Skip to main content
Internet Archive's 25th Anniversary Logo

tv   Mad Money  NBC  February 16, 2016 3:00am-4:00am CST

3:00 am
iends. i'm just tryingngo make you some money. my job is not juju to entertain you. so call me at 1-800-743-cnbc. or of course tweet me me @jimcramer. anybody who has a high school diploma has certainly taken a course in chemistry, geometry, classes. anyou can graduate from college speaking three languages and have a deep understanding of quantum physics. but you know the one thing they almost never teach you in high school let alone touch with a ten-foot pole incollege? financial literara. i'm not talking about economics here. you can be an econ major and learn how to invest your money wisely. money just not talked about in education. it's like the third rail of the whole educational system. and that's why i'mn a constant mission to t tch yo about every
3:01 am
you'll be able to become a better investor both when it comes to retirement investing and what i call your discsctionary mad money profile. which is a big reason why i wrote get rich carefully to begin with. even if you don't own individual stocks directly, you probably have some kind of exposure to the stock market. a 401(k) plan where you keep the bulk of your retirement funds, which is i want to take a moment to talk about retirement. for those of you living in a cave 401(k) plans are the main way ammicans save. they're offered by your employer and they're among the great deferred tax investment vehicles out there, along with the i.r.a. i'm talking about the individual requirement account. wait. for those of you who are about to fall aslele or change the channel because the whole idea of saving for retirement puts you to sleep, hear me out. because you need to know this stuff. i'm going to tell you some things that you won't hear from the so-called experts. this show is different.
3:02 am
become conventional wisdom that you have to invest in your 401(k). that only an idiot would not contribute to a 401(k) plan. a lot of experts will even tell you u max out your 401(k) if you make enough money for that to be feasible. the maximum contribution tends to be going up over time. 17,25, 18,000 in 2015. that's a big chunk of change. they come from your pretax income. however, i am not one of the people who thinks you should max out your 401(k). i'm not someone who is going to sing the praises of the 401(k) and tell youit's the key to your financial salvation. because the truth is 401(k) plans can be a real mixed bag. [ booing ] with a couple of really great features and a lot of bad ones too. and those bad features will eat away at your returns year after year, sometimes in fees that are almost totally hidden from you that are actually quite upsetting to me. lete lay outhe good, the bad and the ugly of 401(k) plans, and then i'll tell you whether it makes sense to contribute more money to your own 401(k) or
3:03 am
first the good. the best thing about a 401(kis it's a tax deferredd investment vehicle. you pay no taxes on what you put in. you never pay a penny of capital gains taxes on the profits you make in your 401(k) which allows your money to compound year after year. compounding just being fantastic. decade after decade. totally tax-free until you decide to start making withdrawals. regular viewers of this show and readers of my books know i'm a huge biever in the plwer of compounding. let me give youou an example herer suppose you're 30 years old and start investing $5,000 a year to your 401(k). remember, you're not paying any income tax on that pretax income. if you choose your investments wisely, yoyo should be able to generate perhaps as much as 7% return on average. over the course of the next 30 years you'll be contributing $150,000 to your 401(k) plan. because that money is able to compound year after year without any capital gains taxes, by the time you're 60, that $5,000 preyear tax income, that could be worth over $511,000.
3:04 am
dividends and capital gains, it would be a lot lower, perhaps as much as $110,000 lower. that's how important compounding is. and avoiding, well, let's say the taxeferred nature of the thing. you only have to pay taxes on your 401(k) money once. that's when you decide to withdraw it. that's when txes ordinary income and since you'll likely be retired then, most of you will end up paying a lower rate than if you had been taxed on the higher rate levels. so that's one major reason to like 401(k) ans. the second, many, but not all employers will match or partially match your 401(k) contributions. in other words, for every dollar you invest in your 401(k) plan, your employer might throw in 50 cents up to a certain point that is free money. and you must almost never want to walk away from free money. especially again, when it's also untaxed. but if you don't get free money from your employer for contributing to a 401(k), i think it's a much less qompelling option, frankly. as i said before, there are a lot of things about a 401(k)
3:05 am
