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tv   Documentary  RT  April 17, 2021 12:30pm-1:01pm EDT

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in $1403.00 at the height 2 for world war 2 the united states released mission to moscow a film about a visit to the u.s.s.r. by american ambassador joseph davis who were displayed by actor walter houston. the john kemeny of your excellency now welcome you to the soviet union in the name of my government thank you may the u.s. ambassador arrives in the u.s. sorry harboring a degree of skepticism but on the whole what he sees erin what millions of american movie goers saw along with them writes all the stereotypes about the soviet government of those times we keep experimenting to find ways to increase our efficiency what kind of a tractor is this that looks different than the rest yesterday even if the reason is that. it can usually be converted to. the american film might even make the u.s.s.r. look better than soviet propaganda big box we see modern army work in factories and friendly people who speak fluent english. oh how proud i be if i could do that well
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it's russian perhaps some day we shall all speak the same language if you would produce or even flirted with the idea of making a film like this they'd probably be branded as crazy but it was still possible back in the 940 s. this is one of my favorite parts and aide tells at the american ambassador mr davis we need to check your office and this is why the higher rank an american diplomat tells us and stop gossiping and stop listening to it we're here in a sense as guests of the soviet government not going to believe that they trust the united states to find until a prove. and mazing. in fact the film a semi documentary it was based on a book written by a master davis himself so we're not talking about a fictional diplomat here but a very real one he was so impressed with the soviet government that it seems he was ready to forgive a lot. of water source i q do. you wish to figure. out
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a photo. you know thank you. thank you. stalin some of the spanish. seal who do plenty of those who were there i believe said that history will record you as a great builder for the benefit of mankind it is not my mr davies a 5 year plans were conceived and carried out by the people themselves again this is how you would this isn't soviet propaganda the movie itself. is the purge trials that were taking place in the soviet union it's really apologies for the stalin this government but that was acceptable in 1943 you could do that another hollywood film from the time the north star depicts liason a soviet collective farm on the eve of the war the american audience doesn't hear a word about collectivization or the dispossession of independent farmers. the
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soviet thousands look well fat and are so happy they sing at the end of their work day. was the filmmakers even went to the trouble of translating the lyrics of a famous sabia song why it is my motherland and made american children learned by heart and. i. was. the north star it was produced by samuel goldwyn co-founder of one of hollywood's most successful film companies goldman mayer. but understand why a famous american producer shot such a blatantly propagandistic picture we need to go to the archives of the library of congress where
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a document from the so-called office of for information of the united states is still stored. more information was established in 1942 by the roosevelt administration was basically a propaganda effort. limited time to get its legal residents a new sense in it there let me ask you to split it into. franklin roosevelt knew that if he wanted to actually turn american public opinion into supporting the war and even more so in supporting our soviet allies during the war he was going to need to use it would. lead a lot of we're just going to davis cup one of the classes. for soundly. door. it is. glorious genius and you feel it.
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and. i think. sometimes the officer for information commission how they would musical comedies like this is the army which were intended to increase the prestige of military service and raise the morale of soldiers fighting overseas one of the roles in that film was played by a young actor named ronald reagan the future president of the united states. i've missed you too plenty. to explain. that there were other orders that weren't so benevolent in 1902 after pearl harbor president roosevelt ordered the forced relocation of 120000 japanese people from
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the west coast of the united states is hard to believe but in those years japanese americans were simply put in buses and sent to specially created internment camps in the u.s. territory the office of for information was staffed with providing media to support this monstrous initiative. japanese fishermen had every opportunity to watch the movement of our ships. japanese farmers were living close to. the propaganda that the japanese really are going to be act on behalf of the japanese government has sabotaged the war effort and put arsenic in american food and blow up the defense so that it was none of that but the office of war information produced various documentaries defending this practice. but the office issued very different instructions concerning the u.s.s.r. the soviet union was to be portrayed as
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a friend of them. eric in distress. in the north star in the soviet presence peaceful life is interrupted by the not seen beijing. after the germans captured the village they begin taking the children's blood for transfusions for their wounded soldiers. the north star was nominated for 6 academy awards and 944 according to declassified documents the office so for information commanded its contribution to building a positive image of russia. in this presentation of the suffering and courage of the russians will shown that the strength of russia lies in its people who are
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willing to give their lungs to keep their countrymen from fascist slavery and to ensure a free world football man. none the less the authors did ask hollywood to make a few edits to the script 1st to emphasize that the ideologies of the u.s.s.r. and germany were completely different and this is why the conflict broke out and secondly show through the young characteristics that the u.s. and russia can work together when peace comes. it was not an accurate portrayal if you of the imagination however they did follow the day of washington and. propaganda of the propaganda film including the major hollywood of the time. another pro soviet film released by hollywood during the worry years called days of glory tells the story of a detachment of soviet partisans the group's leader was played by biting hollywood
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actor gregory peck. gregory pack was the brad pitt of the 19 fifties and sixties he starred alongside adrià burning roman holidays in 153 and in 1962 pack won an oscar for his performance as atticus finch in the adaptation of the cult american novel ought to kill a mockingbird but the sex symbol and alias star was still an unknown actor back in the $940.00 s. he's debut role in hollywood was as a solvent partisan later named lattimer or a surrogate for you. a day. like in any type of inspire a new diminished of gold if that are met over and leave then it would be lessened that soul a syria but with a propaganda but also it's you've got to remember your your part not.
