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tv   Newsline  NHK World  July 11, 2014 6:00am-6:31am JST

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hello and welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. germany has asked the top intelligence official at the u.s. embassy in berlin to leave the country. the move follows the recent discovery of two german nationals suspected of spying for the u.s. german authorities announced the expulsion on thursday. local media report they belong to the cia and obtained secret information on the government through espionage. the step will further sour
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u.s.-german ties. they have already been strained by alleged u.s. eavesdropping on the mobile phone of angela merkel. >> translator: looking at it with common sense in my view, spying on allies is a waste of energy. >> last week, a german intelligence worker was arrested for passing internal documents from a parliamentary committee to u.s. intelligence services. the committee is looking into the issue of surveillance by the u.s. national security agency. berlin says it also found a suspected u.s. spy in the defense ministry. casualties are mounting as israel intensifies its air strikes on the gaza strip. palestinian officials say that 79 people have been killed, and at least 570 wounded. the violence was sparked by the deaths of israeli teenagers. last month, three israeli boys were kidnapped and killed in the west bank. israeli authorities said the islamist militant group hamas was responsible.
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earlier this month, a palestinian teen was abducted and killed in jerusalem in what is believed to be a revenge killing. the incidents raised tensions between israelis and palestinians. the israeli military said its air strikes on thursday morning hit at least 100 targets. the military said the major offensive since tuesday has attacked at more than 800 locations. they include weapon depots and the homes of hamas leaders. gaza health officials say a family of eight died in an attack that destroyed their home. they said this week's air raids have destroyed 40 houses. they said 79 people were killed and most of them were civilians. at least 570 were wounded. >> translator: my two nieces survived, but my nephew died during the surgery. >> israeli officials said militants in the gaza strip have fired over 350 rockets toward
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southern israel since tuesday. israel's government has activated 23,000 reserve soldiers to deal with the growing unrest in gaza and the west bank. its military may be preparing for a ground battle with hamas. u.n. secretary-general banky man condemned the violence. all three voiced concern at an emergency meeting of the u.n. security council on thursday. >> i continue to condemn the rising number of civilian lives lost in gaza. once again, palestinian civilians are caught between hamas'er responsibility and israel's tough response. >> he urged the international community to press both sides to resume peace negotiations. the palestinian and israeli ambassadors accused the other side.
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>> enough of their oppression and the israeli occupation. enough of this violence and conflict. >> we aren't looking for a band-aid solution that will allow hamas to rest and regroup. >> security council members are discussing a statement urging a cease-fire. sunni furthers holding iraq's second largest city are cementing their grip. they've been in control for month and they're digging in with help from local tribes. the militants seized the city of mosul and expanded control over areas near the board we are syria. they declared an islamic state straddling both countries. some of mosul's 2 million residents fled to the north. others stayed to support the insurgents. they oppose prime minister nuri al maliki and other government leaders who favor shias. a mosul resident told nhk the city is calm.
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insurgents also hold the northern city of tikrit. government forces are preparing to attack in hopes of regaining control. the world's two leading powers remain at odds over the issues of cyber security and exchange rates. however, u.s. and chinese officials have agreed to cooperate on pressuring north korea to give up its nuclear program. nhk world's akihito mikoda reports. >> reporter: the two-day strategic and economic dialogue wrapped up in beijing on thursday. it was the sixth installment of the bilateral forum under u.s. president barack obama's administration. negotiators agreed on the need
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to end north korea's nuclear program as soon as possible. u.s. secretary of state john kerry and chinese state counselor yang jiechi spoke to reporters after the meeting. >> we discussed the importance of enforcing u.n. security council resolutions that impose sanctions on north korea's weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs. >> reporter: yang said denuclearization should be done in a peaceful way. the talks ended with disagreements on some issues. >> the loss of intellectual property through cyber has a chilling effect on innovation and investment. incidents of cyber theft have harmed our businesses and threatened our nation's competitiveness. >> reporter: kerry reported that they agreed to continue discussions on cyber security,
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but yang showed some restraint on the issue. >> translator: it's up to the u.s. to create the proper conditions for renewed dialogue on cyber security. >> reporter: china's control of exchange rate was also high on the agenda. the u.s. asked china to reform a system saying that beijing intentionally keeps their currency low. the u.s. and china pledged to work together to tackle various issues. but that will be a challenge for these two major powers with very different stages of economic development and political regimes. akihido mikoda, nhk world, beijing. tropical storm neoguri is traveling along the coast of central japan. the storm claimed three lives
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and left more than 60 others injured. the storm is dumping heavy rain across much of the nation. up to 150 millimeters is expected for some parts of the greater tokyo area and central japan. parts of northeast japan received more than 200 millimeters of rain since tuesday. the storm has disrupted flights, train services, and electricity supplies across the country. more than 200 domestic flights were canceled thursday. the storm triggered flooding and landslides across the country. two people died after falling into irrigation ditches. the storm has injured more than 50 people and flooded hundreds of homes. two rivers overflowed in the city of nano in yamagata prefecture. >> translator: i was born in 1935. i've experienced floods but never seen anything like this before. >> the heavy rainfall also caused a large mudslide.