which is why if again you don't get a match from your employer, i believe it's a better idea to save for retirement via the individual requirement account, ira. the same exact tax deferred status as a 401(k). you can only contribute 5500 or 65 if you're over 50. when you change jobs, you can roll over all the money in your r 401(k) to an ira. that's exactly what you should do every time you switch employers or find yourself out of work. why do i think an ira is a better option? 401(k) plans vary widelyly from compmpy to mpany. some give you terrific range of choices and even let you pick individual stocks. but many more companies give you a 401(k) plan with limited options. sometimeyou only get to choose between dozen, maybe a couple dozen at most differenenmutual nds. so for those of you who can't pick your own stocks this your 401(k), my number one rule is before you contribute money to your 401(k) plan, you have to make sure it gives you the option to pupu your cash into something that is actually worth investing in. i'll make this very simple. you can't pick your own stocks
3:06 am
nice low expense index fund that mimics the s&p 500. however, if your 401(k) doesn't even offer that, shame on your company. then go with the self-directed ira from the full service discount program. i talk about fidelity so you can have control over your money. one more negative. within a 401(k) when you invest in a mutual fund you, have you to pay that mutual fund's fees. this is really important. but your 401(k) administrator, the company you're -- the people your employer hires to run these plans, they will also charge fees. [ booing ] meaning that all the money 401(k) saves you on taxes, a great t al of that can actually be called back by these fees. you ever looked at your statement and wondered why the heck your 401(k) holdings aren't increasing in value like they should be, fees are probably the reason. so where does all this leave you? here is my bottom line on retirement investing. the company you work for offers an employee match, you want to put money into your 401(k) until
3:07 am
no reasosoto pass up on free money. after that put any additional retirement savings into an ira. if there is no employer match or an employer match but your 401(k) doesn't give you any options to invest, in you would do better to skip the 401(k) and go straight to an ira immediately. >> calr: hi, jim. thanks for taking my call. >> quite welcome. >> caller: i havav a two-part question regarding the value of listening to a company's earnings conference calls. >> okay. >> caller: the first part is how can we decide what we want to do, in other words, what action we want to take based on the earnings report since the stock frequently will behave in a contradictory fashion to the report.. for example, company can report good earnings, but guide lower on the revenue and earnings going forward, and the stock will go up. the second where you might ththk
3:08 am
the second part of my question is i'm on the west coast. so the c!lls frequtly are at 7:00 and 8:00 a.m. eastern time. so f f me, the value of listening to the call is diminished because i'm not going to get up at 4:00 or 5:00 a.m. >> right. >> to listen to it. so i'm not really going to take any actionon on that. >> here is the solution to, this deborah. you have no gun to your head, unlike the hedge funds. you can listen at your leisure. i'm not trying to get anybody into a quarter to buy a stock avoid it. what you want to do is take a longer tomorrow view in the any noise. go listen to the call or read it. go to yahoo finance. get some of the research, research. match the expectations with what was said. take a longer term view. that's the aantage of the $% individual investor. you don't have to play that day.
3:09 am
>> caller: boo-yah, mr. k. >> okay. >> caller: yeah, my question is i have a 401 that is fairly substantial. would it be advisable forme to change that to a self-directed ira? >> okay. well, what matters is the match. if you have -- the employers is matching, no. you want to get the max match, so to speak. and after that, yes. but if it's just six and a half or one-half dozen of the other and the funds aren't that good that you're allowed to be in your 401(k), then yes, i want you to choose the self-directed ire rachlt ira. when it comes to retirement, if your company matches the contribution to 401(k), max that out. that's really important. but if you don't get a match, you d d't have investful option, go straight to the ira. on "mad" tonight, you just got
3:10 am
don't miss my investment advice for rece grads. i'll put your money behind the next best thing. plus, there are many roads t t a let's chart your coast. stick with cramer. >> don't miss a scond of "mad money." follow @jimcramer on twitter. have a question? tweet cramer, #mad tweets. give us a call at 1-800-743-cnbc. miss something? head to madmoney.cnbc.com. i'm going to share a photo of my eggo waffle when it pops up. that's so interesting honey because i'm going to share
3:11 am
l'eggo my eggo l'eggo my eggo (answering machine) hey! leave a message. hi, i know you're there, 'cause i can see you. i'm calling you to tell you to l'eggo my eggo! anncr: some things are too delicious to share. golden crispy, warm and fluffy eggo waffles. l'eggo my eggo. i take priloloc otc each morning for my frequent heararurn because yoyocan't beat zero heartburn! ahhh the sweet taste of victory! prilosec otc. one pill each morning. 24 hours. zero heartburn.
