tv BBC World News WHUT November 15, 2013 7:00am-7:30am EST
really see the devastation haiyan called to this city -- caused to this city. our correspondent has been in the air having a look. >> one week on cents typhoon haiyan hit the philippines -- since-haiyan hit the philippines and the full extent of the devastation is still unclear. from the air, the city of tacloban still lies in ruin. and it isn't a small town, remember. this is a city of almost a quarter of a million people. like rubbish.ks it looks like one in norma's rubbish dump -- enormous rubbish dump but it is the remains of a city, the remains of people's homes. for a week, people have been
living with no shelter, barely any food, barely any water. we know now that the aid is starting to get in. a route has been cleared to tacloban and the relief effort is very slowly ramping up. but for the last week, this must have been the most unbearable hell for the people will call this city home. y, theg out at the ba ocean now seems calm and beautiful. what a difference it must have been one week ago. >> i have been speaking to the mayor of tacloban. he was caught up in this typhoon washed over by the storm surge, narrowly escaped with his life, as did his children and wife. i gathered to him at the philippine authorities have taken far too long to deal with the storm, and he said nobody
could have been prepared for something like this. he has also been speaking to the interior minister of the philippines, and this was his response to the same question. >> the basic infrastructure of any community that is normally found in any part of the world has been swept away. there are no vehicles here. everything you see here has been brought in from the outside. i imagine a situation from ,round zero where, on day one you have to set up mechanisms to feed, clothe, shelter, 275,000 families when all the structures were swept away. >> is that why the relief effort appears to be slow? >> yes. in a situation like this nothing is fast enough but you have to understand the first and second layers of first responders were literally swept away. they themselves were victims.
they died. their loved ones died. they may be suffering from traumatic stress. it is only now -- according to the mayor, it is only now that people are actually showing up to work in city hall. in taclobanice city, from the strength on day to -- from 293, when i went the station to organize people, only 20 showed up. either way, only 50 or so two days ago. that is why we have to augment from the outside. trucks, i only have eight trucks that are delivering goods and foodstuffs to the communities. >> for the whole city, eight trucks? the whole province. best --l trucks at disposition is 16 yesterday.
there is some thought going into this. out of the 16 trucks, one half we dedicated to delivering food. fourth to cadaver recovery and one fourth to clearing the roads. not much more we can do when we only have 16 trucks. >> people are now returning to work. we have seen several council and county departments with employees going back to carry on their normal duties. a lot of families, though, have lost the man and the family, perhaps the breadwinner, the personal looks after the wife and children. for them who have lost their homes, there is nowhere else to go but the government shelters set up. many of these are in sports stadiums or in schools. jeremy cook went around one today. itit does not look much like but this is philippine science high school, one of the few
buildings left standing in this sweptfter the storms that through here. what you can see what it is now in essence is a refugee camp. these people come in from the region. most of them telling a very similar story. neighbors, family members, who have been killed. simply trying to find somewhere dry and safe so they can try to get their lives back into some sort of order. most of the people we've spoken to here say that they are not hungry -- not yet. they say they have water. but what they are desperate for a shelter. they have no homes to go back to. they are crammed into the area. a say they really do at this point need help from the international community. what is happening right here is the teachers from the school are taking details of the families who are registered. something like 250 families already. they are taking down names and giving each family a number.
so when international aid starts to arrive here, they will be in an orderly fashion. every body is trying to stay positive, as you can see. but this is positivity in the face of real human tragedy. >> it is going to take many months. also, when speaking to the mayor, i asked him what he was going to do to help the homeless. he said he was working with international agencies and other government and would make land available if help came in from outside to put these people in temporary accommodation until the homes in tacloban could be be built. so, the situation here one week on is still desperate for many people. but things do finally seem to be improving. >> tim in tacloban, thank you very much for joining us on "gmt ." becae there clearly are still so many vulnerable to most
people in the philippines, we thought we would take a quick look at the weather situation. there has been a break in the stormy weather across the islands for the moment, but there will be showers over the next few hours, making the aid effort again unpleasant. chris has the very latest forecast. tropics are pretty active. a couple of tropical depressions. the first in the bay of bengal >> the second workinacross vietnam at the moment. both of these will be influenced by the atmosphere five kilometers above the earth surface. they steered these weather systems. moving westwards across vietnam will bring rain that could cause localized flooding and then moving across the peninsula of thailand and myanmar, with a risk of localized flooding the next few days. winds, thehe brisk
next depression heading very gradually towards sri lanka. it will bully -- it will be particularly slow moving. subtropical ridge will also be responsible for bringing the philippines and some relatively dry weather the next few days. we are not going to see too many heavy downpours. nothing can get organized under this trap -- tropical ridge. >> we will stay with the philippines to get an international perspective on the humanitarian and emergency relief effort. dr. richard brennan is director of emergency risk management and humanitarian response of the world health organization and he joins me now from geneva. dr. brennan, welcome to "gmt." aid chiefs,.n. valerie amos, said she felt the people in the philippines were let down by the early response. do you feel your organization is part of an effort which is no longer leading the people down? yes, i think all the major
