tv Documentary RT April 17, 2021 8:30am-9:01am EDT
please define. the business on the other side isn't a. new ground on the border. you know. hollywood is the place and an idea has got the movie studios television we've got the music industry sometimes as we know it's also a place where there's a lot of propaganda. to whatever part of the the u.s. government is committed to you can be sure all that hollywood will be following here we're headed 12 months. out i define a hollywood is they call it a dream manufacturer would say things true. but i think equally it's
a propaganda factor. long after i 1st heard about it in the news i still couldn't believe this was this really how the united states sees the history of the word too but there it was the official white house on a social network and it clearly stated that it was american great britain that defeated the nazis during the 2nd world war without even a word about the soviet union and the version on the official carrigan website it looks even more discouraging there it turns out that world war 2 was started by germany and the soviet union it wasn't russia but france that took the brunt of it and in fact the u.s.s.r. didn't liberate the europe from hitler but occupied it it feels like the author either knows nothing about history or he does and wants to rewrite it all that makes those old how would movies that were made during the war seem even more
remarkable american audience was presented with a totally different picture of the world and the soviet union back then in the next 30 minutes we'll learn how history has been written and rewritten through american cinema. in 1903 at the height to for world war 2 the united states released mission to moscow a film about a visit to the u.s.s.r. by american ambassador joseph davis who was splayed by actor walter houston. we don't get many of your excellency now welcome you to the soviet union in the name of my government thank you major the u.s. ambassador arrives in the u.s. sorry harboring a degree of skepticism but on the whole what he sees the erin what millions of american movie goers saw along with them writes all the stereotypes about the soviet government of those times we keep experimenting to find ways to increase our efficiency but what kind of a tractor is not that much different than the rest yesterday even if the reason is
that. it can usually be converted. the american film might even make the u.s.s.r. look better than soviet propaganda pictures we see modern army work in factories and friendly people who speak fluent english. oh how proud i be if i could do that well it's russian perhaps some day we shall all speak the same language if you would produce or even flirted with the idea of making a film like this they'd probably be branded as crazy but it was still possible back in the 940 s. this is one of my favorite parts and aide tells at the american ambassador mr davis we need to check your office and this is why the higher rank an american diplomat tells us and stop gossiping and stop listening to it we're here in a sense as guests of the soviet government not going to believe that they trust the united states to find until a prove otherwise and mazing. in fact the film a semi documentary it was based on a book written by
a master davis himself so we're not talking about a fictional diplomat here but a very real one who was so impressed with the soviet government that it seems he was ready to forgive a lot. of water source i q do. you wish to figure. out a time to throw. a new thank you. to stalin some of the. c.e.o. who do plenty of those in there i believe said that history will record you as a great builder for the benefit of mankind it is not my mr davies out of 5 plans were conceived and carried out by the people themselves again this is how they would this isn't soviet propaganda the movie itself. is the purge trials that were taking place in the soviet union it's really apology for the stalinist
government but that was acceptable in 1943 you could do that another hollywood film from the time the north star depicts liason a soviet collective farm on the eve of the war the american audience doesn't hear a word about collectivization or the dispossession of independent farmers. the soviet presence look well fat and are so happy they sing at the end of their work day. was the filmmakers even went to the trouble of translating the lyrics of a famous sabia song why it is my motherland and made american children learned by heart. i. was. the north star it was produced by samuel goldwyn co-founder of one of
hollywood's most successful film companies metro goldwyn mayer. but understand why famous american producers shot such a blatantly perfect and they stick picture we need to go to the archives of the library of congress where a document from the so-called office of for information of the united states is still stored. more information was established in 1942 by the roosevelt administration was basically a propaganda effort. limited time to get its legal residents a new sense in it and they let me ask you split it into. franklin roosevelt knew that if he wanted to actually turn american public opinion into supporting the war and even more so in supporting our soviet allies during the war he was going to need to use how that would. lead
a lot of what has got to davis cup what are the classes. for. the profile down the door they need to. do is cheat is the new feeling. and. i think. sometimes the officer for information commission how they would musical comedies like this is the army which were intended to increase the prestige of military service and raise the morale of soldiers fighting overseas one of the roles in that film was played by a young actor named ronald reagan the future president of the united states. i've missed you too plenty. something i'd like to explain.