3:12 am
megared krill oil. unlike fish oil, megared is easily absorbed by your body. megared. the difference is easy to absorb. when cigarette cravings hit, all i can think abou is getting relief. only nicorette mini has a patented fast-dissolving formrma. it starts to relieve sudden cravings fast. i never know when i'll need relief. that's why i only choose nicorette mini. happy anniversary dinner, darlin' can this much love be cleaned by a little bit of dawn ultra? oh yeah. one bottle has the grease cleaning wer of two bottles of this bargain brand. a drop of dawn and grease is gone. there's a more enjoyable way to get your fiber. try phillips' fiber good gummies plus energy support. it's a new fiber supplement that helps support regularity and includes b vitamins to help convert food to energy. mmmmm, these are good! nice woror phillips! the tasty side of fiber,
3:13 am
boo-yah! if everyone in this country went insane and decided to turn american into cramerican with me as your king or grand pooh-bah, you better believe i'd be making changes and pronto. because this is a show about money, i'm going to stick to financial element to the regime. it drives me nuts that we don't
3:14 am
about how to handle money. and i'm talking early, too. not just college. would it be so crazy if you had to take a class in personal finance before you graduate from high school? i think it should be mandatory. like the awkward health classes. sadly, i'm nobody's dictator. i don't havany influence over educational policy. but i do conol about what we talk about on the show. can i take a moment to speak some woror that we all believe but very rarely get to say in conversation? look, money is important. it's really important. and caring about the state of your finances does not make you some kind of superficial bourgeois monster. let's say you have a really lousy credit score and you want to get married. congratulations. you just inflicted your horrible credit on your new spouse. now neither you nor your partner will be able to qualify future a loan to buy a home or just get a darn credit card. they say money matters in life
3:15 am
wisdom at best since being broke is indeed a major buzz kill since i know firsthand from the time i spent living in my 1978 ford fairmont. i sure wish i had an expert to guide me through all this stuff way back then. so let me answer one of the most important questions out there. what the heck should young people do with their moneyey first and foremost and always, you need to invest. that's the only way you're going to be able to achieve finanal freedom. by freedom, what i mean is living a life where you're e ot totally 100% dependent on your paycheck. i'm always thrilled when i see members of the younger demographic who are taking an active hand in managing their own money. too many people stata saving and investing way too o te. that makes their lives a lot more difficult than they need to be. but i also know many young people feel like they have all the time in the world. many more start investing before they're truly ready when they are in fact better things for them to be doing stuff with their money.
3:16 am
this i'm going to give you three lessons, and a caveat for all those who are recently out of college. let's start with the caveat. before you can start investigating, you need to pay off your credit card debt. this is something i mentioned before. but it's especially true for younger people, particularly since credit card companies have gotten really aggressive about offering credit to college students. no matter how much money you rack up in the stock market, if you're carrying a balance on your credit cards, it's going to eat into your returns. i know this melf firsand. and long-term the interestn the credit cards will probably be greater than the profits you can make from investing. at leaea on a percentage basis. so just pay your darn credit card balance in full every month. automate it with your credit card company. you'll be tempted not to. i can't d dfeat that credit card debt with no matter how many great stock ideas i have on the show. three lessons for young investors. first, this is really for all young people who recently graduate and actually for everyone out there, regardlesss of age and edgee indication level. you need the save money. but i recognize not everyone has an inherent predisposition to
3:17 am
we can't all be natural cheapskates. and i acknowledge that telling you to save over and oveve again won't necessarily do any good. however, the stock market is a great way the trick yourself into saving a part of your paycheck that you might otherwise spend. investing in stocks can actually be a lot of fun.n. we tried that on the show. we try to do some entertainment within the teaching, whereas leaving money in a savings account or sticking it in a deposit feels kind of joyless for a lot of people. not to mention that the returns so-so small that they're yes, indeed, i'll use the word meaningless. if you investigate your snaifgs the market it will be a lot easier to resist the temation to spend that money on things that you might not need. because it will be sitting in stocks that you like. you'll have to sell the stocks to get your money become. and there is a natural predilection to not sell once you buy. not only is this a terrific way to trick yourself into saving, but also the added advantage of being the smartest place to put your money. traditional saving vehicles like money market funds, wowou see
3:18 am
check them every week, cds, they give you hardly any return at all. it's a waste when the ash could be making you a lot more money by owning stocks in a brokerage account and working with your money. get your hands dirty with your money. second lesson for yoyog investors, this is a much more targeted piece of advice. while you're still young, you can afford to take a lot more risk than an old fogy like myself. when your in your 20ious can get away with more reckless where the potential upside could be huge. but so is the potential downside. or playing with options and generalli being a lot more aggressive with your money. why is that? it's not because youngeople are naturally better speculators. not at all. it's simply because when you make a mistake in your 20s with your money, you have the whole rest of your life to fix it. you can afford to buy more high risk stocks and end up losing your money when you're young because you have 49 years to earn back your losses. so you have to take the risks. older investors, you to be more cautious.
3:19 am
e more conservative your investing strategy has to be. more bonds, fewer speculative stocks trading in the single digits. if you're in your 20s, you should invest like a young person, not an old person. forget about bonds there is no reason for someone in their 20s to have bond exposure when that money could be invested in stocks which will make you a higher return year after year. young people, i want you to take this advice too heartrt. especially because i suspect that the recent college grads most likely to invest in the market are also the ones that are the most responsible, the most prudent about their money. ararand prudence is great when putting together a budget to live within your means or deciding how much of your paycheck to save every month. bufor young investors being too prudent is actually being reckless. 20-somethings, live a little, at least if your sock portfolio. take some risks. play around with some speculative names. maybe biotech companies with a lot of potential. even if they blow upn you and go all the way to zero.