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>> translator: i was on the second floor and heard glass shatter loudly. i panicked and ran out of the house as quickly as possible. >> this bridge was damaged by heavy rainfall last year, and was being repaired when raging water broke the support beam. workers at japan's crippled nuclear plant are on guard, taking precautions in case the fukushima daiichi site gets hit by powerful winds. crews pumped rainwater out of barriers surrounding storage tanks for contaminated water. they're concerned the tanks could be leaking and don't want anything radioactive to spill out. they've also attached weights to cranes to hold them steady. residents of some town watched and worried as the rain kept falling hour after hour. all that water caused part of a hillside in the central prefecture of naga to give way.
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>> reporter: a for rent of mud rushed down a hillside, coating a community. >> translator: the house shook violently. i thought it was an earthquake. i opened the window and saw earth and sand rushing into the house. so i held on to a pillar. >> reporter: officials say the mudslides washed away a house. a mother and her three sons were inside. one of the boys died. officials say debris spilled over another mountain river in the same town. some homes were damaged. people who took shelter in a
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local school didn't sleep well. over breakfast, they watched tv to get updates on the impact of the storm. >> translator: we have suffered serious damage. i don't know what to say. >> reporter: officials have started on site investigations to find out the extent of the damage. >> translator: i'm saddened by the loss of the 12-year-old child. we have to do everything we can and take all appropriate measures to ensure the safety of residents. >> reporter: authorities are warning people to stay on guard in the coming days. officials and residents in japan have been taking extra
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precautions to minimize damage from violent storm systems. last november, a super typhoon struck the philippines, devastating coastal areas and killing thousands. japanese meteorological experts are warning that global warming could create super storms that strike other countries in asia. . >> reporter: this computer simulation shows what could happen if a super typhoon struck japan. the air pressure at the eye of the storm reaches 880 hecto pascals. that means this is stronger than the one last year in the philippines. when it hits hand, it's packing winds of 70 kilometers per hour. this professor said the scenario he created is not the stuff of fantasy. the day when people in japan
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experience a similar storm is closer than they might think. >> translator: a one degree change in the ocean temperature has a big impact on a storm's strength. so as ocean temperatures rise in the future, typhoons will become much stronger. >> reporter: giant typhoons form every year over waters to japan's south. most of them weaken as they pass over cooler waters further north. but global warming could change that. if ocean temperatures were to increase by two degrees, typhoons would reach japan at full strength. >> translator: the disaster that hit the philippines could strike japan in the future. we need to start preparing for that now.
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>> reporter: powerful typhoons strike japan nearly every year. 55 years ago. a major typhoon hit central japan. it caused flooding over a vast area. more than 5,000 people were killed or went missing. in the years after the disaster, local and national leaders build higher embankments along the shores. they homed that would prevent future floods. but experts say they would not be able to stop flooding caused by a super typhoon. they looked at what would happen if such a storm were to hit. they projected that the colored zones would be flooded and they say if a storm surge breached the barriers, over 400 square kilometers would be under water.