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we had to change america thinking about the soviets and we did so successfully it wasn't only hollywood that participated in the campaign to improve the soviet union image leading newspapers and magazines were also involved here for example is what the american media wrote about lattimer lenin in those years well you know doesn't buy chortle to the greatest level of more little time. somebody's mere lists you want spacek still sort of need all of a book timely in you can be too many laws to suit but instead it will be a global there are no been the suited me alone. new york times and that was the sentiment during the war that the soviets were brave her roic and resisting the nazis and so we downplayed the crimes of stalin and the repressive aspects in all of american writing or propaganda during the war including in the hollywood films
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that's going to change of course after the war once the cold war begins with the onset of the cold war the task became more difficult now they needed to find a way to explain to americans that our soviet friends were friends no more and in fact they were now animists they also have to imply that some of the things that have been shown about them previously were not entirely true. today the industry prefers to spend millions of euros in you know being to do daily conditions i will be sniffing all about making money making profits in some of the big corporations international markets import export do you imagine the number of chronic diseases that are out in every community today it is not due to new viruses
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or all new microbes in fact it's not true so it is due to environment. not going to say you know that momentum is simply the. muscles of really just accumulate could only come into use even though to be. deployed to see the sky if the so food industry is successful it will create more jobs it will create more value added it will create more growth so i don't see why we shouldn't also fight for the interest something into street not accept that we have regulation we want regulation i was industry and if we don't behave zinnias penalty just fine. is your media a reflection of reality. in a world transformed. what will make you feel safe.
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isolation community. are you going the right way or are you being led. direct. what is truth lost his faith. in the world corrupted you need to descend. to join us in the depths. aura made in the shallows. the world is driven by john. shaped by our own person. thinks. we dare to ask.
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order. entry control of ski was the 1st soviet filmmaker to leave for hollywood before the collapse of the u.s.s.r. . and 989 the next comedy starring sylvester stallone and kurt russell called tango and cash by that time he'd already realized that hollywood wasn't the place he'd originally imagined. as. you
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usually are. it was more. rigorous ignition. lead you could drop in. your pool near snorkel because your home. your former produce officials go for doing research is nowhere. near sure ready. despite making a serious of successful films in the us including tango and cash runaway train and maria's lovers and reconsider lost his study to return to russia in the early
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nineties as he'd already become entirely disenchanted with the american film industry. who were stronger would you. 'd a lot. more would i started. hollywood was. all in portraying the soviet union in a positive light during world war 2 that they need us president harry truman began to quickly regret it after the surrender. of the quintile is still a. little bit didn't. know should it be able to left the city of new presley shouldn't she we're all in values that i. need to realize that is the closest good we are at the school to the
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use of. the british in those little. in the 19th thirties the communist party in the united states is pretty strong. and i say that is a good thing they were critical in fighting early fighters for civil rights in the united states hollywood has attracted all these creative artists writers directors producers actors and actresses and intellectuals were the ones who are most attracted to the communist ideal and they wanted to see the soviet union is representing something better than the sword and materialism of american capitalism so in 947 the house un-american activities committee or down on the hollywood it was this committee that introduced this so-called how the would blacklist which included people should be excluded from working in the u.s.
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film industry due to their alleged political convictions. the u.s. government had to affirmatively go after leftists in hollywood and destroy their careers made them testify in congress put people in jail drive people in don employment sometimes into suicide so many. c.d.'s hollywood back on board on the anti soviet train. among those given testimony to the house un-american activities committee or to put it simply ratting out their colleagues was an actor named ronald reagan the future u.s. president was already actively participating in civic life even in those days. the north star a film about soviet collective farmers that was hailed by the academy just a couple of years earlier was now deemed anime propaganda and it screenplay writer lillian hellman was accused of being
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a communist sympathizer and damning label in those years timely all of those. film the propaganda films that were made during world war 2 were brought into question and hollywood got scared. the north star was eventually released under the name armored attack in the new version the title comrade was removed and narration comparing the nazis to the soviet soldiers who suppressed the hungaroring uprising in 1956 was at it i. how what is considered to be an independent private sector of economy a group of private companies and yet it seems like the government finds ways to influence the movie make an industry and i just can't wrap my head around how they actually pull this off by these publicity trials is show trials
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stalin understood how they do that hitler understood how to do that well the united states under truman and eisenhower also understood added to that. untrained and intimidating hollywood begins to promote an entirely different image of the soviet union let's be honest have we anything like it in russia you know can you imagine what the brits would be a little like that. a film that pokes fun at the behavior of soviet very cross abroad was shot in 1939 but it turned out to be most useful with the onset of the cold war. why was. what the new national committee made it ok actually just because a lot more pseudo that a government. somebody really really boasts of their own little service well could go to.