agencies have really concentrated on scaling up our response over the last few days. example,ization, for has sent over 40 medical experts to assist the minute -- ministry of health as they plan and strategize. it is a very difficult response to launch, given the logistic challenges, a big disaster over numerous islands. logistically very challenging. i really do firmly believe we are kicking into gear right now. >> what are the biggest health challenges? still remains perhaps the biggest challenge right now. earlier reports suggest about cases presented to health clinics right now, injuries sustained at the time of the typhoon, and they need
appropriate care to avoid infections, tetanus, and long- term disability. aank -- now we are in situation with overcrowding, disruption of water supplies and that puts people at risk of diarrhea and infections -- pneumonia. there is a concern about pregnant women. we estimate that up to 12,000 -- inwill give birth to the effective areas. in normal circumstances, 15% of those women would have a complication. so we want to make sure they get good access to care. there are mental health issues. issues around the fact that the people in this area, they have normal medical problems like we have in the world. lost access to the essential care. list of challenges, you talk about the severe injuries people have to deal
with. you also talk about the childbirth issues. i am just wondering where people are going to get treatment. so many hospitals and clinics have been destroyed by typhoon haiyan. where exactly are these people going to get the treatment they so desperately need? it's true. there are two real approaches to that. rstly, trying to rapidly restart health services in the health facilities that were not as heavily damaged. in tacloban, the main hospital there started -- or maintained services, i should say. there is an opportunity to start up another hospital. 18 foreign medical teams, six of which have surgical facilities and inpatient services that have been brought in from around the world. is working very hard with the ministry of health to make
sure that those medical teams and field hospitals are appropriately distributed in areas with the greatest need. it is a race against time, to some degree. more and more health facilities that sustained less damage are getting up and running and more of the teams are getting operational. and the other aspect of our approach is to do more and more assessments to get a better handle on the functioning of health facilities across the affected area. so again, we can provide support to them and make sure they have the right resources. an organization has brought in 40 tenths that can be used -- be used ascan clinics, and other agencies are doing else why. >> thanks for joining us on "gmt ." bbc worldth us on news. still to come -- china announces plans to relax it to one child policy. what has changed?
one of america's most notorious gangsters, james whitey bolger has been given two life sentences for a string of crimes dating back decades. a judge in boston says the callousness and depravity of his crimes is almost unfathomable. james whitey bulger led a criminal career that spanned decades. in the 1950s he was sent to alcatraz for hijacking and bank robbery and in the 1970s and 1980s he led a murderous reign in boston, becoming one of america's most notorious gangsters. he inspired the oscar-winning film "the departed "gmt." -- "the departed." here whitey bolger is seen meeting with another crime boss. it later emerged he was a top
level informant for a corrupt fbi agent who ignored his crimes for information on a rival new england mafia. he fled boston in 1994 after a tipoff that officials were closing in and went on the run for more than 15 years. authorities put a $2 million bounty on his head and until his capture two years ago he had been on america's most wanted list. police arrested him at his santa monica apartment just days after releasing an appeal looking for his long-term girlfriend. find her, and you will find him. it worked. to massachusetts, james whitey bolger finally faced his crimes. a judge sentenced him to life in prison. bolger deserves nothing less than to spend the rest of his life in jail for the harm, the pain, and the suffering he has caused to so many in this town. >> the 84-year-old remained
defiant in the en, calling his trial on racketeering charges ace -- a sham. he remained unfazed as he learned his fate. -- stonefaced as he learned his fate. >> to china, where in the past hour or so the country's new leadership announced two major changes in policy. will ease its decade old one child family planning policy and abolish it maturity is -- notorious reeducation through labor camps. heart of reforms -- part of reforms during a communist party meeting this week. we have our reporter from the bbc china service with me. hasa little while, there been a sense of a beginning a relaxation in the one child policy. but today, is this really the death knell? exactly, the one child policy
has been in place for over three decades. a louder voice from the public saying we want more freedom to have more than one child. , they can have two, wherein the past -- -- thatesting you say it is rather from demographics. it is coming from the people. >> a new nation, democratic more than 14% of that population is aging. >> china is getting too old to
quickly. >> and it is a huge burden to society in terms of social welfare. a lot of systems are not there. they came to reduce the burden of the government -- so at the tame -- at the same time, it introduces more labor force into the market. planother element of the concerns the penal system and the infamous labor camps. should we read the reforms here as a sign that the government really wants to liberalize? >> i think i won't go that far but we can see the small steps the chinese government is taking in terms of improving human rights record in china. and from the very beginning of and year, the government many provinces or regions already stopped doing so, reeducating through labor. and now the government clearly wants to abolish that. we can see the trend -- last