3:20 am
make that money back. final lesson for young investors, it's never too early to start investing for retirement. use your 401(k) if your job has one. especially put some money in a roth ira which is ideal for young investors. more on that later. for young people just out of college, investing is a great way to trick yourself into saving money you. might otherwise spend that money. beyond that, remember that when you're young, you can afford to take a lot more risks in your portfolio. and it's never too soon to start contributing to your 401(k) or ira. especially if that ira is a roth. let's go to mike in tennessee. mike, mike, mike? >> caller: hey, jim. how you doing? i love your show. >> thank you. >> caller: we watch it all the time. >> thank you. >> caller: my question is a few episodes ago, you said that you did not like buying a stock if the peg ratio is above 2. >> right. >> caller: i'm wondering whether or not you use peg ratios as a sell signal? and if you do, how high will you let it go before you pull the
3:21 am
>> more than two times the growth rate, i do get nervous. now there are some stocks that don't trade on earnings. and you've got to be careful, like a cold stock there is a bunch of cold stocks. but the typical stock, if it trades for lower, great. lower than two times at that rate of growth, i'm fine with it. bubuit is a d flag oncet gets higher. a penny saved is a penny earned. investing is a great way to trick yourself into saving money. it's never too soon to contribute to your ira or your 401(k). i have a lot momo tonight on this deep dive into the pros and cons of index funds. hey, which way do i come out? don't miss my case. and income is a huge factor in retirement. i'm going to push you in that direction right here right now. plus, i would wouldn't wish student debt on my worst enemy. i'll help protect your family from this expensive burden. don't go away. stay with cramer. it just kinda like...wiped everything clean. 6x cleaning my teeth are glowing. they are so white.
3:22 am
i actually really like the 2 steps. step 1, cleans step, whitens. ery time i use this together, it felt t ke... ...leaving the dentist office. crest hd. 6x cleaning, 6x whitening i would switch to crest hd over what i was using before. a heart attack doesn't care if you run everyday, or if you're young or old. no matter who you are a heart attack can happen without warning. if you've had a heart attack, a bayer aspin regimen can help prevent another one. be sure to talk to your doctor before you u gin an aspirininegimen. bayer aspirin. they say when mr. clean saw all the different things his new smart phone does... ...it reminded him of his magic eraser. it's not just for marks on walls... it's tough on kitchen grease... and bathroom grime too. he's your...
3:23 am
man (sternly): where do you think you're going? mr. mucus: to work, with you. it's taco tuesday. man: you're not coming. i took mucinex to help get rid of my mucusy congestion. i'm good allay. [announcer:] mucinex keeps working. not 4, not 6, bubu12 hours.
3:24 am
we live in a world where yo have more choices about where to invest your money than ever before. a virtual infinity of etfs, mutual funds, but more choice isn't always better. sometimes having more options just makes it impossible to decide which ones are right and which ones are wrong for you. and you've never had more options when it comes to picking exchange traded funds and mutual funds than you do right now. they're everywhere. at ts point, therere so many different kinds of etfs that it can make your head spin.
3:25 am
many of the sector based etfs, the ones that let you buy and sell an entire group like banks and home builders, i hate the way they have been warping the way the whole stock market trades. that's something you can find out more about in "get rich quickly." i have to urge youo find out about themem but the important thing is this, you have all sorts of etfs and mutual funds out there and they can advertise. the companies that run the funds, they want your money. one of the biggest mistakekeyou can make as an individual investor is to give it to them with a few exceptions. unfortunately, this is one of the most common money mistakes out there. many people in the country simply equate investing g th putting their money in a mutual funds. some 80 million people have exposure to a mutual fund. many of you don't have a choice. a lot of 401(k) plans don't let you pick individual stock. they just give you a menu of mutual funds to choose from. ich is one major reason i think all else be equal, an individual requirement account, or ira is a better way to invest
3:26 am
what exactly is so bad about most mutual ffds? why am i railing against something that is an institution in this country? simple. if you're investing in mutual funds, you're most likely well to put because let's say you're getting hosed. now, i don't want to paint with too broad a brush here. there are some worthwhile mutual funds, and i'll tell you how to find them in a minute. but first, you need to understand the problem with the mutual fund model. my main beef here is that with actively managed mutual funds, mutual funds where there are people deciding which stocks or other securities to buy and sell, we've got some problems. unlike hedge funds, mutual fund managege don't get paid f f delivery of performance. they collect fees from their investors, people like you. and the amount of money they make depends entirely on the size of their investments under management. aum, we call it. which means the biggest incentive is not necessarily to do well, something that good performance can really help with. but what they're really being paid to do is bring in more
3:27 am
salespeople for the fund. and that's part of the reason why in study after study, year after year, it has been shown that the vast majority of actively managed mutual funds underperformed their benchmarks like the s&p 500. in other words, if you invested in actively managed fund for large capitalization u.s. stocks, then its performance will most likely fall short, fall short of the s&p 500. to make matters worse, even though actively managed funds consistently underperform the market, they have some of the highest fees in the business. how do you like that? they don't do as well as the benchmark, and they charge more. [ booing ] so even if your fund does manage to beat benchmark, it could be eat under up by fees you'll end up with anan underperforming market. of course, there is some actively managed funds with fabulous managers who consistently driver terrific results. i'll tell you how to find them another titie.
