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tv   Documentary  RT  April 12, 2021 4:30am-5:00am EDT

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formally accused anyone but i think it's very unlikely that the israelis are behind this and this is not surprising in the past 10 years every time you're on in the united states have begun serious diplomatic negotiations the israelis have tried to sabotage this. assassinated iranian scientists between 201-2012 when obama wanted to negotiate with iran i doing the final days of the trumpet ministration they assassinated iran's top nuclear scientists with the aim of forcing a confrontation between iran and the us and now that diplomatic talks have begun in vienna since last tuesday between iran and the us 1st they attacked the reigning cargo ship off the coast of yemen and now we have this cyber attack. like this part of our coverage of the anniversary of the 1st manned flight into space we get up close and personal with 3 russian cosmonauts on one astronaut of course the about life in space and how it compares with the way it's depicted in the movies you can
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also catch that on the you tube channel. today the industry prefers to spend millions of euros in you know being to do daily conditions i will be sniffing all about making money making profits in some of the corporations international markets import export do you imagine the number of chronic diseases that are out in every community today it is not due to new viruses all new microbes not true so it is due to environment. siggy though the moment all discipline of this sort of muscles are really just accumulate could only come in to see them to be so in the list that. if the so food industry is successful it will create more jobs it will create more
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value added it will create more growth so i don't see why we shouldn't also fight for the interest something into street not accept that we are british and we want regulation i was in the industry and if we don't behave zinnias penalty just fine. financials by god i don't find it odd because on a few trips. almost 5. i suppose some of my ex in the future. watch cars.
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hello and welcome to our show 60 years ago humanity's most unbelievable dream came true 27 year old eureka garren became the 1st man in space those 108 minutes that his flight lasted turned the world upside down and specifically our perception of what is and isn't possible a hero for the ages was born but right here in the studio with us are 2 days congress of space. i'd like to introduce our guests on a cosmos engineer and test cosmonaut she'll tell us what life on the moons like as she's already managed to figure it out also under a bar sankoh a hero of the russian federation pilot cosmonaut who's only just retired from a very successful career he's been twice in space and spent $337.00 days on the international space station that's almost a year and sergei resounds a hero of the russian federation pilot cosmonaut he's competed for space walks and
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is the 1st scientist have been a captain of a space ship in history so welcome we're very glad to see you all here said case again explain to me a person who is terrified just sitting on a plane at 10000 meters why did you want to travel to a dark less and less pad but. we have to sort it all it all happened accidentally been dreaming of becoming a biologist but then my life changed so i started sending monkeys into space and then i turned into this monkey and was told you'll be a scientist but in space but i've never regretted it because it's a very interesting a job. and then when i wonder if you have us very long path to becoming a cosmonaut you are rad type of person whose childhood dream came true. but i'm not sure if i'm a rare type of person but yes my boyhood fantasy was fulfilled but when did you 1st realize that you'd like to become a cosmonaut. it was after i watched a movie
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a soviet one called taming of the fire and you enter this profession in a different way you participated in the 1st open cosmonaut recruitment contest what pushed you to apply for that was when i heard about the contest i realized that there was an opportunity to become a cosmonaut and the 1st thing i did was i read all the information and there participants needed to meet. and you realized you were an ideal candidate is that this great well i don't know if i was a deal or not but i realized that i would meet the requirements and i had an idea of what the profession was about so i decided to give it a shot what is an average day for cosmonaut as he prepares for his 1st flight out of the 1st all that's the question is should you for every day there's a person responsible for it that monitors whether you pass an exam on each subject and you go through all the necessary training the should do is very diverse you could be sitting in a classroom diving underwater skydiving or studying computer techniques that variety makes the difficult training that
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a cosmonaut go through exciting we have to be multiskilled specialists and know how to do everything. is a nonstop do you have days off you know that sometimes. garren said that he felt well for after the centrifuge what do you make of this well i wouldn't agree with that but i don't know what type of workload mr goodbar and went through i suppose the volume of training would make you feel awful but to me the centrifuge is my favorite challenge i also like the centrifuge i didn't expect all 3 of you to say this ok andre then what's the least favorite of the league. favorite was the coriolis chair. sergei can you describe what it was like when you're sitting waiting for the launch several do you know actually you're very calm because finally i've been waiting for this so long i've been preparing and now this is it if you're like you've been waiting for a birthday cake and at the end of the day you get it when the rocket takes off from the ground and the work you've been getting ready for for so many years begins of
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course you're nervous we're only human but you're eager to start the work. and i have to ask you what does it feel like to be an outer space doesn't it scare you. it's terrible but terribly interesting is a dangerous physically tough job but 1st meeting you can look at your home you see the entire planet it's an amazing feeling when you put on your space suit and just like go for a walk on the street how much does the sea weigh approximately 100 kilos a 100 kilos 0 gravity you don't feel it we've got a great question from a viewer about the shape of the space station as a child i thought of the space station as a spinning ship because of the artificial gravity but nowadays the international space station and its predecessors are more like tree trunks when we have all the spending ones under what's your forecast. i think not soon because it depends on certain technical challenges and it's not that easy to create an operate such a station or