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the americans actually distributed and promoted new units kind post where you're especially in italy where the communist party's position was strong there was never stated in the film that communism and the u.s.s.r. back it went without saying milledge that those who know it's going to say it's got the most. serious good record of camillus have been useful so we'll just look at what illicit different it's a limited doug syrup shipment but just chill a recent. local is just going out and. we have the high ideals but have the climate. the hollywood began producing state. anti-communist films during this time oh it's the same propaganda images nobody ever is idealistic about anything that women were either ugly or they
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were beautiful if they were beautiful they were nymphomaniacs now my students find them laughable better the time they were taken seriously movies like i was a communist for the f.b.i. i married a communist i've read moscow how guilty of treason the red menace this was a terrible time in america in 1954 the united states and great britain released an animated film called animal farm just based on a novel of the same name by george orwell its production was sponsored by the cia which was very interested in the anti soviet subtext of the story which is about a farm and the big power there i manage i am. actually am how many. traders among us. led by the sixty's and seventy's relations between the us and the us ceasar had
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already reached the point of detachment and this was immediately reflected in the hollywood pictures the soviet union was really not presented as a friend of the united states but he was presented as an enemy it was more like the united states than the soviet union could cooperate against the bad guy look at the gene bomb and he said that's a classic although drama where there would always be a russian agent who would be the hook to bond and the cia people would be 'd wary of a new vision of him but they could always cooperate and again the real enemy. the relations between the countries began to deteriorate again in the eighty's after ronald reagan who had been actively anticommunist even when he was a hollywood actor became president of the. united states even legendary movie boxer rocky billboard played by sylvester stallone entered the fray by taking on the daunting doped up soviet fighter ivan drago and they. have to follow the capital
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with capital mobility that are both it's seen that on the test with. someone with a boy who sort of mr mason with the wife on the 2nd big will say this to say this because there's been you know people are just. not as numerous still to come there's. a mysterious. number just aren't suitable to. follow the policies of the state department the pentagon well they get a lot of money from the state department and the pentagon the best they found the pentagon to have a lot of say in in works of hollywood ya know. somewhere drew scrooge i'm sure. i mean years ago i do. in fact go in with your desired should you. should die or should you. got sort of here's very emotional issues you're not bored you.
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meet the parents was the stiller funny movie love it right. so you find out that deniro was a cia operative at one point ben stiller goes into his layer in the basement and he sees photos of deniro with clinton with what looks like maybe a bent a lot in type figure originally stiller found a cia. on deniro suggests this cia itself reviewed the script and said then and then. you're not going to bring up cia torture do they watch every single movie that is about to be produced in our wood in any film that has any military hardware in it an obvious example top gun you got it asked for
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permission you don't just walk on to the air force base and start flying jets around. so if you get their permission. they get the right. to look at what you're saying about. the officer for information which was responsible for propaganda during world war 2 was officially closed in 1945 but the relationship that developed between al the wood and the us government in those years seems to have grown only stronger a since staff at different times american rulers have needed different myths including some the directly contradicted earlier ones as in the case of russia 'd but no matter how difficult the order this factory has always do to flit delivered . hollywood had always been afraid of government censorship so what they did was that they censored themselves. in the fiction.
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you know what is the worst. believe in. god not a conspiracy to. it wasn't created for propaganda purposes but hollywood certainly is now a real propaganda force in the world probably the greatest propaganda force that's ever existed. malts. you just put the 1st one to open your eyes to go. with hundreds. if. not you'll see me
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just to catch. the thing i was national guard. w. . bush from the school from. school board of these critics one of the biggest musical new beliefs because he's been. a fishing into my for the smear. both of you knew those who. oppose someone to be renewed because with both of them still if you believe that 80 . 6 guys are biased survival guide look stacey just like all the stored simply have
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to travel be serviced. be sure it's still there are you going to get it back. next year. oh heck no. repatriations king will look at the after 7 years. bill of the separate cars kaiser report. there. is no freedom of speech in the european parliament anymore an m.e.p. claims he was silenced during a heated exchange in the european parliament for daring to question the transparency of the global chemical weapons watchdog for its investigation of an attack in syria we speak and. it is sure that they're tending to choose would be afraid to have the investigation
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