year the government said we will phase it out. but it is very controversial. people can be imprisoned without a proper trial. >> can we expect a relaxation of the death penalty in the sense there will be fewer crimes that have capital punishment? >> exactly. the government has been in that process for some time now. this is a very important decision. it comes from the most important meeting from the new leadership. gives the clear answer saying we will reduce the number of cases subject to the death penalty. decisions,ay, these plants, perhaps our important moment in chinese policy. we will continue to follow them. thank you very much for coming into the "gmt" studio. in other news, japan dramatically scaled back its commitment to reduce the house gases in the wake of the fukushima disaster. most of their nuclear plants have been out of action since the disaster in 2011. now japan has been burning fossil fuel as a result. that means you missions will
show a slight rise from their levels in 1990 instead of the intended 25% fall. ofzil says the rate deforestation in amazon has risen sharply after years of decline. says itronment minister has risen over 30% of the past year. environmentalists blaming the controversial reform of the force protection law in 2012. ar paul mccartney made personal appeal to the russian president to release a group of greenpeace activist. 28 protesters and two journalists are in prison awaiting trial following a protest against oil drilling in the russian arctic in september. support mccartney was once given a tour of the kremlin by vladimir putin. the world anti-doping agency has unanimously passed design to better punish and deter hoping sheets. approvedode has been
at a meeting in johannesburg friday and it will take effect monday 15. let's take a look -- take effect 2015. automatic four-year ban. some suggested lifespan but it was advised it might be challenged in the courts. agencies and sports federations will have greater powers to investigate under the new code. and the world anti-doping agency will be able to punish countries that are not doing enough to stop doping. alex is in johannesburg. >> in the convention center -- they applauded the new plan to catch drug cheats. it was passed unanimously. no one is saying it is perfect. and while it is had tricks, there are feelings it will make a more effective organization. i guess the headline is for serious violations there will be
an automatic four-year ban. let's talk to the head of the u.k. anti-doping. the you leave there more optimistic? >> certainly. there is no simple fix, but our clean athletes in the u.k. should feel more confident that the agencies have better tools, enhanced tools, more tools to try to tackle doping. the real challenges is we have to leave here and make sure every sport and every nation commits to implementing the new rules. making sure we protect our young and inspiring athletes. >> a real concern that compliance around the world might not happen. ambitious. the tools require resources and dedication. i think in this conference here, we have seen a real opportunity actually any real engagement by both sport and government. we are hopeful, but it is a big challenge. >> thanks very much. lots of positive reassuring noises from the conference the
past few days. also warnings that for it to work properly, everybody, from sports organizations and government, they have to buy into it. not everyone is convinced it is going to happen. >> coming up in the next half diplomatict," tensions in sri lanka as the commonwealth summit formally opens. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank,
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exercise the right to self-defense without amending the consensusation and activist tired of powell liellution doin they can to clear the air. japanese leaders have gone through with a plan to cut greenhouse gas. first they have to figure out how to respond to the country's energy needs. 2005 is a basis. by 2020 they hope to reduce emissions by 28.3%. >> we need to take measures. >> they want to set a target to reduce emissions by 25% but the mix of energy sources changed since the accident of two years ago at the fukushima plant. the target is based on a scenario where all reactors are offline an increase of 3%. officials from a union in
developed countries expressed concerns and say the new target would adversely affect the u.n. conference on climate change. now japanese have been debating for months about whether the self-defense forces should be allowed to come to the aid of an ally. some have been pushing for the right to collective self-defense. they suggested japan can exercise the right by changing the interpretation of the constitution. the argument was made in a document presented tother members of the panel. exercise the right to colctive self-defense could reduce the possibility of armed conflicts and exercising the right to collective self-defense could keep the military prepareness low. the document challenges the interpretation of the constitution that japan should not exercise the right. the paper says there is no cop
constitution l constranint against it. but it says japan can only exercise the right to collective self-defense when a close ally is under attack and that ally issues a clear request for help. the paper says any decision when weather to exercise the right should be made by the cabinet and would neat to be approved by the diet. u.s. president barack obama made a promise when he introduced his signature health care program. if americans like their insurance, they would be able to keep it, but millions face having their current policies cancelled because they don't meet certain requirements. obama's approval rating plunged to record lows and put him in a difficult position. >> i'm not a perfect man and i will not be a perfect president. but i'll wake up every single day working as hard as i can. >> the program is aimed at providing affordable health care
to every american. people must sign up for coverage by january next year. but the obamacare website has been hit by a wave of technical glitches making enrollment difficult. the president said those problems were being fixed. republican house representatives speakerboehnayn speaker boehner criticized the president. >> it's clear the american people simply can't trust this white house. >> boehner urged obama to scrap the law once and for all. people in the philippines have a typhoon flattened their neighborhoods and heard help was on the way, food and water and one week on people are still waiting. typhoon hayian battled. the wind the turned homes into sticks and they