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a spinning station went to merge in orbit for the next couple of decades well i mean when the same size as the international space station but if we're talking about a small station well it may happen. and that would be at the team at the present the crucial thing is that it's unnecessary it looks cool but the international space station is 1st of all a scientific laboratory and a spinning station we can create sort of gravity but here is the opposite the goal of our flights is to avoid gravity and to reach 0 gravity so it may be that if we most of the whole science and we can somehow see such spinning stations so it would be like in the movie passengers with a swimming pool. in a cinema on the spaceship. the movie is different it shows not a scientific orbital station but a transport vehicle which was designed to bring passengers from point a in the galaxy to point b. so in this case yes the artificial gravity concept was justified and i agree with sergei with an orbital station it doesn't make sense but there are projects under consideration in which there are separate autonomous modules that will float near
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the station to eliminate the my current celebration that the station has which spoils many experiments did to us besides joining us now is the legendary canadian astronaut chris hadfield he's been beyond our planet 3 times was the 1st canadian i assess come on to and 3 fast canadian to walk in outer space while chris when we talk about space it's always about dreams of the future discoveries in the unknown and when you watch these movies you think yeah intended is robots will take over the world but here i am 2021 no robot dictatorship in sight life is still far from what moved me so why is that what are we doing wrong. i think life has never been easy and it's because of robots and it's not really complete artificial intelligence but you know just think about what everybody pretty much that's watching this program has in their pocket the amount of intelligence that's in just
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a simple little phone or or in your car or in the systems that are around you think about how we're communicating right now i mean it's unbelievable and yet we make it almost almost trivially easy so i think we are living in the future and you know someone launched out of baikonur this morning and they're already on a space station where there's international crew there are people down in texas building a an entirely reusable launch rocket ship it's amazing the pace of invention but it is that that's why you want to. the predictions for technological developments have the next decade movie see anything from science fiction them i think the big change. is making launch cheaper and that's happening right now it's happening down in the united states it's happening in china there are 2 private launch companies in china and they're building
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a new launch facilities in china and i think that competition is great and if we can make leaving earth cheaper like space x. or blue origin or virgin galactic or all the other companies then some of those science fiction dreams can come true not just you know earth orbit where were the 4 of us have lived but the moon is only 3 days away and within the last couple years we've discovered not only eternal solar power on the moon but basically unlimited water billions of leaders of water frozen on the moon and if you have power and you have water and you just need a good habitat and you can live there and so i think in the near future and you said 10 years i think we will have people not just visiting the moon briefly as happened you know 55 years ago but but actually starting to stay on the moon and to
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me that's that's a really interesting next step beyond gavin 60 years ago but city set up could get a question from the audience on the subject actually what technology does humanity need to moscow in want to travel freely into space and what the consequences what i hope i'm not talking about intergalactic travel because humanity has a lot more to learn including the discovery of perhaps the laws of physics and for journeys through the solar system you have to at least most of the technology to create new protection against various kinds of radiation that humans will encounter in deep space and i think the sooner that task is resolved. soon we can stand on the surface of mars on our own 2 feet under a un train we've ever afraid you wouldn't come back though i mean yeah i had another fin i didn't do a spacewalk it didn't happen during my expeditions but i've watched other astronauts do it and when your colleague goes out there and steps on the hall and it seems like they're about to make a hole in the hall the steps are really loud well that's a peculiar feeling of course we understand it's totally normal the sound should be
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like that but it's very interesting to watch the crests it takes 90 minutes to do a full orbit around the planet so you'll flying around the globe 16 times a day and you see 16 sunrises and sunsets does it become normal or is it still totally mesmerizing each time well i think i realize that i was only going to get to see so many sunrises and sunsets and the big difference i think sky is that they happened fast you go from the beautiful darkness and because we're above the atmosphere the earth has this delicate pastel purple glow just the tiniest ghost of the atmosphere on the horizon but you're racing around the world at 8 kilometers a 2nd and so you force the sunrise and you go from the absolute darkness to then suddenly the horizon seems to start to catch fire and then the sun starts to appear
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and it's as if somebody poured a rainbow on the edge of the world and it just gushes around the world and then bam up comes the sun through the middle of it and you feel through the window the intense instant heat of the thermal nuclear explosions of our sun and that happens in about 15 seconds and it happened 16 times a day so i didn't want to miss any of them i stole as many of those as i could and if you get a chance to fly in space i recommend you do the same thing don't don't enjoy or don't miss the magic of the place that you're in. good shape. well look forward to talking to you all. that technology should work for people. i
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robot must obey the orders given by human beings except where such orders to conflict with the 1st law show your identification we should be very careful about artificial intelligence and the point is to create a trance. like area in with artificial intelligence where some of the demon. must protect its own existence as exist. if.
