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tv   Documentary  RT  April 17, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm EDT

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i. think that hollywood is a very. loyal what is actually. a business on the other side isn't a. new on your agree more new ground or border morning you know very very. committed to bringing. hollywood is the place and that idea has got the movie studios television you've got the music industry sometimes as we know it's also a place where there's a lot of propaganda. or whatever part of the the u.s. government is committed you know you can be sure that hollywood will be following
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here we're hearing well. our what i defined hollywood is a caught between a manufacturer which has been true. but i think equally it's a propaganda factor. long after i 1st heard about it in the news i still couldn't believe this was this really how the united states sees the history of forward to but there it was the official white house on a social network and it's clearly stated that it was american great britain that defeated the nazis during the 2nd world war without even a word about the soviet union and the version on the official carrigan website it looks even more discouraging there it turns out that world war 2 was started by germany and the soviet union it wasn't russia but france that took the brunt of it and in fact the u.s.s.r.
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didn't liberate the europe from hitler but occupied it it feels like the author either knows nothing about history or he does and wants to rewrite it all that makes those old how would movies that were made during the war seem even more remarkable american audience was presented with a totally different picture of the world and the soviet union back then in the next 30 minutes we'll learn how history has been written and rewritten through american cinema. in 1403 at the high 2 for world war 2 the united states released mission to moscow a film about a visit to the u.s.s.r. by american ambassador joseph davis who were displayed by actor walter houston. the general can your excellency now welcome you to the soviet union in the name of my government thank you mitt the u.s. ambassador arrives in the u.s. sorry harboring a degree of skepticism but on the whole what he sees erin what millions of american
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movie goers saw along with them writes all the stereotypes about the soviet government of those times we keep experimenting to find ways to increase our efficiency but what kind of a tractor is this that looks different than the rest yesterday even though the reason is that. it can usually be converted to. the american film might even make the u.s.s.r. look better than soviet propaganda big box we see modern army work in factories and friendly people who speak fluent english. oh how proud i be if i could do that well it's russian perhaps some day we shall all speak the same language if you would produce or even flirted with the idea of making a film like this they'd probably be branded as crazy but it was still possible back in the $940.00 s. this is one of my favorite parts and aide tells at the american ambassador mr davis we need to check it off and this is why the higher rank and american diplomat tells
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us and stop gossiping and stop listening to it we're here in a sense as guests of the soviet government not going to believe that they trust the united states to find until a prove otherwise and mazing. in fact the film a semi documentary that was based on a book written by a master davis himself so we're not talking about a fictional diplomat here but a very real one and he was so impressed with the soviet government that it seems he was ready to forgive a lot. of water source like you do. you wish to figure. out a photo. you know thank you. thank you. to see who do plenty of those who were there i believe said that history will record you as a great builder for the benefit of mankind it is not my mr davies a 5 year plans were conceived and carried out by the people themselves again this
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is how you would this isn't soviet propaganda the movie itself. is the purge trials that were taking place in the soviet union it's really apology for the stalinist government but that was acceptable in 1943 you could do that another hollywood film from the time the north star depicts liason a soviet collective farm on the eve of the war the american audience doesn't hear a word about collectivization or the dispossession of independent farmers. the soviet presence look well fat and are so happy they sing at the end of their work day. was the filmmakers even went to the trouble of translating the lyrics of a famous sabia song why it is my motherland and made american children learned by heart and. i.
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was. the north star it was produced by samuel goldwyn co-founder of one of hollywood's most successful film companies metro goldwyn mayer. but understand why a famous american producer shot such a blatantly propagandistic picture we need to go to the archives of the library of congress where a document from the so-called office of for information of the united states is still stored. more information was established in 1942 by the roosevelt administration was basically a propaganda effort. becomes a good use of legal residents and he said they're going to be excused but if. franklin roosevelt knew that if he wanted to actually turn american public opinion
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into supporting the war and even more so in supporting our soviet allies during the war he was going to need to use it would. not let a little we're just going to davis cup one of the classes. for sally. it is. glorious she does and you feel it. and. i think. sometimes the officer for information commission how they would musical comedies like this is the army which were intended to increase the prestige of military service and raise the morale of soldiers fighting overseas one of the roles in that film was played by a young actor named ronald reagan the future president of the united states. i've
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missed you too plenty. to explain. that there were other orders that weren't so benevolent in 1942 after pearl harbor president roosevelt ordered the forced relocation of 120000 japanese people from the west coast of the united states is hard to believe but in those years japanese americans were simply put in buses and sent to specially created internment camps in the u.s. territory the office of for information was staffed with providing media to support this monstrous initiative. japanese fishermen had every opportunity to watch the movement of our ships. japanese farmers were living close to their crap
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the propaganda that the japanese really are going to be act on behalf of the japanese government has sabotaged the war effort and put arsenic in american food and blow up the defense so that there was none of that with you after the war information produced various documentaries defending this practice. but the office issued very different instructions concerning the u.s.s.r. the soviet union was to be portrayed as a friend of them. eric in distress. in the north star in the soviet presence peaceful life is interrupted by the not seen beijing. after the germans captured the village they begin taking the children's blood for