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>> translator: we need all kinds of strategies to protect people. building things like embankments requires time and money. so we need to supplement that with other measures that could be implemented quickly and easily. >> reporter: government officials are trying to help. they've created a computerized map to help residents chart their escape. people can use it to create an evacuation route. first, they enter their location and destination. and the time they plan to flee. the software then tells them if the route is safe. people in areas prone to flooding are using the software to prepare. these residents are simulating an evacuation. this scenario, a woman herald
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that the embankment has been washed away. she plans to go to a shelter but tries to drive home first. the surge washes in faster than she expected. >> translator: if you don't do this regularly, you won't know where to go during an emergency. >> reporter: experts say super typhoons are coming. the question is, when? citizens and government leaders must work together to get ready. the new indian government
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has unveiled an ambitious first budget. it says the country's huge economy will grow annually by 7% to 8% in four years and the government wants to deregulate business and open up the country to more foreign investment. the budget was unveiled by the finance minister on thursday. he's trying to revive india's economic growth, which has stalled at over 4% since 2012. >> lower inflation, sustained level of external balance and foreign policy stance. >> he led his party to sweeping victory in the general election in may. india's first change of power in a decade. he pledged to bring the economy back to life. he said the government plans to open the insurance, defense and
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other industries to foreign investment and tried to put blue sky between his government and its predecessor. he said his administration would aim for more openness to dispel the concerns of overseas investors. the budget has been closely followed by millions of indians. >> translator: we voted for him. he has spoken about good days. we heard the budget this time is such that those good days will actually come. and raising a family will become easier. >> his government won the country's largest mandate in 30 years, giving it a solid political base to reignite asia's third largest economy. the success of the project is now being closely watched. china's experts for june posted a third straight month of increases as the global economy slowly recovers. chinese customs authorities say
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exports amounted to $180 billion, up 7.2% from june last year, and imports rose 5.5% to just over $155 billion. the country's total value of trade in june grew 6.4% to $342 billion. looking at the january-to-june period, the total value of china's trade was $2 trillion, $20 billion, up 1.2% from the same period last year. customs officials forecast larger growth for the second half of this year. they say they expect the economies of industrialized nations to improve further. managers at companies across japan have looked into the future and they're cautious about what's ahead. the latest numbers show they're holding back on reinvesting in their businesses. managers placed machinery orders in may, adding up to $6.7 billion. officials say that's down 19.5%
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from april, and the largest monthly decline ever. the figures do not include orders for ships and from electric power companies, because they fluctuate too much. orders from manufacturers were down more than 18%, those from nonmanufacturers were down by about the same margin. most an analysts expected to see more orders. let's check on the markets and the latest trading on wall street. our chief economist from new york reports. >> u.s. stocks were generally lower on the day. the dow jones industrial average was down 0.4%, as was the broader based s&p 500 and the nasdaq declined by 0.5. with u.s. stocks down, treasury bounds rallied and yields dropped to 2.5%. the pessimism was imported from europe where problems in the
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banking system rattled inves fors. the european central bank has the desire and resources so that the problem is not going to spread, but the ecb is in charge of bank's stress tests this fall and they're under a lot of pressure to fail a bank or two, so that makes jitters in the banking system. in june, the ecb put in negative deposit rates. that works as a tax on banks. it's not working as planned to increase lending. in a world cup analogy, we would call that an own goal. as we turn to the u.s., the economic data is much stronger. we had today's data on weekly unemployment claims, which fell to new lows. which just reinforced last week's payroll data. there's even a whiff of inflation in the u.s. core inflation started to tick up and food inflation is already
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at 2.5% and headed to 4% by year end. if the fed keeps emergency policies in place too long, they could cause more risk than they want to. we're expecting that if economic data continues the pace, the fed might think about raising rates as early as march or april 2015 once the programs are wound down in the fourth quarter. we know from alan greenspan's tenure, if you keep interest rates too long too long, you can cause asset market problems. so we exit emergency measure also be exited sooner rather than later. thank you. here's another look at the market figures.
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scientists in australia fear a tourist destination visited by millions of people every year will wash away their sea coral on the great barrier reef. so they've under taken a plan to save the natural wonder. >> reporter: the great barrier reef is the world's largest coral reef. it stretches over 2,000 kilometers off australia's
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northeastern coast. now this natural wonder is in danger. this coral has been bleached. the cause is linked to the rising ocean temperature. if it stays at this level, more coral will die or deteriorate. the australian institute of marine science says in the last 30 years, the great barrier reef had shrunk by 50%. i some researchers say pollution is the cause. among them is professor john brody. his research focuses on water runoff from land. >> that portion comes from agricultural and coastal development, including ports. the first stage of that was 20 years of science and research. we did lots of research in science and showed in fact that agricultural pollution was a real problem for the great barrier reef. >> reporter: fertilizers and
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pesticides used on farmland drain into the rivers and sea, harming water quality. this, in turn, has a deadly effect on coral. the situation is so critical that australia's government has launched a halt to coral reef decline by 2050. >> it took us 100 years to cause the problem. it will take some decades to repair the water quality. >> reporter: the government's policy has encouraged many local farmers to start making changes. this sugar cane field, more than 100 kilometers inland, has its own water catching system. it prevents fertilizers from getting into rivers and then to the sea. water from the field is collected. then it is recycled and pumped back out to the field.
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students take part in the efforts. this school teaches that water quality is vital for the health of coral reef, water for raising fish and growing vegetables is treated before it's released. >> it can kill fish and if we don't protect the reef, it won't be here for future generations. >> i guess what a lot of people do, we don't want that to get to the great barrier reef. >> it has everything to do with protecting our reef from watching how much rubbish you have, because that can go into drains, looking after our water streams and looking at the biodiversity. >> reporter: people, both young and old, do whatever they can to preserve the reef.
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their study efforts continue. nhk world, sidney. here's a quick look at the weather. that's all we have this hour on "newsline."
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thank you for watching and have a good day.
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three years have passed since the accident at the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. japan's government has drawn up new regular la torre standards based on lessons learned from the accident and has been checking the safety of nuclear plants. a plant in southwestern japan is very likely to go back online. construction of tsunami barriers and related facilities has picked up.

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