that there were other orders that weren't so benevolent in 1942 after pearl harbor president roosevelt ordered the forced relocation of 120000 japanese people from the west coast of the united states is hard to believe but in those years japanese americans were simply put in buses and sent to specially created internment camps in the u.s. territory the office of for information was staffed with providing media to support this monstrous initiative. japanese fishermen had every opportunity to watch the movement of our ships. japanese farmers were living close to. the propaganda that the japanese really are going to be act on behalf of the japanese government has sabotaged the war effort and put arsenic in american food and blow up the defense so that it was none of that but the office of war
information produced various documentaries defending this practice. but the office issued very different instructions concerning the u.s.s.r. the soviet union was to be portrayed as a friend of them. eric in distress. in the north star in the soviet presence peaceful life is interrupted by the not seen beijing. after the germans capture the village they begin taking the children's blood for transfusions for their wounded soldiers. the north star was nominated for 6 academy awards and 944 according to declassified
documents the office so for information commanded its contribution to building a positive image of russia. in this presentation of the suffering and courage of the russians will shown that the strength of russia lies in its people who are willing to give them the highest to keep their countrymen from fascist slavery and to ensure a free world football man. none the less the authors did ask hollywood to make a few edits to the script 1st to emphasize that the ideologies of the u.s.s.r. and germany were completely different and this is why the conflict broke out and secondly to show through the young characteristics that the u.s. and russia can work together when peace comes. it was not an accurate portrayal. of the imagination however they did follow the days of washington and. propaganda much of the propaganda film including the major hollywood of the time.
another pro soviet film released by hollywood during the war years cold days of glory tells the story of a detachment of soviet partisans the group's leader was played by biting hollywood actor gregory peck. gregory pack was the brad pitt of the 19 fifties and sixties he starred alongside audrey aberdonian roman holidays in 153 and in 1962 pack won an oscar for his performance as atticus finch in the adaptation of the cult american novel ought to kill a mockingbird but the sex symbol and alias star was still an unknown actor back in the $940.00 s. he's debut role than hollywood was as a solvent partisan later named lattimer or a surrogate are you.
thank you now some problems. new diminished of gold the government over and they've been it would say well let's not sell a syria. but also it's you've got to you know. you're more your partner. we had to change america thinking about the soviets and we did so successfully it wasn't only hollywood that participated in the campaign to improve the soviet union image leading newspapers and magazines were also involved here for example is what the american media wrote about lattimer lenin in those years well you know doesn't buy chortle to the greatest level of more little time. somebody merely lists one spot still sort of need all of. a book timely in you can be too many laws to suit but instead it will buy a global there. suited me alone from new york times and that was the sentiment
during the war that the soviets were brave heroes resisting the nazis and so it downplayed the crimes of stalin and the repressive aspects in all of american writing or propaganda during the war including in the hollywood films that's going to change of course after the war once the cold war begins with the onset of the cold war the task became more difficult now they needed to find a way to explain to americans that our soviet friends were friends no more and in fact they were now animists they also have to imply that some of the things that have been shown about them previously were not entirely true. those who can the speculators and those are now the ruling elites of the world are the speculators. they can create bubbles it could be used cars this week it could be. actually it could be island. somewhere in the pacific the week after that those
are bubbles within a secular collapse and ultimately when the everything collapses then we have the realisation that the economy died in 2008 we just have a very. today the industry prefers to spend millions of euros in you know the 3 d. day regulations will be sniffy all about making money making profits in some of the corporations international markets import export do you imagine the number of chronic diseases that are in every community today it is not due to new viruses all new microbes that's not true so it is due to environment. not going to say you know that moment all discipline of this sort of muscles are really just
accumulate could only come into use even though to be in the us they don't allow us to play. if the so food industry is successful it will create more jobs it will create more value added it will create more growth so i don't see why we shouldn't also fight for the interest i think into st outset that we have regulation we want regulation has industry and if we don't behave then yes penalties must find. a merger. or order.
entry control of ski was the 1st soviet filmmaker to leave for hollywood before the collapse of the u.s.s.r. . and 989 he directed an action comedy starring sylvester stallone and kurt russell called tango and cash by that time he'd already realized that hollywood wasn't the place he'd originally imagined. cast members from the. more. registered. congressman. ledger could drop in. for new years in america because if you.
know former produce officials confirm her. despite making a serious of successful films in the u.s. including tango and cash runaway train and maria's lovers and reconsider lawsky decided to return to russia in the early nineties as he'd already become entirely disenchanted with american film industry. who were some really would you. 'd were. a lot. more would i started. hollywood was. all in portraying the soviet union in a positive light during world war 2 that the new us president harry truman began to
quickly regret it after the surrender. of the quintile is still stuck in a well. we didn't. know should it be able to the left to say it's. the world in a 1000000 used. to realize that is the closest good we are at the school to the use of. the british in those little. in the $930.00 s. the communist party in the united states is pretty strong. and i say that is a good thing you were critical in fighting early fighters for civil rights in the united states hollywood has attracted all these creative artists writers directors producers actors and actresses and intellectuals were the ones who are
most attracted to the communist ideal and they wanted to see the soviet union is representing something better than the sword and materialism of american capitalism so in 947 the house un-american activities committee bore down on hollywood it was this committee that introduced this so-called how the would blacklist which included people should be excluded from working in the us film industry due to their alleged political convictions. the u.s. government had to affirmatively go after leftists in hollywood and destroy their careers and make them testify in congress put people in jail drive people in don employment sometimes into suicide so many. c.d.'s hollywood back on board on the anti soviet train. among those given testimony to the house
un-american activities committee or to put it simply ratting out their colleagues was an actor named ronald reagan the future u.s. president was already actively participating in civic life even in those days. the north star a film about soviet collective farmers that was hailed by the academy just a couple of years earlier was now deemed anime propaganda and it screenplay writer lillian hellman was accused of being a communist sympathizer and damning label in those years suddenly all of those. film the propaganda films that were made during world war 2 well brought into question and hollywood got scared. the north star was eventually released under the name armored attack in the new version the title comrade was removed and narration comparing the nazis to the soviet soldiers who suppressed the hungaroring uprising in 1956 was at it i.