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transfusions for their wounded soldiers. the north star was nominated for 6 academy awards and 944 according to declassified documents the office so for information commanded its contribution to building a positive image of russia. in this presentation of the suffering and courage of the russians will shown that the strength of russia lies in its people who are willing to give their lives to keep their countrymen from fascist slavery and to ensure a free world football man. none the less the authors did ask hollywood to make a few edits to the script 1st to emphasize that the ideologies of the u.s.s.r. and germany were completely different and this is why the conflict broke out and secondly show through the young characteristics that the u.s. and russia can work together when peace comes. it was not an accurate portrayal if
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you of the imagination however they did follow the day of washington and. propaganda of the propaganda film including the major hollywood of the time. another pro soviet film released by hollywood during the worry years called days of glory tells the story of a detachment of soviet partisans the group's leader was played by biting hollywood actor gregory peck. gregory pack was the brad pitt of the 19 fifties and sixties he starred alongside adrià burning roman holidays in 953 and in 1962 pack won an oscar for his performance as atticus finch in the adaptation of the cult american novel ought to kill a mockingbird but the sex symbol and alias star was still an unknown actor back in
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the $940.00 s. he's debut role the nollywood was as a solvent partisan later named lattimer or a surrogate for you. thank you now some problems. of gold of that i mean i when we have been it would be less than that sell a syria bus with a propaganda but also its. young warrior part not really would be. we had a change of american thinking about the soviets and we did so successfully it wasn't only hollywood that participated in the campaign to improve the soviet union image leading newspapers and magazines were also involved here for example is what the american media wrote about lattimer lenin in those years well below doesn't buy chortle to the greatest level of more than a time. somebody merely lists one spot still sort of meet all
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of a book titled the in you can be any last discipline federal there. suited me alone in new york times and that was the sentiment during the war that the soviets were brave heroes resisting the nazis and so we downplayed the crimes of stalin and the repressive aspects in all of american writing or propaganda during the war including in the hollywood films that's going to change of course after the war once the cold war begins with the onset of the cold war the task became more difficult now they needed to find a way to explain to americans that our soviet friends were friends no more and in fact they were now animists they also have to imply that some of the things that have been shown about them previously were not entirely true.
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the world is driven by shaped by. no dares thinks. we dare to ask. backscatter but survival guide ecstacy just like all the stars simply at least. be sure it's still there you don't step back. oh heck no.
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repatriations look at the rest of 70 years. philip a separate kaiser or 'd . order. entry control of ski was the 1st soviet filmmaker to leave for hollywood before the collapse of the us a sort. of $989.00 he directed an action comedy starring sylvester stallone and
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kurt russell called tango and cash by that time he'd already realized that hollywood wasn't the place he'd originally imagined. as. your new year. well you would very much was more. when your solution is it's about china congressman my strongest. the and us. let you drop it. you're welcome back aren't you know but i'm sure we're there josh. sure ready. despite making
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a serious of successful films in the u.s. including tango and cash runaway train and maria's lovers and they can she last get is that it to return to russia in the early nineties as he's already become entirely disenchanted with the american film industry. started. hollywood was so successful in portraying the soviet union in a positive light during world war 2 that the new us president harry truman began to quickly regret it after the surrender. of the cordial stuff that i know well enough that the little bit didn't. lead to the shock of the us was if assad doesn't. know should it be able to let this the soviets pressley
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shouldn't she world including you said as you said. the real enemy of that is the closest good. america. to the left is the british even though sort of a little bit the. thirty's the communist party in the united states is pretty strong. and i say that is a good thing they were critical biding early 5 years for civil rights in the united states. they would have attracted all these creative artists writers directors producers actors and actresses and intellectual. those were the ones who are most attracted to the communist ideal and they wanted to see the soviet union is representing something better than the sword and materialism of american capitalism so in 1947 the house un-american activities committee or down on hollywood it was this committee that introduced this so-called how the would
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blacklist which included people should be excluded from working in the u.s. film industry due to their alleged political convictions. the u.s. government had to affirmatively go after leftists in hollywood and destroy their careers and make them testify in congress put people in jail drive people in don employment sometimes into suicide so many. c.d.'s hollywood back on board on the anti soviet train. among those given testimony to the house un-american activities committee or to put it simply ratting out their colleagues was an actor named ronald reagan the future u.s. president was already actively participating in civic life even in those days. the north star a film about soviet collective farmers that was hailed by the academy just
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a couple of years earlier was now deemed adamy propaganda and it screenplay writer lillian hellman was accused of being a communist sympathizer and damning label in those years timely all of those films the propaganda film the made during world war 2 well brought into question and hollywood got scared and. the north star was eventually released under the name armored attack in the new version the title comrade was removed and narration comparing the nazis to the soviet soldiers who suppressed the hunger in uprising to 956 was at it. how what is considered to be an independent private sector of economy a group of private companies and yet it seems like the government finds ways to influence the movie make an industry and i just can read my head around how they