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things don't always go as planned sometimes emergency situations happen here's my question what does a famous photo of cutting out his own appendix in the antarctic is such a situation possible in the us i doubt an appendix operation is possible on the international space station but the one with the real medical training will correct me but what if there were time flight is just too big a risk what if the situation is super serious and the problem you're that much at that well i think that decision will be made by the command center on a will to operate on one of our american colleagues on a 1st flight it wasn't spender so. but we did a great job there was
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a danger to his life it was serious enough but what does it look like other instruments just flying around we're very good 1st aid kit for all occasions we've been trained there's always a designated person in the crew medical officer who's responsible for these operations in the case of 1st aid he is the 1st to activate it in 0 gravity everything will float away so you fix the patient in the right position the same with the tools around you and with the help of the assistants you start working slowly with chris of course there's excitement when you get to the station perhaps even tears of happiness we've got a question from the audience what kind of dreams do you have while in space and if you cry on the i assess where do the tears flow if you watch the movie gravity which is a. it's visually beautiful but it's factually terrible they have the actress sandra bullock cry and her tears come squirting out of her eyes and and fly across the spaceship and i'm thinking when i cry on earth my tears don't come squirting out of
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my eyes and fly across the room it's ridiculous no you're your tears just form and stay on your eyeball like like i don't know jelly or something where they just stay there permanently so yeah i mean it's very emotional to to see the world that way to do something that you've been dreaming up to to be separated from your family when something important happens like a birth or a birthday or a death i found my emotions were much closer to the surface during all 3 of my spaceflights than my normal life and so yeah i think crying is natural and and it's really fun kind of to cry where are your tears don't fall i think it's. it's i made a video about it in fact you can you can find it on you tube in space your tears don't fall. what could be
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a truth of you how about you know what are the emotions are you nervous or excited to start do you feel like you've waited long and after the start of the law in the well i'm not nervous but i'm consciously waiting for the play to start and of course i'm getting ready we don't just sit there the preparation goes on constantly i wouldn't say that i'm afraid but there will be anxiety for sure that's totally normal for one thing because you need to do a responsible job and do it in time and concentrate so i'm looking forward to when i go. there so we will be watching closely under a tell me what's the daily schedule on the i assess is there a common alarm clock or does everyone have their own schedule there's a common alarm that can go off it's called a communication call that's if the entire team overslept but in fact every one of us has their own alarms i'm actually wearing one right now is the wrist watch that flew to space with me and i think so kay has the same model so you see you brought these back from space with you chris has one too. so yes we do live according to a shuttle there every day as planned by the space control center where everything
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is laid out starting with wake up time and 9 at 6 am. and here i was thinking that's a slip of the tongue i would go to space 2 of them waking up and 9 well it actually depends on the time zone because we live by g.m.t. there i have to ask you actually about time how do you know if it's the day or night where the floor is where the ceiling is just the clock it always shows the time because of course we can't just by looking at the sun we go around the earth 16 times a day which means 16 sunrises and sunsets but the clock always shows if it's day or night is someone on duty at night or not just in case you want to must exist there was no one watching at night because of an emergency it will wake the team and take the 1st measures on his own to figure. ok but what if you're sound asleep the siren so loud you hope out of the sleeping bag yourself and generally do you manage to get enough sleep we do see
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a steeps normal yes it is chris what are your dreams and space like did you have any specific ones i think i dream like most people but i i don't remember my dreams very much i'm much more interested in what happens while i'm awake than if you're on a spaceship. you're living world is like a dream you're weightless i mean you have a superpower you can fly you're a you're an x. man and when you float to the big windows you know all of russia goes by in a dozen minutes you go across canada in 10 minutes the 16 sunrises a day it is it is like you're living in a dream so i slept as little as i possibly could because i was much more interested in what was happening while i was awake and you would love the opportunity of being weightless and seeing the whole world pour by you you wouldn't want to just crawl away and sleep it's too mesmerizing a part of life. and now
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a question some of you out there she asks do you have a foreigner around when you're in space come on confess i know that you guys are professionals and adults but this won't damage your public image in any way to worry you have a pretend like of swimming i definitely know what of course we fool around you can go it's quite firmly 0 gravity and you're spinning at the same time because with serious adults but still jokes and this kind of creativity help us to keep the positive atmosphere once i was flying around the station wearing a big black hairy monkey cost you please don't ask me how i managed to bring it on board but i did and that was also of we all put on costumes we had a mini and a superman a spiderman i was a monkey that was really cool little did you have a political i assess well of course and i flew. i flew with. a monk roman yank and on my 3rd space flight and for the other cosmonauts they know how he is a super professional very good at operating space ships but he just loves to laugh