3:28 am
great results for a long, if a manager is a decent person, they'll stop accepting new investments. put their foot down. at a certain point it becomes incredibly difficult to beat the market. that's the law of large numbers. as a general rule, if you're going to invest in mutual funds, you daytona want to be in an actively managed ones. the fees are too high. and the evidence that the bulk of them underperform i irankly too staggering to keep going that way. you know that i think your best strategy is to manage your own portfolio of individual stocks. that's what i talk about night after night on "mad money." for those who don't have the time to research individual companies, or if your 401(k) plan won't let you own them, let me tell you the smart way to invest in mutual funds. you want, you can write th down. a cap low cost index fund that mirrors the market as a whole, one that mimics the s&p 500. index funds of ultra low fees and with an s&p index fund, you have a vehicle that will let you participate this the strength of the stock market without having to spend the time picking
3:29 am
now this may sound like a real simple solution. don't overthink it. the whole point of putting your money in a fund is to savavyou the time and effort to manage your own portfolio stocks. that's why i think it's insane when people start owning multiple funds. by its very nature, a fund should be diversified. ly the is really no reason for home members like you to have any exposure to them. if you're going to take the time to try to play individual sectors that at that time would really be much better spent picking individual stocks. as for etfs, these vehicles are for trading, not investing. i don't like them. many etfs rebalance every day and that can take a toll on a long performance. they'reot set up for long-term performance. in general, if you're not a pro and not managing a portfolio of different stocks and not day trading every single day, you probably shouldn't be fooling around with the etfs either.. re is the bottom line. at the end of the day i think a
3:30 am
least bad way to manage your money better than the vast bulk of managed mutual funds. but an index owns everything, the good, the bad and the ugly. if you do have the time, you can at the performance of an index fund by picking stocks yourself. which is the entire reason i do the show every night. if you don't have the time, don't overthink it. just one cheap s&p index fund is indeed the best way go. mary in maryland, mary? >> caller: boo-yah, jim. jim, i started listening to you a while back. then i started buying stocks on your advice. >> thank you. >> caller: now i'm looking at my portfolio here. and jim, jim, mine eyes have seen the glory. so i want too get littlele fancier and perhaps buy some china stocks.
3:31 am
and possible exposure to foreign currency exchange rates. so can you edge-u-kramer on exchange rate exposure? >> sure. we have the battle hymn of the republic going overseas. i don't know if i want that if you want to own individual stocks and the businesses are good, i don't really care where they are. i don't even care about the currency. if the business is that great, the stock will go higher. if you're buying an adr and it's a european company and the euro is being weakened by central bank issues, you will not do well even if the stock does well. all things being neutral and you don't have a country or continent trying to debase the concerns circumstances i'm fine with it. if they are, you have to stay away and stay in the good ol' us of a. which is a mart way to invest. matthew i i new york? matthew? >> caller: ba-ba-boo-yah, jim. >> ba-ba-boo-yah back at you. >> caller: i'm 23 years old, a recent college grad and new to the workforce. and i j jt started to max out my
3:32 am
realizing i want to kind of go for an aggressive allocation for growth to take on risks. but i'm unsure of how to do that exactly. i want to get your suggestions for someone starting out to the retirement investing. how would you go about doing it? >> you want to have the fastest young growth stocks. and those are -- tend to be found in technology sector. but also, of course, in biotech. now, don't go too crazy. i'll have one or two stocks of company tass aren't making money. no more than that. those e e the most fertile areas. junior growth stock, companies that are worth a billion dollars or less. a lot of them that are too small to talk about. one of those two. these are all fine. you can do those because if you lose money, you've got the rest of your life to make it back. sorry, not so much mutual love here. picking stocks is still the best way to manage your money. if you dent have time, juju pleaseseplease, please go with the cheap s&p 500 over most
3:33 am
now there is much more "mad money" ahead, including how to find the best path to a healthy retirement depending on your income. then don't forget your kids, please. protecting your children from student loan debt will put them in a better position to build their future. plus finding your tweets without the 140-0-aracter restriction that s s hemmes in. stick with cramer. nice'n easy. we only make the most real natural looking color. so even in revealing sunlight, it doesn't look like hair color at all. it looks like, it's a hundred percent you.