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actually pulled this off by these publicity trials as show trials stalin understood how to do that hitler understood how to do that well the united states under truman and eisenhower also understood added to that. and drained and intimidated hollywood begins to promote an entirely different image of the soviet union let's be honest have we anything like it in russia now can you imagine what the brits would be due to like that. a film that pokes fun at the behavior of soviet very cross abroad was shot in 1939 but it turned out to be most useful with the onset of the cold war. oh my god i'm here with knowing what the new national committee. surely is just because a lot of us who know that the government does somebody really does a little bit so that
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a little service what was good. will be. ok. the americans actually distributed and promoted new niche guy in post war europe especially in italy where the communist party's position was strong there was never stated in the film that communism and the u.s.s.r. back it went without saying. milledge that i was not going to say it's got the most . serious good record of camillus it didn't persevere just words which were delicious then little bitty dug syrup chipping but just to let me just. go in is just going out and. we have the high ideals. and have the climate. the hollywood began producing state. anti-communist films during this time with the same propaganda averages now by the average
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idealistic about anything the women. are they were beautiful as they were beautiful they were nymphomaniacs now my students find them laughable but at the time they were taken seriously as movies like i was. i married a communist i read moscow guilty of treason the red menace this was a terrible time in america in 154 the united states and great britain released an animated film called animal farm just based on a novel of the same name by george orwell its production was sponsored by the cia which was very interested in the anti soviet subtext of the story which is about a farm and the pigs who seized power there.
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but by the sixty's and seventy's relations between the us and the with the star had already reached the point of the time and this was immediately reflected in the hollywood pictures in the soviet union was still in the present and as a friend of the united states but he wasn't presented as an enemy so it was more like the united states than the soviet union could cooperate against the bad guys look at the james bond movies that's a classic all the drama with it would always be a russian agent who would look to whom. and the cia people would be 'd where even the visions of him but the glue is cooperating again the real enemy. relations between the countries began to deteriorate again in the eighty's after ronald reagan who had been actively anti communist even when he was a hollywood actor became president of. united states even legendary movie boxer
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rocky billboard played by sylvester stallone entered the fray by taking on the daunting doped up soviet fighter ivan drago and they proceed to follow the capital of capital one though it's nice that i both it's seen that on the test for things you have some problems with a boy who sort of mr mason with a life on the 2nd beagle said it's to say this because there's been no good. not because there was still to come there's the mysterious. number just aren't suitable to. follow the policies of the state department the pentagon well they get a lot of money from the state department and the pentagon the best they found the pentagon to have a lot of say in in works of hollywood ya know. somewhere drew scrooge i'm sure. i mean years ago are you. going for growing with your desired should you. should die or should. come sort of
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here is very emotional issues you're not bored you. meet the parents was stellar funny movie love it right. so you find out that deniro was a cia operative at one point ben stiller goes into his layer in the basement and he sees photos of deniro with clinton with what looks like maybe a bend lot in type figure originally still were found a cia torture me and on dinny arose das this cia itself reviewed the script and said then and then. you're not going to bring up cia torture do they watch every single movie that is about to be produced in our would in any film that
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has any military hardware in it an obvious example top gun you got it asked for permission you don't just walk on to the air force base and start flying jets around. so if you get their permission. they get the right. to look at what you're saying about. the officer for information which was responsible for propaganda during world war 2 was officially closed in 1945 but the relationship that developed between hollywood and the us government in those years seems to have grown only stronger since stand at different times american rulers have needed different myths including some the directly contradicted earlier ones as in the case of russia 'd but no matter how difficult the order this factory has always do deflate delivered.
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hollywood had always been afraid of government censorship so what they did was that they censored themselves. in the fiction. you know what is the worst. i'm not a conspiracy. it wasn't created for propaganda purposes but hollywood certainly is now a real propaganda force in the world probably the greatest propaganda force that's ever existed. so what we've got to do is identify the threats that we have it's crazy confront
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let it be an arms race is often spearing dramatic development only mostly i'm going to resist i don't see how that strategy will be successful very critical time to sit down and talk. psychiatric drugs are essential for millions of patients rather they want that pill that they hope will take care of their problem thoroughly and rapidly in the short term they really work the problem is in the long term and mostly disastrous suddenly stopping a drug can cause withdrawal symptoms more serious than the condition it was meant to treat instead of the beneficial effects of these different medicines early up to something wonderful and very often there are full effects of it up to something terrible can bill solve all ills we're trying to mitigate life itself i just think
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i was in like i was just scared when i was a scared little girl i was 24 and like. i didn't have to be so complicated. because. it's a new freedom of speech even though in the or be the ultimate anymore i mean he claims he was silence during a heated exchange in the european parliament for daring to question the transparency of the global chemical weapons watchdog over its investigation of what attack in syria. nor all of those issues it was nothing to hide and it is sure that they're going to choose it would be afraid to have they investigated. covert clapped out of police and you.

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