how what is considered to be an independent private sector of economy a group of private companies and yet it seems like the government finds ways to influence the movie make an industry and i just can wrap my head around how they actually pull this off by these publicity trials is show trials stalin understood how to do that hitler understood how to do that well the united states under truman and eisenhower also understood added to that. and drained and intimidated hollywood begins to promote an entirely different image of the soviet union let's be honest have we anything like it in russia you know can you imagine what the brits would be a little like that. a film that pokes fun at the behavior of soviet paragraphs abroad was shot in 1939 but it turned out to be most useful with the onset of the
cold war. oh my god. what the new national committee made it ok actually just because a lot of us with all the little garbled. somebody really does a little bit so that a little time is what was. most. the americans actively distributed and promoted new niche kind post where you're especially in italy where the communist party's position was strong there was never stated in the film that communism in the u.s.s.r. back it went without saying religion and those that know it's going to say it's got the most. serious good record of camillus it when you post so you just look at what illicit them to be it's a limited doug syrup shipment but just to reserve who changed locally is just going
out and. we have the high ideals. and have the climate. the hollywood began producing state. anti-communist films during this time with the same propaganda averages nobody ever is idealistic about anything the women. are they were 'd beautiful and they were beautiful they were nymphomaniacs now my students find them laughable but at the time they were taken seriously as movies like i was i mean as for the. i married a communist i read moscow killed. the red menace this was a terrible time in america in 154 the united states and great britain released an animated film called animal farm just based on a novel of the same name by george orwell its production was sponsored by the cia
which was very interested in the anti soviet subtext of the story which is about a farm and the big 3 seized power there. but by the sixty's and seventy's relations between the us and the new with the star had already reached the point of the time and this was immediately reflected in the hollywood pictures the soviet union was still in the present and as a friend of the united states but he wasn't presented as an enemy so it was more like the united states than the soviet union could cooperate against the bad guys look at the james bond movies that's a classic all the drama where there would always be a russian agent who would the tune and the cia people would be wary the visions of him but the glue is cooperating against the real enemy. the
fact that relations between the countries began to deteriorate again in the eighty's after ronald reagan who had been actively anti communist even when he was a hollywood actor became president of. united states even legendary movie boxer rocky billboard played by sylvester stallone entered the fray by taking on the daunting doped up soviet fighter ivan drago and they. follow the capital with capital mobility that are both it's seen that on the test with. the woman with a boy who sort of mr mason with the wife on the 2nd big will say this to say this because there's been no people. not because there was still to come there's. a miscarriage. you put your parents in the border was widely followed the policies of the state department the pentagon well they got a lot of money from the state department and the pentagon the best they found the pentagon to have
a lot of say in in works of all it would. go somewheres risk or change in order. i mean years ago are you. in fact go in with your desired should you. should die or should you. from sort of here's very emotional issues you're not bored you. meet the parents was the stiller funny movie love it right. so you find out that deniro was a cia operative at one point ben stiller goes into his layer in the basement and he sees photos of deniro with clinton with what looks like maybe a bent a lot in type figure a originally stiller found
a cia and he on dinny arose desk this cia itself reviewed the script and said then and then. you're not going to bring up cia torture do they watch every single movie that is about to be produced in our wood in any film that has any military hardware in it an obvious example top gun you got it asked for permission you don't just walk on to the air force base and start flying jets around. so if you get their permission. they get the right. to look at what you're saying about. the officer for information which was responsible for propaganda during world war 2 was officially closed in 1945 but the relationship that developed between al the wood and the us government in those years seems to have grown only stronger
a since staff and different times american rulers have needed different myths including some the directly contradicted earlier ones as in the case are fresh 'd but no matter how difficult the order this factory has always do deflate delivered . hollywood had always been afraid of government censorship so what they did was that they censored themselves. in the fiction. believe it. was not. there's that wasn't created for propaganda purposes but hollywood certainly is now a real propaganda force in the world probably the greatest propaganda force that's ever existed.
then you should be like you took notes this is your lucky you did this for the 1st one you looked up and you missed we're just going to come up with hundreds. if. not you'll see just what it did except. to think it was national. talk a little. with her from the films. school board of these critics one of the least mythical you're getting you to leave because. she knew to live through the smear. both of you knew those who.
opposed someone. because of thoughts of style if you believe that easy. is no freedom of speech you know that in the european parliament that emo and i mean he was silence during a heated exchange in the european parliament for daring to question the transparency of the global chemical weapons watched all go read some test to gauge of an attack in syria we hear from the man himself and all of those issues. i think is sure that they're tending to suit would be afraid to have davis to gauge