3:34 am
i'veveeen on my feel all l y. i'm bushed! yea me too. excuse me...coming through! ride the gel wave of comfort with dr. scholls massaging gel insoles. they're proven to give you comfort. which helps you feel more energized ...allllay long. i want what he has. olay total effects a skin transformation that rivals the leading department store moisturizer. revives skin to fight 7 signs of agingng with olay, you age less, so you can be ageless. olay. ageless. i think we should've taken a left at the river. tarzan know where tarzan go! tarzan does not know where tarzan go. hey, excuse me,
3:35 am
waterfall? no, me tarzan, king of jungle. why don't you want to just ask somebody? if you're a couple, you fight over directions. it's what you do. if you want to save on car insurance, you switch to geico. oh ohhhhh it's what you do.
3:36 am
let me tell you about whether it makes sense for you to use a regular 401(k) or an ira, or for you to go with a roth, which is a term i'm sure you've heard countless times but may not understand. i know i talked endlessly about the benefits of using an individual retirement account and a 401(k) plan to invest for retirement. i'm not going to beat a dead horse here. this is the subject i get a ton of questions about. should i put my money in a roth account or a regular one? so why don't we start with a a roth ireaira. it may be the single greatest thing our government has done for low-income families since the end of the war on poverty, which at best ended in a draw. poverty possibly winning. i told you how about a regular ira lets you take preincome tax invested and then your gains year after year, decade after decade totally tax-free until you decide toto withdraw that money when you retire.
3:37 am
with the roth, you make contributions with after tax income. so in other words, unlike a regular ira, putting moneyy into a roth won't decrease your tax bill. on the other hand, once your money is in a roth ira, you will never pay taxes on it again. as long as your cash remains in your account, you don't pay capital gains tax. you don't pay dividends tax. when you withdraw it which you can do without penalty at age 59 1/2, you don't pay any income tax on your withdrawal. this is fabulous. in other words, with a roth, you pay taxes now so that you don't have to pay income tax 30 or 40 years from now when you retire. there is one more positive point about a roth. you can withdraw the money you've invested, note your gains, just the amount you contributed and you won't get hit with a 10% penalty, which is what happens when you try to withdraw money from a regular ira before you hit that magic age of 59 1/2. that's very different f fm a regular ira where you don't pay any taxes or contributions now, and your gains don't get taxed within the account.
3:38 am
the money, every penny you take out is taxed as ordinary income. it can be a very high rate. which means when you're trying to decide between a roth ira and a 401(k) or a regular ira and a 401(k), you're basically deciding whether it makes more sense to pay income tax now with a roth or pay income tax once you retire with a regular account. you have to figure out if you'll be in the higher tax bracket after you retire or a low one. this is a complicated question and has a lot to do with the specifics of your situation, your career and how old you are. a quick rule of thumb. for anyone's marginal tax rate is 25% or less, which is most of america, i think you ought to go with a roth. better the take the hit up front than allow your roth ira to compound tax-free the rest of your life. remember, for those who don't have the time to pick their own diversified portfolios of say five to ten stocks, park your retirement money in a low cost index fund that mirrors the s&p 500.
3:39 am
but really, until you retire, stocks should make up the majority of your investment. i noticed this before. i'm going to keep repeating it until they take me off the air. so it's necessary. conventional wisdom.. i want stocks, not bonds until later. how about a roth 401(k)? this works like a roth ira. meaning you make contributions and never pay taxes again except that it's a 401(k) plan, it has a much higher contribution limit than an ira. the government says the 401(k) contribution limit is $18,000. whereas an ira annual contributions are caaed at a mere $5,500. and there is one other big difference. a roth 401(k) deputy have any kind of income tax. no matter how much money you earn, you can take advantage of these as long as your player decides to give you the option. of course, all this depends on what you think the future is going to look like. if you think taxes are headed higher over the course of your lifetime, then a roth h 1(k) where you p p taxes now and not
3:40 am
even if you're making a lot of money in the present. i think that belief is mistaken. for those of you young people who only become politically conscious under the obama seem there is no way to stop the tide of higher taxes. but history series different. and i believe we can close the deficit without substantially raising taxes, about as politicacaa as i'm going to gets on this show. at the end of the day, this is both beyond our control and therefore beyond our ability to predict. the bottom line, the lower your present income, the lower your taxes. a roth 401(k) or roth ira lets you pay those low rates now, and never worry about taxes again for your retirement money. the less you make, the more likely this roth is for you. it's that simple. and when you're saving for rererement, don't worry aboutut what could go catastrophically wrong 30 or 40 years in the future. just worry about making the best
3:41 am
break.y, you forgot the milk! that's lactaid. right. 100% real milk, just without the lactose. so you can drink all you want... ...with no discomfort? exactly.y.ere, try some... mmm, it is real milk. see? delicious. hoof bump! oh. right here girl, boom lactaid . 100% real milk. no discomfort and for a creamy and delicious treat, try lactaid ice cream i've been on my feel all da i'm bushed! yea me too. excuse me...coming through! ride the gel wave of comfort with dr. s solls massaging gel insoles. they're proven to give you comfort. which helps you feel more energized ...all day long. i want what he has. (coughing) coughing disrupts everyone's life. that's why there's delsym. delsym's advanced time release formula helps silence coughs
3:42 am
all night...
