall rules arerue all across the country. there are two kinds of 529 plans. some states let you use a 529 as way to hedge against tuition inflation by buying tuition credits at today's prices that can be used in the future. that's not what i'm talking about, though. i want you to use the 529 savings plan. thesesare run by the states, and the rules differ from state to state. but generally speaking a 529 doesn't let you manage your own portfolio. you have to pick between a mix of different mutual funds, just like with many 401(k) plans. this is really not my favorite way to do things. i prefer you to have control of your assets and the selectctn of whwhh stocks buy and which actual instruments, but 529s have so much going for them, i'm going to swallow this one. remember, when you can only choose between funds, go for a low cost fund that mirrors the market. either the s&p 500 or something like the vanguard total market fund, , ich you'll see in many
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it literally owns all the stocks traded, but this performance will be very similar to the s&p 500. so what the rules for this 529 plan? let's say you just had your first child. congratulations! if you can afford it, you should start a 529 with your kid as the beneficiary right then and right there. anyone who is street addict knows i talked about trading alcoa throughout the birthing. not one of my finest moments. contributions are not tax deductible. so you're paying for this out of after tax income. that's not to great. here is the good part. once your money is in the 529, you don't pay any taxes on the gain. you let them compound. really, it's a lot like a roth, except f f college rather than retirememe. because of federal gift tax laws, you can only contribute $14,000 a year if you're single, $28,000 if you're married.
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still, that's a heck of a lot of money when you think about it. your children's grandparents can contribute to the same 529 plan too. if you don't have the money, a grandparent can start a 529 with your kid as the beneficiary. although for financial aid reasons, it's better to have a parent do it. now let's say for some reason you or your parents are sitting on a really huge sum of money. one of the cool things about a 529 plan is you can front load five years worth of contributions without incucuing the federal gift tax. as long as you don't write any checks to the plan's beneficiary over the next five years. in other words, a single parent or grandparent could potentially invest $77,000 into a 529 right from the start. or if you're marrying, you could contribute $140,000. for the next five years after that you won't be able to contribute anything without being hit by the gift t, which is something you don't want. but honestly, once you drop that kind of money into a 529, you won't need to make too many more contributions. the key here, if you want to get that money into your kid's 529 as early as possible. that's because the greatest of
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power of compounding. remember, you don't pay taxes within 529. so if you can somehow contrive to contribute $75,000 right after the bat and invest the money in a low cost index fund that mirrors the market, the rule of thumb is over time you'll make roughly 8% a year. i know the stock market actually a lot more volatiti than that. butt just as a thought experiment, if stocks generally perform like they have historically you could double your investment in about nine years. so if you start saving right when your kid is born, by the time he or she isle is, the value of your plan will have doubled and dodoled again. after 18 years, barring a catastrophe, you could have as much as $280,000. that's enough for a fancy expensive college education and a decent law school. i know most people can't front load a 529, especially with all the expense that comes with raising a kid. but it'sorth keeping in m md that front loading as much as possible is indeed the best strategy.
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grim, but your 529 contributions won't count stards your estate tax. any 529 plan you dent use you can transfer to another relative, siblinin, parent, even firstt cousins. and if you save all this money and your ungrateful kids decides not to go to college, you can withdraw the money from the plan. in that case you have to pay taxes on any of your gains, along with a 10% penalty. so here is the bottom line. no paying for your kids' college education isn't as important as providing for yourself in retirement. if you have children and after you made enough retirement contributions for a year, putting money in a 529 college savings plan should be the next item on your agenda. it's the best way to protect your kid from the crushing burden of student loan debt. "mad money" is back after the break. a mouthbreather! how can anyone sleep like that? well, just put on a breathe right strip and pow!
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holy cow. we've got to get to some of your tweets that you have been sending me @jimkraemer, including ones that are very nice and smart. kenneth tweets i love you, jim. i love you, kenneth stegan 23. how is that? it's requited. some people call me jack tater. no i'm a sweet guy. jw green underscore wants to know the following. why care about short-term hit if you have a long-term investment strategy? amen. how many times have i said i like xyz stock? it goes down that day or people want to burn me in scalding oil. it doesn't have to be that day.
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here we have @ -- dii go, who wants to know what other books should home investors have under their belts to help them trade/manage better. #get a plan. one up on wall street and beat the street, peter lynch. one up on wall street and beat the street. you might want to look at some of david darsch's books. those are available on amazon. i usesehose agreat deal. and heaught me a lot at goldman sachs and moved on. but david garth's books are very good. up next, do you ever sleep or did one of your biotechs provide you with clones to assist? winkie face. winkie face presesing means likeke an emoji thing. okay. question. now, give me a heads up. btw, which i think stands for by the way, i now following your kwyo.
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yo -- you only live once. so i totally bring with you. i'm in the market because of you. sir, just give all the hate areas big boo-yah! keep teaching us what they want to grow, jim. let me give you a little heads up. i love the haters. i wouldn't be doing this if it weren't for them. i would have gotten out years ago. i'm a spiteful, driven guy to the haters. and everyone in my personal life knows that. so haters, you're why i'm in this game. congratulations, and stick with cramer! >> cramer, you are super, you are awesome. >> i'm a first-time investor. >> thank you for inspiring me to get in the game. >> your show is the best. i'm so glad you're on tv. >> i want you to know that you haveransformed me. thank you, cramer. one day a rider made a decision.
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always a bull market somewhere. i promise to to try to find it just for you right here on "mad money." i'm jim cramer, and i'll see you next time. it's tuesday, february 16th. coming up on "early today." as the the nasty n ne calling g and perernal attacks get even more bare knuckles. >> ted cruz is the most dishonest guy i think i've met in politics. i've never heard another -- >> when both marco rubio and donald trump scream liar, liar, liar. then thehe music'siggest night. what happened to adel's return performance? and the multiple tributes that brought down the house.


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