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and to have fun and to to tell a joke and to make fun of things and sergei was talking about we have a big bag of costumes up there and every single time we had a conference where a man would dig through the bag of costumes and put on some of the you know he'd come to the conferences elvis or or somebody every time because you need it we're just people you know and we're a long way from home and you need arts and music and humor and laughter just just like you do on earth so yeah we're constantly playing pranks and and having fun and seeing who can go the fastest through the station and you know actually it's just a bunch of people up there really important work and a very dangerous place but look people having fun i don't know it sounds like you guys are just having fun with a time out that and here on earth we think you're doing serious scientific research . you're probably regretting coming to our kids' pe group today but we've got
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a couple of minutes left so let's do punk some myths about space and once and for old i've got them just a tad you tell me if that true false. if you've got an open space without a suit on will you not from the radiation. well something bad will definitely happen to you which you will not burn but something close to it right well you get fried a little so either way not great of course that andre if you don't work out constantly your wits are away and die true if you don't work out after 18 days you won't be able to return to earth for life you won't be able to stand the overload that occurs during landing even in space you can't avoid sports that's a bummer for me the more. of the office. space smells like true or false nose smells like burnt missile or welding. by the way what's the temperature in space what does it feel like. it depends on what you're measuring but we can
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measure the surface temperature of the station surface can heat up to about 70 degrees celsius in the sunlight minus 70 in the shadows in this it's unique. if chris you don't eat out of cubes sounds yummy. no we almost never eat from tubes we from all sorts of containers you don't need a plate because what you know. everything would float off your plate you tend to eat out of the package but the packages come in all different shapes cans and packets and some of the food is in tubes but we really haven't had the majority of our food into since the 1960 s. you know our dieticians and our chefs they do a lot better job now and i mean i wouldn't go to space for the food but the food's fine we all all 3 of us who have spent time up there we're all healthy the food the food is ok you know but like you have no stove you have no microwave really no
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fridge no freezer so it kind of limits the type of food that you can have when you it's fine it's healthy it's good enough well i'm a foodie so i guess it's yet another reason i can't go to space unless. the last question is the great wall of china visible from space i never saw it as i said about thank you so much unfortunately that's a wrap we're parting ways but it would be a sentiment you go without saying thank you not just for coming here today although was amazing to hear from you and for sharing or your unbelievable knowledge and life experience with us but also thank you for existing when i was a baikonur i was really filled with emotions that was fear and excitement and then it was just pure admiration for all those people like you who are ready to take risks for the big ideas for the future for us really so thank you for enriching on lives and inspiring us and of course many thanks to idea of us we all participation
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your attention but most of all feel patience. show. is your media a reflection of reality. in a world transformed. what will make you feel safe. isolation full community. are you going the right way or are you being led so. direct. what is true what is faith.
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in the world corrupted you need to descend. to join us in the depths. or a maybe in the shallowness. and you smell like it's a malt. you're just the 1st one to look upon you must produce conformal from the hundreds. that's awesome and this would do him good except. if it was national guard coming off. the planet you talk a little. bit some of it was from the composers. school board of these critics one of the biggest musical nobody knew to lose because between. the shit into my thirty's smear. all of this is new doesn't.
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impose some one to be lenient because it does look good style if you. easy. seems wrong. when old rules just don't call. me old yet to shape out these days become educated and engaged with equals betrayal. when so many find themselves worlds apart we choose to look for common ground.
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a poll finds that hall for the people in the czech republic wants russia sputnik 3 facts but europe's medicine agency still holds back from approving the job spawned mounting interest from the e.u. states. because i would like to go. through. white's rally in california was met by b.l.m. counter protesters with the ensuing confrontation ending in bloody fisticuffs and arrests. for the us state of arkansas gender reassignment treatment for under eighteen's a move slum by critics as. we hear from a former transport about the possible date.

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