3:43 am
3:44 am
we read a lot of stories about the crushing burden of student loan debt. right now 10s of billions of americans owe more than a trillion dollars in student debt. that's an n credibly high figure. and it's not just that it really stinks to graduate from college or graduate school and immediately realize that it might take decades to pay back the loanan in study after study kids who graduate with no debt end up being worth a lot more money
3:45 am
outstanding student loans. now i'm a big believer in social mobility. which is why i i confidentnt coming out hererand teaching you how to use the stock market because it's the greatest engine of wealth every create and i want to help you use it to make serious money. for any of you who are parents or thinking of bebeming parents, let me tell you right now there are very few things you can do for your children than are better than paying for as much of their college education as you can afford. wewenow college graduates have a much better time getting jobs, especially in our current environment where unemployment is still too high. and we also know they ultimately make more money. if i were abe maslow style hierarchy, you can google that, it is more important for you to save and invest for retirement, which is why i talked about it earlier in the how. for thosef you who are parents, howow could your own retirement possibly be more important than making sure your kids have the best future
3:46 am
because believe me, if you reach retirement age and don't have enough money to pay for your kids? who do you think is going to support you? your kids. you don't want to be a burden on them. take care of yourself first. after you saved enough retirement, then it's time to start thinking about college. evenenf your kids only a toddler. heck, even if your kid is kind of a gleam in your eye so to speak. and the best way to save for college hands-down is what is known as a 529 plan. these plans do vary by state. but the general rules are true all across the country. there are two kinds of 529 plans. some states let you use a 529 as way to hedgege against tuition inflation by buying tuition credits at today's prices that can be used in the future. that's not what i'm talking about, though. i want you to use the 529 savings plan. these are run by the states, and the rules differ from state to state. but generally speaking a 529 doesn't let you manage your own portfolio. you have to pick between a mix of different mutual funds, just like with many 401(k) plans. this is really not my favorite way to do things.
3:47 am
your assets and the selection of which stocks to buy and which actual instruments, but 529s have so much going for them, i'm going to swallow this one. remember, when you can only choose between funds, go for a low cost fund that mirrors the market. either the s&p 500 oromething like the vanguard tota market fund, which you'll see in many of these 529 plans. it literally owns all the stocks traded, but this performance will be very similar to the s&p 500. so what the rules for this 529 plan? let's say you just had your first child. congratulations! if you can afford it, you should start a 529 with your kid as the beneficiary right then and right there. anyone who is street addict knows i talked about trading alcoa throughout the birthing. not one of my finest moments.
3:48 am
deductible. so you're paying for this out of after tax income. that's not to great. here is the good part. once your money is in the 529, you don't pay any taxes on the gain. you let them compound. really, it's a lot like a roth, except for college rather than retirement. because of federal gift tax laws, you can only contribute $14,000 a yearf you're single, $28,000 if you're married. and you file your taxes jointly. still, that's a heck of a lot of money when you think about it. your children's grandparents can contribute to the same 529 plan too. if you don't have the money, a grandparent can start a 529 with your kid as the beneficiary. although for financial aid reasons, it's better to have a parent do it. now let's say for some reason you or your parents are sitting on a really hugeum of money. one of the cool things about a 529 plan is you can front load five years worth of contributions without incurring the federal gift tax. as long as you don't write any checks to the plan's beneficiary over the next five years. in other words, a single parent or grandparent could potentially
3:49 am
from the start. or if you're marrying, you could contntbute $140,000. for the next five years after that you won't be able to contribute anything without being hit by the gift tax, which is something you don't want. but honestly, once you drop that kind of money into a 529, you won't need to makak too manyore contributions. the key here, if you want to get that money into your kid's 529 as early as possible. that's because the greatest of these plans is all about the power of compounding. remember, you don't pay taxes within 529. so if you can somehow contrive to contribute $75,000 right after the bat and invest the money in a low cost index fund that mirrors the market, the rule of thumb is over time you'll make roughly 8% a year. i know the stock market a actually a lot more volatile than that. but just as a thought experiment, if stocks generally perform like they have historically you could double your investment in about nine years. so if you start saving right when your kid d born, by the time he or she isle is, the value of your plan will have
3:50 am
after 18 years, barring a catastrophe, you could have as much as $280,000. that's enough for a fancy expensive college education and a decent law school. i knowost people can't front load a 529, especially with all the expense that comes with raising a kid. but it's worth keeping in mind that front loading as much as possible is indeed the best strategy. for grandparents this may sound grimimbut your 529 contributions won't count stards your estate tax. any 529 plan you dent use you can transfer to another relative, siblings, parent, even first cousins. and if you save all this money and your ungrateful kids decides not to go to college, you can withdraw the money from the plan. in that case you have to pay taxes on any of your gains, along with a 10% penalty. so here is the b btom line. no paying for your kids' college education isn't as important as providing for yourself in retirement. if you have children and after you made enough retirement
3:51 am
putting money in a 529 college savings plan should be the next item on your agenda. it's the best way to protect your kid from the crushing burden of student loan debt. "mad money" is back after the break. a mouthbreather! how can anyone sleep like that? well, just put on a breathe right strip and pow! it instantly opens your nose up to 38% more than cold medicine alone. so you can breathe and sleep. shut your mouth and say goodnight mouthbreathers breathe right there's moving... and there's moving with move free ultra. it has triple-action support for your joints, cartilage and bones. and unlike the big osteo-bi f fx pills, it's all in one tiny pill. move free ultra. get your move on. there's a more enjoyable way to get your fiber. try phillips' fiber good gummies plus energy support. it's a new fiber supplement that helps support regularity
3:52 am
mmmmm, these are good! nice work, phillips! the tasty side of fiber, from phillips'. shoulders don't just carry pads. they carry your fans' passions, hopes, and dreams and maybe, a chance at greatness...
3:53 am
holy cow. we've got to get to some of your tweets that you have been sending me @jimkmkemer, including ones that are very nice and smart. kenneth tweets i love you, jim. i love you, kenneth stegan 23. how is that? it's requited. some people call me jack tater.
3:54 am
jw green underscore wants to know the following. why care abobo short-term hit if you have a long-term investment strategy? amen. how many times have i said i like xyz stock? it goes down that day or people wantnto burn me in scalding oil. it doesn't have to be that day. think a little longer term. here we have @ -- dii go, who wants to know what other books should home investors have under their belts to help them trade/manage better. #get a plan. one up on wall street and beat the street, petet lynch. one up on wall street and beat the street. you might want to look at some of david darsch's books. those are available on amazon. i use those a great deal. and he taught me a lot at goldman sachs and moved on. but david garth's books are very good. up next, do you ever sleep or did one of your biotechs provide
3:55 am
winkie face. winkie face presuming means like an emoji thing. no, i don't sleep. okay. now we have answered that question. now, give me a heads up. btw, which i think stands for by the way, i now following your know what you own motto. kwyo. clean my portfolio this week. yo -- you only live once. so i totally bring with you. i'm in the market because of you. sir, just give all the hate arars big boo-yah! keep teaching us what they want to grow, jim. let me give you a little heads up. i love the haters. i wouldn't be doing this if it weren't for them. i would have gotten out years ago. i'm a spiteful, driven guy to the haters. and everyone in my personal life knows that. so haters, you're why i'm in this game.e.
3:56 am
cramer! >> cramer, you are super, you are awesome. >> i'm a first-time investor. thank you for inspiring me to get in the game. >> your show is the best. i'm so glad you're on tv. >> i want you to know that you have transformed me. thank you, cramer. one day a rider made a decision. the decision to ride on and save e ney. he decided to save money by switching s motorcycle insurance to geico. there's no shame in saving money. ride on, ride proud. geico motorcycle, great rates for great rides. janet? cough if you can hear me. don't even think about it. i took mucinex dm for my phlegmy cough. yeah...but what about mike? it works on his cough too. cough! it works on his cough too. mucinex dm relieves wet and dry coughs for 12 hours.
3:57 am
stress sweat. it can happen anytime to anyone. stress sweat is different than ordiry sweat, it smells worse. get 4 times the protection against stressssweat.
3:58 am
3:59 am
i like to say there is always a bull market somewhere. i promise to to try to find it just for you right here on "mad money." i'm jim cramer, and i'll see you next time. it's tuesday, february 16th. coming up on "early today." as the the nasty name calling and personal attacks get even morerbare knuckles. >> ted cruz is the most dishonest guy i think i've met
4:00 am
i've never heard another -- >> when both marco rubio and donald trump scream liar, liar, liar. thth the music's biggest night. what happened to adel's return performance? and the multiple tributes that brought down the house. plus wicked weather causes havoc around the u.s. and a creature from the depths of the polar vorx. "early today" starts right now. > goodmorning, i'm dara brown. the battle lines have been drawn between democrats and republicans over who should fill the supreme court justice position after antonin scu nrksantonins skalia's call.

23 Views

info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on